Sale 1073 — The Brandon Collection, Part 1: Postmasters Provisionals

Sale Date — Tuesday, 24 June, 2014

Category — Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
228
c
Sale 1073, Lot 228, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Columbus Ga., 5c Blue entire (19XU1). Bold strike at left with "Columbus Ga. Jun. 24" (ca. 1861) circular datestamp on yellow cover to Marion Ala., full offset of an additional strike on backflap, Very Fine, ex Kimmel

1,200
950
229
c
Sale 1073, Lot 229, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Dalton Ga., 5c Black Entire (20XU1). Clear strike with Apr. 17, 1862 circular datestamp on adversity cover made from bank checks with tiny illustration of dog's head, to Rural Hall, N.C., age speckles, still Very Fine and attractive use

E. 750-1,000
900
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230
c
Sale 1073, Lot 230, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Danville Va., 5c Red on Wove (21X1). Cut to shape with margins mostly clear, just touching a couple of the outer lines and the bottom ornament, tied by blue "Danville Va. Oct. 29" (1861) circular datestamp on cover to Dr. John Beckwith in Petersburg Va., minor backflap tear, mathematical notations on back

VERY FINE. AN IMPORTANT CONFEDERATE PROVISIONAL RARITY. ONLY NINE EXAMPLES OF THE DANVILLE ADHESIVE ARE RECORDED -- OF THESE ONLY THIS AND TWO OTHERS DEFINITELY ORIGINATE ON COVER.

Our records of the rare Danville provisional stamp include nine examples, as follows.

Rectangular-cut margins:

1) On piece dated Oct. 3, ex Ferrary, Caspary

2) Laid paper (Scott 21X2), off-cover with bottom right corner clipped, ex Hind (Siegel Sale 954, lot 3199)

3) Dated Oct. 4, affixed to a cover on which it may not have originated, ex Hessel, Kilbourne, Dr. Agre (Siegel Sale 933, lot 919)

4) Tied on cover, Oct. 9, ex Caspary, Lilly

Octagonal margins or cut to shape:

5) Off cover, dated Oct. 3, ex Caspary

6) Tied on cover, Oct. 29, ex Emerson and Weatherly, the cover offered here

7) Tied on cover, Oct. 30, ex Kimmel

8) Cut to small oval shape, dated Oct. 11, ex Deats (P.F. photo files)

9) Cut to shape, December Danville postmark (Siegel Sale 1002, lot 4111)

Ex Emerson and Weatherly. Illustrated in Crown Survey (p. 89)

25,000
28,000
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231
c
Sale 1073, Lot 231, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Danville Va., 5c Black entire (21XU var). Clear strike of "Southern Confederacy Paid 5 Cents" handstamp with type set in 19.5 mm circle of ornaments, light strike of "Danville Va. Aug. 23" (1861) circular datestamp, "Paid" straightline with manuscript "5", "WBP" initials for Postmaster William B. Payne, addressed to Henry C.H. Va., docketed "Jones & Clarke, 24 August 1861" at top

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE DANVILLE "SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY PAID 5 CENTS" CIRCULAR HANDSTAMP POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. AN OUTSTANDING RARITY.

Ex Caspary. With 2014 P.F. certificate. Unlisted in Scott, but listed in new C.S.A. Catalog

E. 10,000-15,000
8,000
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232
c
Sale 1073, Lot 232, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Danville Va., 5c Black on Yellow entire (21XU1 var). Press-printed illustrated design on right side of envelope with Flippen, Redd & Co. Tobacco Manufacturers, Danville Va. corner card, addressed to Mrs. Jno. H. Redd in Talcott (West) Virginia, docketing at left erased but "1861" still visible, no other postmarks, backflap tears from opening

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE DANVILLE TYPOGRAPHED POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON YELLOW ENTIRE.

