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Sale 1115 — A European Connoisseur's Collection of U.S. Classic Issues

Sale Date — Tuesday, 15 December, 2015

Category — 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2020
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2020, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Dark Brown (1a), 5c Dark Brown (1a)5c Dark Brown (1a). Large even margins, intense dark early shade and impression, tied by blue "Paid" in frame cancel, matching "Philada. Pa. 5 cts Sep. 15" integral-rate circular datestamp on folded cover to New York City, docketed with 1847 yeardate, Extremely Fine, ex Brigham

950
1,900
2021
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2021, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Brown (1), 5c Brown (1)5c Brown (1). Large margins all around, beautiful dark shade and early impression, tied by red grid cancel and matching "Boston 5 cts. 22 Sep." integral-rate circular datestamp on 1847 blue folded cover to Wells River Vt., Extremely Fine, ex Caspary (where described as Dark Brown, Scott 1a)

475
650
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2022
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2022, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full to large margins, bright shade, tied by perfect bold strike of red square grid cancel, matching "New-York Sep. 2" circular datestamp on 1850 greenish folded cover to South Lee, Mass., Very Fine, the markings are exceptionally bold and well-struck

475
3,750
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2023
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2023, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Large to huge margins including parts or traces of four surrounding stamps, deep rich color, tied by red grid cancel, matching "Boston 5 cts 27 Apr." integral-rate circular datestamp on 1849 blue folded letter to Charlestown N.H., sealed tear at top center, otherwise a choice cover and Extremely Fine stamp

475
375
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2024
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2024, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full to large margins, bright shade and worn impression on deeply blued paper, cancelled by black grid, red "Boston 5 cts. 5 Sep." integral-rate circular datestamp on grayish folded cover to South Deerfield Mass., Very Fine

475
350
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2025
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2025, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Vertical pair, large even margins, beautiful bright shade and sharp impression, tied by four overlapping strikes of red "Paid" straightline handstamp with matching "Charleston S.C. 10 Oct. 7" integral-rate circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Philadelphia, from the Ludlow, Beebee & Co. correspondence

EXTREMELY FINE GEM PAIR ON A PRISTINE COVER WITH PERFECTLY STRUCK CHARLESTON S.C. DATESTAMP AND QUADRUPLE "PAID" CANCELLATION.

With 2015 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
9,000
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2026
c
Sale Number 1115, Lot Number 2026, 5c 1847 Issue, On-Cover (Scott 1)5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Horizontal pair, large even margins, distinctive dark shade and fine sharp impression on deeply blued paper, tied by two perfect strikes of Canadian 7-ring target cancel, part strike of red "Montreal L.C. MY 2 1851" circular datestamp and matching "CANADA" in framed arc handstamp on light greenish folded cover from Canada to E. D. Morgan & Company in New York City, receipt docketing indicates sender was Gillespie, Moffatt and Company in Montreal, pristine condition

EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS THE FINEST COVER SHOWING USE OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE TO PAY ALL OF THE CANADIAN POSTAGE DURING THE TREATY PERIOD, WHICH COMMENCED ON APRIL 6, 1851. ANY COVER WITH THE 1847 ISSUE USED FROM CANADA IS RARE, BUT COVERS MAILED DURING THE TREATY PERIOD WITH THE STAMPS CANCELLED BY THE CANADIAN TARGET ARE THE RAREST AND MOST DESIRABLE OF ALL. THIS MAGNIFICENT COVER WAS FEATURED IN THE 1956 CASPARY AND 1957 DICK SALES, AND, SINCE THE EUROPEAN CONNOISSEUR ACQUIRED IT 58 YEARS AGO FOR HIS COLLECTION, IT HAS BEEN UNAVAILABLE TO THE PHILATELIC MARKET.

The United States-Canada postal treaty went into effect on April 6, 1851, and established the prepaid rate of 6d in Canada and 10c in the United States. The use of United States 1847 stamps in Canada, which was practiced prior to the April 1851 treaty, continued for a period of months, even after the 1847 Issue was demonetized on July 1, 1851. Very few covers are recorded during the treaty period with 1847 stamps cancelled in Canada. Creighton C. Hart used this cover to illustrate his opinion that "the masterpieces of this period have the stamps cancelled in Canada evidencing that a Canadian post office accepted U.S. stamps to pay Canadian postage."

The 1847 census lists eight genuine covers showing usage of 1847 stamps from Canada during the treaty period. There are four covers with the 10c 1847 and one with a pair of the 5c 1847 (the cover offered here) -- and, of course, there is the famous 5c 1847 and Canada 3p Beaver mixed franking with one of each, a composite of U.S. and Canadian postage. On those six covers the stamps are cancelled by the Canadian target. In addition to those six, there is a seventh cover, the spectacular mixed franking with a Beaver stamp and strip of five 5c 1847, but the strip was not cancelled in Canada on that cover. The eighth and latest cover has a single 5c cancelled by the Canadian target. These eight covers appear to be all of the recorded treaty period uses from Canada with 1847 stamps. There is no other cover like the one offered here, with a pair of the 5c 1847 paying the full rate and tied by Canadian target cancels.

The addressee firm's principal, Edwin D. Morgan (1811-1883), began his business career as a grocer in Hartford, Connecticut, and later moved to New York City, where he became a successful wholesaler, broker and banker. He was active in politics, serving as an alderman and member of the New York State Senate from 1850 to 1853. Morgan became influential in the Republican Party and was elected governor of New York from 1859 through 1862. He served simultaneously as governor and head of the military department during the Civil War. In February 1863, Morgan was elected to the U.S. Senate and served one term until 1869.

The receipt docketing indicates this was sent from Gillespie, Moffatt and Company, one of the largest import-export houses in Canada. By the mid-1840's, the firm handled more ocean trade than any other firm in Montreal.

Illustrated in Thomas J. Alexander's The United States 1847 Issue: A Cover Census (page 27) and in Creighton C. Hart's article "1847 Cross-Border Covers" (Chronicle 98, May 1978, page 97). Ex Alfred H. Caspary (H. R. Harmer sale, January 16-18, 1956, lot 119, $2,800 to Harry Keffer, then to Jack Dick) and Jack Dick (Siegel Sale 204, October 31, 1957, lot 139, $5,400 to the European Connoisseur). With 2015 P.F. certificate

E. 20,000-30,000
55,000
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