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Sale 1101 — United States Carriers and Locals, Featuring the Gordon Stimmell Collection

Sale Date — Tuesday, 23 June, 2015

Category — Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
558
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 558, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Large margins to touched at lower right, uncancelled, clear strike of "FORWARDED BY/AMERICAN MAIL CO./GARDINER, ME." three-line handstamp on July 26, 1844 cover from A. N. Gardiner to George Burgiss in Hartford Conn., manuscript pencil "2", central file folds

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE AMERICAN LETTER MAIL COMPANY SMALL EAGLE ISSUE ON COVER WITH THE RARE GARDINER MAINE HANDSTAMP.

There are three recorded examples of the rare American Letter Mail Co. Gardiner handstamp used with an adhesive stamp (all 5L1 Small Eagle), as follows in order of date: 1) July 26, 1844, from A. N. Gardiner to George Burgiss in Hartford Conn., the cover offered here; 2) Aug. 6, 1844, from Phineas Pratt in Gardiner Me. to Moses Emery in Saco Me., offered in the following lot; and 3) Aug. 25, 1844 from Gardiner to Adam Crosby in Belfast Me.

We also record a stampless cover with the Gardiner handstamp, dated Aug. 20, 1844, ex Hahn (Siegel Sale 950, lot 2578).

Signed as "genuine" by Richard C. Frajola

E. 1,500-2,000
2,300
559
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 559, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Ample margins to clear at top left, uncancelled, clear strike of "FORWARDED BY/AMERICAN MAIL CO./GARDINER, ME." three-line handstamp on lengthy Aug. 6, 1844 folded letter from Phineas Pratt in Gardiner Me. to Moses Emery in Saco Me., manuscript pencil "2", central file fold does not touch the adhesive or handstamp

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE AMERICAN LETTER MAIL COMPANY SMALL EAGLE ISSUE ON COVER WITH THE RARE GARDINER MAINE HANDSTAMP.

There are three recorded examples of the rare American Letter Mail Co. Gardiner handstamp used with an adhesive stamp (all 5L1 Small Eagle), as follows in order of date: 1) July 26, 1844, from A. N. Gardiner to George Burgiss in Hartford Conn., offered in the previous lot; 2) Aug. 6, 1844, from Phineas Pratt in Gardiner Me. to Moses Emery in Saco Me., the cover offered here; 3) Aug. 25, 1844 from Gardiner to Adam Crosby in Belfast Me.

We also record a stampless cover with the Gardiner handstamp, dated Aug. 20, 1844, ex Hahn (Siegel Sale 950, lot 2578). The cover offered here was found among the papers of the recipient, Saco Me. attorney Moses Emery. Phineas Pratt and Emery were business associates involved in lumbering, logging and land speculation. Allegedly they suffered severe losses attempting to sell shingles and lumber in San Francisco during the gold rush.

E. 1,500-2,000
2,200
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560
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 560, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black, Thick Paper (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black, Thick Paper (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black, Thick Paper (5L1). Full to large margins, usual brownish gum found on this First Printing on thick paper, just tied by red oval of stars cancel on folded cover docketed "Boston March 2, 1844" and addressed to New York City, stamp with tiny corner crease at top right, Very Fine and attractive

750
800
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561
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 561, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Two, margins to just in, each cancelled and just tied by red oval of stars, manuscript "Paid" on folded cover addressed to New York City with pencil "117 Fulton" added by carrier, Very Fine, scarce double-rate use, ex Knapp

E. 500-750
1,000
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562
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 562, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Stamp affixed at top right, mostly peeled off with blue pen manuscript "Free" and agent's name in its place on Jul. 19, 1844 folded letter from New Haven to New London Conn., nice content related to independent mail business competition with the post office, including "I understand that these private expresses have an agency in your place, if so, you had better buy stamps & I will do so too for the encouragement of private enterprise -- this Government Post Office system is an imposition upon the public and the sooner it is shut down, the better. The agent here says that he had last night three times as many letters to New York as the general post office here.", file folds including one thru stamp remnant, Very Fine and wonderful content

E. 300-400
300
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563
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 563, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Balance of four covers, one First printing on thick paper with red oval of stars just tying stamp, other three pen cancels (one tied), red American Letter Mail Co. Philadelphia circular handstamp (cover with splitting thru the marking), red N.Y. three-line handstamp on another, Fine-Very Fine group

E. 750-1,000
650
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564
 
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 564, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Huge margins, cancelled by small manuscript "X" on folded letter datelined at Philadelphia Oct. 8, 1844 and addressed to Boston, red American Letter Mail Co. handstamps of Philadelphia (scarce variety with month and day) and Boston, stamp with tiny edge tears and light crease, minor stain at bottom of cover, otherwise Very Fine

E. 300-400
300
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565
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 565, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Large even margins, bold manuscript cancel slightly breaks the paper, red American Letter Mail Company New York oval handstamp on Nov. 2, 1844 folded letter from Philadelphia to New York City, file fold and some minor splitting along folds, still Very Fine

E. 400-500
200
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566
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 566, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Large margins except slightly irregular touching design at bottom left, manuscript cancel, clear strike of red "Forwarded by American Mail Co. from No. 101 Chesnut Street, Philada. NO 30" circular datestamp on Nov. 30, 1844 folded letter to New York City, some minor splits along folds, Very Fine, scarce dated Philadelphia office marking

