Sale 1073 — The Brandon Collection, Part 1: Postmasters Provisionals

Sale Date — Tuesday, 24 June, 2014

Category — Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
201
c
Sale 1073, Lot 201, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Aberdeen Miss., 10c on 5c Black entire (1XU1a). Clear strike of 5c provisional handstamp with manuscript "10" re-rating, "Paid" straightline, "Aberdeen Miss. Dec. 27" (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to Newbern N.C., some minor edgewear

VERY FINE. THE UNIQUE REVALUED ABERDEEN POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. A GREAT RARITY.

The Crown survey and our own records contain only this single example of the revalued 10c Scott 1XU1a. In addition we record two examples of No. 1XU1, the 5c provisional entire: 1) Sep. 13 (1861) datestamp on white entire to Miss Sallie Spann, Macon Miss., Crown book, p. 11; and 2) Jan. 20 (1862) datestamp on orange entire to A. S. Nelson, Greensboro Ala., ex Ferrary, Knapp, Hall and Gross.

Ex Dr. Agre. With 1976 C.S.A. certificate

12,500
2,800
202
c
Sale 1073, Lot 202, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2). Mostly clear strike and "Abingdon Va. Jul. 8, 1861" circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Richmond Va., manuscript charge notation at top, cover repaired with strip at right replaced but town datestamp not affected, otherwise Fine

1,750
450
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203
c
Sale 1073, Lot 203, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Albany Ga., 5c Greenish Blue entire (3XU1). Clear bold strikes of provisional handstamp and "Albany Ga. Oct. 3, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Decatur Ga., blue manuscript "Due 5ct/ II" for double weight, Extremely Fine

900
2,000
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204
c
Sale 1073, Lot 204, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Anderson Court House S.C., 10c (ms.) Black entire (4XU2). Clear strike of provisional handstamp with manuscript "10" rate, addressed to Greenville Tenn., Very Fine and extremely rare, only two 4XU2 entires are recorded in Crown, but our Levi records show five, ex Ferrary, Walcott, Knapp, Brooks and Kimmel

3,000
1,400
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205
c
Sale 1073, Lot 205, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Horizontal pair with transposed positions of Type II Large "Paid" at left and Type I Small "Paid" at right, from two separate impressions of the two-subject plate, full margins all around, left stamp has dry print spot in right frameline, tied by lightly struck grids, partly readable "Athens Ga. Paid Jan. 10" (1862) circular datestamp on small cover with Lucy Cobb Institute blue corner card, addressed to Sgt. S. P. Kenney, in care of Capt. Camak, Company D, Cobb's Legion, at Yorktown Va., 10c over-500 miles rate, backflap removed, pinhole in cover clear of stamps

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED MULTIPLES OF THE ATHENS PROVISIONAL WITH THE TRANSPOSED ARRANGEMENT OF TYPES. AN OUTSTANDING COVER OF GREAT PHILATELIC SIGNIFICANCE AND OVERALL BEAUTY -- PROBABLY THE FINEST OF THE ATHENS PAIRS ON COVERS.

The Athens provisionals issued by Postmaster Crawford were printed from two woodcut typographic engravings. An impression from the plate normally shows the small "Paid" (Type I) at left and the large "Paid" (Type II) at right. Because multiple impressions were made on each sheet, it is possible to have pairs with the type arrangement transposed -- Type II at left and I at right. However, these are extremely rare. A survey of auction catalogues and collections produced only two others: a pair on cover to Dr. Edwin D. Newton, Richmond, ex Moody; and a horizontal strip of four on cover to Vice President Stephens in Richmond, ex Caspary and Kimmel. The Crown census confirms our own.

The addressee, Sgt. S. P. Kenney, was an officer with the Mell Rifles, Company D, Cobb's Legion Infantry. This company was raised in Athens in July 1861 by Patrick Hues Mell, Baptist Minister and Vice Chancellor of the University of Georgia. After Mell resigned due to his wife's death, Thomas U. Camak was named commander. John Boswell Cobb, Robert Goodman and W. A. Winn were named lieutenants. Non-commissioned officers were J. F. Wilson, Wm. A. Gilleland, S. P. Kenney, G. W. Barber, J. J. Mattox, and L. H. Horne. The unit fought throughout the war until two days before Appomattox, when it was surrounded and captured.

