A RARE USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 BISECT TO PAY THE 10-CENT RATE TO NEW BRUNSWICK. THIS IS ALSO A "COMPLETE SET" COVER--EACH OF THE THREE STAMPS ISSUED IN 1851 IS REPRESENTED.
Effective July 1, 1851, the postal rates were changed and the 1847 Issue was demonetized. Three new stamps--1c, 3c and 12c--were issued. A new 10c was issued in 1855 and a new 5c was issued in 1856. Covers with all three of the new denominations are rare and desirable, especially when one is in bisected form.
Ex Hackmey. With note on back from Ashbrook who plated the 1c stamp and notes it shows bottom of the Type Ib stamp (Position 6R1E).
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THE 5-CENT 1856 ISSUE ON COVER TO BERMUDA. AN IMPORTANT POSTAL HISTORY RARITY OF THE CLASSIC IMPERFORATE PERIOD.
The recipient worked as a portrait artist and engraver, and in 1851 travelled to San Francisco with his friend, Jacob Bailey Moore. Brown worked for Moore for the next several months, gathering specimens and making drawings in the California countryside. In March of 1852, he was commissioned by John Russell Bartlett, head of the U.S.-Mexico Boundary Commission and a friend of Moore's, to draw views of landscapes and Indians in Northern California, assist with collecting Indian vocabularies, and make maps of the area. From 1856 to 1859, he served as U.S. Consul for Bermuda. Little is known of his life after that date; his health was poor at the time of his resignation in 1859.
This cover was franked to pay the 10c direct rate by American Packet. The "NOT PAID" was likely applied in error in New York, though this may have gone as a private outbound ship letter.
Ex Krug, Mayer and Hackmey. With 2006 P.F. certificate.
FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE EXAMPLE OF A BRITISH PROPAGANDA ENVELOPE USED FROM THE UNITED STATES TO ENGLAND WITH THE TREATY RATE PAID BY THE 1851 ISSUE.
The Ocean Penny Postage movement was started by an American, Elihu Burritt. Burritt had settled in Worcester Mass. as a blacksmith, where he began to study languages and became known as "The Learned Blacksmith". On a trip to England in 1847 Burritt founded the League of Universal Brotherhood. He also advocated Ocean Penny Postage and the use of propaganda envelopes, believing it would promote trade and commerce (and therefore greater understanding) between nations. Very few propaganda envelopes were used from the United States. His plan was never adopted (as witnessed by the 24c in postage on this cover). In 1865 he was appointed by President Lincoln as U.S. Consular Agent for Birmingham, England.
Ex Emerson, West, Haas, Ishikawa and Hackmey.
A SPECTACULAR FOUR-COLOR IMPERFORATE 1851-55 ISSUE FRANKING ON AN ATTRACTIVE FOLDED COVER TO HONG KONG AND FOOCHOW. PREPAID FOR THE 38-CENT PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL RATE, BUT SENT BY AMERICAN PACKET VIA ENGLAND INSTEAD.
The franking pays the 38c Prussian Closed Mail rate via Trieste, but instead it was sent by the Collins Line's Ericsson, which departed New York on October 25, 1856, and arrived at Liverpool on November 8. It appears from the docketing that the addressee received the letter in Foochow on February 2, 1857, one day after its delivery in Hong Kong. The addressee worked as an agent for and later as a partner of the famous firm Augustine, Heard & Co. He went to China in 1849, and it is believed he drowned in the Indian Ocean on his way home to Providence in 1859.
Ex "Sevenoaks", Rogers and Hackmey. With 1999 P.F. certificate
A REMARKABLE FRANKING PAYING THE 65-CENT RATE TO HONG KONG VIA MARSEILLES--ADDRESSED TO A MEMBER OF COMMODORE PERRY'S EXPEDITION.
The addressee, Dr. James Morrow, was appointed by Secretary of State Everett as agriculturalist on Commodore Matthew C. Perry's expedition to Japan. Commodore Perry initially opposed the inclusion of any civilians on his expedition. Morrow brought seeds and plants to Japan where they were gratefully accepted. The Japanese were fascinated with the quality of flour produced by an American corn mill, and Morrow was intrigued with the Japanese version of a cotton gin and the bark they used to produce strong paper. The Japanese had never seen a garden engine with a hose that would pump water, and a crowd of over 200 people gathered to watch the water being pumped into the air. Morrow notes that they looked “carefully at the suction hose as though they thought they had learned the secret of putting out fires.” His position gave him more leeway than most on the expedition to explore the Japanese countryside. The expedition resulted in a three-volume report, which contained a list of plants collected in Japan and compiled by Asa Gray.
