VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE OAKWAY POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAMP -- BOTH ON COVERS TO THE SAME ADDRESSEE. A SPECTACULAR RARITY.
Jobbery Sanders was appointed postmaster of Oakway, South Carolina, in 1858 and continued as the town's Confederate postmaster. Oakway's population in 1861 was only 200, and the volume of mail was too small to justify a wood or metal cancelling device, so Postmaster Sanders simply postmarked mail by hand. His primitive handstamped adhesive provisional stamps were probably short-lived and used on a very limited basis prior to the arrival of General Issue postage.
The Oakway provisional stamp was discovered as early as 1907, but only since 1975 has it received Scott Catalogue recognition. Research by the late Daniel T. Gilbert, who owned this ex-Worthington cover, provided the historical evidence validating the provisional stamp. Soon after this cover was certified as genuine by the Philatelic Foundation, the September 18 cover (ex Ferrary, Colson, Freeland, Dr. Graves, Birkinbine and D.K. collection) was submitted for certification by the Weills on behalf of the owner, the Rev. Paul B. Freeland. The September 18 cover, on which the stamp is tied by the ms. "Paid", has the "W.H.C." mark of Warren H. Colson, the preeminent dealer of the first half of the 20th century. The cover was in Colson's stock at the time of his death in 1963 and was acquired by the Weills; however, its existence was not widely known until 1976.
Mr. Gilbert established the validity of the Oakway provisional by traveling to South Carolina in 1974 and meeting J. B. Sanders, the postmaster's grandson, who was 95 at the time. Sanders immediately recognized his grandfather's writing and remembered him saying that he made up his own stamps before supplies of regular stamps arrived. Details of Gilbert's findings were published in the Confederate Philatelist (September-October 1975), and news of the ex-Ferrary cover appeared in the November-December 1976 issue of the same publication.
Ex Worthington and Gilbert. With 1972 C.S.A. and 1975 P.F. certificates
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE FANCY STAR IN CIRCLE PENSACOLA 5-CENT POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE. ONLY FOUR EXAMPLES ARE RECORDED IN THE CROWN SURVEY.
The significance of the "H" inside the star is unknown. Illustrated in Crown on p. 519. Ex Mueller
VERY FINE. THIS IS THE FINER OF ONLY TWO SEPTEMBER 24, 1861, EARLIEST RECORDED USES OF THE PETERSBURG 5-CENT POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. A BEAUTIFUL CORNER CARD COVER.
The census compiled by Richard L. Calhoun in The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia records two September 24, 1861 covers, which are the earliest known uses. The other is addressed to Jackson Miss. and bears a single stamp. This cover is in far better condition.
VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE PITTSYLVANIA COURT HOUSE PROVISIONAL ON WOVE PAPER. ONLY TEN COPIES IN TOTAL ARE RECORDED, INCLUDING SEVEN COVERS. THIS IS THE LATEST KNOWN USE.
James P. Johnson was appointed U.S. postmaster of Pittsylvania Court House (known as Chatham today) by President James Buchanan on January 20, 1859. He was appointed C.S.A. postmaster on July 29, 1861 (Richard L. Calhoun, The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia). During his term as postmaster Johnson issued a 5c Red provisional adhesive stamp bearing his name. The typeset design is nearly identical to the Danville typeset provisional, and Danville's postmaster, William D. Coleman, stated that his stamps were printed at the offices of the Democratic Appeal. For this reason philatelists assume that the same printer produced both postmasters' stamps, substituting one name for the other. The Pittsylvania Court House stamps were printed on wove and laid papers. Dangerous counterfeits on wove paper were made from type and borders that closely resemble the originals, and these are often counted in census work. The count of genuine examples currently (and correctly) stands at 10 on Wove (66X1) and 3 on Laid (66X2).
