Sale 1048 — 2013 Rarities of the World
Sale Date — Tuesday, 25 June, 2013
Category — 1851-56 Issue
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS MARVELOUS COVER IS THE UNIQUE USE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE I ON A VALENTINE. ONE OF THE GREATEST POSTAL HISTORY RARITIES OF THE 1851 ISSUE AND A SPECTACULAR CLASSIC AMERICAN COVER.
The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal contains at least 98 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There are probably no more than ten examples existing outside of the Wagshal census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps issued regularly prior to the 1868 Grills.
Illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 164 (November 1994). Ex Dr. Hubert C. Skinner (he acquired it from the Weill Brothers). With 2005 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail as on cover with no premium for the Valentine
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY SIX POSITIONS FROM PLATE ONE EARLY FURNISHED TYPE Ib STAMPS.
Type Ib was produced only as an imperforate stamp. Six positions on Plate 1 Early furnished stamps qualifying as Type Ib -- Positions 3-6R and 8-9R -- distinguished by the complete design at top and nearly complete design at bottom. When first entered on the plate, these six positions (as well as 7R1E) had the complete design at top and bottom. However, unlike 7R, small portions of the bottoms were burnished away. These top-row positions usually have an ample top margin, but frequently the margins are close or cutting into the sides or bottom.
With 1999 A.P.S. certificate as sound
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE UNUSED COMBINATION PAIR OF TYPES II AND IV, CONTAINING THE ONLY POSITION ON PLATE ONE LATE WHICH WAS NOT RECUT.
Ex Lilly. Plated and signed by Ashbrook. With 1967 P.F. certificate. Offered to the market for the first time since our 1996 Rarities sale.
VERY FINE. A RARE SOUND EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION. APPROXIMATELY 18 EXAMPLES OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 CHICAGO PERF ARE RECORDED.
The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in the Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize Mr. Wagshal's revelations, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department thru R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12-1/2 gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c (Plates 1 Late and 2) and 3c 1851 Issue, the former being considerably rarer.
According to the updated census of Chicago Perf items compiled by W. Wilson Hulme II (Chronicle 175, Aug. 1997), approximately 18 examples of the 1c Chicago Perf have been recorded, including five used on covers. About a dozen Type II No. 7 stamps are known.
With 1982, 1998 and 2009 P.F. certificates.
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE 1851 IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE III FROM POSITION 99R2. THIS POSITION PRODUCED THE BEST EXAMPLE OF TYPE III, WITH THE WIDEST BREAKS AT TOP AND BOTTOM.
Plate 2 was made in late 1855, and consists of 198 stamps that are Type II, one position that is Type III (99R2) and one that is Type IIIA (100R2).
Guide dots were used to accurately lay out the subjects on the plate. Positions 79 and 89 were transferred perfectly using their guide dots. However, the guide dot to the south-east of Position 88R2, which was used to align the single B Relief for Position 99R2, was placed far out of line, resulting in the bottom part of the A Relief being transferred into the bottom part of Position 89 (and in the margin below this position) by mistake. When the fresh entry was made in Position 99R a full transfer of the design was not possible without running into the error in Position 89R. The position was therefore short transferred at top, and apparently also at bottom, creating the finest example of Type III found on any plate (see pp. 183-184 of Neinken book).
With 1984 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM STRIP OF FOUR OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE IV, WITH PHENOMENAL COLOR, MARGINS AND GUM. THIS STRIP HAS BEEN GRADED GEM 100 JUMBO BY P.S.E.
This multiple clearly demonstrates the narrow spacing between stamps in both directions. This makes it extremely difficult to obtain examples with such wide margins.
With 2013 P.S.E. certificate (OGph, Gem 100 Jumbo; unpriced as a multiple in SMQ)
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE WITH THE "PAID" PRECANCEL.
Little is known about the "Paid" precancels on the 1c 1851 Issue. The Ashbrook book illustrates several varieties of actual and supposed precancels. Ashbrook surmises that "the markings... were printed from newspaper type. In all probability the overprinting was done in a newspaper printing plant, and the stamps were used on wrappers enclosing newspapers or more than probable, on the newspapers themselves." Ashbrook's theory was borne out by the discovery of a wrapper containing The American Eagle of Cleveland, dated Feb. 2, 1857 (sold in our 2004 Rarities sale).
With 1999 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE FIRST DAY COVER OF THE 1851 3-CENT ORANGE BROWN, USED FROM PHILADELPHIA.
In his census in the 1851 Sesquicentennial book, Wilson Hulme records a total of 43 covers used on July 1, 1851, which is the first day they were valid for postage. Five are known used from Philadelphia.
Ex Grunin, Lehman and Berkun. With 2007 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A SCARCE AND DESIRABLE BLOCK OF FIFTEEN OF THE 1851 3-CENT FROM PLATE 3 WITH THE FULL PLATE NUMBER AND NEARLY COMPLETE IMPRINT.
Scott Retail as two blocks of four, two strips of three and a single with no premium for the plate position
VERY FINE. THIS IS A PREVIOUSLY UNRECORDED PACKET MARKING. A GREAT RARITY.
There are several vessels named Emma in the Way's Packet Directory book, but none seem to match the information provided on the handstamp. This is also unlisted in the standard reference books.
VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE WITH UNOFFICIAL ROULETTES, CANCELLED BY THE SCARCE 1853 YEAR-DATED NEW YORK CITY CIRCULAR DATESTAMP.
Wilson Hulme discussed the 3c stamps with private roulettes in an article in The 1851 Issue of United States Stamps: a Sesquicentennial Retrospective (pp. 138-165). The three discovery copies he recorded for New York all gauge approximately 16-18 and were used in 1857. This example has a rougher gauge of roulette -- called "pin perforated" by the P.F., and was used four years before the examples Hulme lists. It is possible that the separation was achieved by tearing the stamp against a printer's perforating rule.
With 2006 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE USE OF A WIDE SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE I WITH THE NOISY CARRIER'S MAIL FORWARDING SERVICE MARKING.
Ex West, Baker, Grunin and Ishikawa.
VERY FINE. A COLORFUL AND RARE USE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV-III COMBINATION PAIR TO PAY THE 21-CENT AMERICAN PACKET RATE TO FRANCE.
Based on the New York May 30 American Packet datestamp and June 13 Calais receiving datestamp, this was evidently carried on the Havre Line's Arago, which departed New York on May 30, 1857, and arrived at Southampton on June 11 (reaching Calais on the following day). There are no Cunard sailings which fit the New York and Calais postmark dates (the Europa sailed from Boston on May 20, arriving in Liverpool on May 31).
Ex White. With 2007 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV WITH LARGE TO ENORMOUS MARGINS.
With 1979 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV STAMP AND COVER.
Ex Lehman and Sevenoaks.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A STUNNING JUMBO EXAMPLE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE.
With 1984 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE GEM PAIR OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE ON A REMARKABLY FRESH COVER.
Probably carried aboard the Cunarder Persia, which departed New York on July 8, 1857.
VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE BISECTED USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE, CANCELLED JUST THREE DAYS BEFORE BISECTED STAMPS WERE DEEMED INVALID FOR POSTAGE.
According to research by James Allen, the 1st Assistant PMG's first official notice to postmasters that bisected stamps were invalid was published on September 12, 1853.
With 1988 P.F. certificate. Pencil note by Bartels stating he found this as part of a correspondence in 1926.