VERY FINE. A RARE BATTLEFIELD LETTER BY CONFEDERATE GENERAL THOMAS J. "STONEWALL" JACKSON TO GENERAL RICHARD S. EWELL.
In an attempt to capture Richmond and thereby end the war, Union forces under General George B. McClellan invaded the Shenandoah Valley (Peninsular Campaign, March-July 1862). Jackson successfully fought off several divisions, preventing some 50,000 men under Nathaniel P. Banks and Irvin McDowell from reinforcing McClellan. When General John Pope's Army of Virginia joined McClellan in the Valley and Pope moved toward Gordonsville, Virginia, a railroad junction strategically located between Richmond and the Valley, General Lee sent Jackson to protect the town. In this letter dated July 24, Jackson orders the selection of two spies to be placed behind Union lines, likely hoping for information to use against Pope. On August 29th, troops under Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet attacked Pope's Army at Manassas and Pope was forced to retreat across Bull Run Creek, having lost 15,000 men. Pope was blamed for the defeat and relieved of his command.
A VERY FINE BEAUMONT 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ON YELLOW PAPER -- ONE OF FIVE KNOWN EXAMPLES OF THIS RARITY -- USED ON A TURNED ADVERSITY COVER FROM A MEMBER OF THE TEXAS MARINE BRIGADE ABOARD THE C.S.S. SACHEM. THIS IS THE ONLY COVER KNOWN WITH THE BEAUMONT PROVISIONAL TIED BY THE TOWN MARKING.
According to Jim Wheat's Postmasters & Post Offices of Texas, 1846-1930, the following men served as postmaster of Beaumont, Texas, from 1860 to 1866: John J. Herring, appointed Aug. 17, 1860 (resigned); Wilson A. Junker, Aug 5., 1861 (CSA) (resigned); P. H. Glaze, Nov. 12, 1861 (CSA); Rev. Alexander Hinkle, Dec. 5, 1863 (CSA); Thomas Snow, Feb. 22, 1865 (CSA); John J. Herring, Apr. 6, 1866; and George L. Ewing, Jul. 19, 1866.
Since all recorded examples of the Beaumont provisional stamps are dated in 1864, they were probably issued by Reverend Alexander Hinkle, a Methodist pastor who settled in Beaumont around this time and was appointed as postmaster on December 5, 1863.
The stamps were typeset and printed from three different settings: one printed on Pink paper (Scott 12X2), and two on Yellow paper (12X1 and 12X3). A setting of four subjects (two by two) has been reconstructed from the Pink singles (there are no recorded multiples). Each subject has a different arrangement of long and short frame pieces. The printings on Yellow paper were made from two entirely different settings: one slightly smaller than the Pink stamps, and the other much taller with the words "Texas" and "Postage" added to the design.
Only 21 of any kind are recorded, including the unique Large 10c on Yellow (on cover), five of the Small 10c on Yellow (each on cover), and 15 of the Small 10c on Pink (12 covers, 3 off cover). Most of the recorded covers are faulty, and only four have postmarks of any kind tying the stamps; this is the only cover known with the handstamped marking tying the provisional. The others are tied by manuscript.
The five Small 10c Yellow covers we record are as follows:
1) manuscript "X" cancel, not tied, manuscript Apr. 9, 1864 date, to Mary J. Watson, San Augustine Tex., ex Hind and Hall (Siegel Sale 823, lot 397)
2) tied by rimless town with manuscript Jun. 11 (1864) date on turned cover to Mary J. Watson, San Augustine Tex., ex Caspary, Weatherly, Kilbourne, the cover offered here
3) uncancelled, used on turned cover to Mrs. Wm. B. Duncan, Liberty Tex., ex Caspary, Lilly
4) manuscript "X" cancel, not tied, used on cover to Cypress City Tex., Siegel Sale 226
5) manuscript "10" cancel, not tied, rimless town with manuscript Nov. 12 (1864) date on cover to James C. McKnight, Palestine Tex., 1864 docketing, ex Ferrary.
The inside address to the C.S.S. Sachem at Sabine Pass is the key to establishing this cover as an 1864 usage. The Sachem was one of two Federal gunboats captured by the Confederates at the famous Battle of Sabine Pass in September 1863. Sachem became part of the Texas Marine Department and served the Confederate army at Sabine Pass. In the spring of 1864, she was turned into a blockade runner under the command of John Davidson.
Ex Caspary, Weatherly and Kilbourne
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES OF THE 15 10-CENT BLACK ON PINK BEAUMONT PROVISIONALS RECORDED IN OUR CENSUS.
Our census of the Beaumont Provisionals records only 21 of any kind, including the unique Large 10c on Yellow (on cover), 5 of the Small 10c on Yellow (each on cover), and 15 of the Small 10c on Pink (12 covers, 3 off cover, none known unused). Most of the recorded covers are faulty, which leaves this stamp as one of the finest extant.
Ex Kilbourne. With 1999 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THE SALEM, NORTH CAROLINA, POSTMASTER’S PROVISIONAL AND UNUSUAL WITH THE ADDITIONAL "PAID" AND "5" HANDSTAMPS.
Ex Myerson. With 1987 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE COMPLETE PANE OF 100 OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES 20-CENT GENERAL ISSUE.
Accompanied by 1934 letters from Thomas Whitfield Davidson to President Roosevelt and his secretary, Col. Howe, explaining that he received the pane from a friend who obtained it at the end of the war -- and offering it to the President for his collection.