Our records of the Pittsylvania Court House 66X1 provisional include the following:
CR = cut rectangular; CS = cut to octagonal shape; Ty. I = No space between "T" and "S" of "Cents" Ty. II = Gap between "T' and "S" of "Cents"
1) CR Ty. I, previously uncancelled on a Nov. 11 cover to Mrs. Ruth Hairston, Cascade Va., steamed from cover with original gum intact on stamp, ex Deats (as a cover; photo in P.F. files), Caspary, Lilly
2) CS Ty. II, tied on piece, Nov. 22 circular datestamp, ex Caspary
3) CR Ty. I, cover to Miss Julia Green, Sep. 25, ex Sanford, Duveen, Hind, Clapp, Moody, Hall and D.K. collection (Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1112)
4) CR Ty. I, cover to Abram Fackler, Nov. 5, ex Caspary
5) CR Ty. I, cover to Lt. R. W. Martin, Sep. 27, ex Kilbourne (Siegel Sale 815, lot 135) and Gross
6) CS Ty. I, cover to John Payne, ex Hessel, the cover offered here
7) CS Ty. I, cover to Sue Henry, Jan. 20 (1862), ex Ferrary
8) CS Ty. I, cover to Wm. Hunt, Nov. 4, ex Brooks, Klep
9) CR Ty. I, cover to Clark & Holt, British Library, Tapling collection; 10) CS Ty. II, tied on piece, Nov. 6, Siegel 1985 Rarities sale.
VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE PLEASANT SHADE VIRGINIA POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.
The tiny town of Pleasant Shade had a population of 57 in 1860. Robert E. Davis was appointed U.S. postmaster by President James Buchanan on January 11, 1860. He was appointed C.S.A. postmaster on July 27, 1861, and was replaced by Eugene W. Spratley on July 14, 1863 (Richard L. Calhoun, The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia). Postmaster Davis had his provisional stamps printed at Andrew F. Crutchfield & Company, publisher of the local Petersburg newspaper, The Daily Express. This was the firm that printed the nearly identical Petersburg provisionals. Crutchfield & Co. used five of the settings from the Petersburg form, substituting the names of the post office and postmaster, and printing the Pleasant Shade stamps in blue instead of red.
The Calhoun census published in The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia, which accords with our own, records a total of 22 stamps, including an unused block of six, an unused vertical pair, seven unused singles, a used single off cover, a used single on piece, three singles on covers and one pair on cover.
Ex Dr. J. A. Graves
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE FIVE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RHEATOWN POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.
The 5c provisional stamps issued by Postmaster D. Pence were printed by the same printer who produced the Tellico Plains Tenn. provisional. An affidavit by the Tellico Plains postmaster, M.F. Johnson, dated March 24, 1876, states that his stamps were printed in Knoxville by "Hawes Lea." The June dates recorded for the Rheatown suggest that it came first, and the postmaster's own recollections place the issue in "midsummer 1861" (see Crown book, p. 307). Although dated examples show usage into April 1862, a relatively long period of time, the issue is extremely rare.
The same basic type form containing three subjects was used for the Rheatown and Tellico Plains Tenn. provisionals. For the Rheatown, all three were 5c denominations. The inside border at the top of each stamp is made up of seven ornaments; the unique arrangement of the ornaments in each subject enables philatelists to identify the position of any stamp.
Our records contain at least a half-dozen off-cover examples the Rheatown 5c, including an unused pair, the only known multiple. The five covers and one dated piece we record are as follows (in chronological order, type identified):
1) Jun. 20 (1861), Ty. II, cover to Lt. D. R. Wilson, ex Worthington (his source code on back "11/26/04 Luff BISSS"), Caspary, Antrim, Weatherly, Kilbourne and D.K. collection (Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1115)
2) Jun. 30 (1861), Ty. I, small cover, faint address, Siegel 1984 Rarities Sale
3) Feb. 8 (1862), Ty. III, lady's embossed cover to Eliz. Devault, the only tied example, ex Caspary, Gallagher
4) Feb. 13 (1862), Ty. II, on piece (upper half of cover), ex Steves, Crown book
5) Feb. 15 (1862), Ty. I, cover to David Cleage, circular datestamp struck twice, ex Caspary
6) Apr. 9 (1862), Ty. II, cover to Mrs. Wm. Brown, ex MacBride, Dr. Graves, Boshwit, the cover offered here.
Ex MacBride, Dr. Graves and Boshwit
EXTREMELY FINE GEM EXAMPLE OF THE RHEATOWN POSTMASTER’S PROVISIONAL.
Our records of the Rheatown provisional list one unused single, one unused pair, five singles on covers, one pen-cancelled single on a dated piece, and three used singles. Only two are cancelled by the town datestamp. All of the other used stamps are cancelled by pen.
FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE RINGGOLD, GEORGIA, PROVISIONAL ENTIRE. ONLY FIVE OR SIX ARE KNOWN.
The Crown survey and our own records of the Ringgold provisional contain five full entires, one of which is a late use with 5c Local Prints paying postage. A piece is also recorded and there may be a sixth entire.
