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Sale 1101 — United States Carriers and Locals, Featuring the Gordon Stimmell Collection

Sale Date — Tuesday, 23 June, 2015

Category — 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
500
ogbl
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 500, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1), (Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1)(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1). Top left corner margin block of six with stitch watermark, original gum, four stamps Mint N.H., Extremely Fine, a superb corner-margin block of the first adhesive stamp issued in the Western hemisphere, ex Hind and Knapp, Scott Retail as block of four and a pair

2,850
1,300
501
 
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 501, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1), (Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1)(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1). Huge margins all around, tied by "City Despatch Post N.Y. Feb. 24 O'Clock" (1842) Type I double-line circular datestamp with "N.Y." inverted on locally-addressed folded letter, which mentions "the Victoria is to sail for the Sandwich Islands from this port." letter with some repairs including along folds, stamp is Extremely Fine, very early use within a few weeks of the commencement of the City Despatch Post, this style of datestamp was only used during this early period

2,500
3,250
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502
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 502, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1), (Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1)(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1). Huge margins all around with framelines of adjacent stamps at top and right, tied by red "Free" in frame, matching "City Despatch Post N.Y. ? Apr. O'Clock" (1842) double-line circular datestamp, overall light toning and splits along folds, Extremely Fine stamp and attractive overall appearance, Scott Retail for tied on cover $2,500.00

E. 750-1,000
850
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503
 
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 503, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1), (Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1)(Greig's) City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Grayish (40L1). Huge even margins, tied by red "Free" in frame handstamp with matching "City Despatch Post N.Y. Jun. 21 4 O'Clock" (1842) double-line circular datestamp on rebacked cover front to Wall Street address, gently cleaned, Extremely Fine stamp and beautiful appearing cover

E. 750-1,000
800
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504
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 504, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Light Blue Unsurfaced (6LB3), U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Light Blue Unsurfaced (6LB3)U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Light Blue Unsurfaced (6LB3). Large margins, tied by orange-red "U.S." in frame struck twice and also by matching "U.S. City Despatch Post Sep. 7 9 O'Clock"(1842) double-line circular datestamp on folded cover to street address, manuscript "Paid", part of side panels removed, cleaned and strengthened along vertical file fold, still Very Fine, very early date, ex Meyersburg

2,500
350
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505
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 505, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed (6LB5), U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed (6LB5)U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed (6LB5). Tied by one of two light strikes of red "U.S." in frame, matching "U.S. City Despatch Post Feb. 14 O'Clock" Valentine's Day circular datestamp on hand illustrated embossed envelope to N.Y. street address, blue pen illustration of a young man in a hat with patched pants carrying a flag with address of a young lady, "Care of Post Office" in corner of flag, sun and building in background, stamp with creases and cover with edgewear, still Very Fine appearance, a most striking and unusual Valentine design

E. 1,000-1,500
400
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506
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 506, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed (6LB5), U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed (6LB5)U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed (6LB5). Large margins all around, cancelled by red "U.S." in frame and manuscript "Lectures", red "U.S. City Despatch Post Sep. 29 9 O'Clock" circular datestamp on 1843 folded letter to local street address, stamp with couple light creases, light cover soiling, otherwise Very Fine

E. 300-400
160
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507°
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 507, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 2c on 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed, Red Surcharge (6LB7), U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 2c on 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed, Red Surcharge (6LB7)U.S. City Despatch Post, New York N.Y., 2c on 3c Black on Blue Green Glazed, Red Surcharge (6LB7). Ample to large margins, deep shade, uncancelled, originally affixed on back of folded printed invitation from American Agricultural Association of New York University to W.A. Seeley at 213 Fulton Street, the stamp torn in half on opening, it has subsequently been repaired and affixed to the front of the circular on which it originated, red "U.S. City Despatch Post, Mar. 2 4 O'Clock" circular datestamp, vertical file folds at sides including one reinforced with scotch tape

ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE WORLD'S FIRST GOVERNMENT-ISSUED OVERPRINTED STAMP. A COVER OF TREMENDOUS PHILATELIC SIGNIFICANCE AND APPEAL.