The small envelope has a printed corner card of the Lucy Cobb Institute. This girls' school in Athens was founded by Thomas R. R. Cobb and named in honor of his daughter, who died of scarlet fever in 1858 at age 13, shortly before construction was completed and the school's doors were opened.

Ex Tara, Dr. Green and D.K. collection. Signed Ashbrook. With 2000 P.F. certificate

History of the Athens provisional: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/AthensGA.pdf

E. 10,000-15,000
17,500
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206
 
Sale 1073, Lot 206, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Athens Ga., 5c Red (5X2). Type II recut, huge margins all around, bright color and detailed impression, grid cancel, "Athens Ga. Paid Mar. 27" (1862) circular datestamp on large piece of cover with University of Georgia blue embossed cameo corner card, a bit of the addressee visible (likely Howell Cobb)

EXTREMELY FINE GEM STAMP ON PART OF A UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA CORNER CARD COVER. THIS IS THE FINEST 5-CENT RED ATHENS STAMP EXTANT.

Our census of the 5c Red Athens contains this half-cover and seven genuine covers, including one on a full University of Georgia corner card cover (ex Caspary, Dr. Graves and Wishnietsky, Siegel Sale 1064, lot 37). This accords with the Crown census. All genuine examples are dated in March or April 1862. In addition, we record three used off-cover examples and an original-gum example of the 5c Red. With large even margins and in sound condition, this example ranks as the finest 5c Red Athens provisional recorded.

Ex Caspary and Lilly. Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 24. With 1976 P.F. certificate. Weill backstamp. Scott Retail as used without premium for corner card

5,500
5,250
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207
c
Sale 1073, Lot 207, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Perfect bold strikes of provisional handstamp and "Atlanta Ga. Nov. 18, 1861" circular datestamp on Clarke & Lewis hardware blue embossed cameo corner card cover to Griffin Ga., illustrations of circular saw blade, plow and a rifle and pistol, W. Eaves N.Y. imprint, inconsequential backflap tear from opening

EXTREMELY FINE. AN IMMACULATE AND BEAUTIFUL EAVES CAMEO DESIGN USED WITH THE ATLANTA POSTMASTER’S PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP. ONLY SIX OR SEVEN ATLANTA PROVISIONAL COVERS HAVE CORNER CARDS. THIS IS ALSO AN EXTREMELY RARE CONFEDERATE GUN COVER.

A review of the Levi records did not reveal another example of this distinct Clarke & Lewis design.

Ex Kimmel. Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 27.

E. 3,000-4,000
8,500
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208
c
Sale 1073, Lot 208, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Atlanta Ga., 10c on 5c Black entire (6XU2a). Boldly struck provisional handstamp and "Atlanta Ga. Jul. 18, 1861" circular datestamp on yellowish-buff cover to Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens in Richmond Va., Atlanta & West Point Railroad Co. embossed cameo design with locomotive on backflap, flap is removed as usual for Stephens covers but the central portion with the design is preserved and neatly hinged over the front

EXTREMELY FINE. A SPECTACULAR USE OF THE ATLANTA 10-CENT ON 5-CENT HANDSTAMPED PROVISIONAL ON A RAILROAD CAMEO DESIGN COVER. BEAUTIFUL IN EVERY RESPECT.

The docketing on back indicates the letter was from Richard Owens, Atlanta, July 18, soliciting the influence of Mr. Stephens to have the writer receive a military appointment. Only four examples of the 10c on 5c revalued Atlanta provisional are recorded in the Crown Survey.