Ex Meroni and Kimmel. Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 313
VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE SALEM, NORTH CAROLINA, POSTMASTER’S PROVISIONAL.
VERY FINE APPEARING AND RARE EXAMPLE OF THE SALEM N.C. POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE WITH "PAID" AND "5" HANDSTAMPS. THIS IS THE EARLIEST KNOWN USE.
Fewer than ten examples of the "Paid" and "5" handstamped entire are known. The C.S.A. Catalog lists Nov. 27 as the earliest known use of this Ty. II handstamp, but this example predates that use by 18 days
THE UNIQUE EXAMPLE OF THE SALISBURY N.C. EAGLE DESIGN POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.
An article in the New Southern Philatelist (Feb. 1931, p. 117, copy accompanies) states that the postmaster of Salisbury in 1931 researched the office files in response to a request of the editor and found that the postmaster from April 13, 1861, to July 19, 1865, was Lewis Beard. However, a note in the files also stated that the Confederate States postmaster was "M. A. Smith," which is supported by a newspaper report stating that Moses A. Smith (1836-98) was confirmed as postmaster by the Confederate Congress (Carolina Observer, Aug. 6, 1861). The missing portion of the provisional handstamp has enough space to accommodate the name "M. Smith."
Ex Ferrary, Emerson, Caspary, Lilly and Solomon
VERY FINE AND RARE. ONE OF ONLY FOUR EXAMPLES OF THE SELMA , ALABAMA, PROVISIONAL ON A CORNER CARD COVER RECORDED IN CROWN.
The Crown Survey contains only fifteen examples in total, four of which are on corner card covers (this example illustrated on p. 324).
Ex Hessel and Buchanan
VERY FINE ON-COVER EXAMPLE OF THE SCARCE SPARTANBURG POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON RULED WHITE PAPER. APPROXIMATELY TWENTY COVERS ARE KNOWN .
John A. Lee was a prominent merchant who served as postmaster of Spartanburg from 1850 through the end of the war. Residents of Spartanburg remembered him as the "Wartime Postmaster" (John B. O. Landrum, History of Spartanburg County, available at Google Books -- thanks to Vince King for this citation).
Postmaster Lee created his provisional stamps by applying the "5" numeral rate marking inside the "Spartanburg S.C." double-circle datestamp on a sheet of paper. The stamps are known cut square and cut to shape. As one might imagine, the stamps come on a variety of papers. Two types of "5" markings were used, and one example is known with the denomination omitted. Most of the paper and numeral varieties are listed separately in the C.S.A. and Scott catalogues. However, the ruled paper variety is not listed in Scott (although it was in 1967 when this cover was last certified). It is mentioned in the C.S.A. Catalog as "unconfirmed with conflicting auction descriptions."
Spartanburg S.C. takes its name from the "Spartan Rifles," a group of militia soldiers during the Revolutionary War. The name was adopted by Confederate soldiers from Spartanburg during the Civil War.
Corporal Edward J. Dean and the Dean correspondence were the subjects of an article by the late Daniel M. Gilbert, published in the Confederate Philatelist.
Joseph Walker was enrolled as captain of the Spartan Rifles on April 13, 1861. Micah Jenkins, a resident of Yorkville, South Carolina, was mustered into service as colonel of the 5th South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment in June 1861. He was elected colonel of the Palmetto Sharpshooters Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, on April 13, 1862, and promoted to brigadier general in July 1862.
Ex Meroni and Lilly. Raymond H. Weill backstamp. With 1967 P.F. certificate as Scott 78X1a, which at the time was the Scott listing for "with blue ruled lines"
FINE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT TELLICO PLAINS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL.
The Rheatown and Tellico Plains provisionals were printed by the same printer, using a typeset form of three subjects. The Tellico Plains postmaster, M.F. Johnson, reported that the printer was located in Knoxville and named "Hawes Lea." For the Tellico Plains provisional, which probably followed the Rheatown, the post office and postmaster's names were changed, and the third subject at right was reset with a 10c denomination. Only two are known used, including one on cover (both are December 1861 dates).
FRESH AND VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY SIX RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE TULLAHOMA POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL KNOWN TO US.
Dr. Thomas L. Ray in the Nov. 1960 Confederate Philatelist explains that after the Battle of Murfreesboro, the Army of the Tennessee went into 1862-63 winter quarters in the vicinity of Tullahoma. The soldiers quickly depleted the stamps on hand and the Tullahoma postmaster prepared provisional envelopes to help relieve the shortage. Apparently, not many were prepared as they are quite rare. The examples we record are dated Mar. 13, Mar. 28, Mar. 31 (the example offered here), Apr. 1 (or 11), Apr. 5 and Apr. 7, all in 1863.