Ex Craveri and Hackmey. With 1999 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THE 5-CENT 1856 ISSUE ON A COVER TO SHANGHAI. A WONDERFUL RARITY.
Ex Mayer and Hackmey. With 1981 P.F. certificate.
FINE APPEARANCE. A COLORFUL COVER TO HONG KONG WITH THE 1851-55 ISSUE PAYING THE 21-CENT RATE BY AMERICAN PACKET VIA ENGLAND.
This cover comes from the well-known correspondence of Lieutenant Earl English, who served on board the U.S. Sloop Levant.
Ex Ishikawa and Hackmey.
VERY FINE. A WONDERFUL COVER PAYING THE 33-CENT RATE TO SHANGHAI BY BRITISH MAILS VIA SOUTHAMPTON.
Ex Piller, Giamporcaro and Hackmey. With 1993 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A SPECTACULAR COVER BEARING A COMPLETE "SET" OF THE THREE NEW 1851 ISSUES TO PAY THE 20-CENT RATE TO FRANCE VIA AMERICAN PACKET DIRECT.
Effective July 1, 1851, the postal rates were changed and the 1847 Issue was demonetized. Three new stamps--1c, 3c and 12c--were issued. A new 10c was issued in 1855 and a new 5c was issued in 1856. Covers showing all three of the new denominations are scarce and desirable, especially prepaying the 20c American Packet Direct rate to France.
Illustrated in North Atlantic Mail Sailings 1840-75 (p. 111). Ex Hackmey.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A DESIRABLE COMPLETE "SET" OF THE 1851 ISSUE USED TO PAY THE 21-CENT BRITISH OPEN MAIL RATE TO ITALY VIA AMERICAN PACKET.
Effective July 1, 1851, the postal rates were changed and the 1847 Issue was demonetized. Three new stamps--1c, 3c and 12c--were issued. A new 10c was issued in 1855 and a new 5c was issued in 1856. Covers showing all three of the new denominations are scarce and desirable, and this use of the stamps to pay the 21c British Open Mail rate to Italy via American Packet might be the only one extant.
Ex Piller, Giamporcaro and Hackmey. With 1993 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM STRIP AND AN IMMACULATE TREATY-RATE COVER. UNQUESTIONABLY THE FINEST 10-CENT 1855 IMPERFORATE TYPE I MULTIPLE KNOWN ON COVER.
This August 1857 cover is a late use of the imperforate 10c stamp, which was issued in mid-1855 and available in perforated form as early as July 1857. However, the strip shows an extremely early impression and shade, which one would not expect to find two years after the original printing. Likewise, the existence of perforated 10c stamps with similar color and impression is further evidence that sheets from the earliest printing of the 10c 1855 were on hand in mid-1857. The practical reason for this anachronistic use of early impressions is the stack principle of production, whereby the first sheets off the press were stacked toward the bottom, and the last sheets were placed on top. Thus, the early printings might be issued or run through the perforating machine much later, as in this case.
Illustrated and cited in Ashbrook's article on the Newbury collection (Stamp Specialist, 1941). Also illustrated in Brookman Vol. I (p. 161). Ex Newbury, Lehman, Grunin, Zoellner and Hackmey. With 1998 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE USE OF A PRINTED ILLUSTRATED POST OFFICE MARKING ON A COVER FROM KELLEY'S ISLAND, OHIO, TO SWITZERLAND, WITH A COMBINATION OF 1851 IMPERFORATE AND 1857 PERFORATED ISSUES PAYING THE DOUBLE 21-CENT RATE BY FRENCH MAIL.
Kelley's Island measures more than four square miles and is the largest American island in Lake Erie. Located near Sandusky, the island was first settled by Native Americans. During the War of 1812 the island served as a military rendezvous post. After the war, the Native Americans finally abandoned the island. Several attempts were made to settle it, to take advantage of its natural resources, but none was hugely successful until two brothers, Datus and Irad Kelley, purchased almost half of the island in August 1833. Other purchases followed, and they eventually owned the entire island. The name was changed to Kelley's Island in 1840. Prior to settling the island, Irad was based in Cleveland, where he was a successful merchant, postmaster, sailor and real estate investor. The brothers started a very successful business exporting timber, limestone, fruit and wine from the island.
