Sale 1048 — 2013 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Tuesday, 25 June, 2013

Category — 1851-56 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
222
c
Sale 1048, Lot 222, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. I (5). Position 7R1E in vertical pair with Ty. IIIA (8A), Position 17R1E, used with three 3c Brownish Carmine, Ty. II (11A) which are artfully arranged at each corner and used with an additional 1c Blue, Ty. Ib (5A), Position 3R1E, affixed to top flap and cancelled by pen, Position 7R1E just touched at bottom left and clear on other sides, tied by neat strikes of "Deep River Ct. Feb. 12" circular datestamp on large bronze on blue ribbon and floral Valentine cover to Miss Eunice M. Chittenden in Westbrook Conn., original embossed Valentine enclosure with multicolored floral arrangement and small envelope at center with label seal reading "A letter softens the pain of absence", inside is a small card reading "Like a well arranged Bouquet, Where the fairest flowers combine, Odours rich and colours gay, Is my own sweet Valentine", 1c Type I has a small repair at bottom left corner, which is really just a touched up scuff spot, No. 5A with nick and tear at right, No. 8A with scrape and corner crease at bottom right

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS MARVELOUS COVER IS THE UNIQUE USE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE I ON A VALENTINE. ONE OF THE GREATEST POSTAL HISTORY RARITIES OF THE 1851 ISSUE AND A SPECTACULAR CLASSIC AMERICAN COVER.

The published census compiled by Jerome S. Wagshal contains at least 98 unduplicated records of Scott 5. There are probably no more than ten examples existing outside of the Wagshal census population. Therefore, the 1c 1851 Type I is the rarest of all United States stamps issued regularly prior to the 1868 Grills.

Illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 164 (November 1994). Ex Dr. Hubert C. Skinner (he acquired it from the Weill Brothers). With 2005 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail as on cover with no premium for the Valentine

95,000
50,000
223
 
Sale 1048, Lot 223, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. Ib (5A). Position 9R1E, large margins to just in showing part of sheet margin and full ornaments at top, rich Plate 1E color, perfectly struck blue "Philadelphia Pa. Dec. 29" (1851) circular datestamp, very faint and small internal crease

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY SIX POSITIONS FROM PLATE ONE EARLY FURNISHED TYPE Ib STAMPS.

Type Ib was produced only as an imperforate stamp. Six positions on Plate 1 Early furnished stamps qualifying as Type Ib -- Positions 3-6R and 8-9R -- distinguished by the complete design at top and nearly complete design at bottom. When first entered on the plate, these six positions (as well as 7R1E) had the complete design at top and bottom. However, unlike 7R, small portions of the bottoms were burnished away. These top-row positions usually have an ample top margin, but frequently the margins are close or cutting into the sides or bottom.

With 1999 A.P.S. certificate as sound

10,000
2,400
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224°
og
Sale 1048, Lot 224, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II-IV (7-9). Positions 4-5R1L, huge top sheet margin pair, with combination of Types II and IV, the lefthand stamp is the only Type II from Plate 1 Late (all other positions were recut, becoming Type IV), unused (no gum), full to gigantic margins including 15mm selvage at top and portions of adjoining stamps at bottom, tiny scissors-cut entirely in bottom margin

EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE UNUSED COMBINATION PAIR OF TYPES II AND IV, CONTAINING THE ONLY POSITION ON PLATE ONE LATE WHICH WAS NOT RECUT.

Ex Lilly. Plated and signed by Ashbrook. With 1967 P.F. certificate. Offered to the market for the first time since our 1996 Rarities sale.

E. 3,000-4,000
2,400
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225
 
Sale 1048, Lot 225, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (7 var). Position 48R2, rich color on bright paper, unobtrusive Chicago datestamp leaves entire design clearly visible, choice centering for this difficult issue

VERY FINE. A RARE SOUND EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION. APPROXIMATELY 18 EXAMPLES OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 CHICAGO PERF ARE RECORDED.

The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in the Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize Mr. Wagshal's revelations, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department thru R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12-1/2 gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c (Plates 1 Late and 2) and 3c 1851 Issue, the former being considerably rarer.

According to the updated census of Chicago Perf items compiled by W. Wilson Hulme II (Chronicle 175, Aug. 1997), approximately 18 examples of the 1c Chicago Perf have been recorded, including five used on covers. About a dozen Type II No. 7 stamps are known.

With 1982, 1998 and 2009 P.F. certificates.

7,500
7,500
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226
 
Sale 1048, Lot 226, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. III, Position 99R2 (8). Large to huge margins all around incl. part of adjoining stamp at right, intense shade and impression, light cancel leaves entire design and the type characteristics clearly visible, faint vertical crease at right not mentioned on accompanying certificate

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE RARE 1851 IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE III FROM POSITION 99R2. THIS POSITION PRODUCED THE BEST EXAMPLE OF TYPE III, WITH THE WIDEST BREAKS AT TOP AND BOTTOM.

Plate 2 was made in late 1855, and consists of 198 stamps that are Type II, one position that is Type III (99R2) and one that is Type IIIA (100R2).

