Sale 1022 — The D.K. Collection of Southern Postmasters' Provisionals

Sale Date — Wednesday, 28 March, 2012

Category — Nashville, Tennessee

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1065
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1065, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Brick Red (61X3). Vertical pair, "shuffled" stereotype positions -- Position 2 (white flaw below M of "P.M.") above Position 1 (break in lower right frameline and white flaw in I of "McNish") rather than to the right of Position 1 as in the ex-Caspary block -- large to huge margins showing parts of adjoining stamp at right, rich color on deeply blued paper, tied by blue "Nashville Jul. 21, 1861" circular datestamp on orange cover to Newbern N.C., 10c over-500 miles rate, mended tear in backflap, some arithmetic notations skillfully removed to enhance appearance (not noted on certificate)

EXTREMELY FINE. A MAGNIFICENT AND INCOMPARABLE PAIR OF THE NASHVILLE 5-CENT BRICK RED PROVISIONAL ON COVER.

Probably no more than twelve pairs of the 5c Nashville provisional are known on covers, including all shade varieties and in all grades of condition. This pair is the finest on-cover multiple of the Brick Red (two or three known) and ranks among the top three pairs for any of the Scott-listed colors. It also shows the "2 above 1" stereotype arrangement, which is of great interest to specialists attempting to determine the layout of the plates used to print the Nashville provisionals.

Ex Moody, Caspary, Dr. Graves and Hill. With 1998 P.F. certificate

7,500
9,500
1066
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1066, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Brick Red (61X3). Two, full to large margins except righthand stamp just touched along upper right frameline, bright shade, tied by blue "Nashville Ten. Aug. 21, 1861" circular datestamp on Hanging Lincoln Cartoon cover to "Messr. B. S. W. Gafford & Co., Undertakers, Camden, Madison Cty., Miss.", reduced at right, faint stain spots, minor edge wear

VERY FINE. ONLY TWELVE EXAMPLES OF THE CELEBRATED HANGING LINCOLN ENVELOPE ARE RECORDED. THIS IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE WITH A SOUTHERN POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAMP. ONE OF THE MOST CELEBRATED AND OUTSTANDING OF ALL CIVIL WAR ERA COVERS.

The Hanging Lincoln design is widely recognized as the most distinctive of all Civil War patriotics. In this extraordinary cartoon, President Lincoln is hanging upside down from a tree limb, with his symbolic axe and fence rail tied around his neck. The caption reads "Abe Lincoln the destroyer. He once split Rails. Now he has split the Union." To the left and right is the caption "The penalty of disregarding the constitution. Impeached, deposed, Tried and convicted" (there is a spelling correction from "diposed" to "deposed"). Standing beside Lincoln is a mustachioed Winfield Scott, labeled "Old Fuss n Feathers", dropping his sword and exclaiming "My glory is gone for ever." On the ground is the Union flag, captioned "The stars and stripes lie in the dust, Never to rise." A star at left has the caption "The southern star is rising" and the Confederate 11-star flag towers above with the caption "The stars and bars shall for ever wave triumphant." Along the bottom is the imprint "Copyright claimed. HM & WC Box 417 Nashville Tenn." Despite continuing investigation, we have been unable to uncover the identify of the publishers "HM & WC."

There are currently twelve recorded examples of the Hanging Lincoln cartoon envelope, all used within the Confederacy. This is the only one with a Postmaster's Provisional paying postage.

Illustrated in Crown and Wishnietzky books. Ex Caspary, Kimmel, Myers and Rudy. With 2004 P.F. certificate

E. 50,000-75,000
60,000
Back to Top
1067
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1067, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Carmine (61X2). Vertical pair -- top stamp Position 1 (break in lower right frameline and white flaw in I of "McNish") above Position 4 (ornament at lower left extends into inner frameline) -- large to huge margins except just touched at bottom left frameline, gorgeous rich color in true Carmine shade, tied by blue "Nashville Ten. Aug. 5, 1861" circular datestamp on light yellow cover to Tally Ho in Granville County N.C., pair has slight bend where placed over fold of cover

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB PAIR OF THE NASHVILLE 5-CENT CARMINE PROVISIONAL ON COVER.

