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Sale 1117 — U.S. & Confederate States Postal History

Sale Date — Thursday-Friday, 17-18 December, 2015

Category — 1844-45 Independent Mails

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
4287
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4287, 1844-45 Independent MailsAmerican Letter Mail Co, American Letter Mail CoAmerican Letter Mail Co. Balance of 18 covers, seven stamped incl. Nos. 5L1 (four) and 5L2 (three, one is a front only), 11 stampless, both handstamp and pen cancels on the stamped covers, one with particularly strong markings (stamp cut in), the stampless covers with ALM ovals and/or circular datestamps, mixed condition with some flaws to be expected but overall a colorful and attractive group, Scott Retail for the stamped covers alone $2,500.00

E. 500-750
800
4288
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4288, 1844-45 Independent MailsBrainard & Co., (5c) Blue (24L2), Brainard & Co., (5c) Blue (24L2)Brainard & Co., (5c) Blue (24L2). Large square margins, cancelled by violet manuscript "B" cancel, presumably applied by Brainard's agent in Albany, conjunctive use with red "American Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 12 State Street, Boston" oval handstamp on Sep. 12, 1844 folded letter from Albany to Boston, stamp with faint corner crease far from design

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING COVER BEARING THE RARE BRAINARD BLUE STAMP USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH AMERICAN LETTER MAIL COMPANY SERVICE.

The description in our Hall sale (Siegel sale 830) for lot 238 provides our overall analysis of Brainard & Co.'s stamped covers and the origination of the Black vs. Blue stamps. The cover offered here bears the Brainard & Co. Blue stamp, cancelled by the "B" in manuscript, of which there are at least two distinct versions. Brainard & Co. provided service from Troy and Albany, but not to Boston, thus the letter was given to American Letter Mail Co. (transfer point unknown). The cover offered here is one of only three Brainard & Co. stamped cover in our records showing conjunctive use with the American Letter Mail Company and one of only two with the Blue 24L2 stamp.

Raymond Weill backstamp. Scott Retail as normal use (non-conjunctive) on cover $4,500.00

E. 1,500-2,000
1,100
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4289
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4289, 1844-45 Independent MailsBrainard & Co., (5c) Blue (24L2), Brainard & Co., (5c) Blue (24L2)Brainard & Co., (5c) Blue (24L2). Cut to shape, manuscript "T" initial (Troy), tied by "Forwarded by Brainard & Co. from Troy." red oval handstamp, also tied by file fold which creases the stamp, red "Paid" straightline on Mar. 7, 1845 docketed folded cover to New York, Very Fine appearance, an exceptionally rare handstamp tied use of the Brainard Blue stamp, the Lyons census (The Penny Post, January 2006) reports sixteen covers with the Blue 24L2 stamp, but states that no more than fourteen of these are genuine uses, it lists a Mar. 7 1845 cover but from Albany

E. 400-500
400
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4290
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4290, 1844-45 Independent MailsBrainard & Co., (5c) Black (24L1), Brainard & Co., (5c) Black (24L1)Brainard & Co., (5c) Black (24L1). Cut to shape, tied by pen stroke and affixed over manuscript "Paid 6-1/4 from Lansingburg" on July 23, 1844 folded letter from Lansingburg to New York, blue manuscript "Hale & Co. Express Paid" at left, toned file fold at bottom, Very Fine, a fascinating and enigmatic use, Lansingburg is only a few miles from Troy, the letter asks the recipient to return via Hale & Co. Express as they "have an office established at this place"

E. 500-750
800
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4291
 
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4291, 1844-45 Independent MailsBrainard & Co., (5c) Black, Blue (24L1-24L2), Brainard & Co., (5c) Black, Blue (24L1-24L2)Brainard & Co., (5c) Black, Blue (24L1-24L2). First square margins clear of design all around, unused (no gum), Fine, second cut to shape, pen cancel on small piece, some slight wrinkling, still Fine

1,625
400
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4292
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4292, 1844-45 Independent MailsForwarded by Brainard & Co. from Troy, Forwarded by Brainard & Co. from TroyForwarded by Brainard & Co. from Troy. Red oval handstamp and "Collect Six Cents for Hale & Co." box on Mar. 7, 1845 folded letter to New York City street address, minor internal splits, file fold thru Brainard handstamp, Very Fine and scarce conjunctive use

E. 400-500
250
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4293
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4293, 1844-45 Independent MailsBoyd's City Express, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Yellow Green (20L2), Boyd's City Express, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Yellow Green (20L2)Boyd's City Express, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Yellow Green (20L2). Red "Free" cancel, tiny corner crease, on Dec. 9, 1844 folded letter from New York to Frankfort Maine, red "Collect/Six Cents/for/Hale & Co." boxed handstamp and light strike of red Jerome & Co.'s Express, No. 8 Court St., Boston" boxed handstamp, Very Fine and rare triple conjunctive use, handed by the sender to Boyd's who carried it to Hale's office in New York, sent by Hale to Boston and then carried by Jerome between Boston and Maine