The Danville post office issued provisional adhesive and press-printed envelopes in close proximity. William D. Coleman, editor of the Democratic Appeal newspaper, had been Danville's postmaster from September 14, 1860, to March 12, 1861. William B. Payne was appointed by the U.S. Post Office on March 12, 1861, but he served a very short term (Richard L. Calhoun, The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia). Coleman enlisted in the army, but served only a few months before he was asked to replace Payne as Danville's Confederate postmaster. Coleman was officially appointed on August 2, 1861, but his recollection was that he took over in October 1861 (Crown book, pages 85-87).

The press-printed provisional envelopes bear Payne's name, and the adhesive bears Coleman's name. Coleman stated that his stamps were printed at the offices of the Democratic Appeal. Philatelic authors have reported that the envelopes were also printed at the newspaper offices, but no proof of that claim has been offered. Postmaster Payne also sold handstamped envelopes with his initials.

The Danville press-printed envelopes are among the most unusual of all Postmasters' Provisionals. A stock typographic engraving was used with loose type set inside the blank oval. The illustration depicts a shoe fitting for an Antebellum lady. She is seated, while another woman kneels before her with shoe in hand, and a gentleman stands over her, also holding a shoe. It is reported that this engraving was used in advertisements for ladies' shoes and boots. Another unusual feature of this provisional is the use of the slogan "Southern Confederacy" in addition to the post office and postmaster names, and the denomination. The word "Southern" is set in either a nearly straight line or slightly curved line.

The envelopes were printed with two different denominations: the 5c in Black, and the 10c in Red. The 5c envelopes properly used as provisionals are datestamped in July, August and early September. None of the 10c press-printed envelopes has been found properly used in that period. Both the 5c and 10c envelopes are found with later dates, sometimes with General Issue stamps affixed for postage (or removed), but these envelopes were used as stationery and not as provisional postage.

The Calhoun census lists 24 envelopes, but nearly half are not proper provisional uses (either lacking a Danville postmark or used with adhesive postage). While this cover lacks the postmark, the docketing clearly indicates an 1861 use and there is no indication that a General Issue stamp has been removed. The classification of envelope colors, including Buff versus Amber, is also questionable. We think it is quite probable that all of the other genuine July-September envelopes are more or less the same shade of Dark Buff (21XU3). While clearly not Buff, this envelope is closer to Lemon than Amber (which is listed as 21XU2 in Scott, but questioned by the editors in a footnote). We classify it here as Yellow (21XU1 var). It is the same shade as another example we offered, mailed in 1862 with a General Issue stamp applied to pay the postage (Siegel Sale 787, lot 3212).

With 2014 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
4,250
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233
c
Sale 1073, Lot 233, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Danville Va., 10c Red entire (21XU1 var). On bright buff cover addressed to Newberry C.H. S.C., General Issue stamp missing from top right corner with trace of town cancel, some wear and edge flaws, Very Fine appearance, one of the two or three finest of approximately 15 recorded examples, footnoted in Scott under the regular 21XU listings, "Unissued...all recorded examples are envelopes on which added stamps paid the postage", an attractive and affordable substitute for the rare issued 5c Danville Black entires, ex Kilbourne

E. 750-1,000
750
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234
c
Sale 1073, Lot 234, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Danville Va., 10c Black entire (21XU4). Bold strikes of provisional handstamps at right, "Danville Va. Jan. 12" (1862) circular datestamp on homemade cover to Hugh Hamilton in Union Mills Va., some minor staining and backflap tear, otherwise Very Fine and extremely rare, the Calhoun census records only three examples (one with a General Issue stamp), only two are recorded in Crown which illustrates this example on p. 420, the other example in Crown has the provisional handstamp struck partly off the cover, ex Mueller

2,500
1,300
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235
c
Sale 1073, Lot 235, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Demopolis Ala., 5c Black entire, "Jno. Y. Hall" (22XU1). Clear strikes of "Paid" and "5" in circle provisional handstamps with postmaster's signature, bold "Demopolis Ala. Jan. 28" (1862) circular datestamp on entire to Cadet James Whitfield in Tuscaloosa Ala., backflap tears including one that extends just into postmaster signature on front, light toning

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE DEMOPOLIS, ALABAMA, POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE OF ANY VARIETY. THIS IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE WITH THE "JNO. Y. HALL" SIGNATURE (SCOTT 22XU1).