Probably no more than twelve pairs of the 5c Nashville provisional are known on covers, including all shade varieties and in all grades of condition. This pair is one of the finest on-cover multiples of the Carmine (two or three known) and ranks among the top three pairs for any of the Scott-listed colors.

Ex Brooks, Emerson and Dr. Simon

6,000
0
Back to Top
1068
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1068, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Carmine, Tete-Beche Pair (61X2a). Vertical foot to foot pair -- one stamp is Position 4 (ornament at lower left extends into inner frameline) and other must be Position 6 in adjacent stereotype group, but it does not show plating characteristics noted by Powell based on ex-Caspary block -- large margins except touched at one place along side, beautiful rich color, small tear at one end, tied by blue "Nashville Ten. Sep. 15, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Thomas B. Lynch in Charleston S.C., notations at left, backflap repaired, wax seal stain lightened

VERY FINE. THE FINER OF TWO RECORDED NASHVILLE TETE-BECHE PAIRS EXTANT ON COVER.

Peter W. W. Powell's study of the 5c Nashville ("Plating the Nashville Provisional," Confederate Philatelist, January-March 2008) reached the conclusion that the stereotypes were made in groups of six units, three wide by two tall. Working with photographs of the ex-Caspary tete-beche blocks of twelve (lots 313 and 314) and the strip of five on cover (Siegel Sale 874, lot 116), Powell determined that the printing plates had to have been built up from 3-by-2 stereotype groups. Based on plate flaws unique to specific positions, Powell also concluded that the plate size was no less than 18 subjects, made from at least three six-unit stereotype groups, and that more than one plate was made. The pair offered in lot 1065 is proof that the stereotype "positions" determined by the ex-Caspary blocks were shuffled during the creation of additional stereotype groups, because this pair shows "Position 2" above "Position 1," not to the right of it, as in the ex-Caspary block (lot 313). The tete-beche arrangement in printed sheets occurred when one impression was made, then the sheet was turned 180 degrees, and a second impression was made.

The Ferrary collection contained two 5c tete-beche pairs on separate covers to Thomas B. Lynch. One of these covers later appeared in the D. Scott Gallagher collection (after a large stain was cleaned from the cover). The other pair was removed from its cover and cosmetically improved. This pair on cover, also from the Lynch correspondence, was acquired privately by Dr. Graves from an old-time collection and does not appear in any records we have reviewed.

Ex Dr. Graves

30,000
19,500
Back to Top
1069
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1069, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Violet Brown (61X5). Large margins including part of adjoining stamp at left, in at right and bottom, tied by blue "Nashville Ten. Sep. 22, 1861" circular datestamp on Morgan & Co.'s foreign and domestic dry goods illustrated building corner card cover to Shelbyville Tenn., a large and detailed depiction of 49 Public Square with horses and wagons on street, stamp has tiny sealed pre-use tear at lower right, cover has small stain at bottom

FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT VIOLET BROWN NASHVILLE PROVISIONAL USED ON AN ATTRACTIVE ILLUSTRATED BUILDING ADVERTISING COVER.

Our records of Nashville provisionals contain only four advertising covers bearing singles, and two with pairs.

Ex Boshwit

E. 2,000-3,000
5,500
Back to Top
1070
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1070, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Violet Brown (61X5). Two, each has ample margins to just touching frameline, deep rich brownish color on blued paper, tied by blue "Nashville Ten. Sep. 21, 1861" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" straightline on gray overall State of Tennessee Executive Department cover to the postmaster of Greenville Tenn.

EXTREMELY FINE. A SPECTACULAR STATE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT COVER BEARING TWO OF THE RARE NASHVILLE 5-CENT VIOLET BROWN PROVISIONAL STAMPS.

Ex Caspary and Hill. With 1998 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
12,500
Back to Top
1071
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1071, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 5c Violet Brown (61X5). Horizontal pair -- Positions 1 and 2 with additional plating marks -- large margins all around including left sheet margin, distinctive reddish shade on deeply blued paper, tied by blue "Nashville Ten. Sep. 21, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, neat arithmetic notes at left, usual pinholes

EXTREMELY FINE GEM PAIR AND COVER. ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE SIX RECORDED NASHVILLE 5-CENT VIOLET BROWN PAIRS ON COVER.

