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Sale 1021 — The Frelinghuysen Collection, Part Two

Sale Date — Thursday, 29 March, 2012

Category — 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
164
og
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 164, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brick Red (27), 5c Brick Red (27)5c Brick Red (27). Original gum, small h.r., brilliant color in the true Brick Red shade, choice centering for this difficult issue

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. AN EXTREMELY RARE SOUND ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT BRICK RED SHADE -- IN OUR OPINION, THE BRICK RED IS ONE OF THE RAREST STAMPS OF THE CLASSIC PERIOD IN SOUND CONDITION WITH ORIGINAL GUM.

Many collectors know this issue by type and shade, but fewer are aware of the order of production (or release). This state of confusion is partly due to the Scott Catalogue. The distinctive Brick Red shade of the 5c 1857 Issue comes first in the series of Scott-listed perforated 5c issues, but its true release date comes later in the sequence.

Based on dated covers, the 5c Type I shades were released in the following order: 1) Red Brown, Scott 28, EDU 8/23/1857; 2) Indian Red, Scott 28A, EDU 3/31/1858; 3) Brick Red, Scott 27, EDU 10/6/1858; 4) Brown, Scott 29, EDU 3/21/1859, almost certainly the last printing from the first 5c plate. The second 5c plate was made from a new six-relief transfer roll with the design projections cut away at top and bottom, to varying degrees. The Type II Brown was issued first (Scott 30A, EDU 5/4/1860), and the Orange Brown printing from the same plate followed about one year later (Scott 30, EDU 5/8/1861).

After surveying dozens of classic United States sale catalogues, we found approximately twenty stamps with original gum, allowing for duplicate offerings and excluding the one known original-gum block. Of the stamps we counted, about half had perfs touching two sides or were deeply cut into on one side. Almost two-thirds had stains or small faults.

With 2011 P.F. certificate.

80,000
50,000
165
og
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 165, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brick Red (27), 5c Brick Red (27)5c Brick Red (27). Large part original gum, small h.r., radiant color in the true Brick Red color, few slightly toned perforations at right, small natural fiber inclusion at bottom left

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT BRICK RED SHADE.

Many collectors know this issue by type and shade, but fewer are aware of the order of production (or release). This state of confusion is partly due to the Scott Catalogue. The distinctive Brick Red shade of the 5c 1857 Issue comes first in the series of Scott-listed perforated 5c issues, but its true release date comes later in the sequence.

Based on dated covers, the 5c Type I shades were released in the following order: 1) Red Brown, Scott 28, EDU 8/23/1857; 2) Indian Red, Scott 28A, EDU 3/31/1858; 3) Brick Red, Scott 27, EDU 10/6/1858; 4) Brown, Scott 29, EDU 3/21/1859, almost certainly the last printing from the first 5c plate. The second 5c plate was made from a new six-relief transfer roll with the design projections cut away at top and bottom, to varying degrees. The Type II Brown was issued first (Scott 30A, EDU 5/4/1860), and the Orange Brown printing from the same plate followed about one year later (Scott 30, EDU 5/8/1861).

After surveying dozens of classic United States sale catalogues, we found approximately twenty stamps with original gum, allowing for duplicate offerings and excluding the one known original-gum block. Of the stamps we counted, about half had perfs touching two sides or were deeply cut into on one side. Almost two-thirds had stains or small faults.

With 2011 P.F. certificate.

80,000
21,000
Back to Top
166
ng
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 166, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Red Brown (28), 5c Red Brown (28)5c Red Brown (28). Unused (no gum), deep rich color and proof-like impression on bright paper, unusually choice centering for this difficult issue with perforations clear of outer projections on all four sides, small corner thin at bottom left mentioned on accompanying certificate is negligible and barely noticeable even under magnification

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 5-CENT RED BROWN.

The perforated 5c "1856" Red Brown (Scott 28) stamps were made from the stock of imperforate stamps on hand in 1857 when perforations were introduced. Since these were the first 5c stamps to be put through the perforating machine, they were the first to be used. As such, very few are known with original gum -- we have offered only two singles and a block since 1998. This is only the seventh unused (no gum) example we have offered since keeping computerized records. Most have flaws or are off-center. The example offered here, with superior centering and a negligible flaw, should be considered highly desirable.

With 2011 P.F. certificate.

