Sale 988 — The Steven C. Walske Collection of Civil War Special Routes

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 May, 2010

Category — Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post Offices

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
40
c
Sale 988, Lot 40, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesNashville Ten. Jun. 4, 1861. Blue circular datestamp ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), wide straddle-pane margin at left, on small cover to New Orleans, bold "due 10" Confederate due handstamp, pencil note on back "About Papa's joining the Confederate Army"

EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE ACROSS-THE-LINES COVER FROM TENNESSEE, WHERE THE UNITED STATES POSTAGE WAS REQUIRED, TO THE CONFEDERATE STATE OF LOUISIANA, WHERE 10-CENTS CONFEDERATE POSTAGE WAS COLLECTED. ESSENTIALLY A MIXED FRANKING OR "NORTHERN LETTER UNPAID" COVER.

Nashville refused to apply the May 27 U.S. Suspension Order and sent this letter south via Memphis. Effective June 1, the new Confederate postal rates were 5c per half-ounce under 500 miles, and 10c over 500 miles. Prepayment of postage within the Confederacy was normally required, except for soldier mail and official post office correspondence, but a number of incoming letters from the North or abroad, which did not have prepaid C.S.A. postage, were treated as due mail. On this cover New Orleans assessed 10c due on arrival. Such mixed frankings on southbound covers were only possible from June 1 to 7, because the distributing post office in Louisville stopped forwarding southbound mail on June 8 per the June 7 U.S. Postal Discontinuance Notice.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 9). Ex Murphy

E. 3,000-4,000
4,250
41
c
Sale 988, Lot 41, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesMemphis Ten. Jun. 3, 1861. Mostly readable circular datestamp ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), three strikes of "Jun 4" date handstamps on cover addressed in blue to Attalaville Miss., couple small stain spots and small erosion spot at bottom, stamp has small faults, otherwise Fine, the Federal post office in Memphis was discontinued on June 6, 1861, so this cover was apparently accepted with the 3c U.S. stamp, but traveled to Mississippi in the Confederate mail system, very unusual

E. 200-300
400
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42
c
Sale 988, Lot 42, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesElizabethtown Ky. Jun. 7 (1861)." Mostly readable circular datestamp, grid cancel ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on cover to Fayette (Lafayette) Hewitt, Chief Appointment Bureau, Confederate States P.O. Dept., Richmond Va., manuscript "Due 10" C.S.A. rate, slight soiling along left edge

VERY FINE. A RARE COVER POSTMARKED IN KENTUCKY ON THE LAST POSSIBLE DAY FOR REGULAR SOUTHBOUND MAIL INTO THE CONFEDERATE STATES. THIS COVER HAS A COMBINATION OF UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STATES POSTAGE.

After the U.S. suspended mail service at Memphis, the only available route from the U.S. into the C.S.A. was via Nashville. The last through-day for the route via Nashville was June 7, after which date all southbound mail was diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office per the June 7 U.S. Postal Discontinuance Notice. This cover, addressed to Lafayette Hewitt (see lot 86), was among the last mail to cross the lines via Nashville, and it bears a 3c stamp for U.S. postage and "Due 10" marking for Confederate postage. Such mixed frankings on southbound covers were only possible from June 1 to 7.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 9). Ex Gallagher

E. 1,500-2,000
1,400
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43
c
Sale 988, Lot 43, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesOxford N.C. Jun. 1 (1861) -- First Day of the Confederate Postal System. Perfectly clear strike of circular datestamp and "Paid 5" in circle C.S.A. rate handstamp on cover to Arrington Tenn., manuscript "Due 3" U.S. rate applied by Arrington post office, expertly repaired minor edge faults at top right and top edge (not affecting markings), backflap removed

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. AN OUTSTANDING JUNE 1, 1861, FIRST DAY COVER OF THE NEW CONFEDERATE POSTAL SYSTEM, AND ESPECIALLY RARE AND DESIRABLE WITH THE "DUE 3" UNITED STATES POSTAGE RATE APPLIED IN TENNESSEE, WHICH WAS STILL PART OF THE UNION.

Ex Telep and Birkinbine. With 1986 C.S.A. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
10,500
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44
c
Sale 988, Lot 44, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesDalton Ga., 5c Black entire (20XU1). Clearly struck handstamped provisional marking and "Dalton Ga. Jun. 26, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Jonesboro Tenn., pencil "Due 3" U.S. rate applied by Jonesboro postmaster, faint edge toning, Very Fine, evidently the Jonesboro postmaster considered his office to still be part of the U.S., even though Tennessee seceded on June 8 (they did not join the C.S.A. until July 3), the Dalton "Paid 5" and Jonesboro "Due 3" represent a mixed franking

E. 1,000-1,500
900
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45
c
Sale 988, Lot 45, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesNashville Ten. Jun. 13, 1861 [day inverted]. Blue circular datestamp, matching "Paid" and "5" C.S.A. rate applied on first day of Nashville's conversion to C.S.A. postal system on yellow cover to Athens Tenn., pencil "Due 3" U.S. rate applied at Chattanooga since East Tennessee was still loyal to the Union, Extremely Fine, a fascinating cover reflecting divided loyalties and postal allegiances in Tennessee, on June 12 the Nashville postmaster McNish closed out his U.S. postal accounts and on June 13 started charging C.S.A. postage, ex Birkinbine

E. 750-1,000
600
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46
c
Sale 988, Lot 46, Mail Between C.S.A. and U.S. Post OfficesGlasgow Ky. Jun. 24(?)" (1861). Double-circle datestamp with grid cancel tying 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), torn at left when separated, on cover to Dardanelle Ark., attempted use of U.S. stamp, blue "5" C.S.A. rate handstamp applied at Nashville, re-rated "Due 10" on arrival in Arkansas for distance over 500 miles

VERY FINE AND FASCINATING COVER SHOWING ATTEMPTED USE OF UNITED STATES STAMP TO PREPAY POSTAGE INTO THE CONFEDERATE STATES, BUT TREATED AS A "NORTHERN LETTER UNPAID" BY THE NASHVILLE POSTMASTER.

The sender prepaid the 3c U.S. rate (technically correct in Kentucky) but mail to the South through Nashville had been stopped by the U.S. Post Office Department on June 7 per the U.S. Postal Discontinuance Notice. The Confederate-sympathizing Glasgow postmaster disregarded the suspension order and sent this southbound cover through. It was rated with Confederate postage due at Nashville and Monticello Ark. ("Northern Letter Unpaid").

Ex Gallagher and Gunter

E. 1,500-2,000
1,200
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