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Sale 1043 — Confederate States Stamps and Postal History

Sale Date — Thursday-Friday, 18-19 April, 2013

Category — Flag-of-Truce Mail

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2587
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2587, Flag-of-Truce Mail5c Blue, Local (7), 5c Blue, Local (7)5c Blue, Local (7). Tied by "Richmond Va. Apr. 24" circular datestamp on civilian flag-of-truce inner cover carried into Richmond and posted as a drop letter, manuscript "pr flag of truce" at top in same hand as address, no censor markings or indication of origin, letter went unclaimed, reverse with "Richmond Va. Apr. 29" circular datestamp and "Advertised 2" in notched oval handstamp, stamp affixed slightly over edge of cover affecting corner, light soiling, otherwise Very Fine and scarce, the Richmond datestamp is Powell Ty. 6 which was not used until 1863, making this a late civilian flag-of-truce cover

E. 500-750
500
2588
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2588, Flag-of-Truce MailBattle of Gettysburg, Letterman General Hospital, Battle of Gettysburg, Letterman General HospitalBattle of Gettysburg, Letterman General Hospital. Buff inner prisoner-of-war cover addressed to the C.S.A. Judge Advocate General at Richmond, neat prisoner's endorsement "J.E. Lane Co. A, 5th Texas Reg. C.S. Army Via Flag Truce Boat," no censor markings or postage as this was probably enclosed with other letters for the Judge Advocate General, original enclosure datelined "Gettysburg, Penn, July 18, 1863" discusses the soldier's convalescence from wounds incl. loss of an arm, an eye and the bridge of his nose, further states he is being well-cared for with great kindness and expects to be transferred to a general hospital in New York or Pennsylvania, Extremely Fine, a wonderful flag-of-truce prisoner's letter and cover, in the aftermath of the bloody Battle of Gettysburg, approximately 22,000 soldiers of both armies required medical treatment, including thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind as Lee began his retreat, given the dateline of "Gettysburg" in the letter, this soldier was most likely treated at Letterman Hospital, which was only 1 -1/2 miles from Gettysburg

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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2589
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2589, Flag-of-Truce Mail10c Blue, Frameline (10), 10c Blue, Frameline (10)10c Blue, Frameline (10). Complete framelines at top and left, portion at bottom, tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 23" (1865) circular datestamp on inner unsealed flag-of-truce cover sent from the North to a Union prisoner in the South, addressed to 1st Lieut. Provine of the 84th Illinois Voluntary Infantry Regiment at Charleston S.C., but docketing at top indicates receipt in Columbia S.C. (Jan. 20), bottom left corner of cover nicked

VERY FINE. A RARE USE OF THE 10-CENT FRAMELINE ON A FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER TO A UNION PRISONER IN THE SOUTH. VERY FEW FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVERS ARE KNOWN WITH THE FRAMELINE ISSUE.

The outer cover with U.S. postage and the datestamp of the originating town was discarded at the exchange point. During this period, northern prisoners were often shifted from place to place depending on the whereabouts of Union troops, which explains the address to Charleston and the receipt at Columbia. According to Brian Green this is the latest known use of a Frameline stamp on cover.

Discussed in the Confederate Philatelist (Jan.-Feb. 1978, pp. 6-7, article accompanies)

E. 3,000-4,000
2,100
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2590
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2590, Flag-of-Truce MailCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Two prisoner-of-war covers, one address very faint, other address completely faded, first with clear manuscript "Examined Peter Zinn Major Com Post", examiner's mark by Camp Commander Major Peter Zinn of the 88th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 3c Rose (65), gum soaks, tied by so-called prison-bars grid cancel and "Columbus O. Nov. 8" (1862) double-circle datestamp, no C.S.A. postage (a similar cover to this is known from Nov. 6 to Moundsville West Virginia and also had no C.S.A. postage as Moundsville was under Union control -- this may be the same correspondence), second cover examiner's mark "Exd Peter Zinn Major" and with Oct. 27 datestamp, same cancel on No. 65 which is defective, also no C.S.A. postage, desirable covers with camp commander censor marking

