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Sale 988 — The Steven C. Walske Collection of Civil War Special Routes

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 May, 2010

Category — Flag-of-Truce Mail: Shreveport-New Orleans

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
234
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 234, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Shreveport-New OrleansCamp Ford, Tyler Tex, Camp Ford, Tyler TexCamp Ford, Tyler Tex. Small prisoner-of-war cover to Oskaloosa Iowa, original letter datelined "Camp Ford Texas January 17th 1865", endorsed "Flag of Truce", censored on back "Exm & forwarded Ig. Szymanski Asst. Agt. of Ex C.S.A." by Major Ignatius Szymanski, Agent of Exchange for prisoners in the Trans-Mississippi Dept., 3c Rose (65), cut into at right from envelope reduction, tied by target, "New Orleans La. Mar. 17 '65" circular datestamp, some light toning spots and slightly reduced at right where opened

A FINE AND RARE COVER FROM A UNION PRISONER HELD IN A CONFEDERATE PRISON CAMP IN TEXAS, CARRIED BY THE SHREVEPORT-NEW ORLEANS FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE. FEWER THAN TEN COVERS FROM CAMP FORD ARE KNOWN.

The Federal occupation of Baton Rouge on May 12, 1862, left the U.S. in control of southeastern Louisiana. The close proximity of U.S. and C.S.A. forces in Louisiana led to flag-of-truce prisoner and P.O.W. mail exchanges in 1863 to 1865. The principal exchange point was along the Mississippi River between U.S.-controlled Red River Landing and C.S.A.-controlled Simmesport. Most of the northbound mail has manuscript examined markings by Major Hyllested, Provost Marshal General of Texas at Houston, or, in the case of this cover, by Major Szymanski, Assistant Agent of Exchange for the Trans-Mississippi Department at Shreveport, Louisiana. The few surviving northbound covers are inner envelopes from C.S.A. prisons which were routed via Shreveport, Simmesport and Red River Landing to enter the U.S. mails at New Orleans. Camp Ford in Tyler was close to Shreveport, just over the Texas line. This cover was examined in Shreveport and exchanged by the C.S.A. flag-of-truce steamer Countless at Red River Landing around March 15, 1865. It was posted at New Orleans on March 17.

Illustrated in Harrison (p. 68, lists only five covers known) and Special Routes (p. 243)

E. 3,000-4,000
3,250
235
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 235, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Shreveport-New OrleansJohnson's Island, Sandusky O, Johnson's Island, Sandusky OJohnson's Island, Sandusky O. Buff inner cover from prisoner-of-war to Buchanan Tex., endorsed "From Elbert M Heath, Adjt 20th Tex Cav, Prisoner of War Johnson's Island Ohio", entered C.S.A. mails with light strike of "Shreveport La. Jan. 31" (1865) double-circle datestamp and "Due 10" straightline, nicked corner and small hole at left, otherwise Very Fine, an extremely rare southbound P.O.W. cover sent via the New Orleans and Shreveport flag-of-truce route and exchanged at Red River Landing, Elbert Munroe Heath was an officer in Company F, Texas 20th Cavalry, he was captured at Fort Gibson Miss. on July 17, 1863, and was exchanged on April 9, 1865, illustrated in Special Routes (p. 81)

E. 750-1,000
650
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