E. 300-400
250
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567
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 567, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Full margins, neat manuscript cancel, partly clear strike of red "Forwarded by American Mail Co. from No. 101 Chesnut Street, Philada." circular handstamp on May 7, 1845 folded letter to New York City, Very Fine

E. 300-400
225
Back to Top
568
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 568, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Large to ample margins, manuscript "NY" initials, used on Dec. 11, 1844 folded letter to New York City, red American Letter Mail Co. New York oval handstamp, dateline portion of letter split from rest of the sheet, stamp with minor gum soaks near top, appears Very Fine, scarce manuscript initials cancel

E. 200-300
150
Back to Top
569
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 569, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Horizontal pair, large margins to full at right, manuscript "X" cancels, used on Mar. 7, 1845 folded letter from Norwich Conn. to New York City, red American Letter Mail Co. New York oval handstamp, file folds and edgewear which lightly affects the stamps at top, Fine appearing and scarce use of a multiple for double-rate franking

E. 400-500
400
Back to Top
570
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 570, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Three singles, large margins to just clear at bottom of one, bold pen cancels tie stamps to cover or to each other, notation "Deliver Early tomorrow March 10/45 Paid", from Philadelphia (based on similar correspondence) to New York City, red American Letter Mail Co. New York oval handstamp, pencil "52W" Wall Street address, file folds including one thru stamp at right, Fine and scarce triple-rate use, only one cover is recorded with an intact strip of three of the Large Eagle stamp

E. 1,000-1,500
800
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571
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 571, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Three singles arranged side-by-side, large margins to clear on one, heavy file fold results in tear at bottom of center stamp, left stamp small edge nick, pen "X" cancels, on Oct. 11, 1844 folded cover addressed to New York City, red American Letter Mail Co. New York oval handstamp, light pencil delivery address notation, addressee's last name crossed out, Fine appearing and scarce triple-rate use, only one cover is recorded with an intact strip of three of the Large Eagle

E. 750-1,000
600
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572
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 572, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3). Cut close all around with parts of inner framelines showing, manuscript "X" cancel, used on folded cover to New York City, red "Forwarded by the American Mail Co., Office, 56 Wall St., N.Y." oval handstamp applied on arrival (probably originated in Philadelphia), manuscript "Paid", docketed with Jan. 15, 1845 origin date, file folds clear of stamp

FINE. ONE OF TWELVE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RARE BLUE EAGLE STAMP OF AMERICAN LETTER MAIL COMPANY.

This use of the rare Blue Eagle stamp probably occurred shortly before the independent mail firms were effectively abolished by the government. On July 1, 1845, the postage rate for distances under 300 miles was reduced to 5c per half-ounce. By the same Act of Congress, Federal law prohibited the carrying of letters by private companies between cities where the Post Office Department offered inter-city mail service. American Letter Mail Company, which had aroused popular support for cheaper domestic postage, was a catalyst for the 1845 legislation. However, it could no longer sustain its fight with the government over mail routes and closed on June 30, 1845.

The Large Eagle stamp in Blue is recorded on covers dated from August 1844 through June 1845, with about half of the reported covers addressed to Hopkins & Weston in New York. The Blue and Black color scheme for the American Letter Mail Co. Large Eagle stamps, which lack a denomination (unlike their predecessor issue, the Small Eagle), may have been modeled upon Great Britain's 1840 Penny Black and Two-Pence Blue. The Blue stamp was used for the single rate, but its original purpose might have been to pay a double rate.

Ex Geisler and Dr. Morris. With 1988 and 2009 P.F. certificates

E. 2,000-3,000
2,700
Back to Top
573
 
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 573, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3). Cut close all around but with framelines intact, manuscript "X" cancel, used on cover front only from a folded letter to New York City, faint strike of red American Mail Co. handstamp with matching "Paid" straightline, note on back indicates June 23, 1845 date which would make it a very late use (American Letter Mail Co. closed on June 30, 1845), the stamp is Very Fine and a rare sound example, only 12 genuine full covers bearing the Large Eagle stamp in Blue are recorded, dated from August 1844 through June 1845, with about half of the reported covers addressed to Hopkins & Weston in New York as on the front offered here, Scott Retail as used off-cover

1,750
475
Back to Top
574
c
Sale Number 1101, Lot Number 574, Independent Mails: American Letter Mail Co.Forwarded by/American Mail Company/Office 12 State Street, Boston, Forwarded by/American Mail Company/Office 12 State Street, BostonForwarded by/American Mail Company/Office 12 State Street, Boston. Red three-line handstamp with "Collect/6-1/4 cts./New York/Office" framed handstamp on June 24, 1844 folded letter to Boston, file fold, Very Fine

E. 200-300
400
Back to Top
575
c
American Letter Mail Co. Balance of 32 covers, 16 stampless with red company handstamps, nine covers with No. 5L1 Small Eagle, cancels including oval of stars and pen, the majority of these tied including one by company datestamp, seven of No. 5L2 Large Eagle with pen or blue initials cancels, most of these not tied, faults to be expected including file fold creasing, a few toned and one 5L1 defective, still a number of attractive and useful covers, the stamped covers alone with Scott Retail more than $8,000.00

E. 1,500-2,000
1,000
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