Probably no more than twelve pairs of the 5c Nashville provisional are known on covers, including all shade varieties and in all grades of condition. This pair is one of the finest on-cover multiples of the Violet Brown (six known) and ranks among the top three pairs for any of the Scott-listed colors.

Ex Lichtenstein, Brown, Klep, Dr. Graves and Hill. With 1998 P.F. certificate

6,000
6,250
Back to Top
1072
c
Sale 1022, Lot 1072, Nashville, TennesseeNashville Tenn., 10c Green (61X6). Two huge margins, framelines touched at top and right, deep shade, scissors-cut at top left, tied by blue "Adams Express Co. Nashville Aug. 1" oval datestamp on United States 3c Red on White Star Die entire (U26) to Rev. A. J. Leavenworth in Petersburg Va., "Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Jul. 30, 1861" circular datestamp cancels 3c embossed stamp, small red manuscript "2" express charge (two bits, or 25c), blue "10" handstamp applied at Petersburg to indicate postage due (presumably the letter was over the half-ounce weight limit), receipt docketing "Prof. Agnew & Sundry others", small part of backflap removed, light soiling and edgewear (slight improvement at top right corner)

VERY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY COVERS WITH THE NASHVILLE 10-CENT PROVISIONAL, OF WHICH ONLY TWO ARE MIXED FRANKINGS WITH UNITED STATES POSTAGE. AN OUTSTANDING COVER THAT COMBINES THE RAREST ELEMENTS OF PHILATELY AND POSTAL HISTORY.

Adams Express Company was required to ensure the prepayment of government postage (Federal and Confederate), although the letter was carried outside the regular mails. Very few covers are recorded with Confederate provisional stamps or markings used in conjunction with across-the-lines express service. This group includes the provisionals of Atlanta (handstamp), Houston (handstamp), Lynchburg (press-printed entire), Memphis (adhesive), Mobile (adhesive), Montgomery (handstamp), Nashville (adhesive and handstamp) and New Orleans (adhesive).

Only three across-the-lines express covers are recorded with the Nashville 10c adhesive provisional (Special Routes Census Nos. S-AD-44, 45 and 46), all dated at Nashville on August 1. Only two of the 10c covers are mixed frankings (the third is used alone). These two Nashville 10c mixed-franking covers carried by Adams, both North-to-South usages, are the only 10c adhesive Confederate provisionals known in combination with United States postage. As such, they are quite significant artifacts from this remarkable period of postal history.

Our records contain six genuine covers with the Nashville 10c Green provisional: 1) Tied by Aug. 1 (1861) Adams Express oval, to Hardy & Bros., Norfolk Va.; 2) Tied by Sep. 15, 1861, Nashville datestamp, to Shelbyville Tenn., ex Caspary; 3) 5c & 10c used together, tied by Aug. 21, 1861, Nashville datestamp, to D. Cleage, Athens Tenn., ex Caspary, Lightner, Graves and Boshwit; 4) Tied by Aug. 1 (1861) Adams Express oval, used on 3c Star Die entire to Rev. Leavenworth, Petersburg Va., ex Kilbourne and Walske, the cover offered here; 5) Tied by Aug. 1 (1861) Adams Express oval, used on 3c Star Die with additional 3c 1857, to Albert F. Ryan, Norfolk Va., ex Gallagher; and 6) Tied by "10" rate handstamp, Sep. 18, 1861, Nashville datestamp, on building corner card cover to Thos. H. Caldwell, Shelbyville Tenn., ex Needham, Kimmel, Haas and Rudy.

The addressee, Reverend Abner Johnson Leavenworth, was at this time the principal and proprietor of the Leavenworth Academy and Collegiate Seminary for Young Ladies.

Special Routes Census No. S-AD-46 (illustrated on p. 55). Illustrated in Shenfield book (p. 23). Ex Antrim (acquired by the Kilbournes in 1958), Kilbourne, Kramer and Walske. With 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 75,000-100,000
67,500
Back to Top