The complete story of the discovery of the three Demopolis entires is told in the Crown book (p. 94). Three entires were discovered in 1899 by Robert S. Nelson among Dr. Whitfield's papers. Two have the handstamped "5" marking and the postmaster's signature "J. Y. Hall" (Scott 22XU2). One is ex Ferrary, Knapp and Hall (Siegel Sale 823, lot 403, Hall purchased from Knapp in 1925). The other is ex Ferrary, Knapp, Hall and Dr. Agre (Siegel Sale 850, lot 5692). The third has the "Jno. Y. Hall" spelling and is the example offered here. A fourth entire was later discovered (pictured in Crown, p. 665) and listed in Scott as 22XU3; it is a third variety with "5 cts" in manuscript and signed "J. Y. Hall".

Ex Walcott. Pictured in Crown on p. 95

3,500
1,800
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236
c
Sale 1073, Lot 236, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Emory Va., 5c Blue (24X1). Type II with "5" numeral above "Paid", exceptionally clear strikes on rectangular selvage of U.S. 1c 1857 Issue, perforated on three sides, without the usual manuscript cancel, on orange-buff cover to Mr. James A. K. Nye in Monterey Va., blue "Emory Va. Jul. 25" (1861) circular datestamp, original letter enclosure, barely reduced at right, small tear on bottom flap on back

FINE AND RARE. A REMARKABLE PROVISIONAL STAMP MADE FROM THE SELVAGE OF UNITED STATES POSTAGE. ONLY NINE EXAMPLES ARE RECORDED -- EACH ON COVER -- OF WHICH ONLY THREE HAVE THE NUMERAL OVER "PAID".

Thanks to research by Richard L. Calhoun, the unusual Emory provisional stamp made from the selvage of United States 1c 1857 sheets can be properly attributed to Professor Edmund Longley, rather than his successor, Isaac C. Fowler (Richard L. Calhoun, "Emory, Virginia, Postmasters and Provisionals," Confederate Philatelist, October-December 2011, and The Confederate Postmaster Provisionals of Virginia).

Longley, a professor at Emory & Henry College, served as U.S. postmaster of Emory (appointed January 12, 1847) and as C.S.A. postmaster from July 27 to August 30, 1861, when Fowler was appointed to replace Longley. The Emory provisional adhesives were issued during Longley's term.

Postmaster Longley created his provisional issue by stamping the office "Paid" and "5" rate markings on the blank selvage of United States 1c 1857 Issue sheets. This method is unique among Confederate provisionals and, in all of philately, there are only a few issues created from the sheet selvage of other stamps. The Philadelphia carrier stamps made from the selvage of imperforate 1c 1851 sheets are similar in concept to the Emory provisionals.

The Calhoun census and our own records are in accord with nine covers bearing the Emory provisional (we know of no off-cover stamps), ranging in dates from June 24, 1861, to February 11, 1862. There are three known stamp formats: Paid over 5; Paid under 5; and 5 with Paid at top and side (narrow selvage). Two of the nine recorded covers have manuscript town postmarks, and four have stamps left uncancelled.

Signed Dietz. Ex Weatherly

27,500
13,000
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237
c
Sale 1073, Lot 237, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Emory Va., 5c Blue entire (24XU1). Bold strike of octagonal blue "PAID/5/EMORY" provisional handstamp at upper right corner of envelope, blue "Emory Va. Apr. 16" (1862) circular datestamp, addressed to Miss Katie Edgar in Marion Va., couple small sealed tears on front, edgewear, back restored with pieces replaced

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE EMORY, VIRGINIA, 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.

