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Sale 988 — The Steven C. Walske Collection of Civil War Special Routes

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 May, 2010

Category — Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines Routes

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
19
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 19, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesLiverpool MY 11 61, Liverpool MY 11 61Liverpool MY 11 61. Clearly struck circular datestamp and "19 Cents" debit handstamp on folded printed market report with letter and additional printed market report enclosure, addressed to D. H. London in Richmond Va., carried on the Cunarder Persia, departing Liverpool on May 11 and arriving in New York on May 21, "N. York Br. Pkt. 24 May 22" 24-cents due datestamp, diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office where "Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept. No. __ July 29" large oval datestamp was applied, blue "Baltimore Md. Jul. 30" circular datestamp on back and "Due 3" in circle handstamp on front for U.S. postage paid upon release to addressee (or his agent)

VERY FINE. A RARE TRANSATLANTIC LETTER FROM ENGLAND TO CONFEDERATE VIRGINIA, WHICH WAS DIVERTED TO THE UNITED STATES DEAD LETTER OFFICE AFTER THE WASHINGTON-RICHMOND MAIL ROUTE WAS SUSPENDED. ONLY THREE SUCH COVERS ARE REPORTED.

On April 27, 1861, the regular water route to Richmond was suspended by the United States government, leaving only the Orange & Alexandria Railroad open for mail via Richmond. The last route through Virginia was suspended on the evening of May 23. The cover offered here was received in New York on May 22, but did not reach the U.S.-C.S.A. border in time. It was diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office and held there until called for on July 29. The 24c transatlantic postage plus an additional 3c was collected from the addressee or his agent when the letter was released.

The addressee, Daniel H. London, was a prominent Richmond merchant and pro-slavery, states' rights advocate, who served as president of the Southern Rights Association of Richmond. This letter and enclosures were sent by the British firm of Eyre Evans & Co.

Ex Kilbourne

E. 2,000-3,000
1,300
20
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 20, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesLiverpool MY 18 61, Liverpool MY 18 61Liverpool MY 18 61. Clearly struck circular datestamp and "19 Cents" debit handstamp on folded printed market report with letter and additional printed market report enclosure, addressed to D. H. London in Richmond Va., carried on the Cunarder America, departing Liverpool on May 11 and arriving in Boston on May 31, "Br. Pkt. Boston 1 Jun. 24" 24-cents due datestamp, diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office where "Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept. No. __ July 29" large oval datestamp was applied, blue "Baltimore Md. Jul. 30" circular datestamp on back and "Due 3" in circle handstamp on front for U.S. postage paid upon release to addressee (or his agent), slight age toning along edges

VERY FINE. A RARE TRANSATLANTIC LETTER FROM ENGLAND TO CONFEDERATE VIRGINIA, WHICH WAS DIVERTED TO THE UNITED STATES DEAD LETTER OFFICE AFTER THE WASHINGTON-RICHMOND MAIL ROUTE WAS SUSPENDED. ONLY THREE SUCH COVERS ARE REPORTED.

On April 27, 1861, the regular water route to Richmond was suspended by the United States government, leaving only the Orange & Alexandria Railroad open for mail via Richmond. The last route through Virginia was suspended on the evening of May 23. The cover offered here was received in Boston on May 31, then diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office and held there until called for on July 29. The 24c transatlantic postage plus an additional 3c was collected from the addressee or his agent when the letter was released.

The addressee, Daniel H. London, was a prominent Richmond merchant and pro-slavery, states' rights advocate, who served as president of the Southern Rights Association of Richmond. This letter and enclosures were sent by the British firm of Eyre Evans & Co.

Ex Howard Green

E. 1,500-2,000
1,200
Back to Top
21
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 21, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines Routes1c Blue, Ty. V, 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (24, 26), 1c Blue, Ty. V, 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (24, 26)1c Blue, Ty. V, 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (24, 26). 3c creased before use, both slightly toned, tied by "New-York May 28, 1861" circular datestamp and duplex grid on cover to Amherst Court House Va., diverted to U.S. Dead Letter Office with "Dead Letter Office P.O. Dpt. Jun. 4, 1861" double-oval datestamp and "Due 3 cts." straightline handstamp, sender's name and address written by D.L.O. office at left

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE CARRIER USE FROM NEW YORK CITY TO VIRGINIA, WHICH WAS DIVERTED TO THE DEAD LETTER OFFICE AFTER THE WASHINGTON-RICHMOND MAIL ROUTE WAS SUSPENDED. VERY FEW EXAMPLES OF SUCH MAIL ARE KNOWN, AND THIS CARRIER USE WITH THE ONE-CENT AND 3-CENT 1857 ISSUE IS ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 7). Ex Weatherly and Kilbourne

