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Sale 988 — The Steven C. Walske Collection of Civil War Special Routes

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 May, 2010

Category — Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point Comfort

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
115
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 115, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortTo Montreal, Canada, To Montreal, CanadaTo Montreal, Canada. Flag-of-truce inner envelope originating ca. 1863 in the C.S.A. and addressed to Mrs. J. S. Lathrop in Montreal, Canada, outer envelope paying C.S.A. postage discarded at exchange point, U.S. silver half-dime originally affixed to this cover to pay U.S. postage, 3c Rose (65) affixed over half-dime paste-up and then removed, traces of stamp remain, no U.S. postmarks, endorsed "via Flag of Truce" and pencil "Exd. W(?)" censor notation, "10" due handstamp as the 3c stamp did not pay the rate to Canada, "Montreal JA 14" (1864) receiving backstamp, a few folds (probably from insertion into outer envelope)

A RARE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER VIA OLD POINT COMFORT TO CANADA.

Flag-of-truce mail to any destination beyond the U.S. borders is extremely rare. S. Jones Lyman, to whose care this cover is addressed, published an amateur florist's guide in 1863.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
116
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 116, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortOld Point Comfort, Va, Old Point Comfort, VaOld Point Comfort, Va. Cover to Philadelphia Pa. with 10c Blue, Paterson (2), four margins, tied solely by bold "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 5" (1863) double-circle datestamp, repeated at left with manuscript "1863" written twice, cover slightly reduced at top, small tear at left and piece of backflap missing

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A REMARKABLE AND BEAUTIFUL ACROSS-THE-LINES USAGE.

Northbound flag-of-truce covers were normally franked with U.S. postage and, if not additionally franked with Confederate postage, were enclosed in an outer Confederate-franked or hand-carried cover addressed to the point of exchange. The exchange clerk at Old Point Comfort evidently allowed this cover to pass with a Confederate stamp.

With 1993 P.S.E. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
3,500
Back to Top
117
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 117, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortOld Point Comfort, Va, Old Point Comfort, VaOld Point Comfort, Va. Small civilian flag-of-truce inner cover, with enclosed letter datelined "Pickalord?, August 29th 1864" to Baltimore, outer cover with C.S.A. postage discarded, bearing 3c Rose (65), tied by quartered cork (replaced bulls-eye at Old Point Comfort in March 1864), entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Sep. 14" double-circle datestamp, lengthy contents refer to "your letter by flag of truce of the 5th inst. was received...", and "I enclose you four stamps. I believe this is not prohibited and you can return the compliment.", letter with numerous reinforced splits, cover Very Fine, an immaculate flag-of-truce cover sent via Richmond and Old Point Comfort

E. 500-750
275
Back to Top
118
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 118, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortForkland Ala, Forkland AlaForkland Ala. Civilian flag-of-truce cover from Forkland to Mount Sterling Kentucky, endorsed "Via Flag of Truce, Richmond Va." at top, mixed franking with 10c Blue, Die A (11), large even margins and fine impression, tied by "Forkland Ala." brownish-black circular datestamp and "Old Point Comfort Va. Oct. 20" double-circle datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), straddle-pane margin at right, tied by grid

EXTREMELY FINE. A REMARKEBLY FRESH AND CHOICE CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE USAGE THROUGH RICHMOND AND OLD POINT COMFORT.

Ex Richey, Shenfield, Gallagher and Sevenoaks. Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 92)

E. 2,000-3,000
5,250
Back to Top
119
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 119, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortGreenwood S.C, Greenwood S.CGreenwood S.C. Two civilian flag-of-truce covers to Hamilton N.Y., both franked with 3c Rose (65) affixed over the spot where pasted "Trime" silver coins originated (both stamps defective from removal, coins no longer present), first cover with original contents docketed "Greenwood December 12" and "Flag of Truce Steamer James River", stamp tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 7, 1863" double-circle datestamp, docketed on front "wrote December 12/62" and "No. 7" to identify the cover in the series, second cover with no contents and origin identified by first cover, stamp tied by "Annapolis Md. Jan. 29, 1863" circular datestamp, docketed "No. 12", both with small backflap tears, Fine appearing and fascinating pair of civilian flag-of-truce covers evidencing coin paste-ups to pay postage

E. 750-1,000
0
Back to Top
120
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 120, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortRichmond Va, Richmond VaRichmond Va. Flag-of-truce cover from the Capt. John J. Miller correspondence, sent from Richmond to St. Louis Mo., original enclosure datelined "Richmond Va. May the 14th 1864", manuscript "Care of Mr. Jno. Burd", 3c Rose (65) with choice centering tied by quartered cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jun. 18" circular datestamp, couple minor corner nicks, Very Fine, a beautiful cover sent by Richmond and Old Point Comfort, the large correspondence between John Miller, a C.S.A. officer and native of St. Louis, and his fiancee Mary Elizabeth Burd produced a number of flag-of-truce as well as P.O.W. covers, John Miller joined Company B, 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry on September 2, 1861, the enclosed letter gives explicit instructions to his fiancee on how to send a flag-of-truce letter, "Direct your letters to this place, care of Harrison, Goddin & Apperson, enclose the letter with a Confederate States stamp on it (I enclose you 5) in a larger envelope directed to Maj. Gen. B.F. Butler Commanding Dept Va. Fortress Monroe Va. Write per flag of truce boat on the envelope..."

E. 400-500
300
Back to Top
121
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 121, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortRichmond Va, Richmond VaRichmond Va. Flag-of-truce cover from the Capt. John J. Miller correspondence, sent from Richmond to St. Louis Mo., original enclosure datelined "Richmond Va. June 5th 1864", manuscript "Care of Mr. Jno. W. Burd", 3c Rose (65) well-centered and tied by quartered cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jun. 16" circular datestamp, Very Fine, the enclosed letter states "I have no assurance you will get it -- the flag of truce mail is so irregular & uncertain", this observation is born out by the fact that the letter in the prior lot was written almost three weeks earlier, yet entered the U.S. mails at Old Point Comfort two days later than this letter

E. 400-500
300
Back to Top
122
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 122, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Wallpaper cover to Lewiston Me. with "Exd. H.W. In Extremis" examiner's marking applied by Camp Commandant Capt. Henry Wirz at top, endorsed "from prisoner of war", 5c Blue, Local Print on London Paper (7 var) underpays the 10c rate, tied by "Andersonville Ga." circular handstamp, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Aug. 25" double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" circular handstamp, some slight wear and sealed tear on back

A SPECTACULAR PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM ANDERSONVILLE, CENSORED BY THE NOTORIOUS PRISON COMMANDANT HENRY WIRZ. THIS COVER WAS MADE FROM WALLPAPER AND CARRIED ON THE RICHMOND-OLD POINT COMFORT FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE. ONE OF THE FINEST ANDERSONVILLE COVERS KNOWN.