A recent article by Peter W. W. Powell in the Confederate Philatelist (Apr.-June 2013, pp. 24-27) sheds new light on the 5c Emory Provisionals created by Postmaster Isaac C. Fowler. In August 1861, Fowler replaced Professor Edmund Longley, who was the creator of the iconic 5c Provisionals printed on the selvage of the U.S. 1c 1857 Issue (Scott, 24X1, see prior lot). In a 1901 letter, Fowler discusses his creation of adhesives and entires for the Emory post office, without mention of the earlier Longley adhesives. Fowler describes his adhesive as printed on pale blue unruled paper and reading "Paid 5 Emory". Powell illustrates two covers in his article that he believes bear examples of this adhesive, which is unlisted in Scott and the C.S.A. Catalog. Longley's letter goes on to state that after using these adhesives for some months he went on to carve a better style along the same general lines and similar in size, but with the tail of the figure "5" turned down and in a "parallelogram" format. This describes the handstamp provisional offered here, Scott 24XU1.

Ex Weatherly.

E. 4,000-5,000
3,500
Back to Top
238
c
Sale 1073, Lot 238, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Emory Va., 10c Blue entire (24XU2). Bold strikes of blue "PAID" and "EMORY/10" in circle provisional handstamps at upper right corner of envelope to Lieut. Col. Alexander M. Davis, Prisoner of War, Johnson's Island, Ohio, with letter datelined "Emory Va. May 11th/65", from Davis's brother, explaining "I have an opportunity this morning of sending a letter to Knoxville by Mr. Handy. We have no mail communication here since before the fall of Richmond."; posted in the Federal mails with 3c Rose (65), manuscript cancel and "Blue Spring Grove Ky May 26" manuscript postmark, received at Johnson's Island where "Ex JCB" censor's mark applied (Pvt. Joseph C. Berry, 128th Ohio Volunteers, recorded in Harrison from Feb.-May 25, 1865), 3c moved to show provisional markings

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE EMORY, VIRGINIA, 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE. A REMARKABLE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CONFEDERATE BROTHERS -- ONE A PRISONER OF WAR AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND AND THE OTHER ATTEMPTING TO SEND A LETTER IN THE MIDST OF POST-WAR TURMOIL.

Blue Spring Grove, Kentucky, where this cover entered the mails, is located in Barren County northwest of Knoxville and south of Louisville, near the turnpike and Louisville & Nashville Railroad line.

The Davis correspondence yielded this cover as well as four covers with the Emory adhesive provisional (used in 1861). This provisional envelope did not pay any postage, but it is definite proof that the markings were applied by the post office prior to sale. No other example is known.

Ex Ferrary, Gallagher and Dr. Agre. Illustrated in Crown book on p. 101. With 1998 C.S.A. certificate

10,000
4,000
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239
c
Sale 1073, Lot 239, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Franklin N.C., 5c Black, entire (25XU2). Large "5" woodcut inside 31mm town marking struck at bottom left of blue cover to East LaPorte N.C., soldier's endorsement at top left from 2nd Lieut. R. H. Brown, Co. K, 39th Regt., N.C. Vols., manuscript "Paid 10cts" at top right, some slight edgewear and small tear at top, still Fine and rare, perhaps two or three are known, ex Dr. Agre, with 1991 C.S.A. certificate

2,500
1,700
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240
c
Sale 1073, Lot 240, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Fredericksburg Va., 5c Blue on Thin Bluish (26X1). Position 3, tied by partly clear strike of "Fredericksburg Va. Paid Sep. 29" circular datestamp with date in manuscript, on small mourning envelope to Major Richard L. Maury of the 24th Va. Regt. in Jubal Early's Brigade at Manassas Junction, "L I" roman numeral docketing removed from top causing slight thin in cover, slightly reduced at right, stamp with a faint wrinkle and tiny corner crease but free of the heavier creases normally found

VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT FREDERICKSBURG POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ISSUE ON A SMALL MOURNING COVER.

