Contact Siegel
6 West 48th Street
9th Floor
New York, NY 10036
Contact by phone:
New York: (212) 753-6421
Dallas: (214) 754-5991

Sale 1041 — The William H. Gross Collection: 1847 & 1851-56 Issues

Sale Date — Tuesday, 9 April, 2013

Category — Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
298
c
Sale Number 1041, Lot Number 298, Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland5c Deep Red Brown (1), 5c Deep Red Brown (1)5c Deep Red Brown (1). Large margins to just slightly in at top left, gorgeous rich color and proof-like impression from the First Printing (very near an 1847 Orange Brown), tied by red square grid cancel, matching "New-York Jul. 30" (1847) circular datestamp on bluish folded letter to Liverpool, England, sender's routing "Pr Britannia from Boston", bold "1/-" one-shilling due handstamp, Liverpool Aug. 14, 1847 backstamp, file folds clear of stamp, Very Fine, this was carried on the second transatlantic sailing after the introduction of the 1847 General Issue, ex Hart and Boker

E. 1,000-1,500
2,500
299
c
Sale Number 1041, Lot Number 299, Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Large to full margins, deep shade, tied by black grid cancel, matching "New Orleans La. May 20" (1848) circular datestamp on greenish folded letter to Manchester, England, "1/-" one-shilling due handstamp, as directed by the sender this was carried on the Cunarder Caledonia, which departed Boston on May 31 and arrived in Liverpool on June 14, Liverpool receiving backstamp, slight wrinkling in lettersheet

EXTREMELY FINE. A CHOICE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 PAYING OVER-300 MILES RATE ON TRANSATLANTIC BRITISH PACKET MAIL LEAVING FROM BOSTON.

Ex Haas and Boker

E. 2,000-3,000
3,000
Back to Top
300
c
Sale Number 1041, Lot Number 300, Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Three large to huge margins and full at top, beautiful crisp impression, tied by red square grid cancel on blue folded letter from Charleston S.C. to Greenock, Scotland, from the Johnston correspondence, letter dated June 3, 1848, sender's route directives "'Southerner' P.P. to New York" (post paid to New York) and "p Steamer Hibernia fr New York 7th June", bold "1/-" one-shilling due handstamp, Liverpool (Jun. 21) and Greenock (Jun. 22) backstamps, trivial wrinkles along vertical file fold

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE PAYING THE OVER-300 MILES RATE ON TRANSATLANTIC MAIL LEAVING FROM NEW YORK. THE SENDER'S SHIP-NAME AND ROUTE DIRECTIVES NICELY DOCUMENT THE VESSELS AND LOCATIONS INVOLVED IN THE TRANSPORT OF THIS LETTER TO ITS DESTINATION IN SCOTLAND.

Ex Walter Hubbard, Garrett and Boker

E. 3,000-4,000
4,500
Back to Top
301
c
Sale Number 1041, Lot Number 301, Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2), 5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2)5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2). Horizontal strip of three of 10c, large margins to barely touched at lower right, single 5c with large margins to ample, tied by red grid cancels, light strike of "Mobile Ala. Dec. 4" circular datestamp on blue 1848 folded cover to Greenock, Scotland, bold "1/-" one-shilling due handstamp, neat "America Liverpool DE 28, 1848" and framed "Greenock DE 29, 1848" backstamps, docketing on back indicates Dec. 2 origination in New Orleans, vertical file fold affects center 10c stamp

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A REMARKABLE AND RARE RETALIATORY RATE COVER FROM NEW ORLEANS TO SCOTLAND VIA BOSTON. ONLY TEN RETALIATORY RATE COVERS BEARING UNITED STATES STAMPS ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH JUST THREE ARE COMBINATION 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 FRANKINGS.

The full history of the Retaliatory Rate period is told in our catalogue for the famous Rush cover, available at http://www.siegelauctions.com/2006/912/912.pdf . The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847 (the Ocean Line), the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters carried to England by American subsidized steamers. This effectively allowed England to collect 24c packet charges for every inbound letter, whether or not any service had been performed.

The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the United States, but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848 (the Caledonia from Liverpool) through December 31, 1848 (the Europa arriving at New York), American packet postage was required on all inbound and outbound mail to England whether or not one of the American vessels was used, creating the so-called Retaliatory Rate. Beginning with the departure of the Europa from New York on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored, and soon after the new U.S.-British treaty rate was effected.