E. 300-400
160
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2591
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2591, Flag-of-Truce MailCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Inner envelope to Daswon Ga., endorsed "Prisoners Letter", neat circular examiner's handstamp (Ty. II), C.S.A. postage from Richmond paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), large margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Mar. 5" (1864) circular datestamp, fresh and Very Fine, this circular examiner's marking is considerably scarcer than the usual oval marking, ex Walske, illustrated in Special Routes (p. 228), with 1991 C.S.A. certificate

E. 300-400
325
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2592
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2592, Flag-of-Truce MailCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Oval examiner's handstamp on yellow cover to Rutherfordton N.C., manuscript "Via City Point Va./ Per Flag of Truce", C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12) tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 21" circular datestamp (ca. 1864), no evidence of U.S. postage or cancel so this was an inner cover -- the outer cover discarded at exchange point, scattered tiny toning specks, Fine prisoner-of-war cover routed through Old Point Comfort and Richmond

E. 400-500
425
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2593
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2593, Flag-of-Truce MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Prisoner-of-war cover to Geneva P.O. Ga., endorsed "Via Flag of Truce", with soldier's name docketing and "Fortress Monroe", "Delaware City Del. Jan. 28" circular datestamp, U.S. 3c Rose (65) cancelled by target (P.F. certificate declines opinion as to whether the stamp originated), C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), tied by blurry strike of "Richmond Va. Feb. ?" circular datestamp, Very Fine, exchanged via Old Point Comfort and Richmond, while the 3c stamp is not tied it does represent the correct franking for this cover, with 1993 P.F. certificate

E. 500-750
600
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2594
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2594, Flag-of-Truce MailFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Prisoner-of-war cover to Pleasant Hill Ga., endorsed "Flag of Truce/ Via Fortress Monroe", no censor markings, "Delaware City Del. Feb. ?" circular datestamp struck next to U.S. 3c Rose (65), cancelled by Delaware City target, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), full margins, small nicks in top margin, tied by "Richmond Va. Feb. 17" circular datestamp, cover lightly cleaned and partly opened, faint waterstains on couple edges, Very Fine appearance, an attractive mixed-franking prisoner-of-war cover routed through Old Point Comfort and Richmond

E. 750-1,000
650
Back to Top
2595
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2595, Flag-of-Truce Mail10c Greenish Blue, Die B (12c), 10c Greenish Blue, Die B (12c)10c Greenish Blue, Die B (12c). Tied by part strike of Augusta Ga. circular datestamp on blue fag-of-truce cover to Liverpool, England, addressed in care of Frazer Trenholm (the well-known blockade-running agents), "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 16" (1865) double-circle datestamp applied at exchange point, "N. York Am. Pkt. 21 Jan. 21" debit datestamp and "24" due handstamp, "1/" one-shilling due handstamp, Liverpool receiving backstamp (Feb. 3), some slight wrinkling and nicks from the very thin nature of the envelope paper

VERY FINE. A RARE AND UNUSUAL CONFEDERATE COVER SENT TO ENGLAND VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE AND AMERICAN PACKET FROM NEW YORK.

A cover from the Confederate States to England would typically be sent via a blockade runner (accompanying P.F. certificate calls it a blockade cover, in error). However, this was clearly sent by flag-of-truce via the Richmond-Old Point Comfort route. It may have been a prisoner-of-war cover sent by a Union prisoner in a Confederate prison, but it lacks any censor or prison notations.

Ex Franklin D. Roosevelt, MacBride and Antrim. With 1985 P.F. certificate incorrectly calling it a blockade cover.