15,000
13,000
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167
 
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 167, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Red Brown (28), 5c Red Brown (28)5c Red Brown (28). Very deep "glowing" reminiscent of the Indian Red shade or at the very least the Bright Red Brown shade, accompanying certificate notes faintly cancelled at left, Very Good, with 2012 P.F. certificate

1,200
1,800
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168
og
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 168, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown (29), 5c Brown (29)5c Brown (29). Slightly disturbed original gum, rich color, insignificant tiny perf tear at bottom, Very Fine appearance

5,500
1,700
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169
og
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 169, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown (29), 5c Brown (29)5c Brown (29). Slightly disturbed original gum, small h.r., short perf at left, otherwise Very Fine, scarce

5,500
900
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170
ng
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 170, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown (29), 5c Brown (29)5c Brown (29). A Relief from the top row of the plate, unused (no gum), rich color, single shortish perf at top right, otherwise Fine

1,750
375
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171
ng
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 171, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30), 5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30)5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30). Unused (no gum), unusual color, choice centering with balanced margins, Very Fine and choice

500
600
Back to Top
172
ogbl
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 172, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30), 5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30)5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30). Block of four, original gum, h.r., intense shade and impression, few perf separations sensibly reinforced

FINE. A SCARCE ORIGINAL-GUM BLOCK OF FOUR OF THE 1861 5-CENT ORANGE BROWN.

Although a relatively large number of 5c Orange Browns reached collectors from unused supplies left over after the issue was demonetized due to the Civil War, multiples are scarce, and most have been broken to feed the market's desire for singles.

7,000
2,300
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173
c
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 173, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Orange Brown (30), 5c Orange Brown (30)5c Orange Brown (30). Used with 10c Green, Ty. V (35) and 30c Orange (38), cancelled or tied by red grids, matching "New York Paid 18 Jul. 13" circular datestamp on blue 1861 folded cover to Lyon, France, sender's ship-name directive "Depart par steamer Hammonia" at top and carried aboard that HAPAG vessel, transit and receiving backstamps, file crease thru 5c and 10c stamps, otherwise Very Fine, colorful triple-rate franking, covers from this correspondence are more commonly found with the 5c Ty. II Brown (Scott 30A), this is a far more desirable example franked with the Orange Brown, which is much scarcer on cover

E. 1,000-1,500
1,400
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174
ogbl
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 174, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A), 5c Brown, Ty. II (30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A). Block of 20 with wide inter-pane margin and centerline at left, original gum, seven stamps Mint N.H. including a block of four (positions 3, 7-9, 13-14 and 18), others h.r., bright color, centered to bottom, light horizontal crease at center partly along perfs affects three or four stamps, few toned spots mostly on back

FINE APPEARANCE. THIS RECENTLY-REVEALED BLOCK OF THE 1860 5-CENT BROWN TYPE II NOW BECOMES THE LARGEST RECORDED MULTIPLE OF THIS ISSUE. THE PRESENCE OF SEVEN MINT NEVER-HINGED STAMPS MORE THAN TRIPLES THE NUMBER WE HAVE OFFERED AT AUCTION SINCE KEEPING COMPUTERIZED RECORDS. ONE OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FRELINGHUYSEN COLLECTION AND A SPECTACULAR UNITED STATES MULTIPLE.

The 5c Brown Type II is far rarer in multiples than the Orange Brown. Unlike the 1861 Orange Brown, the earlier printing in Brown was not left in Southern post offices when the issue was demonetized in August 1861. The previous largest recorded multiple is a block of nine with plate no. and imprint at left., followed by one horizontal block of six (creased thru bottom three stamps) and approximately a half-dozen blocks of four. The block offered here has been buried in the Frelinghuysen collection, unknown to philatelists for close to a century.

A review using Power Search shows that we have offered only two Mint N.H. examples of this issue in all of our Rarities sales or in our regular auctions since 1993.

Scott Retail as four blocks of four and two pairs, with no premium for the seven Mint N.H. stamps

109,500
100,000
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175
ogbl
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 175, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A), 5c Brown, Ty. II (30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A). Block of four, original gum, h.r., minor adherences on back, bright color, unusual plate wash between bottom stamps due to overinking, top left stamp tiny pinpoint thin speck

FINE-VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE ORIGINAL-GUM BLOCK OF FOUR OF THE 1860 5-CENT TYYPE II IN THE BROWN SHADE. VERY FEW BLOCKS ARE KNOWN, AND THIS ONE IS IN VERY DESIRABLE CONDITION.

The Brown Type II is far rarer in multiples than the Orange Brown, because unlike the 1861 Orange Brown, the earlier printing in Brown was not left in Southern post offices when the issue was demonetized in August 1861. The largest recorded multiple is the block of 20 offered in this sale, followed by a block of nine with plate no. and imprint at left, one horizontal block of six (creased thru bottom three stamps) and approximately a half-dozen blocks of four. Photos of most of the known blocks can be located on our website using Power Search, which will provide visual confirmation of the generally poor centering and condition of most surviving multiples.

25,000
3,750
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176
og
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 176, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A), 5c Brown, Ty. II (30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A). Original gum, small h.r., intense shade and impression, tiny perf tear at top right, Fine appearance

2,200
250
Back to Top
177
og
Sale Number 1021, Lot Number 177, 5c 1857-60 Issue (Scott 27-30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A), 5c Brown, Ty. II (30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A). Large part slightly disturbed original gum, bright color, rich color, Fine

2,200
250
Back to Top
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