Ex Muzzy

E. 3,000-4,000
3,000
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209
c
Sale 1073, Lot 209, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Austin, Tex., 10c Black on Buff, Cut Square Adhesive (9X1). Affixed to upper left corner of envelope by a wafer which shows thru slightly, full margins to touched at left, uncancelled, "Austin Tex. Aug. 23, 1862" double-circle datestamp, addressed to San Antonio Tex., tiny nick in right margin of stamp, cover with minor scuff between stamp and datestamp, backflap tears

VERY FINE. ONLY FOUR EXAMPLES OF THE AUSTIN, TEXAS, 10-CENT ADHESIVE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ARE RECORDED. THIS IS ONE OF TWO KNOWN ON BUFF PAPER.

The Austin, Texas, 10c Provisional was created by removing the date slugs from the town double-circle datestamp and replacing them with "Paid" and "10". This device was then struck on sheets of ruled paper and cut into individual stamps. On the example offered here, light pencil ruled lines can be seen along the edges.

The census of the 10c Austin adhesives published by Charles Deaton in The Great Texas Stamp Collection contains four on-cover examples, two each on white and buff paper, as follows:

1) White paper, uncancelled, on cover to Clerk, County Court, Bexar Co. Texas (San Antonio), illustrated in The Great Texas Stamp Collection (plate 12)

2) White paper, tied by Austin double-circle datestamp, printed return address of J. T. Hallett, Land and General Collecting Agent, Austin, addressed to Doctor Clark, Hempstead, Austin Co. Texas

3) Buff paper, uncancelled, Aug. 23, 1863 Austin double-circle datestamp on cover to San Antonio, ex Caspary, the example offered here

4) Buff paper, tied by Austin datestamp, date unclear, addressed to H.M. Alford, Captain Fisher Co. Garland's Regt., Little Rock Ark., receipt docketing Sep. 25, 1862, ex Dr. Graves, Siegel 1983 Rarities sale, lot 285

Ex Caspary and from our 1965 Rarities sale. Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 33. With 1978 P.F. certificate as 9XU1 var.

E. 10,000-15,000
16,000
Back to Top
210
c
Sale 1073, Lot 210, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Austin Tex., 10c on 5c Black Revalued entire (9XU1 var). Old "Paid" and "5" rate handstamps overstruck by 10c provisional handstamp, "Austin Tex. Aug. 8, 1862" double-circle datestamp on buff cover to Athens Tex., with original letter enclosure, slightly reduced at left, Very Fine and extremely rare, fewer than a dozen provisional entires are recorded and this is one of only two known to us that shows the old 5c rate handstamps in combination with the 10c rate in effect from June 1, 1862, the other is ex Kilbourne and from the same correspondence (dated Aug. 16), unlisted in Scott, listed in new C.S.A. Catalog

E. 1,500-2,000
2,200
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211
c
Sale 1073, Lot 211, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Autaugaville Ala., 5c Black entire (10XU1). Sharp strike of the brass provisional handstamp showing the postmaster's name "A. W. McNEEL PM" and "PAID/5" in a field of stars, clear "Autaugaville Ala. Nov. 28" (1861) circular datestamp on greenish cover to Elder H. Talbin in Marion Ala., very slightly reduced at right

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED COMPLETE COVERS BEARING THE AUTAUGAVILLE POSTMASTER'S DISTINCTIVE BRASS-DIE PROVISIONAL.

Autaugaville, situated on the Alabama River about 25 miles west of Montgomery, had a Civil War population of less than 1,500. Its postmaster, Albert William McNeel, seized all U.S. Post Office Dept. property and turned it over to the Confederacy. Postmaster McNeel used two different handstamped markings to make provisional envelopes. The earlier type is Scott 10XU2, of which one example is recorded, dated Oct. 8, 1861 (ex Dr. Agre, Siegel Sale 850, lot 5665). The brass handstamp seems to have followed, with four examples recorded as follows in date order: 1) Nov. 21, 1861, to Willis Todd, Benton Ala., ex Worthington, Hessel; 2) Nov. 27, 1861, to J. Hodges Golsan, Montgomery Ala., ex Dr. Graves, Green and Gross; 3) Nov. 28, 1861, to Elder H. Talbin, Marion Ala., ex Emerson, Caspary, Weatherly, the cover offered here; and 4) Jan. 10, 1862, approximately one-half of cover, ex Walcott, Lilly.