Richard Launcelot Maury (1840-1907) became the commander of the 24th Va. during the 1862 battle of Williamsburg when superior officers were wounded or killed. There are a number of General Issue covers as well as approximately ten Fredericksburg Provisional covers addressed to him, nearly all with mourning borders. Nine of the 26X1 Provisional covers were offered to the market in our 1966 Rarities of the World sale.

5,000
2,800
Back to Top
241
ng
Sale 1073, Lot 241, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Fredericksburg Va., 10c Red on Thin Bluish (26X2). Unused (no gum), ample to large margins all around, small faint thin spot at top right but free of the creasing that often affects this fragile paper, Very Fine appearance, scarce with approximately 35 copies known -- none are known genuinely used

2,250
2,100
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242
c
Sale 1073, Lot 242, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Gainesville Ala., 10c ("01") Black entire (27XU3). Full bold strike of "PAID A D HALL 01" provisional handstamp, "Gainesville Ala. Mar. 5" (1861) circular datestamp on cover to Raleigh N.C., inside flap with ruled lines and "Pat. Nov. 20, 1855"

EXTREMELY FINE. THE FINER OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE GAINESVILLE 10-CENT POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.

The Crown survey records only this single example of the Gainesville 10c entire (p. 434). The Dr. Karl Agre collection contained another, dated Nov. 13 (Siegel Sale 850, lot 5700). Illustrated in Confederate Stamp Album (March 1959, p. 15)

6,000
11,500
Back to Top
243
c
Sale 1073, Lot 243, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Galveston Tex., 5c Black entire (98XU1). Clear strike of ornately-framed “PAID” handstamp with separate “5” numeral handstamp, bold “Galveston Tex. May 31, 1860” double-circle datestamp (yeardate in error should be 1861), on yellow cover with Ballinger & Jack Attorneys at Law blue oval embossed cameo corner card, second faint strike of datestamp over corner card, addressed to Gulf Prairie Tex., backflap partly detached, some very inconsequential edgewear

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THE GALVESTON TEXAS 5-CENT POSTMASTER’S PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP ON A CORNER CARD COVER.

Ex Knapp and MacBride. Small Dietz backstamp

E. 5,000-7,500
15,000
Back to Top
244
c
Sale 1073, Lot 244, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Galveston Tex., 10c Black entire (98XU3). Clear strike of provisional handstamp and "Galveston Tex. Jul. 1" double-circle datestamp on adversity cover to Anderson Tex., made from 1858 ship's bill of lading from New York to Port Lavaca, a few places on the handstamps slightly strengthened with pencil, still Very Fine and rare, the Crown Survey records only two examples and less than six are believed to exist, an example from the same correspondence was offered in our Sale 907 (lot 2662), ex Kimmel, Scott Retail with no premium for the adversity usage

2,500
2,600
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245
c
Sale 1073, Lot 245, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Georgetown S.C., 5c Black entire (28XU2). Clear strikes of "PAID" straightline and "5" handstamps with control mark on back as usual, "Georgetown S.C. Jul. 20, 1861" circular datestamp on narrow cover to Scuppernong N.C., couple minor toned spots and sides of backflap removed, still Very Fine and much rarer than the Georgetown "Paid 5" in circle (28XU1), the Crown Survey contains no examples of this type nor does Power Search, our Levi records contain only two others, ex Matz

2,000
950
Back to Top
246
c
Sale 1073, Lot 246, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 5c Black (29X1). Type I without Clark's name printed at left, faint trace of Clark's signature in red, huge margins at sides, clear at top and bottom, neat pen dots cancel, tiny thins at bottom but otherwise fresh and crisp.

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY EIGHT GOLIAD 5-CENT TYPE I PROVISIONAL STAMPS ARE KNOWN, INCLUDING ONE ON COVER IN THE BRITISH LIBRARY COLLECTION AND ONE ON A COVER FRONT.