E. 500-750
1,200
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4294
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4294, 1844-45 Independent MailsBoyd's City Express, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Yellow Green (20L2), Boyd's City Express, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Yellow Green (20L2)Boyd's City Express, New York N.Y., 2c Black on Yellow Green (20L2). Red "Free" cancel, slight rubbing at top, on Jan. 4, 1845 folded letter from New York to Frankfort Maine, red "Collect/Six Cents/for/Hale & Co." boxed handstamp, no Jerome & Co. handstamp but carried by them to Maine, minor edge stain at bottom, Very Fine appearance, a rare triple conjunctive use, handed by the sender to Boyd's who carried it to Hale's office in New York, sent by Hale to Boston and then carried by Jerome between Boston and Maine

E. 300-400
350
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4295
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4295, 1844-45 Independent MailsBoyd's City Express, New York N.Y, Boyd's City Express, New York N.YBoyd's City Express, New York N.Y. Three covers showing Independent Mail conjunctive use, two with Hale markings, one franked with Boyd's 2c Black on Bluish Green (20L3), third with American Letter Mail boxed handstamp, filing creases incl. tying the adhesive stamp, otherwise Very Fine trio

E. 400-500
375
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4296
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4296, 1844-45 Independent MailsHale & Co., (5c) Red on Bluish (75L2), Hale & Co., (5c) Red on Bluish (75L2)Hale & Co., (5c) Red on Bluish (75L2). Neatly cut to shape, manuscript "N" cancel, red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Providence" on Aug. 9, 1844 datelined folded letter to New York street address, file folds do not affect adhesive stamp, Very Fine

E. 400-500
450
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4297
ng
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4297, 1844-45 Independent MailsHale & Co., (5c) Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5), Hale & Co., (5c) Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5)Hale & Co., (5c) Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Position 16 from the Third State of the plate showing damage at left, unused (no gum), large sheet margin at bottom, purple "J.N.T. Levick" and "Jul. 12, 1892" handstamps on front and back, faint creasing and tiny split in margin far from design, Very Fine appearance, see Siegel sale 868, lot 2107 for a description of the states of the Hale & Co. plate and damage in the Third State, in a letter from James W. Hale, dated Dec. 12, 1887, he stated (in part): "I gave all the unused sheets of stamps to my children for playthings and presumed they were destroyed. But within a few days my youngest son informed me that he believed he had a few 'stowed away somewhere' and would try to hunt them up." (John R. Boker, Jr., Collectors Club Philatelist, Sep. 1962), this example may originate from the Hale family

E. 300-400
300
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4298
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4298, 1844-45 Independent MailsJerome & Co.'s Express, No. 8 Court St., Boston, Jerome & Co.'s Express, No. 8 Court St., BostonJerome & Co.'s Express, No. 8 Court St., Boston. Red framed handstamp used in conjunction with Hale & Co., (5c) Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5), square margins showing complete framelines all around, with crossed-lines precancellation, on Jul. 31, 1844 folded letter from Boston to Bangor Maine, file fold thru Jerome marking, fresh and Extremely Fine, Jerome carried Hale's mail between Maine and Boston, this is also the earliest precancel in the world

E. 400-500
1,100
Back to Top
4298A
c
Hale & Co. Balance of 10 stampless and five stamped covers (Nos. 75L1, 75L5), the stampless with Hale "Forwarded" ovals and "Collect" box handstamps, the stamped covers incl. one with a pair (faulty), one tied by handstamp but also faulty, overall Fine group

E. 200-300
275
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4299
 
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4299, 1844-45 Independent MailsHartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1), Hartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1)Hartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1). Margins all around except just in at upper left, manuscript "South" precancel, small thin spot, Fine, ex Caspary and Middendorf

2,000
950
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4300
 
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4300, 1844-45 Independent MailsHartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1), Hartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1)Hartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1). Three full margins, just in at top, manuscript "South" precancel, free of the oxidation often found on this stamp, fresh and Fine

2,000
850
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4301
 
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4301, 1844-45 Independent MailsHartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1), Hartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1)Hartford Conn. Mail Route, (5c) Black on Yellow Glazed (80L1). Clear margins to extra large at top, manuscript "South" precancel, thin specks show as tiny surface scrapes, appears Fine

