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Sale 1105 — The Benjamin Franklin Bailar Collection: A Study of the First Postmaster General

Sale Date — Thursday, 25 June, 2015

Category — 1851-56 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2520
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2520, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Plate 1E, large margins to just touched, cancelled by red segmented cork, matching "Hockanum Ct. Mar. 10" circular datestamp on Temperance cover to East Granby Conn., Jewett imprint at right, stamp with light crease at left and scuff at right (neither mentioned on accompanying certificate), otherwise Very Fine, especially desirable with the red cancel, ex Brooks, Fleckenstein, Rogers and Cipolla, with 2001 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
2521
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2521, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Plate 2, three huge margins including part of adjoining stamps on three sides, just in at right, tied by "Worcester Ms. Oct. 8" circular datestamp on red Fillmore & Donelson 1856 Campaign cover to Templeton Mass., Very Fine, a scarce design and especially so with the 1c 1851, after Fillmore's presidency (1850-53) and Pierce's administration (a turbulent one due to the slavery conflict), Fillmore ran unsuccessfully as the Know-Nothing Party candidate in 1856

E. 2,000-3,000
1,500
Back to Top
2522
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2522, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Large margins to in at bottom, tied by "Philadelphia Pa. Nov. 10" circular datestamp, also secured to cover by metal grommet, addressed to "Robt. T. Knight, Patentee Safety Envelopes, No. 251 Market St. Phila.", embossed "Knight's Safety Envelope, Patented 1856" on top flap, unopened, accompanied by an unused envelope with similar grommet attached to an advertising flyer for the safety envelope, some slight edgewear, cover with light creasing

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE AND RARE EXAMPLE OF A PATENTED SAFETY ENVELOPE, DESIGNED TO PREVENT THE OPENING OF MAIL IN TRANSIT AND PROVIDE A METHOD OF FILING CORRESPONDENCE.

In the Annual of Scientific Discovery for 1857, it is stated: "Mr. R. T. Knight of Philadelphia has recently patented an improvement in envelopes for valuable and important letters, with the double purpose of making the envelope, postmark &c., a part of the letter, and of preventing the clandestine opening of the same. It is, for some purposes, quite a defect in the present envelope that the gum may be moistened and the letter opened without discovery. Wafers may be soaked nearly as easily, and wax is liable to melt in hot climates. In Mr. Knight's invention a little more paper is used, and the flaps being locked together by a species of dovetailing in addition to the gum, a metallic clasp or eyelet is put through the lower portion near the edge, which effectually secures the whole package...the process required is a tearing or cutting around on three sides of the envelope, after which it may be opened like the cover of a book, and the contents unfolded. The letter thus goes on file carrying the envelope with it." Thus, the grommet provided a way of filing correspondence with the envelope.

Accompanied by copy of May 1984 Chronicle article discussing this cover.

E. 5,000-7,500
2,600
Back to Top
2523
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2523, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IIIa-II (8A-7), 1c Blue, Ty. IIIa-II (8A-7)1c Blue, Ty. IIIa-II (8A-7). Positions 89-90/99R1E, L-shaped strip of three with two Ty. II and one Ty. IIIa, margins slightly cutting in but wide sheet margin at right, beautiful Plate 1E shade, red grid cancels, matching "Brooklyn N.Y. Aug. 5" double oval datestamp at right on buff cover to Stoddard N.H., Fine, an early use with unusual sender's note "The string is to hold the stamps on", plated by Ashbrook in pencil on back with notes "Blocks of three from Plate 1 Early on cover are rare"

E. 500-750
475
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2524
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2524, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Position 57L1L, recut once at top and bottom, large margins showing part of adjoining stamp at top, intense shade and early impression, tied by grid cancel on folded letter datelined Hampden Me. Oct. 29, 1854, threatening a local doctor with publication of "certain correspondence" if he does not leave town in fourteen days, closes "The terms may seem hard to you, but they are light compared with your devilish villany towards a lady of this town", anonymously signed "A Friend to Justice", Extremely Fine, a beautiful stamp on a great "Hell Hath No Fury" letter, ex Vogel

