EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE ACROSS-THE-LINES COVER FROM TENNESSEE, WHERE THE UNITED STATES POSTAGE WAS REQUIRED, TO THE CONFEDERATE STATE OF LOUISIANA, WHERE 10-CENTS CONFEDERATE POSTAGE WAS COLLECTED. ESSENTIALLY A MIXED FRANKING OR "NORTHERN LETTER UNPAID" COVER.
Nashville refused to apply the May 27 U.S. Suspension Order and sent this letter south via Memphis. Effective June 1, the new Confederate postal rates were 5c per half-ounce under 500 miles, and 10c over 500 miles. Prepayment of postage within the Confederacy was normally required, except for soldier mail and official post office correspondence, but a number of incoming letters from the North or abroad, which did not have prepaid C.S.A. postage, were treated as due mail. On this cover New Orleans assessed 10c due on arrival. Such mixed frankings on southbound covers were only possible from June 1 to 7, because the distributing post office in Louisville stopped forwarding southbound mail on June 8 per the June 7 U.S. Postal Discontinuance Notice.
Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 9). Ex Murphy
VERY FINE. A RARE COVER POSTMARKED IN KENTUCKY ON THE LAST POSSIBLE DAY FOR REGULAR SOUTHBOUND MAIL INTO THE CONFEDERATE STATES. THIS COVER HAS A COMBINATION OF UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STATES POSTAGE.
After the U.S. suspended mail service at Memphis, the only available route from the U.S. into the C.S.A. was via Nashville. The last through-day for the route via Nashville was June 7, after which date all southbound mail was diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office per the June 7 U.S. Postal Discontinuance Notice. This cover, addressed to Lafayette Hewitt (see lot 86), was among the last mail to cross the lines via Nashville, and it bears a 3c stamp for U.S. postage and "Due 10" marking for Confederate postage. Such mixed frankings on southbound covers were only possible from June 1 to 7.
Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 9). Ex Gallagher
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. AN OUTSTANDING JUNE 1, 1861, FIRST DAY COVER OF THE NEW CONFEDERATE POSTAL SYSTEM, AND ESPECIALLY RARE AND DESIRABLE WITH THE "DUE 3" UNITED STATES POSTAGE RATE APPLIED IN TENNESSEE, WHICH WAS STILL PART OF THE UNION.
Ex Telep and Birkinbine. With 1986 C.S.A. certificate
VERY FINE AND FASCINATING COVER SHOWING ATTEMPTED USE OF UNITED STATES STAMP TO PREPAY POSTAGE INTO THE CONFEDERATE STATES, BUT TREATED AS A "NORTHERN LETTER UNPAID" BY THE NASHVILLE POSTMASTER.
The sender prepaid the 3c U.S. rate (technically correct in Kentucky) but mail to the South through Nashville had been stopped by the U.S. Post Office Department on June 7 per the U.S. Postal Discontinuance Notice. The Confederate-sympathizing Glasgow postmaster disregarded the suspension order and sent this southbound cover through. It was rated with Confederate postage due at Nashville and Monticello Ark. ("Northern Letter Unpaid").
Ex Gallagher and Gunter