The brass engraving is similar in design to the Athens adhesive provisional. The postmaster's son is on record saying that his father used printer's ink on the hand-held die and gently tapped the device onto each envelope.

It is noteworthy that the Kilbourne, Hill and Haas Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals collections were missing the Autaugaville.

Ex Emerson, Caspary and Weatherly. Raymond H. Weill backstamp. With 1967 P.F. certificate

20,000
10,000
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212
c
Sale 1073, Lot 212, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Baton Rouge La., 2c Green (11X1). Calhoun Type C, ample margins to touched, bright shade, neatly tied by “Baton Rouge La. Aug. 5, 1861” circular datestamp on cover to G. W. Dearing Esq. with printed "Baton Rouge, La." address, early in its life the cover was folded and small bit of lower right corner of stamp adheres to opposite side of cover -- causing thinning and tiny loss of design in one ornament in that area of the stamp but corner still intact, outline of stamp visible at left, two other file folds, tears mostly confined to back

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE EARLIEST USE AMONG ONLY SIX RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE BATON ROUGE 2-CENT PROVISIONAL STAMP. A GREAT RARITY.

Of No. 11X1, we record three unused, five used off cover or on piece and five used on covers, for a total of 13 stamps. Of Scott No. 11X1a (“McCcrmick” error) we record three examples, including one unused stamp, one used off cover, and one used on cover. The 2c covers, in order of date, are as follows:

Scott 11X1, 11X1a

1) Type C, tied by Baton Rouge Aug. 5, 1861 circular datestamp on pre-printed locally addressed cover to G. W. Dearing, ex Hiram E. Deats and Hessel, the example offered here

2) Type D, tied by Baton Rouge Sep. 27, 1861 circular datestamp, addressed locally to Jno. P. Behrnes, ex Caspary, Lightner, Lilly, Kilbourne, Gross, Sharrer (Siegel Sale 1035, lot 12, realized $62,500)

3) "McCcrmick" error (11X1a), Pos. 7, Baton Rouge Nov. 30, 1861 circular datestamp on cover to Robert W. Boyd Esq. in New Orleans, ex Caspary, Lilly, Dr. Graves and D.K. collection (Siegel Sale 1022, lot 1008)

4) Tied by Baton Rouge circular datestamp (listed as Jan. 1 in Calhoun pamphlet) on cover to Administrator of the Estate of R. B. McGimpsey, P.F. certificate states rebacked cover front but we are confident it is the original back which has been reattached to the cleaned and restored cover, ex Emerson, Haas and Hill (Siegel Sale 896, lot 732)

5) Tied by Baton Rouge May 19 circular datestamp on soldier's local cover to Mrs. C.D. DeRussey, faults and showing effects of fire, Siegel 1964 and 1985 Rarities Sales

6) Tied by "Paid" straightline on pre-printed locally addressed cover, date unknown, ex Caspary and Muzzy

Ex Hiram E. Deats and Hessel

27,500
42,500
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213
c
Sale 1073, Lot 213, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine, Maltese Cross Border (11X2). Position 6, Type B, full to large margins all around, tied by "Baton Rouge La. Sep. 16, 1861" circular datestamp, second strike to right on brown cover to Capt. H. M. Favrot, Delta Rifles, Ocean Springs Miss., some edgewear and sealed backflap tear, very fresh stamp

VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE COVER WITH A FOUR-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE BATON ROUGE 5-CENT PROVISIONAL WITH MALTESE CROSS BORDER.

The addressee, Capt. Henry M. Favrot, was born in West Baton Rouge parish in 1826 and died there in 1887. He served as a member of the Louisiana legislature in the 1850's and was opposed to secession. However, with the outbreak of the Civil War he joined the Confederate Army and became captain of the "Delta Rifles," 4th Louisiana Infantry, and served throughout the entire war. Capt. Favrot participated in the Battle of Shiloh, was stricken with typhoid fever at Corinth and later returned to New Orleans. After his recovery he was sent to northern Virginia with rank of colonel to gather all the records of the Army of Northern Virginia. He remained on active duty until the close of the war, when he returned home on mule-back, bringing with him the army records he was sent to compile.