E. 200-300
190
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2525
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2525, 1851-56 IssueSaratoga Springs N.Y. Jan. 27, Saratoga Springs N.Y. Jan. 27Saratoga Springs N.Y. Jan. 27. Neat strike of circular datestamp with "Paid 3" in circle handstamp on Franklin Fire Insurance illustrated cover to Fredonia N.Y., various 1853 docketing, Very Fine and attractive, a striking portrait of Franklin, prepaid without stamps before stamp use became mandatory in 1855

E. 200-300
150
Back to Top
2526
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2526, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Plate 1L, large margins to slightly in at top, tied by light strike of blue "Evansville Ind. Jan. 24" circular datestamp on blue folded printed New Orleans Prices Current to Indianapolis Ind., well-struck red "Steamer Reindeer" with fleuron name-of boat oval handstamp, red "Forwarded by O'Riley & Mitchell, Evansville Ind." handstamp at left

VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF A CIRCULAR SENT BY STEAMBOAT FROM NEW ORLEANS TO INDIANAPOLIS ON THE MISSISSIPPI AND OHIO RIVERS VIA EVANSVILLE, INDIANA.

There were two steamers named Reindeer that were destroyed in catastrophic incidents in the early 1850's, each of which involved considerable loss of life. The first operated on the Albany-New York Hudson River route and exploded in September 1852. The second, which carried this cover, was a Mississippi and Ohio River steamer that was destroyed when its boiler exploded on the Ohio River between Cannelton, Indiana, and Hawesville, on March 13, 1854, resulting in 38 deaths.

Ex Newbury and Grunin.

E. 2,000-3,000
6,750
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2527
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2527, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II/IIIa/II/II (7/8A/7/7), 1c Blue, Ty. II/IIIa/II/II (7/8A/7/7)1c Blue, Ty. II/IIIa/II/II (7/8A/7/7). Vertical strip of four from Plate 1 Early, margins to in, bright shade, tied by bold grid cancels on July 30, 1852 folded letter to New Orleans, bold strike of red "Steamer Princess No. 3" oval name-of-boat handstamp, red "New Orleans La. Aug. 2" circular datestamp, manuscript "Way" just below stamps, sender's directive "Dalman", horizontal file fold well away from stamps

VERY FINE. A RARE AND ATTRACTIVE USE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE FROM PLATE ONE EARLY ON A "WAY" LETTER CARRIED BY MISSISSIPPI RIVER STEAMBOAT INTO NEW ORLEANS.

This letter was carried on the steamer Princess, which was destroyed by fire on October 8, 1854, two miles from Fort Adams, which resulted in fourteen fatalities and the loss of 3,039 bales of cotton, according to The New York Times report (Oct. 18, 1854). The 4c postage on this 1852 letter paid the 3c rate plus 1c way fee.

E. 2,000-3,000
4,750
Back to Top
2528
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2528, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Horizontal strip of five from Plate 1 Late, mostly ample to large margins except where slightly in at left, minute tear between two stamps, lightly cancelled by grids and tied by red "Providence R.I. Sep. 16" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" handstamp on 1854 folded letter to Paris, France, sender's directive "Per Steamer 'Africa' via NYK & Liverpool", red "New-York Br. Pkt." exchange office datestamp, red Paris Oct. 3 circular datestamp also ties strip, manuscript "26" decimes due marking

FRESH AND VERY FINE. THE USE OF FIVE ONE-CENT 1851 STAMPS FOR THE SHORE-TO-SHIP RATE ON TRANSATLANTIC MAIL IS EXTREMELY UNUSUAL. THE STRIP AND COMBINATION OF RED MARKINGS CREATE A COLORFUL AND RARE 1851 ISSUE COVER.