The Andersonville prison, officially known as Camp Sumter, was the largest Confederate military prison during the Civil War and the most dreaded by Union soldiers. On March 27, 1864, Captain Henry Wirz assumed command of the stockade. By the end of the war, 12,913 of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held there had died, mostly from starvation and disease. After the war, Wirz was charged with conspiracy and murder by Federal authorities. His trial was held in the Capitol building in Washington and presided over by Union General Lew Wallace. A number of former prisoners testified on conditions at Andersonville, many accusing Wirz of specific acts of cruelty (some of these accounts were later called into question by historians as exaggerated or false). The court also heard from Confederate officers and considered official correspondence from captured Confederate records. Wirz presented evidence that he pleaded to Confederate authorities to obtain more food and maintained that he tried to improve the conditions for the prisoners. Wirz was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. On November 10, 1865, he was hanged in Washington at the site of the current Supreme Court building -- the only Confederate official to be tried, convicted and executed for war crimes resulting from the Civil War. There are approximately 32 covers known from the prison today.

Illustrated in Harrison (p. 22)

E. 10,000-15,000
21,000
Back to Top
123
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 123, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Cover from prisoner-of-war Pvt. J. W. Merrill to Perry N.Y., endorsed "Prisoners Letter", no censor mark, mixed franking with C.S.A. postage to Richmond paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), edges a bit rough, tied by indistinct "Andersonville Ga." circular handstamp and segmented cork, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by segmented cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Aug. 25" double-circle datestamp

VERY FINE. A GORGEOUS MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM ANDERSONVILLE PRISON VIA RICHMOND AND OLD POINT COMFORT.

Julian Weaton Merrill enlisted as a private in the 24th New York Battery on August 30, 1862. According to the Civil War Plymouth Pilgrims Descendents Society website, he was captured on April 20, 1864, at Plymouth N.C. and sent to Andersonville before being exchanged on November 20, 1864. While at Andersonville, a mock election was held in the stockade on Nov. 4, 1864, to decide between the two candidates for President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln and former Commander of the Army of the Potomac George B. McClellan. Merrill opened the meeting by singing "Columbia the Gem of the Ocean" and served as a ballot clerk for the election. Lincoln won the election by a vote of 945-795. Merrill survived Andersonville and in 1870 wrote a history of the 24th N.Y. Battery. He died in 1912 at the age of 71.

With 1984 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
5,750
Back to Top
124
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 124, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Cover to Dedham Mass. with original letter datelined "Confederate Prison Anderson Ga. March 6. 1864", endorsed "(via flag of truce)", with "Exd J.C.S." censor mark at top, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), manuscript cancel "Mar 9" and tied by provisional "Andersonville Ga." circular handstamp with second strike to the right of the stamp, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Mar. 24" double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" circular handstamp for unpaid letter, bottom of stamp torn but complete

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM A PRISONER AT ANDERSONVILLE SENT VIA RICHMOND AND OLD POINT COMFORT.

Harrison lists two examined markings from Andersonville in addition to "Exd. H.W." of Henry Wirz. The "J.C.S." marking is listed as used in February 1865 by an unknown censor. This cover shows that the officer who used those initials was censoring letters at least eleven months prior to February 1865.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 238)

E. 4,000-5,000
4,250
Back to Top
125
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 125, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Inner wallpaper cover from prisoner-of-war to Washington D.C., endorsed "Via Richmond, City Point and Flag of Truce Boat to U.S. Lines", censored at top "Ex H.W." by Camp Commandant Capt. Henry Wirz, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 18" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" handstamp for unpaid rate, opened for display, very fresh

EXTREMELY FINE. A SPECTACULAR FLAG-OF-TRUCE WALLPAPER COVER FROM ANDERSONVILLE PRISON WITH THE COMMANDANT HENRY WIRZ CENSOR MARK.

This cover combines all of the elements of an outstanding flag-of-truce usage. It was sent from a Union prisoner in the most infamous C.S.A. prison of the war and examined by the Camp Commandant who became the only official to be tried, convicted and executed for war crimes. It has clear markings, is an adversity usage and is as fresh as the day it was mailed.

Ex Birkinbine

E. 5,000-7,500
11,000
Back to Top
126
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 126, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Yellow cover with original contents from Pvt. Thomas Stodart, a prisoner-of-war, to his wife in Newark N.J., datelined "Camp Sumner (sic) June the 21 1864", manuscript "Exd. H.W" by Camp Commandant Capt. Henry Wirz at top, endorsed "Prisoners Letter", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage to Richmond paid by uncancelled 10c Blue, Die A (11), sheet margins at top and left (toned), U.S. postage paid with 3c Rose (65), tied by quartered cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 17" double-circle datestamp, contents state "I was captured on the 12th of May at Spotsylvania charging the breast works...I hope it won't be long for it is not a pleasant place to stay", one envelope edge split, some minor archival tape reinforcement and couple tiny holes on front

VERY FINE. A DESIRABLE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER WITH ORIGINAL CONTENTS FROM ANDERSONVILLE, CENSORED BY CAMP COMMANDANT HENRY WIRZ.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, the second major battle of U.S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign, was fought from May 8-21, 1864. Thomas Stodart was a private in the 110th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, which was part of the 2nd Corps commanded by Gen Winfield Scott Hancock. On the night of May 12, the 2nd Corps was the recipient of a strong and successful counterattack in the "Mule Shoe", which Robert E. Lee was reported to have initially attempted to lead himself before hearing the familiar "Lee to the rear" calls of his soldiers. That night, which resulted in Stodart's capture, saw some of the most savage fighting in the entire war and gave rise to the name "The Bloody Angle" of Spotsylvania. Stodart survived Andersonville and the war and and died in 1902. Interestingly, the letter to his wife informing her of his capture did not leave Old Point Comfort in the Federal mails until more than six months later.