A postmaster was first appointed to Kelley's Island in 1852. The first postmaster was George Kelley, the eldest of Irad's six sons, who ran a general store. From 1854 to 1868 William S. Webb was postmaster, after George sold him the store.
The use of a printed design for the postmark is very unusual. This marking was the subject of an article in Chronicle 76. The author notes the existence of eight covers with this marking. All others bear single 3c imperforate or perforated stamps. This is the only example with other stamps or that was sent to a foreign destination.
Illustrated in Chronicle 76 (p. 193, copy accompanies). Ex Beals, Giamporcaro and Hackmey. With 1997 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM STRIP. EVERY ELEMENT OF THIS COVER WAS APPLIED WITH CARE 157 YEARS AGO AND PRESERVED IN PRISTINE CONDITION SINCE MAILING. WITHOUT DOUBT ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL AND FINEST-QUALITY CLASSIC UNITED STATES COVERS EXTANT.
This immaculate cover comes from the Cohn correspondence, from which the cover bearing a 5c 1856, 1c and 12c 1851 pair originated (realized $85,000 in our 1981 Rarities sale).
Ex LeBow and Hackmey. With 2005 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE 10-CENT 1855 MULTIPLE CONTAINING A VERTICAL PAIR OF THE RARE TYPE IV, USED ON A COVER CARRIED BY THE COLLINS LINE--ESSENTIALLY A UNIQUE USE OF THE 10-CENT 1855 ISSUE.
The 42c postage pays the double 21c British Open Mail rate to Germany via American Packet. Vertical strips of the 10c 1855 are quite uncommon, thus the great rarity of a vertical pair from the conjoined Type IV positions.
Illustrated in Graham's "Great Stamps Make Greater Covers" (American Philatelist, Oct. 1977). Ex Caspary, Baker, Grunin, LeBow and Hackmey. With 1987 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. CLASSIC COVERS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO LUXEMBOURG ARE EXTREMELY RARE. THIS IMPERFORATE FRANKING COULD WELL BE UNIQUE. THE ADDED PHILATELIC ATTRACTION OF A TYPE IV STAMP FROM POSITION 3R1 MAKES THIS A COVER OF THE UTMOST IMPORTANCE AND RARITY.
The first 10c plate of 200 (left and right panes of 100) was laid down using a three-subject transfer roll with relief types A, B and C. The C Relief was used only for the bottom row (all Type I design). The A Relief (Type II design) was used to enter the entire second row, and the B Relief (Type III design) was used for the third row. This A/B alternating relief pattern was followed consistently for the fourth through ninth rows. The top row was entered with the A Relief, except for three positions: Positions 1 and 2 in the left pane, and Position 3 in the right pane. These “misplaced reliefs” are B Reliefs, and Positions 1L and 2L are Type III designs, while Position 3R was recut (Type IV). Position 3R1, one of the three misplaced relief positions on the plate, is also one of eight recut (Type IV) positions and the only recut position on the entire right pane of the plate.
Ex Giamporcaro and Hackmey. With 1999 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE AND DESIRABLE FRANKING PAYING THE 21-CENT BRITISH OPEN MAIL RATE TO BELGIUM BY AMERICAN PACKET.
Ex Giamporcaro and Hackmey. With 1999 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. A RARE COMBINATION OF THE 10-CENT AND 12-CENT 1851-55 ISSUES ON A COVER FROM ILLINOIS TO BELGIUM, OVERPAYING BY ONE-CENT THE 21-CENT BRITISH OPEN MAIL RATE BY AMERICAN PACKET.
Illustrated in Baker's U.S. Classics on p. 282. Ex Knapp, Baker, Grunin, LeBow and Hackmey. With 2005 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A UNIQUE AND BEAUTIFUL FRANKING COMBINING THE 5-CENT AND 12-CENT 1851-56 ISSUE AND THE 1857 ONE-CENT PERFORATED ISSUE ON A PRUSSIAN CLOSED MAIL COVER TO SWITZERLAND. THIS WAS CARRIED ON THE LAST EASTBOUND VOYAGE OF THE COLLINS LINE.
Our records of the 5c 1856 Issue used to Switzerland contain six covers used with other stamps. All pay the 35c rate via Prussian Closed Mail. The other five are used with strips of three of 10c stamps.
Ex Ferrary, Gibson, Rohloff, Ishikawa and Hackmey.