The Confederate postmaster of Goliad was John (Jno.) A. Clarke, whose name was signed by hand on stamps of the first provisional issue and set in type as part of the setting for the second issue. This example had been recorded as the only Type I without Clark's signature, but a trace of it is evident under magnification. Clarke served as Secretary to the Board of Trustees of the Paine Female Institute, which later became Goliad College. He signed an oath of allegiance after the war on January 9, 1866 (an image of the document is available at www.fold3.com ).

August Dietz reported that the Goliad provisional stamps and the similar stamps of Helena, Texas, were printed at the offices of the Goliad Messenger. The editor of this newspaper was Reverend Alexander F. Cox (his middle initial was incorrectly stated as "M." by Dietz). The publisher was R. W. Peirce. The November 12, 1864, edition of the Goliad Messenger is available on-line at http://texashistory.unt.edu . Reverend Cox died on April 5, 1897, and his obituary appeared in the Weekly Picayune (April 9, 1897).

The Goliad provisionals were printed from typeset forms in denominations of 5c and 10c. The Type I setting, without Clarke's name, was used to print stamps issued prior to the Type II setting, probably in 1861 and 1862. The Type II setting was probably made in 1863.

Ex Hessel. "W.H.C." (Warren H. Colson) backstamp. With 2006 P.F. certificate.

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

12,000
15,000
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247
 
Sale 1073, Lot 247, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 10c Black (29X4). Type I without Clark's name printed at left and signed "Clarke P M" in red ink, the paper has a slight tint to it and the owner collected it as rose paper but we feel it is more of a grayish-white, faintly cancelled if at all, appears unused, full margins to just in at top right, small flaws including sealed tear and small repair to bottom left corner

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT TYPE I GOLIAD POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL, WHICH APPEARS UNUSED. THIS IS ONE OF THE RAREST OF ALL POSTMASTERS' PROVISIONALS, WITH ONLY FOUR RECORDED.

The Goliad provisionals were printed from typeset forms in denominations of 5c and 10c. The Type I setting, without Clarke's name, was used to print stamps issued prior to the Type II setting, probably in 1861 and 1862. The Type II setting was probably made in 1863. For the first setting the stamps were signed by hand in either red or black ink.

August Dietz reported that the Goliad provisional stamps and the similar stamps of Helena, Texas, were printed at the offices of the Goliad Messenger. The editor of this newspaper was Reverend Alexander F. Cox (his middle initial was incorrectly stated as "M." by Dietz). The publisher was R. W. Peirce. The November 12, 1864, edition of the Goliad Messenger is available on-line at http://texashistory.unt.edu. Reverend Cox died on April 5, 1897, and his obituary appeared in the Weekly Picayune (April 9, 1897).

Ex Caspary.

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

12,000
24,000
Back to Top
248
 
Sale 1073, Lot 248, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 10c Black (29X4). Type I without Clark's name printed at left and signed "Clarke P M", full margins to just in, blue wash cancel, few flaws including surface scuffs, thins causing small hole, small nick and some toning

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE 10-CENT TYPE I GOLIAD POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL IS ONE OF THE RAREST OF ALL POSTMASTERS' PROVISIONALS. ONLY FOUR ARE RECORDED, INCLUDING TWO ON ROSE PAPER AND TWO ON WHITE PAPER.

The Goliad provisionals were printed from typeset forms in denominations of 5c and 10c. The Type I setting, without Clarke's name, was used to print stamps issued prior to the Type II setting, probably in 1861 and 1862. The Type II setting was probably made in 1863. For the first setting the stamps were signed by hand in either red or black ink.

August Dietz reported that the Goliad provisional stamps and the similar stamps of Helena, Texas, were printed at the offices of the Goliad Messenger. The editor of this newspaper was Reverend Alexander F. Cox (his middle initial was incorrectly stated as "M." by Dietz). The publisher was R. W. Peirce. The November 12, 1864, edition of the Goliad Messenger is available on-line at http://texashistory.unt.edu. Reverend Cox died on April 5, 1897, and his obituary appeared in the Weekly Picayune (April 9, 1897).

