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Sale 1104 — Civil War and Confederate States

Sale Date — Wednesday, 24 June, 2015

Category — Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2256
og
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2256, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 8, original gum, large margins to clear, rich color, light horizontal crease, Very Fine appearance, with 1989 P.F. certificate

2,250
600
2257
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2257, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 1 missing part of "e" of "Office", large margins to clear, neat strike of blue Petersburg circular datestamp, Very Fine, with 2007 C.S.A. certificate

750
300
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2258
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2258, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 6 with missing comma after "Petersburg", large margins incl. part of adjoining stamp at top, rich color, neat blue "Petersburg Va. Jan. 14" circular datestamp, small corner crease at bottom right, Extremely Fine appearance

750
375
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2259
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2259, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 10, large margins to just into outer ornaments incl. right sheet margin, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. Sep. 26" circular datestamp on small piece, some slight toning from gum, otherwise Very Fine

750
375
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2260
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2260, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 4, large margins to barely in at lower left incl. part of adjoining stamp at right, unobtrusive strike of blue "Petersburg Va. Nov. 19" circular datestamp, some overall toning, corner crease at top left, otherwise Very Fine

750
225
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2261
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2261, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 9, large bottom margin and clear to touching on other sides, blue Petersburg circular datestamp, Fine

750
225
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2262
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2262, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 5, large margins to just in at upper left, affixed to same-size piece, blue "Petersburg Va. Oct. 18" circular datestamp, Fine

750
225
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2263
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2263, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 2, large margins to slightly in along tips of ornaments at left, blue Petersburg circular datestamp, faint horizontal crease and corner crease, Fine appearance

750
225
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2264
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2264, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Two, both Position 1, one with "e" of "Post Office partly missing, other with "e" complete, large margins, first tied on piece by circular datestamp, few flaws, appear Fine-Very Fine

1,500
225
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2265
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2265, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 1 with part of "e" of "Office" missing, large margins all around incl. top left corner sheet margins, bright shade, early state with all letters fully formed, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. Sep. 26" (1861) circular datestamp on Drummond & Parker boot, shoe and leather dealer's pale gray lithographed advertising cover to Hawthorne Va., approximately one half-inch of bottom edge patched with similar paper, Extremely Fine Gem stamp -- certainly one of the finest -- and an attractive item despite repair, ex Manning and Tobias, Scott Retail with no premium for the advertising design

2,500
1,500
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2266
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2266, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 10, large margins to just in, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. 5cts. Nov. 30" (1861) integral-rate circular datestamp on Peebles, Plummer & Co. grocer and commission merchant's blue cameo corner card cover to Poplar Mount P.O. Va., minor edgewear, stamp with pre-use horizontal crease at bottom, still Fine and scarce use on a cameo corner card cover, Scott Retail without premium for the corner card

2,500
1,200
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2267
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2267, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 6 with missing comma after "Petersburg", large margins including bottom sheet margin, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. Feb. 11" (1862) circular datestamp on buff cover to Goldsboro N.C., light vertical file fold at left well away from stamp, Extremely Fine, superb quality stamp on a fresh attractive cover

2,500
1,700
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2268
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2268, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 7, margins to just in, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. 5cts. Dec. 14" integral-rate circular datestamp on small embossed cover with red and blue 10-Star Confederate Flag Patriotic design printed sideways on top flap, to Brinkleyville N.C., opened for display, some overall soiling, slightly reduced, expert restoration, still Fine and exceedingly rare, this is the first patriotic cover with a Petersburg provisional we have offered since keeping computerized records, possibly ex Green (Part 8, lot 770 where described as Position 8 and not illustrated), listed but unpriced in Scott on a patriotic, Scott Retail on ordinary cover $2,500.00

E. 1,500-2,000
4,500
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2269
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2269, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Position 3, huge margins to barely in at bottom left incl. part of adjoining stamp at right and top sheet margin, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. Nov. 7" (1861) circular datestamp on cover to City Point Va., some soiling affects stamp and cover, otherwise Very Fine

2,500
350
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2270
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2270, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Pittsylvania Court House Va., 5c Dull Red on Wove (66X1), Pittsylvania Court House Va., 5c Dull Red on Wove (66X1)Pittsylvania Court House Va., 5c Dull Red on Wove (66X1). Octagonally cut with large margins to in at sides and bottom, tied by neat "Pittsylvania C.H. Va. 22 Nov." (1861) circular datestamp on small piece, pressed-out horizontal crease and small vertical tear at top

FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE PITTSYLVANIA COURT HOUSE PROVISIONAL ON WOVE PAPER. ONLY TEN COPIES IN TOTAL ARE RECORDED, INCLUDING SEVEN COVERS.