Ex Chambers, H. J. Baker, Grunin and Zoellner. Signed Ashbrook

E. 5,000-7,500
4,500
Back to Top
2529
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2529, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Horizontal strip of three and pair from Plate 1 Late, margins all around except at bottom of right stamp in pair, pair with scissors-cut between stamps at top, tied by "New Orleans La. Feb. 2, 1857" circular datestamps on blue folded letter to Bordeaux, France, mailed during the "three months" period with appropriate "GB/1f60c" Anglo-French accountancy handstamp, red New York and French transits, "8" decimes due marking

VERY FINE. A DESIRABLE AND RARE USE OF FIVE 1851 ONE-CENT STAMPS ON A "THREE MONTHS" COVER TO FRANCE.

The 5c shore-to-ship rate was rarely prepaid with the five 1c stamps -- the usual franking is a 3c plus 1c 1851 pair or single 5c 1856 stamp. The 8 decimes (approximately 16c) was collected from the recipient.

Ex Kapiloff. With 1992 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
3,500
Back to Top
2530
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2530, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Vertical strip of five from Plate 1 Late, large margins to just in at right, tied by grid cancels, red "New Orleans La. Apr. 30" circular datestamp on 1855 folded letter to Bordeaux, France, "Boston Br. Pkt. 9 May" exchange office backstamp, London and Paris backstamps, manuscript also ties strip, neat "26" decimes due marking, minor edgewear

FINE. A RARE USE TO FRANCE BEARING A STRIP OF FIVE OF THE ONE-CENT TYPE IV 1851 ISSUE.

The 26 decimes (approximately 50c) due was collected from the recipient. With 1977 R.P.S. certificate.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,300
Back to Top
2531
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2531, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Plate 2, large to full margins, tied by square grid cancel on "The San Francisco News Letter" illustrated newspaper depicting Eagle, Steamship, Train, etc. and addressed to New York City, printed "P.M.S.S. Sonora July 4th 1857" at upper left, newsletter contains many stories covering period from June 20 thru July 4, pristine condition

EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE AND BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF A SINGLE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE STAMP USED ON THE ILLUSTRATED SAN FRANCISCO NEWSLETTER. THIS IS THE FINEST OF ONLY THREE RECORDED WITH THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE.

The "San Francisco News Letter" was sold by all Wells, Fargo & Co. agents throughout the state of California and was sent on each sailing of the Pacific Mail Steamship to Panama.

Ex Polland, Haas and Vogel

E. 7,500-10,000
11,000
Back to Top
2532
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2532, 1851-56 IssueCalifornia Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU14), California Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU14)California Penny Post Co., San Francisco, 7c Black on Buff entire (34LU14). Pristine condition, used with 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), Plate 1L, large margins to just in, tied by "San Francisco Cal. 12 Aug." (1855) circular datestamp and addressed to William B. Wadsworth, secretary of Chamber of Commerce in San Francisco, interesting instructions on back penned in the same hand as address (believed to be Henry L. Goodwin's): "Mr. Weller will please notice the address on this letter and in delivering it establish a precedent from which he will not depart"

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING USE OF THE CALIFORNIA PENNY POST COMPANY 7-CENT ENTIRE WITH A ONE-CENT 1851 STAMP PAYING THE LOCAL RATE. ONLY TWO SUCH COVERS ARE KNOWN.

The California Penny Post Company was established in June 1855 by Henry L. Goodwin (sometimes reported as "J. P." Goodwin). The Penny Post advertised service in several larger California towns and cities, offering to carry letters to and from the local post office, to bring letters to one post office and deliver them to the addressee from the receiving office, and to run an express service between towns after the government mails were closed for the day. A specific rate was charged for each service, and these rates are reflected in the stamps and entires issued by the Penny Post. For a relatively short-lived operation, the Penny Post produced a large variety of stamps and printed envelopes to facilitate prepayment and collect-on-delivery mail.

