VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 10-CENT FRAMELINE ON A FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER TO A UNION PRISONER IN THE SOUTH. VERY FEW FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVERS ARE KNOWN WITH THE FRAMELINE ISSUE.
The outer cover with U.S. postage and the datestamp of the originating town was discarded at the exchange point. During this period, northern prisoners were often shifted from place to place depending on the whereabouts of Union troops, which explains the address to Charleston and the receipt at Columbia. According to Brian Green this is the latest known use of a Frameline stamp on cover.
Discussed in the Confederate Philatelist (Jan.-Feb. 1978, pp. 6-7, article accompanies)
VERY FINE. A RARE AND UNUSUAL CONFEDERATE COVER SENT TO ENGLAND VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE AND AMERICAN PACKET FROM NEW YORK.
A cover from the Confederate States to England would typically be sent via a blockade runner (accompanying P.F. certificate calls it a blockade cover, in error). However, this was clearly sent by flag-of-truce via the Richmond-Old Point Comfort route. It may have been a prisoner-of-war cover sent by a Union prisoner in a Confederate prison, but it lacks any censor or prison notations.
Ex Franklin D. Roosevelt, MacBride and Antrim. With 1985 P.F. certificate incorrectly calling it a blockade cover.
A FINE AND RARE COVER FROM A UNION PRISONER HELD IN A CONFEDERATE PRISON CAMP IN TEXAS, SENT VIA THE SHREVEPORT-NEW ORLEANS FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE. FEWER THAN TEN COVERS FROM CAMP FORD ARE KNOWN.
The Federal occupation of Baton Rouge on May 12, 1862, left the U.S. in control of southeastern Louisiana. The close proximity of U.S. and C.S.A. forces in Louisiana led to flag-of-truce prisoner and P.O.W. mail exchanges in 1863 to 1865. The principal exchange point was along the Mississippi River between U.S.-controlled Red River Landing and C.S.A.-controlled Simmesport. Most of the northbound mail has manuscript examined markings by Major Hyllested, Provost Marshal General of Texas at Houston, or, in the case of this cover, by Major Szymanski, Assistant Agent of Exchange for the Trans-Mississippi Department at Shreveport, Louisiana. The few surviving northbound covers are inner envelopes from C.S.A. prisons which were routed via Shreveport, Simmesport and Red River Landing to enter the U.S. mails at New Orleans. Camp Ford in Tyler was close to Shreveport, just over the Texas line. This cover was examined in Shreveport.