James P. Johnson was appointed U.S. postmaster of Pittsylvania Court House (known as Chatham today) by President James Buchanan on January 20, 1859. He was appointed C.S.A. postmaster on July 29, 1861 (Richard L. Calhoun, The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia). During his term as postmaster Johnson issued a 5c Red provisional adhesive stamp bearing his name. The typeset design is nearly identical to the Danville typeset provisional, and Danville's postmaster, William D. Coleman, stated that his stamps were printed at the offices of the Democratic Appeal. For this reason philatelists assume that the same printer produced both postmasters' stamps, substituting one name for the other. The Pittsylvania Court House stamps were printed on wove and laid papers. Dangerous counterfeits on wove paper were made from type and borders that closely resemble the originals, and these are often counted in census work. The count of genuine examples currently (and correctly) stands at 10 on Wove (66X1) and 3 on Laid (66X2).

Our records of the Pittsylvania Court House 66X1 provisional include the following:

CR = cut rectangular; CS = cut to octagonal shape; Ty. I = No space between "T" and "S" of "Cents" Ty. II = Gap between "T' and "S" of "Cents"

1) CR Ty. I, previously uncancelled on a Nov. 11 cover to Mrs. Ruth Hairston, Cascade Va., steamed from cover with original gum intact on stamp, ex Deats (as a cover; photo in P.F. files), Caspary, Lilly

2) CS Ty. II, tied on piece, Nov. 22 circular datestamp, ex Caspary, the example offered here

3) CR Ty. I, cover to Miss Julia Green, Sep. 25, ex Sanford, Duveen, Hind, Clapp, Moody, Hall and D.K. collection (Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1112)

4) CR Ty. I, cover to Abram Fackler, Nov. 5, ex Caspary

5) CR Ty. I, cover to Lt. R. W. Martin, Sep. 27, ex Kilbourne (Siegel Sale 815, lot 135) and Gross

6) CS Ty. I, cover to John Payne, ex Hessel and Dr. Brandon (Siegel Sale 1073 lot 326, realized $14,000 hammer)

7) CS Ty. I, cover to Sue Henry, Jan. 20 (1862), ex Ferrary

8) CS Ty. I, cover to Wm. Hunt, Nov. 4, ex Brooks, Klep

9) CR Ty. I, cover to Clark & Holt, British Library, Tapling collection;

10) CS Ty. II, tied on piece, Nov. 6, Siegel 1985 Rarities sale.

Ex Caspary. With 2006 P.F. certificate

5,000
8,000
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2271
 
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2271, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Pleasant Shade Va., 5c Blue (67X1), Pleasant Shade Va., 5c Blue (67X1)Pleasant Shade Va., 5c Blue (67X1). Position 3, unused (no gum), large margins to barely touched at lower left, deep rich color, small thin spot at left

VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE PLEASANT SHADE VIRGINIA POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.

The tiny town of Pleasant Shade had a population of 57 in 1860. Robert E. Davis was appointed U.S. postmaster by President James Buchanan on January 11, 1860. He was appointed C.S.A. postmaster on July 27, 1861, and was replaced by Eugene W. Spratley on July 14, 1863 (Richard L. Calhoun, The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia). Postmaster Davis had his provisional stamps printed at Andrew F. Crutchfield & Company, publisher of the local Petersburg newspaper, The Daily Express. This was the firm that printed the nearly identical Petersburg provisionals. Crutchfield & Co. used five of the settings from the Petersburg form, substituting the names of the post office and postmaster, and printing the Pleasant Shade stamps in blue instead of red.