Almost immediately the Penny Post incurred the wrath of the San Francisco postmaster, and Goodwin became involved in protracted litigation trying to fight the government. Most writers have reported that the Penny Post closed down after twelve to eighteen months, but we have never seen source documentation to establish exactly when service ended. There is one June 1, 1856, Penny Post entire with the name of the post and "Penny Postage Paid 7" crossed out (Siegel Sale 773, lot 219), which might be evidence that the Penny Post closed before that date.

The printed franks are found on plain envelopes and U.S. 3c stamped envelopes. The rates correspond to the company's advertisements, but the application of these rates, patterns of use and certain enigmatic covers have yet to be fully explained. The most comprehensive study of this company's history and census of covers were recently self-published by Richard C. Frajola and can be found at his website: http://www.rfrajola.com/cpp/CP2.htm

This cover is #205 in the Frajola census. It is one of two 7c Frajola Type II entires with a 1c stamp, postmarked on consecutive days, August 11 and 12 (the other is ex Dale-Lichtenstein). Both have the same written notation on back. These two covers were addressed by Goodwin himself (including the notations) and mailed at the 1c city-letter rate.

Ex Emerson, Knapp, Jessup, Pearce, Haas, Grunin and Kapiloff. Illustrated in the Ashbrook 1c book (Vol. 2, p. 309).

E. 10,000-15,000
29,000
Back to Top
2533
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2533, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Horizontal strip of three from Plate 1 Late, huge margins showing parts of adjoining stamps, touched at top right, tied by blue "Wells Fargo & Co. Express San Francisco" oval handstamp on blue January 1855 folded letter to Sacramento Cal., writer states that four letters are enclosed, instructions "P Wells Fargo & Cos Express, To be delivered immediately", folds at top and bottom, one creases stamp in strip, neatly pressed and not noticeable, still Very Fine, an extremely rare Wells, Fargo & Co. use with the 1c 1851 Issue

E. 2,000-3,000
1,600
Back to Top
2534
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2534, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II-IIIa (7, 8A), 1c Blue, Ty. II-IIIa (7, 8A)1c Blue, Ty. II-IIIa (7, 8A). Positions 31-36R1E, Positions 32, 33 and 35 are Type IIIA, large to huge margins except barely touched at bottom of right stamp, with left interpane margin, wonderful bright early color and impression, tied by neat strikes of "Sacramento City Cal. 1 Mar." (circa 1852) circular datestamps on brown cover to Bloomville Ill., Position 35 natural pre-printing paperfold, cover expertly mended

VERY FINE. A PHENOMENAL STRIP OF SIX OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT FROM PLATE ONE EARLY WITH THREE TYPE IIIa AND THREE TYPE II STAMPS, PAYING THE 6-CENT TRANSCONTINENTAL RATE FROM CALIFORNIA. THIS 1852 USE IS EARLY AND RARE.

The 6c transcontinental rate was effective from July 1, 1851, to April 1, 1855. This use of the Ic stamp from Plate 1 Early probably dates to 1852. Approximately seven such West Coast Plate 1 Early multiples are known to us, this being among the most attractive.

The Neinken book notes (p. 81) "I have a very incomplete record of early uses of the one cent stamps in California, but I have observed very few uses in 1851. Supplies of the three cents were not received at the San Francisco Post Office until late in September of 1851, and it is doubtful if any one cents were sent out there so early. Covers from California to Eastern states showing the single 6c rate paid by a block of six, or a strip of six Plate IE stamps are scarce items." This cover is illustrated on the same page in the Neinken book, where he notes this as an 1852 use.

Ex Caspary, Chase and Kapiloff. Illustrated in the Neinken book on p. 81.

E. 7,500-10,000
19,000
Back to Top
2535
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2535, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Vertical block of ten from Plate 2, large to huge margins except just touched at two spots incl. part of several adjoining stamps, cancelled by "San Francisco Cal. 5 Feb." circular datestamps on back of cover to Philadelphia, neat "Due 10" handstamp indicates this was a double-weight cover, flap originally opened tearing three stamps which have subsequently been skillfully repaired

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE BLOCK OF TEN OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE II USED TO PAY THE 10-CENT RATE FOR DISTANCES OVER 3,000 MILES. A GREAT RARITY.

