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Sale 1010 — 2011 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Saturday, 18 June, 2011

Category — 1851-56 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
17°
 
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 17, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6), 1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6)1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6). Position 100R4, huge margins incl. large part of bottom right corner sheet margin, ample at left, dark rich color and sharp proof-like impression, neat strike of circular datestamp leaves the key Type Ia design elements at bottom completely unobscured

EXTREMELY FINE. A REMARKABLE EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE IA, ONE OF THE RARITIES FURNISHED BY PLATE FOUR.

Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April, May and briefly in June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate (Ia, Ic, II, III and IIIa). The extremely rare Type Ia, showing the full design at bottom, was furnished only by 18 of the 200 subjects on Plate 4 (the remaining two bottom-row positions were sub-type Ic).

Ex Scarsdale. With 1989 and 2002 P.F. certificates

13,000
0
18°
 
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 18, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (8A), 1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (8A)1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (8A). Plate 4, huge margins all around incl. parts of adjoining stamps at sides, deep rich color on bright white paper, wide break at top and complete outer line at bottom, two small light pen stroke cancels leave the entire design clearly visible

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A MAGNIFICENT USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE IIIA FROM PLATE 4. AN EXTREMELY DIFFICULT STAMP TO FIND WITH SUCH HUGE MARGINS.

Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April-June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate.

Ex Tahoe. With 1981 and 2002 P.F. certificates for horizontal strip of three, this being the center stamp. With 2008 P.F. certificate (XF-Superb 95).

600
2,400
Back to Top
19°
c
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 19, 1851-56 Issue3c Orange Brown, Ty. II (10A), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. II (10A)3c Orange Brown, Ty. II (10A). Three huge margins incl. part of adjoining stamps at top and bottom, in at left, bright color, cancelled by blue grid (impression ties thru paper), matching "Lancaster Pa. Jul. 1" 1851 First Day of Issue circular datestamp on 1851 dated part-printed bank statement to Columbia Pa., vertical file folds well away from stamp, some minor splitting along cover edges

FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED FIRST DAY COVER USED FROM LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA.

In his census in the 1851 Sesquicentennial book, Wilson Hulme records a total of 43 covers used on July 1, 1851, which is the first day they were valid for postage. Five are known used from Philadelphia, and only this cover is known used from Lancaster. Its existence was first mentioned in the Chronicle in 1954.

12,500
3,000
Back to Top
20
c
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 20, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11), 3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11)3c Dull Red, Ty. I (11). Horizontal pair, large margins to barely in, tied by large "Paid" grid on folded letter from China to Boston, datelined "Canton May 6, 1856" and sent to Augustine Heard in Boston, forwarded to Sharon N.Y., sender's route directive "Via Marseilles", neat "Hong Kong 9 MY 1856" datestamp and London transit on back, "New-York Am. Pkt. Jul. 17" circular datestamp and red Boston circular datestamp, manuscript "54" due marking, "53" handstamp overstruck by grids and re-rated "96", business content which is duplicate of another sending, light wear, Very Fine, an extremely rare and unusual use of the 1851 Issue on a double-rate inbound cover from China

E. 1,000-1,500
4,750
Back to Top
21
c
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 21, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var)3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var). Attractive centering with fully formed perfs all around, cancelled by Michigan town datestamp, completely sound

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A RARE SOUND EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF AND ONE OF ONLY FOUR KNOWN EXAMPLES TO ORIGINATE FROM OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO.

The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in the Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize Mr. Wagshal's revelations, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department thru R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12-1/2 gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c and 3c 1851 Issue.

Four examples are recorded of the 3c Chicago perf used from outside of Chicago. Two are on cover, from Rosedale Wis. and New York City, respectively, and were offered in Part 3 of our Jerome S. Wagshal sale in 2010 (sale 996, lots 3185-3186). This stamp also comes from the Wagshal collection. The fourth example, from Boston, was only recently found and resides in an important West Coast collection.

With 2010 P.F. certificate

6,000
1,600
Back to Top
22
c
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 22, 1851-56 Issue3c Claret, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var), 3c Claret, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var)3c Claret, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var). Position 49R3, well-centered for this private perf, part of adjoining stamp at right, tied by neat "Chicago Ill. Mar. 9, 1857" circular datestamp on cover to Utica N.Y., with brown embossed corner card of the American Hotel in Toronto, W. Eaves imprint, backflap tear and stamp with corner nicked from separation

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL CORNER CARD WITH THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF.

Wilson Hulme speculates in his article in Chronicle 175 that R.K. Swift distributed Chicago perf stamps to various businesses as a trial or to strengthen the possibility of selling the perforating machine to the post office. Many of the businesses were in a straight path between Swift's bank and Elijah Hadley's (inventor of the machine) office (p. 167).

Ex Piller. With 1987 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
Back to Top
23
og
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 23, 1851-56 Issue12c Black (17 var), 12c Black (17 var)12c Black (17 var). Horizontal pair, intense deep shade (qualifying as Scott-listed Black sub-shade), original gum, very lightly hinged, large and even margins all around

EXTREMELY FINE. A STUNNING LIGHTLY-HINGED PAIR OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE IN THE DEEPER BLACK SUB-SHADE.

As multiples demonstrate, the spacing between stamps on the plate was very narrow. Sound original-gum examples with four margins are great rarities, and most have been cut from larger multiples.

With 2010 P.F. certificate

18,500
12,000
Back to Top
24
c
Sale Number 1010, Lot Number 24, 1851-56 Issue12c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 6c (17a), 12c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 6c (17a)12c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 6c (17a). Top left diagonal half, large margins, tied across the cut by large "Paid" grid, matching "Boston 10cts. 4 Jan." integral-rate circular datestamp on brown cover to San Francisco, minor edgewear

EXTREMELY FINE. A SCARCE EAST-TO-WEST USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 BISECT WITH BOSTON INTEGRAL-RATE DATESTAMP INDICATING REJECTED PREPAYMENT.

Despite the presence of the "Paid" cancel on the stamp, the bisect was not accepted as payment in Boston, as reflected in the 10c collect rate in the Boston marking.

Ex Haas. With 1992 P.F. certificate.

2,750
4,250
Back to Top
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