The Calhoun census published in The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia, which accords with our own, records a total of 22 stamps, including an unused block of six, an unused vertical pair, seven unused singles, a used single off cover, a used single on piece, three singles on covers and one pair on cover.

Ex Kilbourne. Signed on back (just shows thru)

5,000
7,500
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2272
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2272, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1), Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1)Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1). Mostly clear strike of red provisional handstamp, blue "Raleigh N.C. Aug. 20, 1861" double-circle datestamp on red and blue 10-Star Confederate Flag Patriotic cover addressed in blue, flap and small opening tear at top repaired

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE PATRIOTIC USAGE OF THE RALEIGH POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. ONLY FIVE ARE CONTAINED IN THE LEVI RECORDS.

Ex Murphy

5,500
3,000
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2273
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2273, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1), Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1)Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1). Clear strike of provisional marking, blue "Raleigh N.C. Jun. 25, 1861" circular datestamp on small cover to Hillsborough N.C., manuscript "missent" and with blue "Greensborough N.C. Jun. 25" circular datestamp, slightly reduced at left, Very Fine and unusual use, with 1974 C.S.A. certificate

600
450
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2274
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2274, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1), Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1)Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1). Light strike of provisional marking, blue "Raleigh N.C. Jul. 23, 1861" double-circle datestamp on buff cover to Greensboro N.C., minor edgewear, Very Fine

600
110
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2275
c
Sale Number 1104, Lot Number 2275, Postmasters Provisionals: Peteresburg Va. Thru Rheatown Tenn.Rheatown Tenn., 5c Red (69X1), Rheatown Tenn., 5c Red (69X1)Rheatown Tenn., 5c Red (69X1). Position 2 in setting, Type II with distinctive inverted ornament at top right, clear margins, cancelled by pen, red "Rheatown Ten. Feb. 13" (1862) circular datestamp on buff cover to Knoxville Tenn., slightly reduced at right, significant restoration primarily to bottom half of the cover with piece added at lower right

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF ONLY SIX RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RHEATOWN POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL

The 5c provisional stamps issued by Postmaster D. Pence were printed by the same printer who produced the Tellico Plains Tenn. provisional. An affidavit by the Tellico Plains postmaster, M.F. Johnson, dated March 24, 1876, states that his stamps were printed in Knoxville by "Hawes Lea." The June dates recorded for the Rheatown suggest that it came first, and the postmaster's own recollections place the issue in "midsummer 1861" (see Crown book, p. 307). Although dated examples show use into April 1862, a relatively long period of time, the issue is extremely rare.

The same basic type form containing three subjects was used for the Rheatown and Tellico Plains Tenn. provisionals. For the Rheatown, all three were 5c denominations. The inside border at the top of each stamp is made up of seven ornaments; the unique arrangement of the ornaments in each subject enables philatelists to identify the position of any stamp.

Our records contain at least a half-dozen off-cover examples the Rheatown 5c, including an unused pair, the only known multiple. Our previous census included the item offered here as on the upper half of a cover. The six covers we record are as follows (in chronological order, type identified):

1) Jun. 20 (1861), Ty. II, cover to Lt. D. R. Wilson, ex Worthington (his source code on back "11/26/04 Luff BISSS"), Caspary, Antrim, Weatherly, Kilbourne and D.K. collection (Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1115)

2) Jun. 30 (1861), Ty. I, small cover, faint address, Siegel 1984 Rarities Sale

3) Feb. 8 (1862), Ty. III, lady's embossed cover to Eliz. Devault, the only tied example, ex Caspary, Gallagher

4) Feb. 13 (1862), Ty. II, on restored cover, ex Steves, Crown book, the example offered here

5) Feb. 15 (1862), Ty. I, cover to David Cleage, circular datestamp struck twice, ex Caspary

6) Apr. 9 (1862), Ty. II, cover to Mrs. Wm. Brown, ex MacBride, Dr. Graves, Boshwit and Dr. Brandon (Siegel Sale 1073, lot 329, realized $15,000 hammer).

Ex Steves. Illustrated in the Crown book on p. 308. Illustrated in the 1929 edition of Dietz.

20,000
3,250
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