Beginning on April I, 1855, prepayment of postage was made compulsory and the rate for mail going over 3,000 miles was increased to 10c per -1/2 ounce. Blocks of the 1c 1851 paying this rate are very rare.

With 1993 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
Back to Top
2536
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2536, 1851-56 IssueHawaii, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8), Hawaii, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8)Hawaii, 1857, 5c Blue, Thin White Wove (8). Used with 1c and 10c 1851-55 Issues, unusually and artistically arranged on a small envelope with small "Paid" in sender's hand and a neat address to Berlin Mass., the stamps were trimmed of all margins by the artist, who probably considered extra paper unsightly (so type characteristics also trimmed), lightly struck red "Honolulu U.S. Postage Paid" large circular datestamp ties 5c and 1c at right, carried by the Yankee (cleared Jul. 12, arrived Aug. 2), upon arrival the San Francisco office cancelled and tied each stamp with its "San Francisco Cal. Aug. 5, 1858" circular datestamp, small ink stain at center is trivial

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND UNUSUAL FRANKING AND ARRANGEMENT OF STAMPS PAYING THE 5-CENT HAWAIIAN POSTAGE PLUS 12-CENT U.S. POSTAGE FOR THE 10-CENT TRANSCONTINENTAL RATE AND 2-CENT SHIP CAPTAIN'S FEE.

Ex Admiral Harris, Krug and Honolulu Advertiser. With 1996 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
5,250
Back to Top
2537
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2537, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (7), 1c Blue, Ty. II (7)1c Blue, Ty. II (7). Position 4R1L, the only Type II on Plate 1 Late, huge top sheet margin, large margins at right and bottom, mostly clear at left, tied by "New Orleans La. Jun. 6" circular datestamp on 1857 folded letter to local street address, faint "Drop 1ct." in circle and "N.O.U.S. City Post Jun. 6" large circular datestamp applied by New Orleans U.S. City Post carrier department, the letter is written from a prisoner detained at "Parech Prison" (Parish Prison) -- a barely literate plea to be released -- file fold and cuts along some of the interior folds (mended with archival tape)

A VERY FINE AND EXTRAORDINARY CARRIER USE IN NEW ORLEANS, COMBINING THE DROP-LETTER RATE AND CARRIER FEE, WITH THE FORMER PREPAID BY A SCARCE 1851 ONE-CENT PLATE POSITION.

All positions on Plate 1 Late were recut except Position 4R. Type IV, Scott 9, is the more common recut stamp; Type II from Plate 1 Late is very scarce. On this letter from a prisoner in New Orleans, the 1c stamp prepays the drop-letter postage, while the carrier received 1c from the addressee. This combination is extremely rare.

Illustrated in Ashbrook Vol. 2 (p. 172) and in Chronicle 127 (August 1985, page 171). Ex Haas and Meyersburg.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
Back to Top
2538
c
Sale Number 1105, Lot Number 2538, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9)1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 28-29R1L, horizontal pair, large margins to clear including part of several adjoining stamps, tied by grid cancels, light strike of red "New Orleans La. Dec. 2?" circular datestamp on cover to local street address with sender's directive "Please send by Penny Post", missing part of top and left flap, few light toned spots on cover and stamp, still Very Fine and unusual use, instead of giving it to the carrier directly or placing it in a carrier letter box, the sender left the instructions on the cover and brought it to the post office as a fully prepaid drop letter for carrier delivery, the post office received 1c and the carrier received 1c, ex Jeffreys, illustrated in Chronicle 127 (August 1985, page 171) and described as the only cover showing use of the 1c 1851 Issue to pay the carrier fee in New Orleans

E. 750-1,000
750
Back to Top
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