E. 4,000-5,000
4,500
Back to Top
127
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 127, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Inner cover from Lt. David B. McCreary (later brigadier general), a prisoner-of-war to his wife in Erie Penn., with original letter datelined "Andersonville Ga. June 23rd 1864", given to a guard who initialed "HOB Sr", 3c Rose (65) tied by cork, "Washington D.C. Jul. 7, 1864" circular datestamp, some light soiling, enclosure contains lengthy list of those captured from the 145th Pennsylvania Volunteers in "the charge at Petersburg June 16 1864"

FINE. A DESIRABLE PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER WITH ORIGINAL CONTENTS FROM THE INFAMOUS ANDERSONVILLE PRISON.

From the history of the 145th Pennsylvania Volunteers (http://www.145thpvi.org/main.htm), David B. McCreary was commissioned an officer in Company B, Pennsylvania Erie Infantry Regiment on April 21, 1861. In March 1862 he helped form and lead the 145th Infantry Regiment. He quickly rose in rank during the war and became a brigadier general by 1865. He was captured at Petersburg on June 16, 1864 and in addition to Andersonville, he was a prisoner at Libby, at Macon Ga. and at Camp Sorgum, S.C. -- in all spending ten months in captivity. He survived his confinement and after the war served in the Pennsylvania State Legislature and as Adjutant General to the state governor. He died in 1904.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 73)

E. 3,000-4,000
2,000
Back to Top
128
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 128, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAtlanta Ga, Atlanta GaAtlanta Ga. Homemade cover from a prisoner at Atlanta prison to a captain in the 17th Michigan at Union-held Knoxville Tenn., endorsed "Care Gen Winder Richmond Va" and "For Flag of Truce", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), tied by light strike of "Atlanta Ga. Dec. 10" (1864) circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied by quartered cork, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Dec 19" circular datestamp, both stamps defective with 3c Rose missing a large part of corner before use and 10c Blue with a pre-use cut

EXTREMELY RARE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM ATLANTA PRISON SENT VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE THROUGH RICHMOND. ONLY TWO COVERS FROM THIS PRISON ARE KNOWN.

The Atlanta Ga. prison is listed in the Official Records as a former slave pen. It was in use as early as June 9, 1862, and held a number of prisoners from the 1863 Battle of Chickamauga. Following the fall of Atlanta, the prison was liberated and then briefly used to hold Confederate prisoners. Only two covers are reported. (Harrison, p. 24).

Illustrated in Harrison (p. 25) and Special Routes (p. 239)

E. 2,000-3,000
1,700
Back to Top
129
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 129, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga, Camp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon GaCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga. Prisoner-of-war inner cover to Wyocena Wis., endorsed "From Prisoner of War. Macon Ga., manuscript censor mark "Examined T.H.H." of Capt. T. H. Hackett, 15th Ga. Infantry, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 18" (1864) double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" handstamp (not entitled to 3c due rate), small closed tear at top, otherwise Very Fine, Augustus E. Patchin enlisted in Company D, Wisconsin 10th Inf. Reg. on September 18, 1861, was promoted to 1st Lt. in 1863 and was mustered out on Dec. 19, 1864, based on records of battles fought by the Wisconsin 10th and losses recorded, it is probable that Lt. Patchin was captured at the Battle of Chicamauga in September 1863

E. 500-750
550
Back to Top
130
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 130, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga, Camp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon GaCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga. Prisoner-of-war inner cover with original letter datelined "Macon Georgia May 19 1864" from Lt. Jacob S. Devine to Philadelphia Pa., endorsed "Officers Letter/ Prisoner of War/ Per Flag of Truce", censor mark "Examined CHB", "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 18" double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" handstamp (not entitled to 3c due rate), small piece out of backflap, contents include "...the camp we have here was formerly a park and it contains about 3 acres of which we have the privilege. I think it much healthier than 'Libby Prison' as we have the open air", Very Fine, Jacob S. Devine was a 1st Lt. in the 71st Pa. Volunteers

E. 500-750
800
Back to Top
131
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 131, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga, Camp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon GaCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga. Prisoner-of-war inner cover with original contents from Lt. Oliver R. McNary datelined "Macon Georgia May 29 1864", to Washington Pa., prisoner's endorsement at top, manuscript censor mark "Ex. W.H.G." of Capt. William H. Graves, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 18" double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" handstamp (not entitled to 3c due rate), light fold and couple small stains, otherwise Fine, Lt. Oliver R. McNary, a member of Co. E of the 12th Pa. Volunteers, was captured on April 20, 1864, at Plymouth N.C., taken to Andersonville Prison where he attempted to escape, then to Macon from where he did escape on July 30, was recaptured on August 17, injured during his flight and taken to Rickersville Hospital in Charleston on August 21, then to Annapolis Hospital on December 4 and finally paroled, illustrated in Confederate Philatelist (Oct. 1961), with lengthy article on the McNary correspondence, see lot 212 for a companion cover from Rickersville Hospital

E. 500-750
800
Back to Top
132
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 132, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga, Camp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon GaCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga. Small folded letter from prisoner datelined "Prisoners Camp, Macon Ga. June 6 1864", prisoner's endorsement on front, censored "Ex WS" (W.S. Scott, 1st Sgt. 5th Ga. Infantry), "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 18" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" handstamp, contents incl. "I wrote from Richmond. Left Libby 6 days ago", water staining and reinforced splits throughout, Fine appearance