The world's first government-issued, overprinted stamp is the 2c on 3c U.S. City Despatch Post carrier issue, Scott 6LB7. It was overprinted in late 1845 or early 1846 to meet the need for a 2c stamp to prepay the carrier fee after the drop-letter rate was modified on July 1, 1845. Only four stamps are recorded, including three genuinely used on covers.

To understand why it was necessary to revalue U.S. City Despatch Post stamps from 3c to 2c, it is helpful to look at the effects of the July 1, 1845, postal reform (as per the Act of March 3, 1845). As is well-known to most U.S. stamp collectors, the July 1st reforms created the simplified 5c and 10c postage rates and laid the foundation for adhesive stamps to be used in this country. The postmasters' provisionals appeared first, followed in 1847 by the first General Issue (Scott 1 and 2). However, at the same time inter-city rates were lowered, Congress raised the drop-letter rate from 1c to 2c. A drop letter is one brought to a post office that is not transmitted to another post office. Congress raised the drop-letter rate out of fear that the new postage structure would cause a severe decline in postal revenues. By raising the intra-city rate, Congress hoped to offset some of the anticipated losses.

The consequences of this legislation for the U.S. City Despatch Post were immediate and dire. Prior to July 1, 1845, a drop letter could be taken by the carrier to or from the post office for 3c, which included 2c for the carrier department and 1c for the post office (drop postage). Beginning July 1, an extra cent was required for the drop postage, making the total amount equal to 4c. Although other classes of mail were unaffected by the drop-rate increase (including carrier letters that by-passed the main post office), the U.S. City Despatch found itself at a severe disadvantage competing with local posts, who generally charged 2c for a city letter. In the post-July 1 period, not only did Boyd flourish, but many smaller local posts entered the scene, hoping to capture a share of the market for intra-city letter delivery. By November 1846, the U.S. City Despatch Post was closed. Government carrier service would not appear again in New York City until 1849 under Robert Roberts' supervision.

The three recorded 6LB7 covers were mailed during the first eight months of the 2c drop-rate period. The covers are listed chronologically as follows: 1) Jan. 9, 1846 (red "New York 2 cts"), stamp cut in and tied by filing crease, addressee's name crossed out, no carrier markings, ex Ferrary, Hind, Waterhouse and Middendorf; 2) Feb. 14, 1846 (red "New-York 2 cts" and red carrier datestamp), stamp tied by filing crease, to Rev. R. S. Cook, Tract House, ex Hunter, Caspary, Boker, Golden and D.K. (Siegel Sale 862, lot 40, realized $65,000 hammer); and 3) Mar. 2, 1846 (red carrier datestamp), stamp originally affixed on back over folds and torn in half upon opening, to W. A. Sesley, 213 Fulton St., no other markings, ex Caspary, the cover offered here. In addition to the three stamps on covers, there is a stamp off cover, previously affixed to a cover dated Oct. 29 (1845 or 1846), but which did not originate.

The rarity of the 2c on 3c stamp suggests that it was used on a very limited basis, during a period of decline for the U.S. City Despatch Post. By overlaying the "2" overprint on the "2" in the drop-rate datestamp, we have determined that they are identical in size and shape. The overprint was probably made from a modified integral-rate marker and struck by hand on each stamp.

Ex Caspary. Accompanied by 1965 letter from Ezra Cole describing it as "absolutely genuine". With 1985 P.F. certificate. Accompanied by folded letter of Feb. 24, 1846 bearing same circular datestamp and red "New-York Feb. 24 2cts." circular datestamp showing the "2" which was used to surcharge the stamp. Scott Retail as on cover, not tied $70,000.00

E. 7,500-10,000
0
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508
c
U.S. City Despatch Post, Cover Balance. 10 stamped covers and 18 stampless, stamped covers includes one Greig's No. 40L1, the others cover the range of the Carrier Dept. issues Nos. 6LB3 and 6LB5, mostly on folded letters, majority of the stampless showing the red U.S. City Despatch Post handstamp, also a proof from the defaced die, mixed condition with some flaws to be found, one stamp cut to shape by sender and tied, still Fine-Very Fine with many collectible covers