E. 1,500-2,000
5,500
Back to Top
22
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 22, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesSENT BACK TO ENGLAND/WITHOUT A REASON/FOR NON-DELIVERY, SENT BACK TO ENGLAND/WITHOUT A REASON/FOR NON-DELIVERYSENT BACK TO ENGLAND/WITHOUT A REASON/FOR NON-DELIVERY. Red three-line handstamp applied by British Post Office on cover to Richmond Va. originating in Victoria (Australia) with 4p Rose (59) pair and 1sh Blue (25) tied by grid cancels, red "Melbourne H MA 25 61" circular datestamp on back, sender's routing "Via Marseille", large manuscript "8" pence credit from Victoria to G.B., red London transit (May 13) and "16 Cents" handstamped credit to U.S., "N. York Am. Pkt. 5 May 28" due datestamp for U.S. postage also ties 4p stamps, small mended nick at bottom and another small nick at lower left, 4p pair slightly gum toned, 1sh small perf flaws from placement along edge of cover

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE "SENT BACK TO ENGLAND" HANDSTAMP ON A COVER ORIGINATING IN AN AUSTRALIAN STATE THAT WAS RETURNED DUE TO SUSPENSION OF MAIL SERVICE DURING THE CIVIL WAR.

This cover left Melbourne on the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co.'s Jeddo, departing Mar. 26 and arriving at Galle (Ceylon) on Apr. 13. It left Galle on Apr. 20 on the P & O Nemesis, arriving at Suez on May 4. The letter then travelled overland to Alexandria, Egypt, and from there on the P & O Valette, departing May 5 and arriving at Marseille on May 11. After the short transit from France to England, it was carried on the North German Lloyd New York, departing Southampton on May 15 and arriving in New York on May 28. By the time it reached New York, the mail route between Washington D.C. and Richmond had been suspended (starting May 24), and mail from foreign countries was returned. In England the three-line "Sent Back to England" handstamp was applied to returned letters.

Illustrated in Chronicle (May 1971, p. 95), Ashbrook's Special Service (No. 56, Nov. 1955, p. 443) and Special Routes (p. 8). A nearly identical cover was illustrated in the Dec. 1944 American Philatelist (p. 180). Ex Kilbourne

E. 3,000-4,000
5,000
Back to Top
23
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 23, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesNew Bern N.C. May 21 (1861), New Bern N.C. May 21 (1861)New Bern N.C. May 21 (1861). Bold blue circular datestamp ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), perfectly centered, rich color, on small cover to Mrs. B. S. Hedrick at New York City street address, pencil forwarding address "Washington Patent Office D.C.", "New-York May 27" circular datestamp and "FORWARDED" straightline handstamp, manuscript "3" U.S. forwarding postage due

EXTREMELY FINE. A REMARKABLE COVER, POSTMARKED ON THE FIRST FULL DAY OF NORTH CAROLINA'S 7-DAY INDEPENDENT STATEHOOD AND CARRIED THROUGH RICHMOND ON MAY 23, THE LAST DAY THE MAIL ROUTE BETWEEN RICHMOND AND WASHINGTON D.C. REMAINED OPEN.

Northbound mail from the eastern Confederate States to the U.S. was normally carried via Richmond and Washington D.C. until May 23, 1861. The Federal military occupation of Alexandria, Virginia, closed this route on the evening of May 23, so northbound mail was diverted to the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office at Richmond from May 24 until June 1. The May 21 origin date in New Bern N.C. indicates transit through Richmond on May 23, the last day the route remained open. The addressee was the wife of Benjamin S. Hedrick, who was appointed 1st Assistant Examiner in the U.S. Patent Office on Apr. 10, 1861 (service record accompanies).

Illustrated in Confederate Philatelist (Jan.-Feb. 1994, pp. 29-30) and Special Routes (p. 3).

E. 2,000-3,000
1,400
Back to Top
24
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 24, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesDead Letter Office, Confederate States of America, Aug. 23, 1861, Dead Letter Office, Confederate States of America, Aug. 23, 1861Dead Letter Office, Confederate States of America, Aug. 23, 1861. Clear strike of oval datestamp with magenta manuscript "M-78-1" record notation on 3c Red on White Star Die entire (U26) to Baltimore, "Athens Ga. May 22" circular datestamp and grid cancel, with original enclosure on "Bank of the State of Georgia" printed form, backflap removed

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE CONFEDERATE DEAD LETTER OFFICE HANDSTAMP ON A LETTER DIVERTED AFTER THE MAIL ROUTE BETWEEN RICHMOND AND WASHINGTON D.C. WAS TERMINATED.