E. 500-750
375
Back to Top
133
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 133, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortSalisbury Prison, N.C, Salisbury Prison, N.CSalisbury Prison, N.C. Prisoner-of-war turned cover to Chambersburg, Pa., endorsed "Prisoners Letter By Flag of Truce", magenta manuscript "Exd/s", 10c Blue, Die B (12) tied by "Salisbury N.C. Dec. 10" (1864) circular datestamp, sent via Richmond and Fortress Monroe, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 18" double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" for unpaid rate, first use addressed to "Thos. McDowell Citizen Prisoner" and endorsed "By Flag of Truce", 10c Blue, Die B (12) tied by "Richmond Va. Oct. 5" circular datestamp, some edgewear, otherwise Very Fine, a desirable P.O.W. turned cover sent twice by flag-of-truce

E. 1,000-1,500
1,100
Back to Top
134
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 134, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortSalisbury Prison, N.C, Salisbury Prison, N.CSalisbury Prison, N.C. Prisoner-of-war inner cover to Providence R.I., made from pre-printed addressed envelope to "Lieut. Armstrong S. Baily", endorsed "Care Com. Ould, Com of Exchange, Richmond Va" and "By flag of truce", manuscript "Exd" censor mark, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 14" (1865) double-circle datestamp, pencil "No. 3" docketing on front erased

FRESH AND VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE AND UNUSUAL PRISONER-OF-WAR ADVERSITY COVER MADE FROM A PRE-PRINTED ENVELOPE AT SALISBURY PRISON.

Lt. Armstrong S. Baily enlisted and then was promoted to officer in Company E of the 45th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. He was captured at Peeble's Farm Va. on September 30, 1864, taken to Richmond from Petersburg on October 3, and then to Salisbury Prison on October 8. He was transferred back to Richmond in February 1865 and finally paroled at James River Va. on February 22.

Ex Birkinbine

E. 1,500-2,000
1,000
Back to Top
135
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 135, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortSalisbury Prison, N.C, Salisbury Prison, N.CSalisbury Prison, N.C. Prisoner-of-war's homemade cover to North Somerville, Mass., with original letter datelined "Salisbury N.C. Dec 1st 1864", endorsed "Prisoner of War's Letter", censored with pencil "Examined", "Salisbury N.C. 5 Dec." circular datestamp, trace of "Pa(id)" handstamp, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 18" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle, some wear as usual for this soft paper, still Fine and attractive flag-of-truce cover sent via Richmond and Old Point Comfort

E. 500-750
450
Back to Top
136
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 136, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortSalisbury Prison, N.C, Salisbury Prison, N.CSalisbury Prison, N.C. Prisoner-of-war cover from Albert Deane Richardson, war correspondent from Massachusetts captured at Vicksburg and held at Salisbury Prison, endorsed "Flag of Truce Prisoner's Letter", franked with 3c Rose (65), tied by cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Apr. 18" double-circle datestamp, "Received at Boston 1864 Apr 20" circular datestamp on back, cover and stamp faults incl. water staining and backflap tear, still Fine appearance, includes photocopies of additional cover and letter in same hand identifying the writer as Richardson, who was one of the best known American journalists of his time, as well as a Union spy, he escaped from Salisbury Prison in December 1864, wrote Through the Pacific for the New York Tribune in 1869, but met a tragic end as the victim of murder at the hands of Daniel McFarland, the violent and alcoholic husband of Richardson's lover, Abby Sage McFarland, Richardson was shot by McFarland in both 1867 and 1869, with the latter attack resulting in his death, he was married to the divorced Abby on his death-bed by famous Brooklyn preacher Henry Ward Beecher

E. 500-750
375
Back to Top
137
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 137, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortDanville Prison, Va, Danville Prison, VaDanville Prison, Va. Tissue-paper prisoner-of-war cover to Manalapan N.J., endorsement at bottom, censored in pencil by the Prison Commander "Examined R.C. Smith Lt. Col Comdg" (Oct. 1864-Jan. 1865), mixed franking with 10c Blue, Die A (11) and 3c Rose (65), both tied by segmented cork cancel, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 17" (1865) double-circle datestamp, pencil receipt docketing at top, cover with faults incl. part of back missing, also some restoration due to the fragile paper

FINE APPEARANCE AND VERY DESIRABLE PRISONER'S FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER WITH MIXED FRANKING AND CENSORED BY THE DANVILLE PRISON COMMANDANT.

The Danville prison consisted of six tobacco warehouses and a hospital, and was active from November 1863 until the end of the war. Northbound mail was processed through Danville, although not usually postmarked there, and entered the U.S. mails at Old Point Comfort. Accordingly, most of the few known mixed-franking covers from this prison have no C.S.A. postal markings. Fewer than 50 surviving covers are known and can only be identified by letter contents, manuscript examined markings or prisoners' service records. The commandant's censor marking combined with the mixed franking on this cover are most unusual

E. 1,500-2,000
1,100
Back to Top
138
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 138, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortDanville Prison, Va, Danville Prison, VaDanville Prison, Va. Inner prisoner-of-war cover from Pvt. Elijah Rockhold to Bainbridge O. with original letter datelined "Danville Va. Prison & Hos. April 21st 1864", censored with "Exd MM" in pencil by Danville Prison Commander Major Mason Morfit (Aug.-Oct. 1864), entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. May 2" circular datestamp and "Due 3" straightline for unpaid soldier's letter, receipt docketing at left, soiling and some wear, still a Fine flag-of-truce cover sent via Richmond and Fortress Monroe, desirable with the Morfit censor mark, Elijah Rockhold was a member of Company H of the Ohio 89th Infantry Regiment, ex Harrison