Ex Colonel Edward H. R. Green.

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

12,000
8,000
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249
 
Sale 1073, Lot 249, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 5c Black on Gray (29X6). Type II with Clark's name printed at left, ample margins to touching the ornaments at bottom and lower left, short manuscript cancel, couple small thins and small repair bottom left

FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THIS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL RARITY. ONLY ONE PAIR AND TWO SINGLES ARE RECORDED OF THE 5-CENT GOLIAD TYPE II ON GRAY PAPER.

Despite the Scott Catalogue listings, which indicate that this stamp is of lesser rarity than the 5c Type I, only five examples of the 5c Type II with Clark's printed name are recorded, versus eight of the Type I. It was probably issued in 1863 or 1864, during a shortage of regular issues. At that time the basic letter rate was 10c, explaining the great rarity of 5c stamps.

Our records contain four examples of 29X6 (5c Black on Gray) and a single example of 29X8 (5c Black on Dark Blue, offered in lot 251). The 29X6 stamps are: 1-2) pair with one stamp showing the "GOILAD" error, ex Caspary; 3) pen cancel, 1998 Rarities sale; and 4) pen cancel, small repair at bottom left, ex Hessel, the example offered here. No 5c Type II Gray Paper stamps are known on cover.

Ex. Hessel

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

10,000
21,000
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250
c
Sale 1073, Lot 250, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 10c Black on Gray (29X7). Type II with Clark's name printed at left, mostly ample to clear margins, ornaments just touched at top and upper right, strong impression on distinctive blue-gray paper, tied by "PAID" straightline on lady's cover -- a small high-quality envelope made of wavy-line watermarked paper -- to Stonewall Tex., with original letter enclosed, datelined "Goliad, Oct. 21st, 1863", invisibly sealed opening tear along top edge at upper left corner

EXTREMELY FINE. THE EARLIEST DATED EXAMPLE OF A GOLIAD TYPE II PROVISIONAL AND ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE FOUR 10-CENT TYPE II GOLIAD COVERS AVAILABLE TO COLLECTORS.

The Confederate postmaster of Goliad was John (Jno.) A. Clarke, whose name was signed by hand on stamps of the first provisional issue and set in type as part of the setting for the second issue. Clarke also served as Secretary to the Board of Trustees of the Paine Female Institute, which later became Goliad College. Clarke signed an oath of allegiance after the war on January 9, 1866 (an image of the document is available at www.fold3.com).

August Dietz reported that the Goliad provisional stamps and the similar stamps of Helena, Texas, were printed at the offices of the Goliad Messenger. The editor of this newspaper was Reverend Alexander F. Cox (his middle initial was incorrectly stated as "M." by Dietz). The publisher was R. W. Peirce. The November 12, 1864, edition of the Goliad Messenger is available on-line at http://texashistory.unt.edu . Reverend Cox died on April 5, 1897, and his obituary appeared in the Weekly Picayune (April 9, 1897).

The Goliad provisionals were printed from typeset forms in denominations of 5c and 10c. The Type I setting, without Clarke's name, was used to print stamps issued prior to the Type II setting, probably in 1861 and 1862. The Type II setting was probably made in 1863.

Of the eight normal Goliad 10c Type II (29X7) stamps in our records, five are used on covers, including an uncancelled stamp on a cover in the Tapling collection at the British Library, which leaves four covers available to collectors. Only three of the four covers have stamps tied by the town datestamp or "Paid" straightline. In addition to the normal 10c Type II, there are two other covers with the Type II "GOILAD" spelling error. This cover with its original October 21, 1863, letter is the earliest recorded date for any Goliad Type II provisional. The Type I provisionals (without the postmaster's name) were probably issued in 1861 or 1862. The Type II setting with "J. A. Clarke" and "Post Master" added to each typeset stamp was probably put to press in 1863.

Ex Hessel, Haas, Hill, and D.K. collection. With 1998 P.F. certificate.

