VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A DESIRABLE 1862 CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER WITH ORIGINAL LETTER TO SOUTH CAROLINA VIA OLD POINT COMORT AND NORFOLK.
This cover was exchanged on the C.S.A. side through Norfolk, before it was captured by Federal forces in May, 1862. It was sent late in the period when civilian flag-of-truce mail was tolerated. The enclosed letter is datelined Jan. 19 and reads in part; "Your letter two dated Aiken New Year's Day arrived yesterday with the warning in red ink 'letters hereafter must not exceed one page of notepaper or they will be rejected.' Comply carefully for we cannot do without hearing from you".
VERY FINE LITTLE CORRESPONDENCE COVER FROM THE PRISON HOSPITAL ESTABLISHED NEAR THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD AND SENT VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE TO RICHMOND.
Several covers from this correspondence are known with dual U.S. and C.S.A. frankings. The top left corner of the cover appears to have had a stamp affixed to it, but the "Due 10" straightline handstamp indicates that it was not there when it arrived at Richmond.
Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg. Parts of the Little correspondence are preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives.
In the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, approximately 22,000 soldiers of both armies required medical treatment, including thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind as Lee began his retreat. Treatment of the wounded at Gettysburg was the responsibility of the Army of the Potomac. Dr. Jonathan Letterman, Medical Director for George G. Meade's Army issued orders on July 5, 1863, to establish a general hospital in the Gettysburg area and provide transportation and supplies to the site for treatment of the wounded. In his honor, the temporary hospital was named after him. The site chosen for the vast hospital camp was on the George Wolf Farm, roughly one and one-half miles east of Gettysburg on the York Pike. The hospital was ready by mid-July and staffed with a small army of surgeons, nurses, cooks, quartermaster and supply clerks while a detachment of infantry was detailed as camp guards to look after stores and hospitalized Confederate prisoners. Treated with equal care by the Union surgeons and nurses, the Confederate soldiers were later transported to northern prison camps before parole. Less than 100 patients remained at Camp Letterman by November 10 and it was officially closed a few weeks later. (from the National Park Service Gettysburg website at http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/letterman.htm).
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE WESTBOUND 40-CENT TRANS-MISSISSIPPI POST OFFICE EXPRESS COVER WITH THE HANDSTAMPED "PAID". THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED WESTBOUND EXAMPLE WITH THIS MARKING.
The Krieger census lists this cover (E17) but at the time the census was published a full picture of it was not available. The census lists only two handstamped "Paid" Trans-Mississippi Express covers -- one Eastbound and this one Westbound.
Ex Kohn. With 1987 A.P.S. and 1990 C.S.A. certificates, neither of which mentions any flaws
FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE 40-CENT WEST-BOUND GOVERNMENT TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXRPRESS RATE PAID WITH THE 20-CENT GENERAL ISSUE AND DIRECTED "PER EXPRESS VIA BRANDON MISS."
This cover was sent by Private Robert R. Hanks of the the 9th Louisiana Infantry, to his wife. Hanks was captured as a POW at the Rappahannock River on Nov. 11, 1863 and was exchanged in March 1864, just before this cover was sent.
Krieger Census no. E20. From our 1983 and 1987 Rarities sales. With 1983 P.F. certificate