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
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509
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 509, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Cummings & Wright) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L2), (Cummings & Wright) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L2)(Cummings & Wright) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L2). Large to full margins, light creasing, tied by red "New-York 10 cts. 13 Oct." (1847) integral-rate circular datestamp on folded letter to Philadelphia, Very Fine, this falls into the period when the City Despatch Post Office was owned by Cummings and Wright, tied examples of the 2c Green 40L2 stamp are very scarce

750
400
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510
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 510, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Mead's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L2), (Mead's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L2)(Mead's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L2). Large margins all around, bright color, cancelled by light strike of red "Free" in frame on 1847 folded letter to South Hardwick Vt., red "New York Apr. 3 5cts" integral-rate circular datestamp uprated with with manuscript "10", small toned spot at bottom of cover, otherwise Very Fine, used before Cummings and Wright took over from Mead

E. 300-400
190
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511
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 511, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.Cole's City Despatch P.O., Jun. 27, Cole's City Despatch P.O., Jun. 27Cole's City Despatch P.O., Jun. 27. Large double-circle datestamp in brownish red ink, fully struck on folded letter written and signed by Horace Greeley, locally addressed, Very Fine, ex Kapiloff and Golden, Greeley was editor of the New York Tribune, served briefly in Congress from 1848-49 and was the Democratic and Liberal Republican candidate for President in 1872, losing to Ulysses S. Grant and dying before the electoral votes were cast

E. 200-300
250
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512
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 512, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed, "CC" at Sides (40L4), (Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed, "CC" at Sides (40L4)(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed, "CC" at Sides (40L4). Cancelled by blurry strike of "Free" in frame (used previously by Greig) on ca. 1848 folded letter to Warwick N.Y., red "New-York 5cts. 1 Mar." integral-rate circular datestamp and City Despatch circular datestamp of the same day, stamp with some usual light creasing, Very Fine, the earliest "CC" stamps are found on Green paper (earliest documented use is Jan. 27, 1848)

E. 500-750
350
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513
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 513, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed, Hand-Etched Sideways "C" at Left (40L4b), (Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed, Hand-Etched Sideways "C" at Left (40L4b)(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Green Glazed, Hand-Etched Sideways "C" at Left (40L4b). Position 3 with lefthand "C" etched into plate by hand (so-called "Sideways C" variety), worn impression with barest trace of hand-entered "C" at left -- previously described in Middendorf collection as "C" at Right Only variety (40L4c) and with 1991 P.F. certificate as such -- large margins to slightly in, cancelled by brownish-red "Free" in frame (not tied), matching strike with faint "P.O. City Despatch Post Apr. 30 -- O'Clock" (1850) circular datestamp on large part of folded letter to local street address, stamp and cover have faults, still exhibitable, one of six recorded covers with the Hand-Etched "C" at Left on Green paper, this city-delivery cover shows the revived use of the old "P.O. City Despatch Post" circular datestamp and "Free" during the period in 1849-50 when the "CC" stamps were typically used on covers taken to the post office for regular mail (see The City Despatch Post 1842-1852 Issues, pages 23-24), there are four such covers recorded and they bear a striking similarity to the 40L2 covers from the Cummings & Wright period (with double strike of "Free"), ex Golden and New Amsterdam, with 1991 P.F. certificate as No 40L4c and 2000 P.F. certificate as No. 40L4b (correct), listed but unpriced in Scott

E. 500-750
550
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514
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 514, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Vermilion Glazed, "CC" (40L6), (Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Vermilion Glazed, "CC" (40L6)(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Vermilion Glazed, "CC" (40L6). Large margins to just in at bottom, light grid cancel, red "New-York 5cts. 16 Feb" integral-rate circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Providence R.I., Feb. 16, 1850 docketing, fresh and Very Fine