E. 1,000-1,500
0
Back to Top
139
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 139, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortDanville Prison, Va, Danville Prison, VaDanville Prison, Va. Inner prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Samuel A. Moffett to Rodman, N.Y., with original letter datelined "Danville Military Prison Nov. 20. 1864", endorsed with prisoner's rank and "Via Flag of Truce Boat to the United States", censored with manuscript "Examined RC Smith Lt Col Comdg" by the Danville Prison Commander (Oct. 1864-Jan. 1865), entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 18" (1865) circular datestamp and "Due 6" in circle (officers not entitled to 3c due rate), some edgewear and edge splitting, Fine appearing flag-of-truce cover sent via Richmond and Fortress Monroe, desirable with the Prison Commander censor mark, Samuel A. Moffett was born in 1836 and at the age of 25 enlisted in the 94th N.Y. Volunteer Infantry, in April 1863 he was promoted to head of the Regiment and lead it at the Battle of Chancellorsville as part of Gen. John F. Reynold's 1st Corps, after his capture in 1864 he was held at Libby Prison in Richmond, then Salisbury N.C. and Danville, ex Seacrest, with 1986 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
950
Back to Top
140
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 140, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortLynchburg Prison, Va, Lynchburg Prison, VaLynchburg Prison, Va. Prisoner-of-war cover to Capt. Edwin J. Swan in Washington D.C., original letter datelined "Lynchburg, VA May 8th 1864", endorsed "by flag of truce boat", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage to Richmond paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), huge margins to close at left, tied by greenish-black "Lynchburg Va. May 25" (1864) circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied together with C.S.A. stamp by quartered cork, small tear at top, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Jun. 4" double-circle datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXCEPTIONALLY RARE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM A PRISONER AT LYNCHBURG PRISON SENT THROUGH RICHMOND AND OLD POINT COMFORT. FEWER THAN FOUR ARE KNOWN, AND THIS IS ARGUABLY THE FINEST.

The writer of the enclosed letter was a private in the 76th N.Y. Volunteers, which was part of the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac. Writing to Captain Swan, commander of Company H in the 76th N.Y., he lists the prisoners captured with him on May 5, 1864, at the Battle of the Wilderness and states that they are all well. He goes on to instruct the captain on sending flag-of-truce mail by putting 10c silver into an unsealed envelope.

Lynchburg Prison held more than 10,000 prisoners during the war, but with most of them remaining for short periods of time, covers are extremely rare. Medical care was reportedly better at Lynchburg than at most other C.S.A. prisons due to the presence of the base hospital center used by the Confederacy throughout the war. During a December 1863 outbreak of smallpox, vaccine was sent from Fortress Monroe by General Benjamin F. Butler to inoculate the prisoners at Lynchburg (Harrison p. 79).

Ex Antrim and Kilbourne. Illustrated in Antrim (p. 140) and Special Routes (p.243)

E. 4,000-5,000
10,000
Back to Top
141
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 141, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortLynchburg Prison, Va, Lynchburg Prison, VaLynchburg Prison, Va. Prisoner-of-war cover to Toledo O. endorsed "flag of truce", no censor markings, mixed franking with 10c Blue, Die A (11) tied by smudgy strike of greenish-black "Lynchburg Va. May 25" (1864) circular datestamp, another blurry strike on back, 3c Rose (65), defective, tied by segmented cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jun. 4" double-circle datestamp, cover slightly reduced at right, some soiling and small tear on back, still Fine and rare P.O.W. cover from Lynchburg Prison, fewer than four known

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
Back to Top
142
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 142, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortBelle Island Prison, Richmond Va, Belle Island Prison, Richmond VaBelle Island Prison, Richmond Va. Inner prisoner-of-war cover to Washington Pa. with original letter from Pvt. Sample S. Bane datelined "Richmond Va. Dec the 10th 1863", endorsed "By Flag of Truce", no censor marks, 3c Rose (65) tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 1" (1864) circular datestamp, contents include a request for provisions "Direct it to Richmond Va. Belle Island Prisoner of War.", stamp with faults and cover soiling, Fine and very scarce P.O.W. letter from Belle Island, Harrison records only eight known, Sample S. Bane was a private in the 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry, after Belle Island he was transferred to Andersonville Prison where he died less than two months after this letter was written

E. 1,000-1,500
800
Back to Top
143
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 143, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCastle Thunder, Richmond Va, Castle Thunder, Richmond VaCastle Thunder, Richmond Va. Inner cover from William F. Carr to his wife in Keedysville Md., with original letter datelined "Room No. 10, Castle Thunder Prison, Richmond Va. March 26th 1864", endorsed "Citizen prisoners letter per flag of truce" at top, no censor mark, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Apr. 19" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle handstamp, minor wear and couple light stains, splits throughout enclosed letter, overall Fine, scarce P.O.W. letter from Castle Thunder from a well-known correspondence, Harrison records only 11 covers known, Castle Thunder, also known as Grainer Tobacco Warehouse, received its nickname because it was near cannons defending the city, William F. Carr was arrested as a spy after the Battle of Antietam, ex Antrim

E. 500-750
750
Back to Top
144
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 144, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCastle Thunder, Richmond Va, Castle Thunder, Richmond VaCastle Thunder, Richmond Va. Inner cover to Hopkinsville Ky., censored with manuscript "Ex Jno L Eustis adc", who was a clerk in the Richmond War Office, franked with three singles of 1c Blue (63), stamps defective, cancelled with segmented cork, one tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Apr. 18" double-circle datestamp, cover with some wear and couple small tears and stains, Fine appearing and very scarce franking, inner P.O.W. covers going to the North are almost always franked with a 3c Rose (65) or stampless with a due marking

E. 400-500
1,000
Back to Top
145
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 145, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortLibby Prison, Richmond Va, Libby Prison, Richmond VaLibby Prison, Richmond Va. Inner cover from prisoner-of-war to Trenton N.J., unusual soldier's letter endorsement provided by fellow prisoner, Captain William D. Wilkins, "For Clark Fisher U.S.A.", censored with manuscript "exd HW." by Captain Henry H. Wirz, later of Andersonville Prison infamy, "Due 3" handstamp, no other U.S. postal markings, couple minor stained spots

VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE COMMANDANT HENRY WIRZ'S CENSOR MARKING ON A FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM LIBBY PRISON.

Henry H. Wirz took command of Libby Prison beginning in late 1862. In March 1864, he was assigned to Andersonville (Camp Sumter). After the war, Wirz was charged with conspiracy and murder by Federal authorities. His trial was held in the Capitol building in Washington and was presided over by Union General Lew Wallace. A number of former prisoners testified on conditions at Andersonville, many accusing Wirz of specific acts of cruelty (some of these accounts were later called into question by historians as exaggerated or false). The court also heard from Confederate officers and considered official correspondence from captured Confederate records. Wirz presented evidence that he pleaded to Confederate authorities to try to get more food and maintained that he tried to improve the conditions for the prisoners. Wirz was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death. On November 10, 1865, he was hanged in Washington at the site of the current Supreme Court building -- the only Confederate official to be tried, convicted and executed for war crimes resulting from the Civil War.