5,000
3,250
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214
c
Sale 1073, Lot 214, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine, Criss-Cross Border (11X3). Large top margin, full at sides to just in at bottom, tied by "Baton Rouge La. Dec. 7, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Donaldsonville La., stamp with gum soaks, tears on back including one extending just to front at top

VERY FINE. A RARE ON-COVER EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT BATON ROUGE CRISS-CROSS BORDER, WHICH WE BELIEVE TO BE A SECOND PRINTING CIRCA NOVEMBER 1861.

Both the Crown Survey and the Calhoun census record only 11 covers with criss-cross border stamps, all single frankings. No covers are known with the "McCcrmick" error. Only two covers have four-margin stamps and almost all covers have minor faults or flaps removed.

Ex Hessel. Signed E. Stern

10,000
4,500
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215
c
Sale 1073, Lot 215, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Beaumont Tex., 10c Black on Pink (12X2). Position 2, huge margins to slightly in at upper right where irregularly torn from sheet, typical pen stroke cancel just ties stamp at top, also tied by slight gum staining at edges, "Beaumont Tx. Jul.-" (1864) rimless datestamp on cover to "Mrs. C. Sam'l Watson, Galveston, Texas, care of Mrs. C.M. Seymour", sender's directive "Mr PM} 'Just send this in a hurry will you' and oblige. Yours HCC", stamp with slight horizontal crease

FINE APPEARING STAMP ON AN ATTRACTIVE COVER. AN IMPORTANT AND DESIRABLE CONFEDERATE TEXAS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL RARITY.

According to Jim Wheat's Postmasters & Post Offices of Texas, 1846-1930, the following men served as postmaster of Beaumont, Texas, from 1860 to 1866: John J. Herring, appointed Aug. 17, 1860 (resigned); Wilson A. Junker, Aug 5., 1861 (CSA) (resigned); P. H. Glaze, Nov. 12, 1861 (CSA); Rev. Alexander Hinkle, Dec. 5, 1863 (CSA); Thomas Snow, Feb. 22, 1865 (CSA); John J. Herring, Apr. 6, 1866; and George L. Ewing, Jul. 19, 1866.

Since all recorded examples of the Beaumont provisional stamps are dated in 1864, they were probably issued by Reverend Alexander Hinkle, a Methodist pastor who settled in Beaumont around this time and was appointed as postmaster on December 5, 1863.

The stamps were typeset and printed from three different settings: one printed on Pink paper (Scott 12X2), and two on Yellow paper (12X1 and 12X3). A setting of four subjects (two by two) has been reconstructed from the Pink singles (there are no recorded multiples). Each subject has a different arrangement of long and short frame pieces. The printings on Yellow paper were made from two entirely different settings: one slightly smaller than the Pink stamps, and the other much taller with the words "Texas" and "Postage" added to the design.

Only 21 of any kind are recorded, including the unique Large 10c on Yellow (on cover), five of the Small 10c on Yellow (each on cover), and 15 of the Small 10c on Pink (12 covers, 3 off cover). Most of the recorded covers are faulty, and only four have postmarks of any kind tying the stamps.

Ex Ferrary and Hessel. Toaspern backstamp.

27,500
15,000
Back to Top
216
c
Sale 1073, Lot 216, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Bluffton S.C., 5c Black entire (124XU1). Clear strike of provisional handstamp with "Bluffton S.C. Oct. 8" (1861) circular datestamp on yellow cover to Col. E. M. Seabrook in Charleston S.C., manuscript "To the care of George Bryan" at bottom, cover tears into both handstamps

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE UNIQUE EXAMPLE OF THE BLUFFTON S.C. POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.

The Crown survey, C.S.A. and Scott catalogs all state that this is the only recorded example of the Bluffton Postmaster's Provisional.