Ex Green, Wilkinson, Myerson and Dr. Agre
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED TUSCUMBIA, ALABAMA, POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON A CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC COVER. A GREAT RARITY.
Only eight examples are recorded in the Crown survey and this is the only Patriotic use among the eight.
Ex Dabney. Small Dietz backstamp. Illustrated in Wishnietsky Confederate Patriotic Covers and Their Usages (p. 32)
VERY FINE. ONLY THIRTEEN ON-COVER EXAMPLES OF THE UNIONTOWN POSTMASTER’S 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ON WHITE PAPER ARE RECORDED BY CROWN.
The Cobb correspondence was found by R. S. Nelson of Birmingham, Alabama. According to reports at the time of the discovery, Mrs. Cobb had been ill in a Montgomery hospital, and her husband wrote to her from Uniontown “daily, and sometimes twice a day, for some three weeks” (Crown book, page 344).
Ex Hessel. With 1965 C.S.A. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE STAMP AND A FRESH ATTRACTIVE COVER. ONLY EIGHT EXAMPLES OF THE UNIONTOWN POSTMASTER'S 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH FIVE ARE SOUND STAMPS ON COVER. THIS IS THE ONLY KNOWN 10-CENT EXAMPLE ON OR OFF-COVER WITH THE STATIONER'S EMBOSSED CREST.
Uniontown's postmaster at the start of the C.S.A. postal system was Parham N. Booker. Parham, one of eleven children, was the namesake son of a U.S. internal revenue officer. The senior Booker represented Madison County in the legislature in 1836 and moved to Uniontown sometime later. He became a planter and hotel keeper, and he also served as postmaster and mayor of the town. Booker Senior died in 1861, and we are not certain if both father and son ran the post office. Because of a permanent physical disability, Booker Junior did not serve in the Confederate Army, but served the government in a civil department.
Postmaster Booker issued three denominations of adhesive provisionals: 2c, 5c and 10c. They were probably typeset and printed at the offices of the local newspaper, the Weekly Herald. The same typeset form of four subjects was used to print all three values (although the spacing between subjects changed between two 5c printings). The numeral in parentheses between the "PA" and "ID" of "PAID" was changed for each value, and different color ink was used: Dark Blue (2c), Green (5c) and Red (10c). All three values were printed on Gray Blue paper, and the 2c and 5c are also known on White paper, which was probably used for subsequent printings. The 10c has not been found on White paper.
Eight examples of the Uniontown 10c Red are recorded by us. These are (in order of plate position):
1) Pos. 1 with stationer’s embossed crest, on cover to Maria L. Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Kimmel, Haas, Birkinbine, D.K. collection (Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1121), the cover offered here
2) Pos. 1 on cover to John D. Pitts, near Richmond Va., ex Ferrary, Caspary, “Isleham” (Peyton), Hill and Sharrer (Siegel Sale 1035, lot 91)
3) Pos. 2 on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Dr. Simon, D.K. collection (lot 1120)
4) Pos. 2 on cover to Maria Louisa Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Brooks, Meroni, Kilbourne and Gross
5) Pos. 2 repaired stamp on repaired cover to Mrs. John B. Carey, ex Weill Stock
6) Pos. 3, corner crease, small tear, on lady’s embossed cover to Mr. Richmond Christian, Richmond Va., ex Hind
7) Pos. 4 on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Sweet, Muzzy, Boker
8) Pos. 4 uncancelled on large piece dated Sep. 27 (1861) with part of addressee’s name “S. Price”, Virginia destination, ex Caspary
Very few post offices east of the Mississippi River issued and used 10c adhesive (A) or press-printed (E) provisionals. This small group is as follows: Baton Rouge La. (A--three known); Charleston S.C. (E--unique, see lot 330); Danville Va. (E--probably not used); Fincastle Va. (E--unique); Fredericksburg Va. (A--never used); Greenville Ala. (A--two known); Greenwood Depot Va. (A--six known); Knoxville Tenn. (A--unique; and E--rare used); Marion Va. (A--seven known on cover); Nashville Tenn. (A--six known on cover); Tellico Plains Tenn. (A--never used); and Uniontown Ala. (A--eight known, seven on covers). All other 10c provisionals were used in Texas or were issued as handstamped entires.
