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Sale 1016 — Confederate States, U.S. Postal History, General Foreign

Sale Date — Tuesday-Thursday, 15-17 November, 2011

Category — Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi Covers

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
803
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 803, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversNorfolk Va., Jan. 23, 1862, Norfolk Va., Jan. 23, 1862Norfolk Va., Jan. 23, 1862. Blue circular datestamp with matching "Paid 5c" in circle handstamp on inner civilian flag-of-truce cover with original letter from Philadelphia to Aiken S.C., outer envelope paying U.S. postage discarded at Fortress Monroe, C.S.A. postage paid by pasting two 1838 U.S. half-dimes to cover (overpaying rate by 5c), coins removed at Norfolk exchange point and cover now with two replacement half-dimes (one moved to reveal the Norfolk datestamp), tissue paper letter with some splitting and a piece of old scotch tape

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A DESIRABLE 1862 CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER WITH ORIGINAL LETTER TO SOUTH CAROLINA VIA OLD POINT COMORT AND NORFOLK.

This cover was exchanged on the C.S.A. side through Norfolk, before it was captured by Federal forces in May, 1862. It was sent late in the period when civilian flag-of-truce mail was tolerated. The enclosed letter is datelined Jan. 19 and reads in part; "Your letter two dated Aiken New Year's Day arrived yesterday with the warning in red ink 'letters hereafter must not exceed one page of notepaper or they will be rejected.' Comply carefully for we cannot do without hearing from you".

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
804
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 804, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversNorfolk Va, Norfolk VaNorfolk Va. Blurry blue double-circle datestamp and matching "10" rate on orange 1862 civilian flag-of-truce cover to Clinton La., U.S. postage paid by 3c Deep Rose (65), corner slightly creased, tied by grid with matching "Perth Amboy N.J. Jan. 21" circular datestamp, ms. "Via Fortress Monroe" at bottom left, Fine, scarce use thru Norfolk exchange prior to capture by U.S. in May 1862, ex MacBride, Birkinbine and Walske

E. 300-400
475
Back to Top
805
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 805, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversFederal Provost Marshal, Knoxville Tenn, Federal Provost Marshal, Knoxville TennFederal Provost Marshal, Knoxville Tenn. Brown cover from Union-controlled Knoxville to Louisville Ky., censored with manuscript "Forwd. S.P. Carter Brig Genl. & PMG" and "L. A. Gratz aaag", 3c Rose (65) tied by target and "Knoxville Ten. Feb 1 '64" circular datestamp, research has failed to prove this was sent by a prisoner at the Federal Provost Marshal Prison in Knoxville, it may be a civilian flag-or-truce use, still Very Fine and in either case a desirable and rare cover, ex Walske

E. 400-500
550
Back to Top
806
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 806, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi Covers"Immortal 600", Fort Pulaski Ga, "Immortal 600", Fort Pulaski Ga"Immortal 600", Fort Pulaski Ga. Buff inner prisoner-of-war cover to Arlington Va., endorsed "From C.E. Richards, Lt. 5th Kentucky Cav." and "Per Flag of Truce", pencil ms. "Ex" censor mark, "Charleston S.C. Jan. 7" (1865) circular datestamp and large "10" C.S.A. due handstamp, missing top flap, fresh and Very Fine cover from one of the C.S.A. prisoners who was used as a human shield on Morris Island and then transferred to Fort Pulaski, in retaliation for the use of Federal officers as human shields in Charleston, the recipient, Brig. Genl. Basil Duke, was one of the original "50" Confederate prisoners who were first ordered imprisoned at Morris Island -- predecessors to the "Immortal 600", accompanied by an article on the "600" from The American Stamp Dealer and Collector by Patricia Kaufmann, which pictures and discusses this cover

E. 500-750
2,700
Back to Top
807
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 807, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi Covers"Immortal 600", Morris Island S.C, "Immortal 600", Morris Island S.C"Immortal 600", Morris Island S.C. Inner prisoner-of-war cover to Browns Cove Va., endorsed "B. G. Brown, Capt. & Prisoner of War, Morris Island S.C." and "Per Flag of Truce Via Charleston S.C.", "Charleston S.C. Oct. 1, (1864)" circular datestamp and bold "10" due handstamp, Very Fine, in August 1864, approximately 600 Confederate prisoners were moved to Morris Island near Charleston by Federal forces, arriving on September 7, they were held in open barracks as "human shields" under direct shelling from Confederate forces in retaliation for Union prisoners being held in Charleston under shelling from U.S. forces, this cover is particularly desirable with the "Prisoner of war, Morris Island" docketing