This cover to Scotland reflects the dispute between Great Britain and the United States. The 35c in postage pays the U.S. 10c domestic rate for distances over 300 miles, plus a 1c overpayment of the 24c rate to England. It originated in New Orleans and entered the Mobile post office as unmarked way mail (see Van Koppersmith's article in Chronicle 215, pp. 198-198). It was carried on the Cunarder Cambria, which departed New York on December 6 and arrived in Liverpool on December 20. The 24c prepayment was ignored, and the letter was charged one shilling for sea postage and inland delivery.

Written up in Ashbrook's Special Service, Issue 45, 1954, photo 184. Noted in Chronicle 76 (p. 187). Illustrated in Chronicle 93 (p. 16). Signed Ashbrook. Ex Durham, Krug, Ishikawa and Hackmey.

E. 30,000-40,000
37,500
Back to Top
302
c
Sale Number 1041, Lot Number 302, Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Horizontal strip of five, large margins to clear including sheet margin at right, cancelled by magenta penstrokes on folded letter datelined "Mount Vernon, near Spottswood, New Jersey, America, 25th July 1849" and addressed to Mansfield, England, manuscript "Paid" in sender's hand, red "19" credit handstamp, red "America Liverpool Paid AU 14, 1849" circular datestamp, receiving backstamp of the following day, left stamp light pre-use vertical crease, light horizontal file fold well away from stamps, some splitting along folds

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE SHEET-MARGIN STRIP OF FIVE OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON A COVER TO ENGLAND, OVERPAYING THE 24-CENT TREATY RATE BY ONE CENT. A PHENOMENAL POSTAL HISTORY AND PHILATELIC RARITY.

As of February 15, 1849, the new postal treaty between the United States and Britain commenced, officially ending the punitive Retaliatory Rate period. Both sides agreed to a reciprocal 24c rate (or one shilling). For letters to Great Britain, a credit of either 3c or 19c was given, depending on whether it was carried by a British (usually Cunard) or American steamer line. The cover offered here was carried aboard the Cunarder Caledonia, which departed Boston on August 1 and arrived in Liverpool on August 14.

Only three covers franked solely with the 5c 1847 Issue are known paying the 24c rate, including one from Charleston which was carried on the same trip from Boston. The third was also carried by British packet. Four combination covers are also known (see previous lot).

With 2007 P.F. certificate. Ex Hackmey.

E. 15,000-20,000
18,500
Back to Top
303
c
Sale Number 1041, Lot Number 303, Pre-Treaty, Retaliatory and Treaty-Rate Mail to England and Scotland5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2), 5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2)5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2). Horizontal pair of 10c, large to full margins, tied by blue grid cancels and multiple strikes of red "3" credit handstamp, additional strike at right on 1849 folded letter to Edinburgh, Scotland, blue "Buffalo N.Y. Aug. 13" double-oval with fleurons datestamp, manuscript "24" rate, Sep. 4 transit datestamp, receiving backstamp (Sep. 5), some age spots affect cover and stamp, 5c affected by vertical file fold, left 10c small tear at bottom, small corner creases

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE COMBINATION FRANKING OF THE 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE ON A COVER TO SCOTLAND, OVERPAYING BY ONE CENT THE 24-CENT TREATY RATE. A GREAT POSTAL HISTORY RARITY.

As of February 15, 1849, the new postal treaty between the United States and Britain commenced, officially ending the punitive Retaliatory Rate period. Both sides agreed to a reciprocal 24c rate (or one shilling). For letters to Great Britain, a credit of either 3c or 19c was given, depending on whether it was carried by a British (usually Cunard) or American steamer line. The cover offered here was carried aboard the American Ocean Line's Hermann, which departed New York on August 20 and arrived in Southampton on September 3.

Only four combination covers overpaying the 24c rate to England are recorded (two additional are known with replacement stamps and other serious defects). The other three were carried by British steamer and so have 19c credit handstamps.

Illustrated in the Simpson book on p. 357. Featured in America's First Stamp published in Smithsonian on March 2003, p. 52. Ex Craveri and Hackmey.

E. 30,000-40,000
30,000
Back to Top
Copyright 2019. All rights reserved by Siegel Auction Galleries Inc. Information and images may be used with credit to Siegel Auction Galleries or siegelauctions.com subject to guidelines and restrictions.
Website Terms of Use and Privacy Policy