2,000
650
Back to Top
4302
 
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4302, 1844-45 Independent MailsOverton & Co., (6c) Black on Greenish (113L1), Overton & Co., (6c) Black on Greenish (113L1)Overton & Co., (6c) Black on Greenish (113L1). Huge margins, cancelled by pen and red "Cd." handstamp, slight stained spot at top left, still Very Fine, the red "Cd." cancel was applied at Albany N.Y., this cancelling device was originally used by Pomeroy's Albany office, after Pomeroy discontinued its letter-mail service, Overton inherited the "Cd." and "Paid" devices and used them at their Albany office, which was located in the same building

400
425
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4303
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4303, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Yellow (117L1), Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Yellow (117L1)Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Yellow (117L1). Horizontal pair, large margins, nicked at lower right and some flaws at top from placement over edge of cover (slightly refolded at top), manuscript cancels on Jul. 20, 1844 docketed folded cover with pencil notation of Auburn N.Y. to Boston, conjunctive use with red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. Albany" handstamp, some slight edgewear, Fine appearing and extremely rare combination of a pair of Pomeroy stamps and conjunctive use with Hale & Co. for service between Albany and Boston, carried by Pomeroy to Albany and then by Hale to Boston, the stamps paid the Pomeroy 5c and Hale 5c rates, any on-cover use of a pair of a Pomeroy stamp is rare

E. 1,000-1,500
900
Back to Top
4304
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4304, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Dark Yellow (117L1), Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Dark Yellow (117L1)Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Dark Yellow (117L1). Large margins all around, pen cancel, red "Boyd's City Express Post, Sep. 13 9 O'C" octagonal datestamp on 1844 folded letter from Albany N.Y. to New York City address, two strikes of "Paid" straightline, file folds which do not affect stamp, some adherences on back, front is fresh and stamp is Extremely Fine, a nice conjunctive use carried by Pomeroy's from to New York City then by Boyd's to recipient

E. 500-750
475
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4305
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4305, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Dark Yellow (117L1), Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Dark Yellow (117L1)Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Dark Yellow (117L1). Large to clear margins, pen cancel, red "Boyd's City Express Post, Sep. 28 9 O'C" octagonal datestamp on 1844 folded letter to New York City address, some slight gum staining around stamp and cover edgewear, Very Fine appearing and very late conjunctive use carried by Pomeroy's from to New York City then by Boyd's to recipient

E. 400-500
400
Back to Top
4306
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4306, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, Pomeroy's Letter ExpressPomeroy's Letter Express. Two covers, first No. 117L1, large margins all around but with heavy crease, just tied to folded letter by manuscript dash to Buffalo, second a straightline "Pomeroy's Mail" handstamp on folded letter originating in Hartford and datelined July 24, 1844 to Troy, Fine

E. 300-400
225
Back to Top
4307
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4307, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Thin Bond (117L4), Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Thin Bond (117L4)Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Black on Thin Bond (117L4). Large margins to just touching at top, cancelled by manuscript cross, used on Aug. 26, 1844 folded letter to New York City, delivered by Boyd's with well-struck red "Boyd's City Express Post, Aug. ? 9 O'C" framed datestamp, a Fine and scarce conjunctive use

E. 300-400
475
Back to Top
4308
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4308, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, Pomeroy's Letter ExpressPomeroy's Letter Express. Balance of eight stamped covers (two do not originate), the six genuine uses with Nos. 117L1 (four) and 117L4 (two, one stamp reaffixed), handstamp or pen cancels (not tied), also No. 117L5 on Boyd's handstamped cover, stamp does not originate but is genuine used, some with oxidation of other flaws, Fine appearing group

E. 500-750
900
Back to Top
4309
c
Sale Number 1117, Lot Number 4309, 1844-45 Independent MailsPomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Blue on Thin Bond (117L3), Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Blue on Thin Bond (117L3)Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Blue on Thin Bond (117L3). Large margins, uncancelled, used on folded cover addressed to an attorney in New York City, street address "Nassau & Cedar Sts. 3d Story", delivered by Boyd's City Express with 2c Black on Green Glazed (40L1), full to large margins, cancelled by red "Free" handstamp (impression ties thru paper), matching "Boyd's City/Express Post/July 6, 9 O'C" framed datestamp, docketed on interior flap "E. Seeley Feb. 5 - 1844", vertical folds, one of which slightly creases Boyd's stamp, otherwise Fine, the docketing date must refer to earlier correspondence contained within this cover, presumably a document for a legal matter, the Pomeroy & Co. stamp is uncancelled, but the July 6 arrival date and conjunctive usage with Boyd's local post fit perfectly with other known covers -- in our opinion this cover is completely genuine, but obviously offered on its own merits, because an expert committee is unlikely to certify that the uncancelled stamp originated

E. 750-1,000
750
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