E. 1,000-1,500
1,600
Back to Top
808
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 808, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversGettysburg Pa., Letterman General Hospital, Gettysburg Pa., Letterman General HospitalGettysburg Pa., Letterman General Hospital. Buff prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills N.C., endorsed "Through Comdg. Officer at Fortress Monroe Va." at lower left, manuscript "Examined, R. Bell Capt. & Prov. Marshal" censor's mark ties 3c Rose (65), also tied by blue grid, matching "Gettysburg Pa. 1863 Aug. 27" double-circle datestamp, partially struck Richmond circular datestamp and "Due 10" straightline handstamp for C.S.A. postage, docketing on top flap

VERY FINE LITTLE CORRESPONDENCE COVER FROM THE PRISON HOSPITAL ESTABLISHED NEAR THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD AND SENT VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE TO RICHMOND.

Several covers from this correspondence are known with dual U.S. and C.S.A. frankings. The top left corner of the cover appears to have had a stamp affixed to it, but the "Due 10" straightline handstamp indicates that it was not there when it arrived at Richmond.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg. Parts of the Little correspondence are preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives.

In the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, approximately 22,000 soldiers of both armies required medical treatment, including thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind as Lee began his retreat. Treatment of the wounded at Gettysburg was the responsibility of the Army of the Potomac. Dr. Jonathan Letterman, Medical Director for George G. Meade's Army issued orders on July 5, 1863, to establish a general hospital in the Gettysburg area and provide transportation and supplies to the site for treatment of the wounded. In his honor, the temporary hospital was named after him. The site chosen for the vast hospital camp was on the George Wolf Farm, roughly one and one-half miles east of Gettysburg on the York Pike. The hospital was ready by mid-July and staffed with a small army of surgeons, nurses, cooks, quartermaster and supply clerks while a detachment of infantry was detailed as camp guards to look after stores and hospitalized Confederate prisoners. Treated with equal care by the Union surgeons and nurses, the Confederate soldiers were later transported to northern prison camps before parole. Less than 100 patients remained at Camp Letterman by November 10 and it was officially closed a few weeks later. (from the National Park Service Gettysburg website at http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/letterman.htm).

Ex MacBride

E. 1,500-2,000
1,900
Back to Top
809
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 809, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversBattle of Gettysburg, Letterman or West's Hospital, Battle of Gettysburg, Letterman or West's HospitalBattle of Gettysburg, Letterman or West's Hospital. Buff inner prisoner-of-war cover to Lacy Springs Va., endorsed "Via Flag of Truce" at lower left, manuscript "Ex FRK" censor's mark, outer cover with U.S. postage discarded at exchange point, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), large margins to clear at left, tied by "Richmond Va. Aug. 25, 1863" circular datestamp, fresh and Very Fine prisoner-of-war cover, in the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, approximately 22,000 soldiers of both armies required medical treatment, including thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind as Lee began his retreat, the "Ex FRK" censor mark is known on Gettysburg prisoner covers from Letterman General Hospital and West's Building Hospital and was probably applied in Baltimore, accompanied by research on possibilities for identification of the Confederate soldier who sent the cover

E. 750-1,000
1,300
Back to Top
810
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 810, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Prisoner-of-war cover to Lexington Ky., manuscript examined marking at left appears to contain "Maj. Russ ADC" which is unlisted in Harrison book, 3c Rose (65) tied by target with matching "Columbus O. Oct. 5" (1862) double-circle datestamp, couple small edge tears and top flap tear, Fine

E. 200-300
200
Back to Top
811
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 811, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversConfederate States Marine Corps, Drewry's Bluff Va, Confederate States Marine Corps, Drewry's Bluff VaConfederate States Marine Corps, Drewry's Bluff Va. Manuscript "C.S.M.C." and "Paid" straightline on blue cover to Lieut. Edward Crenshaw at Drewery's Bluff Va., back with pencil "Receipt for Money Paid", with original two-page letter from Private Joseph Jones datelined "C.S. Str. Tallahassee, Wilmington N.C. Oct. 29th, 1864", missing one backflap, Very Fine and extremely rare Confederate Marine Corps cover and letter, accompanied by extensive biographical information on Crenshaw and a 1962 Confederate Philatelist article discussing a similar cover, which was at that time reported to be the first Marine Corps cover known