Illustrated in Harrison (p. 92)

E. 3,000-4,000
2,300
Back to Top
146
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 146, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortLibby Prison, Richmond Va, Libby Prison, Richmond VaLibby Prison, Richmond Va. Six inner prisoner-of-war covers from Libby Prison to cities in the North, dates range from February-November 1863, three franked with 3c Rose (65), others stampless with "Due 3" or "Due 6" markings, three with original contents, nice variety of censor markings, one postmarked Annapolis Md. (possibly carried there by paroled P.O.W.), others with "Old Point Comfort Va." datestamps, some with notes on the prisoners, few small faults as normally found on prisoner covers

A WONDERFUL GROUP OF PRISONERS' FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVERS FROM LIBBY PRISON IN RICHMOND.

With the largest Union prisoner population in the C.S.A., Richmond was forced to use a number of facilities as prisons. Northbound mail was processed through Richmond, but virtually all known covers from Richmond prisons are inner envelopes which do not have C.S.A. frankings or Richmond postmarks, and which entered the U.S. mails at Old Point Comfort.

Libby Prison opened in March 1862 to receive transferred prisoners from Ligon's, Mayo's and Taylor's Warehouses. It re-opened in mid-1863, and quickly grew to over 4,000 inmates by the end of 1863. It was evacuated on the fall of Richmond in April 1865. Eight flag-of-truce covers are known from the via Norfolk period, and five are known from the via Petersburg period. More than 160 covers are known from the via Richmond period.

E. 1,500-2,000
2,400
Back to Top
147
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 147, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCharleston S.C, Charleston S.CCharleston S.C. Blue inner cover to Lynn Mass., endorsed "Per Flag of Truce" and "Prisoner of War Letter Charleston S.C.", no censor markings, entered U.S. mails with "Annapolis Md. Oct. 20 '64" double-circle datestamp, "Due 6" in circle, also strike of circular target, soiling and some small tears on edge and backflap, Fine and unusual usage, most likely sent via Richmond with the flag-of-truce boat skipping Fortress Monroe and taking the letter all the way to Annapolis, ex Kohn

E. 500-750
300
Back to Top
148
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 148, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortRichland Jail, Columbia S.C, Richland Jail, Columbia S.CRichland Jail, Columbia S.C. Adversity cover made from a printed math table with strikes of Columbia S.C. Provisional "Paid" in circle and "10" handstamps, sent by prisoner-of-war to Dennysville Me., endorsed "Lt. John P Sheahan, Prisoner of War, Columbia S.C.", manuscript censor mark "Exd RD Senn, Capt Post Guard", carried out of the Prison by an exchanged prisoner with "Politeness of Capt Sherman U.S.A." endorsement, "Washington D.C. Dec. 17 '64" double-circle datestamp and "Due 3" handstamp, provisional "Paid" handstamp overwritten by postal clerk with "C.S.A.", some edgewear and backflap partially split

VERY FINE. A WONDERFUL PRISONER-OF-WAR ADVERSITY COVER CARRIED BY AN EXCHANGED UNION SOLDIER FROM THE RICHLAND JAIL IN COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA.

John P. Sheahan enlisted in Company K, Maine 1st Cavalry Reg. on Aug. 23, 1862. He was commissioned an officer in Company E, Maine 31st Infantry Reg. on March 11, 1864. His unit was involved in numerous engagements during 1864, including the Battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and the Crater. He was listed as a prisoner at Richland Jail in The New York Times, December 23, 1864

E. 2,000-3,000
5,250
Back to Top
149
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 149, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortRichland Jail, Columbia S.C, Richland Jail, Columbia S.CRichland Jail, Columbia S.C. Prisoner-of-war turned cover to Warsaw N.Y., lengthy original letter datelined "Richland Jail Columbia South Carolina, December 4th 1864", endorsed "From Prisoner of War", manuscript "Exd. RD Senn, Capt. Post Guard" censor's marking at bottom left, two strikes of "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 16" (1865) double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle handstamp for unpaid U.S. rate, docketed received Jan. 19th, first use addressed to same prisoner with "Washington D.C. Sep 9 '64" circular datestamp, 3c Rose (65) cancelled by target, endorsed "Care of Capt. Senn, Comdg Post.", small hole in cover and some edgewear, still Very Fine appearing and fascinating turned cover to and from a prisoner at Richland Jail

E. 1,000-1,500
750
Back to Top
150
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 150, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C, Camp Sorghum, Columbia S.CCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C. Cover from prisoner-of-war to Erie Penn., endorsed "Lt. Col MCreary, Prisoner of War, Columbia S.C." and "By flag of truce", manuscript censor mark by Camp Commandant "Exd. J.C. Martin Capt Comdg", and also pencil "Exd" above address, mixed franking with C.S.A. postage to Richmond paid by pair of 5c Blue, Local (7), used with 3c Rose (65), both tied by cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Dec. 16" (1864) double-circle datestamp, docketed "Recd Dec 19th"

VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM CAMP SORGHUM, SENT VIA THE RICHMOND AND OLD POINT COMFORT FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE AND CENSORED BY THE CAMP COMMANDANT.

From the history of the 145th Pennsylvania Volunteers (http://www.145thpvi.org/main.htm), David B. McCreary was commissioned an officer in Company B, Pennsylvania Erie Infantry Regiment on April 21, 1861. In March 1862 he helped form and lead the 145th Infantry Regiment. He quickly rose in rank during the war and became a brigadier general by 1865. He was captured at Petersburg on June 16, 1864 and in addition to Camp Sorgum, he was a prisoner at Libby Prison, Andersonville and Macon Ga. -- spending a total of ten months in captivity. He survived his confinement and after the war served in the Pennsylvania State Legislature and as Adjutant General to the state governor.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 73)

E. 2,000-3,000
2,700
Back to Top
151
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 151, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C, Camp Sorghum, Columbia S.CCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C. Cover from prisoner-of-war to Elba N.Y., endorsed "From Lieut. Wm. Henry Raymond, Co. H., N.Y. Vol. Arty. Prisoner of War, C.S. Military Prison, Columbia S.C. Per Flag of Truce Boat", manuscript examiner's mark "Exd. By T.G. Holland Lt. 1st Ga R" (guard at Camp Sorghum), 10c Milky Blue, Die B (12a), full margins to just touched, gum stains, uncancelled but tied by manuscript docketing, bold "Old Point Comfort Va. Dec. 16" (1864) double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle for U.S. unpaid rate

VERY FINE. A SCARCE CAMP SORGHUM PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER VIA RICHMOND AND FORTRESS MONROE.