E. 2,000-3,000
3,500
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2596
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2596, Flag-of-Truce MailCamp Ford, Tyler Tex, Camp Ford, Tyler TexCamp Ford, Tyler Tex. Small prisoner-of-war cover to Newburgh O., original letter datelined "Prisoners Camp near Tyler Texas, June 5th, 1864" which contains report to prisoner's father about his condition ("my health is most excellent"), censor marking "Examined Lt. Szymanski AAG & Asst. Agent of Exchange" by Major Ignatius Szymanski, Agent of Exchange for prisoners in the Trans-Mississippi Dept., U.S. 3c Rose (65), margin flaws at right, tied by "New Orleans La. Aug. 8, 1864" circular datestamp with duplex target cancel, red manuscript censor marking on back panel appears to read "Lt. Col. J.P Borden" and another name, but we cannot determine the source of this marking, some soiling and splits along the folds

A FINE AND RARE COVER FROM A UNION PRISONER HELD IN A CONFEDERATE PRISON CAMP IN TEXAS, SENT VIA THE SHREVEPORT-NEW ORLEANS FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE. FEWER THAN TEN COVERS FROM CAMP FORD ARE KNOWN.

The Federal occupation of Baton Rouge on May 12, 1862, left the U.S. in control of southeastern Louisiana. The close proximity of U.S. and C.S.A. forces in Louisiana led to flag-of-truce prisoner and P.O.W. mail exchanges in 1863 to 1865. The principal exchange point was along the Mississippi River between U.S.-controlled Red River Landing and C.S.A.-controlled Simmesport. Most of the northbound mail has manuscript examined markings by Major Hyllested, Provost Marshal General of Texas at Houston, or, in the case of this cover, by Major Szymanski, Assistant Agent of Exchange for the Trans-Mississippi Department at Shreveport, Louisiana. The few surviving northbound covers are inner envelopes from C.S.A. prisons which were routed via Shreveport, Simmesport and Red River Landing to enter the U.S. mails at New Orleans. Camp Ford in Tyler was close to Shreveport, just over the Texas line. This cover was examined in Shreveport.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,400
Back to Top
2597
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2597, Flag-of-Truce Mail10c Blue, Die A (11), 10c Blue, Die A (11)10c Blue, Die A (11). Large margins to close from irregular separation, pre-use corner crease, tied by Wytheville Va. circular datestamp with second part strike at center on flag-of-truce cover to Natural Bridge Va., manuscript "Examined & permitted LA Gratz, Major & aaag" Union examiner's marking, docketing at left indicates the cover was in transit from Nov. 15, 1864 until receipt on Feb. 1, 1865 and came from Dr. John W. Paxton, who was Captain of Company E of the Confederate "Knoxville Grays", Very Fine and fascinating piece of through-the-lines Civil War mail, this was exchanged at Union-controlled Knoxville, where Major Gratz, who was examiner and acting assistant adjutant general for the District of East Tennessee Provost Marshal, was located, it is not clear if Paxton (who was a prominent pro-secession Knoxville physician at the start of the war) was a prisoner or managed to send this cover as a civilian flag-of-truce letter, the cover entered the Confederate mails at Wytheville, which lies approximately 185 miles from Knoxville on a direct route to Natural Bridge -- 100 miles further to the north-east on modern day I-81

E. 750-1,000
850
Back to Top
2598
c
Sale Number 1043, Lot Number 2598, Flag-of-Truce Mail10c Milky Blue, Die A (11a), 10c Milky Blue, Die A (11a)10c Milky Blue, Die A (11a). Tied by "Hillsboro N.C. Sep. 15" circular datestamp on cover addressed to Hillsboro N.C., stamp affixed over pair 5c Blue Lithograph which has been mostly peeled off, manuscript "Exd & forwarded By Order Col. J. Pickett" (U.S. censor?), note on back "Sept. 12th. I have just received your letter of the 5th. & was glad to hear from you again. L.", Very Fine and vexing cover, it may have been examined by Col. Pickett and sent to Hillsborough with the 5c pair, then forwarded by peeling off the old stamps and attaching a new stamp to pay forwarding postage, but there is no forwarding address

E. 400-500
425
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