Guide dots were used to accurately lay out the subjects on the plate. Positions 79 and 89 were transferred perfectly using their guide dots. However, the guide dot to the south-east of Position 88R2, which was used to align the single B Relief for Position 99R2, was placed far out of line, resulting in the bottom part of the A Relief being transferred into the bottom part of Position 89 (and in the margin below this position) by mistake. When the fresh entry was made in Position 99R a full transfer of the design was not possible without running into the error in Position 89R. The position was therefore short transferred at top, and apparently also at bottom, creating the finest example of Type III found on any plate (see pp. 183-184 of Neinken book).

With 1984 P.F. certificate.

12,500
3,750
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227°
og
Sale 1048, Lot 227, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Positions 4-7L1L, horizontal strip of four, huge margins all around incl. part of all six adjoining stamps and also wide top sheet margin, original gum, lightly hinged, mostly in sheet margin, middle two stamps barest trace of hinging if at all, rich color

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM STRIP OF FOUR OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE IV, WITH PHENOMENAL COLOR, MARGINS AND GUM. THIS STRIP HAS BEEN GRADED GEM 100 JUMBO BY P.S.E.

This multiple clearly demonstrates the narrow spacing between stamps in both directions. This makes it extremely difficult to obtain examples with such wide margins.

With 2013 P.S.E. certificate (OGph, Gem 100 Jumbo; unpriced as a multiple in SMQ)

3,350
0
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228
 
Sale 1048, Lot 228, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV, Printed "PAID" Precancel (9 var). Large margins to barely touched at top, intense shade and impression, small toned spot at left center

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE WITH THE "PAID" PRECANCEL.

Little is known about the "Paid" precancels on the 1c 1851 Issue. The Ashbrook book illustrates several varieties of actual and supposed precancels. Ashbrook surmises that "the markings... were printed from newspaper type. In all probability the overprinting was done in a newspaper printing plant, and the stamps were used on wrappers enclosing newspapers or more than probable, on the newspapers themselves." Ashbrook's theory was borne out by the discovery of a wrapper containing The American Eagle of Cleveland, dated Feb. 2, 1857 (sold in our 2004 Rarities sale).

With 1999 P.F. certificate

2,600
1,000
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229°
c
Sale 1048, Lot 229, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV (9). Vertical strip of three and single, top stamp in strip is Position 7R1L -- the recut state of Type I from Plate 1E -- large margins to barely in at top left, single stamp in at top, tied by light "San Francisco Cal. Jun. 1" circular datestamps on 6c Green on Buff Nesbitt entire (U14) to Philadelphia, with rare green "From Noisy Carriers Mail. 77 Long Wharf S.F. CAL." framed handstamp struck on front and back, small part of flap missing, stamps with some excess gum at edges which has been skillfully cleaned, Fine, a very attractive and possibly unique use, ex Knapp and Grunin

E. 2,000-2,500
2,100
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230°
c
Sale 1048, Lot 230, 1851-56 Issue3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Position 81R1E, large margins to clear incl. part of adjoining stamp at right, rich color, cancelled by blue grid, matching "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 1" (1851) first day of issue circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Bethlehem Pa., yeardate confirmed by contents which is an accounting of goods, also by manuscript "July 1/51" at center, some slight splitting along folds

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE FIRST DAY COVER OF THE 1851 3-CENT ORANGE BROWN, USED FROM PHILADELPHIA.

In his census in the 1851 Sesquicentennial book, Wilson Hulme records a total of 43 covers used on July 1, 1851, which is the first day they were valid for postage. Five are known used from Philadelphia.

Ex Grunin, Lehman and Berkun. With 2007 P.F. certificate.

E. 7,500-10,000
6,000
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231
ogbl
Sale 1048, Lot 231, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A). Positions 41-45/51-55/61-65L3, block of fifteen, large part original gum, huge margins to clear including most of imprint and plate no. 3 sheet margin at left, brilliant color, center row light horizontal crease, few small scissors-cuts mostly in margins, few light bends

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A SCARCE AND DESIRABLE BLOCK OF FIFTEEN OF THE 1851 3-CENT FROM PLATE 3 WITH THE FULL PLATE NUMBER AND NEARLY COMPLETE IMPRINT.

Scott Retail as two blocks of four, two strips of three and a single with no premium for the plate position

6,675
0
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232
c
Sale 1048, Lot 232, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11). Large margins to just touched, rich color on bright paper, tied by bold strike of "STEAM" handstamp, mostly clear strike of "St. Louis and Missouri River Passenger Packet, Emma, J. A. York, Master, J. P. Fitzgerald, Capt." handstamp with ornate frame on buff cover to Springboro O., slightly reduced at left, some slight wear

VERY FINE. THIS IS A PREVIOUSLY UNRECORDED PACKET MARKING. A GREAT RARITY.

There are several vessels named Emma in the Way's Packet Directory book, but none seem to match the information provided on the handstamp. This is also unlisted in the standard reference books.