There were three prisons in Columbia. The attribution to Camp Sorghum is based on military records researched by Brian Green (signed on back). Ex Murphy

E. 1,500-2,000
900
Back to Top
152
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 152, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C, Camp Sorghum, Columbia S.CCamp Sorghum, Columbia S.C. Brown homemade prisoner-of-war cover to Battle Creek Mich., prisoner's endorsement at top and manuscript censor mark by Camp Commandant "Exd. J.C. Martin Capt Comdg", also pencil "Exd" above address, "Old Point Comfort Va. Dec. 16" (1864) double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle, with original Nov. 30, 1864 letter from an imprisoned Union lieutenant to his wife, casually mentions his escape and recapture -- "excuse me for not writing during the last 3 weeks, for I have been away from camp...but was unfortunately picked up upon the blue ridge in N.C.", some edgewear, otherwise Very Fine, fascinating content

E. 500-750
750
Back to Top
153
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 153, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortDavid's Island, DeCamp General Hospital, Pelham N.Y, David's Island, DeCamp General Hospital, Pelham N.YDavid's Island, DeCamp General Hospital, Pelham N.Y. Incoming cover addressed to "Capt. John A. Reid, Care of Dr. J. Simmons, U.S. Hospital David's Island, New York", bearing 3c Rose (65) tied by neat target, "Old Point Comfort Va. Oct. 26" (1863) double-circle datestamp, bold blue "Due 3" in oval handstamp, stamp with small tear at bottom not mentioned on accompanying certificate, otherwise Very Fine and scarce, records indicate that the recipient had been transferred to Johnson's Island by the time this letter arrived which could explain the "Due 3" handstamp if it was forwarded, very few covers are known to or from David's Island as it was only open for four months following the Battle of Gettysburg to treat and hold wounded Confederate prisoners, with 1992 C.S.A. certificate,

E. 300-400
550
Back to Top
154
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 154, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Brown cover to prisoner at Camp Douglas from Rutherfordton, N.C., endorsed "Via Flag of Truce/ City Point Va/ Fortress Monroe", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Green, Die A (11d), tied by "Rutherfordton N.C." circular datestamp, date not clear, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied by segmented cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Mar. 1" (1865) circular datestamp, small portions of backflap missing, otherwise Very Fine, attractive prisoner-of-war cover through Richmond and Old Point Comfort, the addressee of this letter was a member of the 42nd N.C. Regiment, which saw significant action in 1864 and had occupied just two days earlier the ground near Petersburg where the massive explosion precipitated the infamous Battle of the Crater

E. 1,000-1,500
900
Back to Top
155
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 155, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Orange-buff cover to prisoner at Camp Douglas from Thomaston Ga., endorsed "By Flag of Truce Richmond Va." and pencil "Cannot be found", "$10 Confederate money" and "$1 U.S. Banknote", manuscript "Paid 10" C.S.A. marking, two strikes of "Thomaston Ga. (?) 9" circular datestamp, one of which ties a 3c Rose (65), some edgewear, still Very Fine and desirable with the U.S. stamp cancelled solely by a Confederate handstamp

E. 750-1,000
400
Back to Top
156
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 156, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortHart's Island, N.Y, Hart's Island, N.YHart's Island, N.Y. Incoming cover addressed to James M. Morey "Comp. 27. Prison Camp, Harts Island, New York Harbor, New York", docketed May 25, 1865, 3c Rose (65) cancelled by target and tied by "Bennington N.H. May 26" circular datestamp, small piece out of top right, still Fine appearance and rare, the Hart's Island camp was in operation for only four months at the end of the war -- possibly the last one established by the Union, Harrison reports all 22 covers known from Hart's Island are from the Morey correspondence, James Morey was a member of the 32nd Tennessee Infantry and was captured on February 12, 1865, at Orangeburg S.C., this cover is from Morey's cousin, Helen Hayward, ex Harrison

E. 500-750
275
Back to Top
157
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 157, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortJohnson's Island, Sandusky O, Johnson's Island, Sandusky OJohnson's Island, Sandusky O. Incoming cover to prisoner-of-war from Hadensville Va., endorsed "By Flag of Truce/ Care of Hon, Robert Ould/ Richmond Va.", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), deep shade, tied by indistinct strike of "Hadensville Va. Feb. 7" circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied by quartered cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Mar. 27" circular datestamp, docketed "Apr. 6 1865" at top, reverse with two strikes of oval examiner's handstamp "Prisoner's Letter, Johnsons Island, Examined, J. Jordan" (used from Apr. 3-May 5, 1865), some light soiling, otherwise Very Fine flag-of-truce cover through Richmond and Old Point Comfort, Robert Ould, who handled this cover in Richmond, was well-known as a Confederate agent for the "Dix-Hill Cartel", which was an 1862 agreement between the C.S.A. and U.S. on prisoner exchange, illustrated in Special Routes (p. 71), with 1994 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,700
Back to Top
158
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 158, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort McHenry, Baltimore Md, Fort McHenry, Baltimore MdFort McHenry, Baltimore Md. Buff cover to a prisoner at Ft. McHenry from Staunton Va., endorsed "Via flag truce", C.S.A. postage paid by pair of 5c Blue, Local (7) tied by "Staunton Va. Nov. 18" (1863) circular datestamp, attempted prepayment of U.S. postage with demonetized 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), ignored by post office at Old Point Comfort and rated "Due 6" in circular handstamp for unpaid letter, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 18" (1864) circular datestamp, docketed on back "Recd Jan. 26th", some light wear and address a bit faded

VERY FINE. A FASCINATING FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER TO A PRISONER AT FT. MCHENRY, BEARING A DEMONETIZED U.S. 1857 ISSUE STAMP.