E. 750-1,000
900
Back to Top
812
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 812, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi Covers"Headqrs. Sub Dist. North La. O.B. Very Important and with the utmost despatch, "Headqrs. Sub Dist. North La. O.B. Very Important and with the utmost despatch"Headqrs. Sub Dist. North La. O.B. Very Important and with the utmost despatch." Ms. endorsement on legal-size cover carried by military courier to Maj. G. M. Bryan, "Monroe" crossed out and directed "On the Road to Shreveport", vertical fold, Very Fine

E. 200-300
450
Back to Top
813
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 813, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversPost Office Department, Official Business, Chief of the Appointment Bureau, Post Office Department, Official Business, Chief of the Appointment BureauPost Office Department, Official Business, Chief of the Appointment Bureau. Dietz Ty. IV, signed by B.N. Clements and on U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) to Postmaster Gravel Hill Va., "Richmond Va. Oct. 3, 1863" circular datestamp with matching "Free" handstamp, Very Fine

E. 400-500
350
Back to Top
814
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 814, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversAgency Post Office Dept., Trans-Miss., Official Business, Agent, Agency Post Office Dept., Trans-Miss., Official Business, AgentAgency Post Office Dept., Trans-Miss., Official Business, Agent. Similar to Dietz Ty. I (except second line in caps), signed by Jas. H. Starr, on 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) to the postmaster of Burkville Tex., light strike of "Marshall Tex." double-circle datestamp (1864, date unclear), cover re-addressed inside, though if a turned usage it did not enter the mails a second time, trivial cosmetic improvement along edges and expertly cleaned, Very Fine and extremely rare, Starr was appointed the Agent for the Trans-Mississippi Department in Feb. 1864 and has been the subject of extensive new archival research by Vince King, ex Green, with 2000 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
Back to Top
815
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 815, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversTrans-Mississippi Dept. Circular, May 29th, 1864, Trans-Mississippi Dept. Circular, May 29th, 1864Trans-Mississippi Dept. Circular, May 29th, 1864. Clear strike of Houston Tex. "PAID" straightline on back of "Treasury Agency, Trans-Miss. Dep't" five-page circular to Texas Governor Pendleton Murrah, endorsed "PWG" above the straightline by Peter W. Gray, agent of the Trans-Mississippi Department, E.H. Cushing Printers, Houston imprint on last page, circular covers the act establishing the Department, regulations relating to it and instructions to depositaries and tax collectors, stain at bottom left and some general minor wear, Very Fine, an outstanding Confederate item and extremely rare both as a Trans-Mississippi Dept. original document and as a Confederate circular

E. 1,000-1,500
1,300
Back to Top
816
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 816, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi CoversPerote Ala. Feb. 11, 1863, Perote Ala. Feb. 11, 1863Perote Ala. Feb. 11, 1863. Perfect strike of circular datestamp with year date in error (should be 1864), matching bold "Paid" straightline and ms. "40" rate on cover to Monroe La., endorsed "Express mail via Brandon Miss.", address is faded but still legible, most of top flap missing and repaired at top barely into top right of postmark

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE WESTBOUND 40-CENT TRANS-MISSISSIPPI POST OFFICE EXPRESS COVER WITH THE HANDSTAMPED "PAID". THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED WESTBOUND EXAMPLE WITH THIS MARKING.

The Krieger census lists this cover (E17) but at the time the census was published a full picture of it was not available. The census lists only two handstamped "Paid" Trans-Mississippi Express covers -- one Eastbound and this one Westbound.

Ex Kohn. With 1987 A.P.S. and 1990 C.S.A. certificates, neither of which mentions any flaws

E. 2,000-3,000
2,200
Back to Top
817
c
Sale Number 1016, Lot Number 817, Confederate States: Flag-of-Truce, Official, Trans-Mississippi Covers20c Green (13), 20c Green (13)20c Green (13). Two singles, margins virtually all around, tiny erosion spot at top of left stamp and light crease right stamp, tied by "Richmond Va. Apr. 3" (1864) circular datestamp on cover to Rocky Mount, La., manuscript "Per Express Via Brandon, Miss.", some cover aging and barely reduced at right

FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE 40-CENT WEST-BOUND GOVERNMENT TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXRPRESS RATE PAID WITH THE 20-CENT GENERAL ISSUE AND DIRECTED "PER EXPRESS VIA BRANDON MISS."

This cover was sent by Private Robert R. Hanks of the the 9th Louisiana Infantry, to his wife. Hanks was captured as a POW at the Rappahannock River on Nov. 11, 1863 and was exchanged in March 1864, just before this cover was sent.

Krieger Census no. E20. From our 1983 and 1987 Rarities sales. With 1983 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
Back to Top
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