E. 1,000-1,500
3,750
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233
c
Sale 1048, Lot 233, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Unofficial Roulette (11A var). Position 89L3, with clear roulettes on all four sides, tied by bold strike of "New-York Jul. 23, 1853" year-dated circular datestamp on blue folded letter to New Orleans La., faint file folds well away from stamp

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT 1851 ISSUE WITH UNOFFICIAL ROULETTES, CANCELLED BY THE SCARCE 1853 YEAR-DATED NEW YORK CITY CIRCULAR DATESTAMP.

Wilson Hulme discussed the 3c stamps with private roulettes in an article in The 1851 Issue of United States Stamps: a Sesquicentennial Retrospective (pp. 138-165). The three discovery copies he recorded for New York all gauge approximately 16-18 and were used in 1857. This example has a rougher gauge of roulette -- called "pin perforated" by the P.F., and was used four years before the examples Hulme lists. It is possible that the separation was achieved by tearing the stamp against a printer's perforating rule.

With 2006 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
950
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234°
c
Sale 1048, Lot 234, 1851-56 Issue10c Green, Ty. I (13). Huge margins to clear at right incl. wide bottom sheet margin, bright shade, tied by light strike of "San Francisco Cal. Jan. 20" circular datestamp on cover to Boston, clear strike of "Noisy Carrier's Mail, San Francisco" oval handstamp, minor edgewear

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE USE OF A WIDE SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE I WITH THE NOISY CARRIER'S MAIL FORWARDING SERVICE MARKING.

Ex West, Baker, Grunin and Ishikawa.

E. 4,000-5,000
4,250
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235
c
Sale 1048, Lot 235, 1851-56 Issue10c Green, Ty. IV-III (16-15). Positions 65-66L1, left stamp recut at top, large margins to slightly in, scissors-cut at top between stamps, deep rich color, used with 1c Blue, Ty. IV (9), margins a bit close to slightly in, tied by criss-crossing strikes of blue grid, matching "Nashua N.H. May 16, 1857" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Paris, France, pair also tied by faint red "New-York Am. Pkt. May 30" circular datestamp, "Boston Br. Pkt. 20 May" backstamp, Calais transit (Jun. 12) and Paris receiving backstamp, the cover has been very lightly cleaned

VERY FINE. A COLORFUL AND RARE USE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV-III COMBINATION PAIR TO PAY THE 21-CENT AMERICAN PACKET RATE TO FRANCE.

Based on the New York May 30 American Packet datestamp and June 13 Calais receiving datestamp, this was evidently carried on the Havre Line's Arago, which departed New York on May 30, 1857, and arrived at Southampton on June 11 (reaching Calais on the following day). There are no Cunard sailings which fit the New York and Calais postmark dates (the Europa sailed from Boston on May 20, arriving in Liverpool on May 31).

Ex White. With 2007 P.F. certificate.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,200
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236
 
Sale 1048, Lot 236, 1851-56 Issue10c Green, Ty. IV (16). Position 74L1, recut at top, huge margins incl. significant portion of adjoining stamp at left, pretty shade, unobtrusive strike of circular datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV WITH LARGE TO ENORMOUS MARGINS.

With 1979 P.F. certificate.

1,650
4,750
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237°
c
Sale 1048, Lot 237, 1851-56 Issue10c Green, Ty. IV (16). Position 65L1, recut at top, huge margins all around, tied by "San Francisco Cal. 5 May" circular datestamp on light gray cover to New London Conn, slightly reduced at right, few faint toning specks

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL 1855 10-CENT TYPE IV STAMP AND COVER.

Ex Lehman and Sevenoaks.

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
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238
 
Sale 1048, Lot 238, 1851-56 Issue12c Black (17). Position 51R1, huge margins all around incl. left sheet margin and significant part of adjoining stamp at right, bright shade, crisp impression, neat strike of grid cancel

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A STUNNING JUMBO EXAMPLE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE.

With 1984 P.F. certificate

260
0
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239°
c
Sale 1048, Lot 239, 1851-56 Issue12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, enormous margins all around including significant portions of adjoining stamps at bottom, crisp impression on bright paper, tied by blue "Cincinnati O. Jun. 29" circular datestamps on 1857 cover to London, England, red "3" credit handstamp, small piece out of backflap from opening at wax seal

EXTREMELY FINE GEM PAIR OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE ON A REMARKABLY FRESH COVER.

Probably carried aboard the Cunarder Persia, which departed New York on July 8, 1857.

Ex Grunin.

E. 4,000-5,000
3,750
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240°
c
Sale 1048, Lot 240, 1851-56 Issue12c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 6c (17a). Bottom left diagonal half, large margins, tied by "New-York Sep. 9" (1853) circular datestamp on blue cover to Providence R.I., clear strike of red "VIA NICARAGUA/AHEAD OF THE MAILS" octagonal handstamp, some slight cover wear and tiny insignificant tear at top right

VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE BISECTED USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE, CANCELLED JUST THREE DAYS BEFORE BISECTED STAMPS WERE DEEMED INVALID FOR POSTAGE.

According to research by James Allen, the 1st Assistant PMG's first official notice to postmasters that bisected stamps were invalid was published on September 12, 1853.

With 1988 P.F. certificate. Pencil note by Bartels stating he found this as part of a correspondence in 1926.

5,750
2,600
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