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

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251
c
Sale 1073, Lot 251, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 5c Black on Dark Blue Glazed (29X8). Type II with Clark's name printed at left, repaired with blue surface color painted in at upper right, pen stroke cancel, tied by "Goliad Tex." circular datestamp on small cover to Columbia Tex., pencil "Missent" and "Columbus Texas Feb. 23" (ca. 1864-65) circular datestamp, an additional stamp removed, large cover tear sealed with tape, soiled and other minor faults

THE UNIQUE GOLIAD 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ON DARK BLUE PAPER -- ONE OF FIVE RECORDED 5-CENT TYPE II GOLIAD PROVISIONALS AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE KNOWN ON COVER. A GREAT RARITY OF CONFEDERATE AND UNITED STATES PHILATELY.

The Goliad provisional stamps were printed by Rev. A. M. Cox and issued by the postmaster, J. A. Clarke, whose name is included in the Type II stamps. It is our theory that the Type I stamps with the postmaster's signature control mark were issued in 1861-62, and the Type II stamps were issued in 1863 or 1864. The 5c Type II stamps were unnecessary after June 30, 1862, because the rate was increased to 10c. However, they were printed and used, as evidenced by surviving cancelled stamps on Gray paper and by this cover.

Our records contain four examples of 29X6 (5c Black on Gray) and this single example of 29X8 (5c Black on Dark Blue). The 29X6 stamps are: 1-2) pair with one stamp showing the "GOILAD" error, ex Caspary; 3) pen cancel, 1998 Rarities sale; and 4) pen cancel, small repair at bottom left, ex Hessel, offered in lot 249. No 5c Type II Gray Paper stamps are known on cover.

The only recorded examples of Goliad 5c and 10c provisionals on Dark Blue paper are as follows:

1) Repaired 5c on a cover from which another stamp was removed, ex Ferrary, Hind, Dr. Graves, Weill, Gross, the example offered here. The stamp removed from the cover has never been recorded and is probably destroyed

2) 10c on piece with Feb. 15 datestamp, discovered by Albert Steves in 1930 (Crown book, page 117), but never offered at auction until our 2012 D.K. collection sale

3) Off-cover 10c stamp cancelled by pen "X", ex Worthington, Hind and Lilly, offered in lot 252

4) Off-cover 10c stamp cancelled by pen "X", last seen in a photograph taken by Steves before 1911.

Ex Ferrary, Hind, Dr. Graves, Weill and Gross.

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

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252
 
Sale 1073, Lot 252, Courtland Ala. thru Goliad Tex.Goliad Tex., 10c Black on Dark Blue (29X9). Ample margins to slightly in at upper right and lower left, manuscript "X" cancel, minor flaws including tiny surface scrape, small corner crease and small thin spot

FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY FOUR GOLIAD POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAMPS ARE KNOWN PRINTED ON DARK BLUE PAPER -- ONE 5-CENT AND THREE 10-CENT. ONE OF THE RAREST STAMPS ISSUED BY A SOUTHERN POSTMASTER.

The use of Dark Blue surface-coated paper probably occurred after the printing on Gray paper. The 10c stamp on piece (ex D.K., Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1027) and the 5c cover offered in lot 251 have February postmark dates, which we believe are 1865 year dates.

The only recorded examples of Goliad 5c and 10c provisionals on Dark Blue paper are as follows:

1) Repaired 5c on a cover from which another stamp was removed, ex Ferrary, Hind, Dr. Graves, Weill, Gross, offered in lot 251

2) 10c on piece with Feb. 15 datestamp, discovered by Albert Steves in 1930 (Crown book, page 117), but never offered at auction until our 2012 D.K. collection sale

3) Off-cover 10c stamp cancelled by pen "X", ex Worthington, Hind and Lilly, the example offered here

4) Off-cover 10c stamp cancelled by pen "X", last seen in a photograph taken by Steves before 1911.

Ex Worthington, Hind and Lilly. With 1960 and 2006 P.F. certificates.

History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf

Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf

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