Northbound mail from the eastern Confederate States to the U.S. was normally carried via Richmond and Washington D.C. until May 23, 1861. The Federal military occupation of Alexandria, Virginia, closed this route on the evening of May 23, so northbound mail was diverted to the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office at Richmond from May 24 until June 1. Fewer than ten examples of the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office marking (either type) are known.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 12). Ex Weatherly and Kilbourne

E. 2,000-3,000
5,000
Back to Top
25
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 25, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesDead Letter Office, Confederate States of America, Aug. 23, 1861, Dead Letter Office, Confederate States of America, Aug. 23, 1861Dead Letter Office, Confederate States of America, Aug. 23, 1861. Mostly readable oval datestamp with magenta manuscript "S-79-1" record notation on 3c Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27) to Philadelphia, "Wilmington N.C. 25 May [inverted]" circular datestamp during North Carolina's 7-day Independent Statehood (May 21-27), narrow piece restored along top edge just above datestamps but not affecting them

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE NORTH CAROLINA INDEPENDENT STATE USE OF THE UNITED STATES STAR DIE ENTIRE, WHICH WAS DIVERTED TO THE CONFEDERATE DEAD LETTER OFFICE AFTER THE MAIL ROUTE BETWEEN RICHMOND AND WASHINGTON D.C. WAS TERMINATED.

Northbound mail from the eastern Confederate States to the U.S. was normally carried via Richmond and Washington D.C. until May 23, 1861. The Federal military occupation of Alexandria, Virginia, closed this route on the evening of May 23, so northbound mail was diverted to the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office at Richmond from May 24 until June 1. Fewer than ten examples of the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office marking (either type) are known.

Ex Dietz. With 1990 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
4,250
Back to Top
26
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 26, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines Routes"P.O.D. Dead Letter Office, 2 Sept, "P.O.D. Dead Letter Office, 2 Sept"P.O.D. Dead Letter Office, 2 Sept. 1861 K-78-1" Confederate States Dead Letter Office marking and record number in bright red manuscript on 3c Red on White Nesbitt entire (U9) with printed address crossed out and re-addressed to Kissam & Taylor in New York City, red "Newberry C.H. S.C. May 30, 1861" double-circle datestamp at upper left beneath D.L.O. marking, cover neatly opened at top, lighted toned spots

VERY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE CONFEDERATE DEAD LETTER OFFICE COVER WITH THE MANUSCRIPT MARKING, WHICH WAS USED CONCURRENTLY WITH THE HANDSTAMPED OVAL FOR APPPROXIMATELY TEN DAYS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR.

Once the mail routes between the U.S. and C.S.A. were suspended, northbound mail was diverted to the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office. Fewer than ten examples of the C.S.A. Dead Letter Office markings (handstamp or manuscript) are reported, all diverted to the D.L.O. between May 24 and June 1, 1861.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 12). Ex Birkinbine

E. 3,000-4,000
3,750
Back to Top
27
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 27, Suspension of U.S. Post Office Across-the-Lines RoutesWashington Ark. May 23 (1861), Washington Ark. May 23 (1861)Washington Ark. May 23 (1861). Mostly clear circular datestamp ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), s.e. at left, on cover to H. B. Crosby in Norwich Conn., detailed three-line receipt docketing "Recd June 3d 1861 but not answered as the mails were suspended in the seceded states on the 31st of May", with original letter (see below)

VERY FINE. ONE OF THE LAST LETTERS TO CROSS THE LINES BY REGULAR MAIL ROUTES. THIS EXAMPLE IS EXCEPTIONAL FOR THE DETAILED DOCKETING THAT REFERS SPECIFICALLY TO THE SUSPENSION OF MAILS FROM THE SOUTH.

This cover and the enclosed letter were sent by B. F. Hempstead, a lawyer and slaveowner who also addressed the cover offered in lot 6. This cover contains a letter dated May 21, 1861, enclosing a newspaper clipping. The letter reads: "Enclosed I send you a copy of an ordinance introduced in our State Convention. It will become law. Crosby, the North may conquer us -- but before it is done, we will die shoulder to shoulder in the defence of our institution. Lincoln and his cabinet for a time deceived the conservative men in the slave holding & conservative states. The dream is over, and it now comes to the gage of battle for the right and I for one say Amen to it. You know how I stood before. I am now for the South -- the South -- and no mistake."

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 3). Ex Kilbourne

E. 1,500-2,000
1,900
Back to Top
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