EXTREMELY FINE. A REMARKABLE EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 IMPERFORATE ONE-CENT TYPE IA, ONE OF THE RARITIES FURNISHED BY PLATE FOUR.
Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April, May and briefly in June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate (Ia, Ic, II, III and IIIa). The extremely rare Type Ia, showing the full design at bottom, was furnished only by 18 of the 200 subjects on Plate 4 (the remaining two bottom-row positions were sub-type Ic).
Ex Scarsdale. With 1989 and 2002 P.F. certificates
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A MAGNIFICENT USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE IIIA FROM PLATE 4. AN EXTREMELY DIFFICULT STAMP TO FIND WITH SUCH HUGE MARGINS.
Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April-June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate.
Ex Tahoe. With 1981 and 2002 P.F. certificates for horizontal strip of three, this being the center stamp. With 2008 P.F. certificate (XF-Superb 95).
FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED FIRST DAY COVER USED FROM LANCASTER, PENNSYLVANIA.
In his census in the 1851 Sesquicentennial book, Wilson Hulme records a total of 43 covers used on July 1, 1851, which is the first day they were valid for postage. Five are known used from Philadelphia, and only this cover is known used from Lancaster. Its existence was first mentioned in the Chronicle in 1954.
VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A RARE SOUND EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF AND ONE OF ONLY FOUR KNOWN EXAMPLES TO ORIGINATE FROM OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO.
The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in the Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize Mr. Wagshal's revelations, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department thru R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12-1/2 gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c and 3c 1851 Issue.
Four examples are recorded of the 3c Chicago perf used from outside of Chicago. Two are on cover, from Rosedale Wis. and New York City, respectively, and were offered in Part 3 of our Jerome S. Wagshal sale in 2010 (sale 996, lots 3185-3186). This stamp also comes from the Wagshal collection. The fourth example, from Boston, was only recently found and resides in an important West Coast collection.
With 2010 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL CORNER CARD WITH THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF.
Wilson Hulme speculates in his article in Chronicle 175 that R.K. Swift distributed Chicago perf stamps to various businesses as a trial or to strengthen the possibility of selling the perforating machine to the post office. Many of the businesses were in a straight path between Swift's bank and Elijah Hadley's (inventor of the machine) office (p. 167).
Ex Piller. With 1987 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A STUNNING LIGHTLY-HINGED PAIR OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE IN THE DEEPER BLACK SUB-SHADE.
As multiples demonstrate, the spacing between stamps on the plate was very narrow. Sound original-gum examples with four margins are great rarities, and most have been cut from larger multiples.
With 2010 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A SCARCE EAST-TO-WEST USE OF THE 12-CENT 1851 BISECT WITH BOSTON INTEGRAL-RATE DATESTAMP INDICATING REJECTED PREPAYMENT.
Despite the presence of the "Paid" cancel on the stamp, the bisect was not accepted as payment in Boston, as reflected in the 10c collect rate in the Boston marking.
Ex Haas. With 1992 P.F. certificate.