600
350
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515
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 515, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Vermilion Glazed, "CC" at Sides (40L6), (Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Vermilion Glazed, "CC" at Sides (40L6)(Cole's) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Vermilion Glazed, "CC" at Sides (40L6). Huge margins all around, black cancel (not tied) on Apr. 21, 1849 folded letter to New York City address, Extremely Fine stamp and used in proper time period

600
200
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516
 
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 516, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.(Mead and Cole) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black (40L2, 40L4, 40L6), (Mead and Cole) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black (40L2, 40L4, 40L6)(Mead and Cole) Post Office City Despatch, New York N.Y., 2c Black (40L2, 40L4, 40L6). Balance of six stamped covers, one stamp and one stampless cover, three of No. 40L2 (one tied, another did not originate, counted as off-cover), two of No. 40L4 (not tied) and two of No. 40L6 (not tied), flaws typical of the glazed paper, the Vermillion stamps with normal slight oxidation, Fine appearing and a scarce group

3,700
750
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517
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 517, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full margins to touched at bottom left corner, rich color, tied by blue "Portsmouth N.H. Oct. 3" circular datestamp with second strike on cover to Miss E. Keeler at 303 W. 21st street address in New York City, with "Pr City Despatch Post" manuscript notation at lower left and blue "5" handstamp of City Despatch Post, small tear at top of cover, Very Fine, a rare use, in a Feb. 2005 article, Gordon Stimmell notes that eight covers were discovered used mostly from Portsmouth with "Care of", "Per" or "Via" the City Despatch Post (a local post at this time under the direction of Mead or Cole), these are the only recorded 1847 Issue covers which are directed to go thru a local post

E. 1,000-1,500
550
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518
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 518, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full margins to touched, rich color, tied by blue "Portsmouth N.H. ? 14" circular datestamp on cover to Miss E. Keeler at 303 W. 21st street address in New York City, blue bold "5" handstamp of City Despatch Post also cancels stamp, stamp with tiny corner creases, Very Fine and a rare use, in a Feb. 2005 article, Gordon Stimmell notes that eight covers were discovered used mostly from Portsmouth with "Care of", "Per" or "Via" the City Despatch Post (a local post at this time under the direction of Mead or Cole), while this cover lacks the direction, it is from the same correspondence and the "5" handstamp demonstrates that it was handled by the City Despatch Post

E. 1,000-1,500
550
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519
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 519, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full margins to just in at top where there is a small tear, double "X" penstroke cancel and tied by blue Western R.R. Sep. 26" circular datestamp with second strike and matching "Paid" handstamp on cover to Miss E. Keeler at 303 W. 21st street address in New York City, with "Pr City Despatch Post" manuscript notation at lower left, Very Fine appearance, a rare use, in a Feb. 2005 article, Gordon Stimmell notes that eight covers were discovered used mostly from Portsmouth with "Care of", "Per" or "Via" the City Despatch Post (a local post at this time under the direction of Mead or Cole), these are the only recorded 1847 Issue covers which are directed to go thru a local post

E. 1,000-1,500
550
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520
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 520, 1842-45 City Despatch Post, New York, N.Y.5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Two, full margins to just in, pen cancels and tied by partly clear strikes of blue Portsmouth N.H. circular datestamp on cover to Miss E. Keeler at 303 W. 21st street address in New York City, with "Pr City Despatch Post" manuscript notation at lower left, both stamps with light creases, some cover corner wear, otherwise Very Fine and rare, in a Feb. 2005 article, Gordon Stimmell notes that eight covers were discovered used mostly from Portsmouth with "Care of", "Per" or "Via" the City Despatch Post (a local post at this time under the direction of Mead or Cole), these are the only recorded 1847 Issue covers which are directed to go thru a local post

E. 1,000-1,500
550
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521
c
New York City Valentines. Four large format Valentines, one with elaborate lace enclosure in embossed envelope franked with 1c Blue, Ty. V (24), two with red U.S. City Despatch Post circular datestamps, one on multi-color illustrated Valentine and other on lace Valentine, finally large gold illustrated cover but with no markings, some faults as usual for these large format covers, otherwise Fine

E. 300-400
160
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