Ex Mueller and Bogg. Accompanied by a handstamped "Paid" rebacked cover front from Bluffton to Charleston dated Nov. 2 with "5" rate handstamp. Both covers with 1995 C.S.A. certificates

4,000
3,750
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217
c
Sale 1073, Lot 217, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Bold strike of “PAID/5/P” Star in Circle provisional handstamp and clear strike of “Canton Miss. Jan. 9, 1861” circular datestamp on cover to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, slight restoration along right edge, Extremely Fine strike

4,000
2,600
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218
c
Sale 1073, Lot 218, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Chapel Hill N.C., 5c Black entire (15XU1). Bold strikes of provisional handstamp, "Paid" and "Chapel-Hill N.C. Nov. 4" (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to Hillsborough N.C., with original enclosure, slightly reduced at top

VERY FINE. ONLY SIX EXAMPLES OF THE CHAPEL HILL POSTMASTER'S 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE ARE RECORDED -- A MUCH UNDERRATED RARITY.

Our records contain only six examples of Scott 15XU1, including three on patriotic covers. The last example we sold realized $8,500 in our 2014 sale of the Wishnietsky collection.

Ex Dr. Howard Green

3,750
2,300
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219
c
Sale 1073, Lot 219, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Calhoun Ty. E, large to ample margins showing outer framelines on three sides, just into frameline at left, tied by partly clear "Charleston S.C. Oct. 18, 1861" double-circle datestamp on "Charleston Hotel, D. Mixer, Charleston S.C." overall advertising cover to Col. Montgomery Moses in Sumter S.C., W. Eaves N.Y. imprint at bottom and on backflap, sealed tear at top and on backflap from rough opening, tiny gum spot on stamp

VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE CHARLESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON A BEAUTIFUL OVERALL ADVERTISING COVER.

The Calhoun census lists approximately fourteen examples on corner card covers -- some embossed without color. This is the only example identified in the census with an overall advertising design

Ex Knapp

E. 3,000-4,000
4,500
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220
c
Sale 1073, Lot 220, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Orange entire (16XU3). "Charleston S.C. Sep. 5, 1861" double-circle datestamp, addressed to Camden S.C., half of bottom flap removed, tiny erosion holes in address, still Very Fine

3,500
1,700
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221
c
Sale 1073, Lot 221, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Chattanooga Tenn., 5c Black entire (17XU2). Clear strike of provisional handstamp with "Chattanooga Ten. Aug. 1, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Kingston Tenn., top right corner small mend, otherwise Very Fine, only five recorded in Crown Survey and probably only a few more are known in addition to that group, all we have seen were used between July and October 1861, ex Judd

2,500
1,600
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222
c
Sale 1073, Lot 222, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Christiansburgh Va., 5c Blue entire (99XU2). Well-struck provisional handstamp on orange-buff entire to Wytheville Va., blue "Christiansburgh Va. Jul. 18" (1861) circular datestamp, faint horizontal file fold does not affect handstamps, Extremely Fine, only four recorded in Crown, perhaps six are known in total, ex Judd

2,000
1,600
Back to Top
223
c
Sale 1073, Lot 223, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Clear strike on small buff cover to Charleston S.C., used in combination with 5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1), full margins to barely touched, tied by blue "Columbia S.C. 1 Jan." (1862) circular datestamp, some restoration at lower and top right corners just outside the provisional handstamp, sealed flap tear, staining removed from bottom

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED COVERS WITH CONJUNCTIVE USE OF A COLUMBIA S.C. PROVISIONAL ENTIRE AND A GENERAL ISSUE STAMP.

Another cover from a different correspondence, dated Jan. 4, 1862, exists with the 5c Green Lithograph used in combination with the provisional oval. While an argument can be made that the adhesive paid the entire postage (accompanying C.S.A. certificate states this is the case) they could also have been uprated for weight, prior to the 1862 rate change. A third combination cover, offered in our Sale 810, shows a combination of the provisional and 5c Richmond Local Print to make the new 10c rate. A fourth cover exists with the 5c Green Lithograph affixed over the provisional handstamp -- more clearly a 5c rate, using an old provisional entire. In addition to the three mentioned above, we record only six other conjunctive uses of a Confederate provisional and adhesive on cover, including two offered in this sale -- the Lexington Miss., 5c Black entire with 5c Blue Local (50XU1, offered in lot 277) and the Memphis, Tenn., 5c Red on Amber entire with 5c Green (56XU2, offered in lot 299).

Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 80. With 2009 C.S.A. certificate stating the opinion that it is not a conjunctive use

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
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224
c
Sale 1073, Lot 224, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Bold strike with blue "Columbia S.C. 17 Sep." (1861) circular datestamp on orange cover to Laurens C.H., S.C., erased pencil notations and small corner mend, still Very Fine

900
500
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225
c
Sale 1073, Lot 225, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire, Seal on Front (18XU4). Clear strike of oval provisional seal at upper right corner of orange-buff cover, provisional overstruck by “5” numeral handstamp and "Paid" in circle, “Columbia S.C. 5 cts. 10 Aug. 28” pre-war integral-rate circular datestamp, all markings in blue, addressed to "Mr. Robert Beaty, Santuc, Sou. R.Rd., S.C.," missing backflap and slightly reduced at top

VERY FINE AND RARE. ONLY EIGHT EXAMPLES OF THE COLUMBIA S.C. 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ENVELOPE WITH THE OVAL SEAL STRUCK ON FRONT ARE RECORDED.

Harry L. McDowell records eight Columbia provisional entires with the oval seal struck on front and not on the flaps, all dated in August and September 1861 with the pre-war integral-rate datestamp. The oval and "5" were applied to the empty envelope (provisional), and the Columbia circular datestamp and “Paid" were applied after mailing.

Ex Hessel

7,500
3,750
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226
c
Sale 1073, Lot 226, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Columbia Tenn., 5c Red entire (113XU1). Clear strike of red provisional handstamp with "Columbia Ten. Oct. 19" (1861) double-circle datestamp on cover to Ashwood Tenn., with original contents from a musician who mentions giving concert for the troops, some slight wear

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE COLUMBIA TENNESSEE 5-CENT RED POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.

Ex Brooks and Boshwit. Illustrated in Crown Survey on p. 411. With 1998 C.S.A. certificate

7,500
5,000
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227
c
Sale 1073, Lot 227, Aberdeen Miss. thru Columbia Tenn.Courtland Ala., 5c Red entire (103XU1). Beautifully struck fancy woodcut provisional handstamp with central "5", "Paid" and circle of stars on cover addressed to Mrs. Bettie Dimind in Athens Ala., no date, some minor erosion in cover at top far from handstamp

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE UNIQUE EXAMPLE OF THE FANCY COURTLAND, ALABAMA, POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL. ONE OF THE GREAT RARITIES OF CONFEDERATE PHILATELY.

The postmaster of Courtland, Alabama, from 1851 through the Civil War was Alfred D. Simmons. Little is known about his unique handstamped provisional, and in previous years the catalogue listings for it were duplicative and incorrect. An early mention of it appeared in the June 1930 issue of the New Southern Philatelist (p. 405). "Among the remarkable covers that make up Judge Robert S. Emerson's collection of Confederate 'Paids' there is one in particular that attracted my attention on account of its striking design. I have never before seen this Provisional from Courtland Alabama. It is a crude woodcut, mortised for the insertion of a type figure '5' and impressed on the left (sic) upper corner of the cover in red-brown... It is addressed to Mrs. Bettie Dimind, Athens Ala."

The Courtland provisional has appeared at auction only a few times since that 1930 article. It was most likely privately sold from the Emerson collection. It appeared in a Siegel sale in 1958, (Sale 213, lot 1025) and then in a Fox sale in 1961 (Dec. 15, lot 66). In 1975 it was sold as part of the famous Kimmel collection (Siegel Sale 492, lot 579). The 1945 Dietz Catalog first listed the Courtland provisional in Black and the 1959 edition added Red. This confusion at one time extended to the Scott Catalog, which listed it in both colors. However, both the new C.S.A. Catalogue and Scott now correctly list the color as only Red, and state that this is the unique example.

Ex Judge Robert S. Emerson, Dr. Jay Hertz and A. Murl Kimmel

10,000
32,500
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