Ex Shenfield (with his source code on back "George S. Creed Oct. 1939 AOSU/XX"), Kimmel, Haas, Birkinbine and D.K. collection. With 1976 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE AND RARE. ONLY FOUR COVERS BEARING THE UNIONVILLE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ARE CONTAINED IN OUR RECORDS.
The Unionville Provisional was produced by using two handstamps on hand at the post office. The paper, slightly bluish, was first ruled by pencil into lines forming squares. One example also shows printed lines, indicating that it may have been created from normal lined paper.
Our records contain the following four covers (none are known off-cover)
1) Pair tied by circular datestamp on 7-Star Patriotic cover to Centreville Va., ex Ferrary, Caspary and Lilly
2) Uncancelled on cover to Pacolet Mills S.C., cover repaired at top and bottom, Siegel 1966 Rarities, ex Warren
3) tied by gum toning on cover to Pacolet Mills S.C., the cover offered here
4) tied by Unionville circular datestamp on cover to Mt. Taubor (N.C.), some staining around stamp, ex Hessel.
Ex Kohn and Dr. Agre. Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 351. With 1947 note of authenticity from August Dietz
THE UNIQUE VALDOSTA, GEORGIA, 5-CENT PLUS 5-CENT POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE. ALSO AN EXCEPTIONAL LATE USE OF A CONFEDERATE PROVISIONAL.
The Crown Survey, Scott and C.S.A. catalogs all record only this single example of the 5c + 5c Valdosta Provisional (100XU2). There is also a single recorded example of the 10c provisional (100XU1), dated Aug. 18, 1864 to Grahamsville S.C., ex Simon, Myerson and Warren.
Ex Kohn. Listed but unpriced in Scott. Scott prices the other unique Valdosta at $9,000.00, no doubt because it has sold more recently (Rumsey, Sale 53, lot 4304)
VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE VICTORIA 5-CENT POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. WE RECORD ONLY FIVE EXAMPLES, ALL UNUSED.
The five recorded examples of the 5c Victoria provisional are all unused and off cover, as follows:
1) Sound with original gum, top right corner margins, ex Ferrary, Hind, Hall, D.K. Collection and Sharrer (Siegel Sale 1035, lot 92)
2) Part original gum, top left corner margins, small thins and light crease, ex Hessel, the stamp offered here
3) Described as having "some original gum", top right corner margins, vertical crease, ex Caspary, Lilly and Kilbourne
4) Uncancelled, left sheet margin, torn into design at bottom, Albert Steves photo
5) Unused, no gum, bottom right corner margins, light chipping and natural paper bubble, from a recent find, ex Felton.
FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE VICTORIA 10-CENT TYPE II POSTMASTER’S PROVISIONAL, ALL OF WHICH ARE OFF COVER.
We record only four examples of the Victoria 10c Type II (bold slanting numerals):
1) Unused, small thin, ex Ferrary, Hind, Brooks, Moody, Weill and Kilbourne, the stamp offered here
2) Unused, described as sound, Siegel 1968 Rarities sale
3) Used, part of circular datestamp at lower right, ex Sotheby Parke Bernet sale, Apr. 15, 1979, “Camina” (Castillejo), Dr. Maffeo and Sharrer (Siegel Sale 1035, lot 93)
4) Used, part of datestamp with “Oct” month, extensively repaired across lower right, ex Caspary
Illustrated in 1929 Dietz book. Ex Ferrary, Hind, Brooks, Moody, Weill and Kilbourne
VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY FIVE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE WALTERBOROUGH HANDSTAMP AND ONE OF TWO TURNED USES.
Although the Scott Catalogue lists the 10c handstamp in both Black and Carmine, neither Crown nor our own records confirm the existence of a Black entire. Of the Carmine we record five entires, all 1864 dates as follows: Jan. 15, Mar. 18, Apr. 15 (on a printed form), Aug. 31 (turned use and charge box notation) and Nov. 9 (turned use, the cover offered here). A cut square on a U.S. 3c Star Die entire is also known.
The manner in which the Walterborough provisional handstamp was used suggests that it might have been applied both as a provisional and as a handstamped Paid marking.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED WINNSBOROUGH S.C. POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON A PATRIOTIC COVER. A WONDERFUL COMBINATION WITH THE PALMETTO FLAG DESIGN.
The Crown Survey records only three examples of the 5c Winnsborough provisional, and does not include this cover. C.S.A. Catalog value for this Palmetto Flag design on a normal cover $3,500.00