Ft. McHenry prison held a number of prominent prisoners during the War, including the mayor of Baltimore, several members of the Maryland legislature and most ironically, Frank Key Howard, grandson of Francis Scott Key. Covers to or from Ft. McHenry are not particularly rare, with 29 known (Harrison p. 149), though this mixed franking-demonetized usage certainly makes it among the most attractive.

Ex Birkinbine

E. 2,000-3,000
1,700
Back to Top
159
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 159, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Incoming cover from Lynchburg Va. to prisoner-of-war Pvt. A. W. Saunders, a member of Company G of the 2nd Va. Cavalry, endorsed at top "$5 U.S. Currency" and "ex." in same hand, c/o and flag-of-truce endorsements at bottom, mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), large margins, tied by blurry strike of green "Lynchburg Va. Oct. 27" (1864) circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), uncancelled but tied by manuscript "17th Jan'y Exchanged", also manuscript (No. 31)" and "Dep" in green pencil

VERY FINE. AN EXCEPTIONALLY ATTRACTIVE MIXED-FRANKING COVER FROM LYNCHBURG TO A CONFEDERATE PRISONER AT POINT LOOKOUT WHO HAD ALREADY BEEN EXCHANGED.

Mixed frankings on prisoner-of-war covers are always desirable, especially so on South-to-North mail.

Ex Judd and Birkinbine

E. 1,500-2,000
2,000
Back to Top
160
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 160, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Small incoming cover to prisoner-of-war from "Co. H, 14th Regt. Va. Cavalry" at Point Lookout, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), large margins, gum toning, tied by blue/ultramarine "Farmville Va." circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by bold quartered cork with "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 23" double-circle datestamp, manuscript "LFP" censor's marking applied at Point Lookout, Extremely Fine, a beautiful mixed-franking flag-of-truce cover to Point Lookout routed via Richmond and Old Point Comfort, ex Howard Green

E. 750-1,000
1,200
Back to Top
161
 
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 161, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Front only of a prisoner-of-war turned usage, one side to Point Lookout from Maple Springs N.C., 3c Rose (65) tied by cork, "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 6" double-circle datestamp, red pen docketing, other side from Point Lookout to Maple Springs, prisoner's endorsement at left and "Prisoner's Letter Examined" octagonal handstamp (Ty. IIa), "Point Lookout Md. Oct. 7 '64" circular datestamp, 3c Rose (65) removed, portion of Richmond circular datestamp and "Due 10" straightline handstamp for C.S.A. postage, small pieces missing from corners and top, more than 2,000 cover fronts are known to Point Lookout because a dealer salvaged them from a waste paper sale in the 1920's (Antrim p. 18), this turned front is among the more unusual and desirable from that group

E. 200-300
110
Back to Top
162
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 162, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortRock Island Barracks, Ill, Rock Island Barracks, IllRock Island Barracks, Ill. Registered cover from California to "Mr. Jabez Wood, Prisoner of war at Rock Island", pen-cancelled 3c Rose (65), clear "Bodega Cal. Mar. 30" (1865) circular datestamp, manuscript "Registered/No. 7", large "Exchanged Bk 79-" written in blue pencil, Very Fine, registered covers to prisoners are exceedingly rare and mail addressed to Confederate prisoners from the West Coast is virtually unknown

E. 500-750
275
Back to Top
163
 
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 163, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortWest's Building Hospital, Baltimore Md, West's Building Hospital, Baltimore MdWest's Building Hospital, Baltimore Md. 1865 front only from Mt. Nebo N.C. to West's Hospital made from postal regulations sheet, 3c Rose (65) affixed over spot where 3c U.S. silver coin was attached to pay postage, forwarded to Ft. McHenry and then to Point Lookout Md., manuscript "Exd M. F." and crayon "Examined" censor markings, 3c stamp defective as often seen when affixed over the coin adhesive, edge nicks, still Fine, more than 2,000 cover fronts are known to Point Lookout because a dealer salvaged them from a waste paper sale in the 1920's (Antrim p. 18), this front to West's Hospital with its evidence of coin prepayment and twice forwarded is certainly among the more unusual and desirable from that group

E. 200-300
475
Back to Top
164
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 164, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCivilian Flag-of-Truce Cover from Cuba -- The Aichel Correspondence, Civilian Flag-of-Truce Cover from Cuba -- The Aichel CorrespondenceCivilian Flag-of-Truce Cover from Cuba -- The Aichel Correspondence. Two folded letters from a German immigrant, Oskar Aichel, to his wife at home in Anderson C.H., South Carolina

A REMARKABLE PAIR OF LETTERS. THE FIRST TELLS OF THE WRITER'S IMPENDING JOURNEY ON A BLOCKADE RUNNER, WHILE THE SECOND IS AN EXTREMELY RARE FLAG-OF-TRUCE USAGE FROM CUBA TO SOUTH CAROLINA VIA NEW YORK CITY, FORTRESS MONROE AND RICHMOND, VIRGINIA.

The first is datelined Wilmington N.C. Oct. 7, 1863, as Aichel is awaiting his departure on board the "Blockade Runner... Margaretha & Jessie" to be transported to Nassau and Havana, with 10c Green, Die B (12) tied by "Wilmington N.C." circular datestamp.

The second, headed "Fourth letter", is datelined "Habana, 22 Decemb. 1863" and written in English for the purpose of censoring. Aichel mentions he has been in Havana for 1-1/2 months, describes the difficulty of finding work at reasonable wages and characterizes locals as "those mis-trusting vicious creoles." He closes by wishing his family a Merry Christmas. This letter is endorsed "By Flag of Truce" and was enclosed in an outer envelope (discarded at the exchange point), which carried it by steamer to New York City and from there to the exchange point through Old Point Comfort to Fortress Monroe in Virginia. The enclosed letter was censored and marked "Examined J. Cassels" (John Cassels, Captain and Provost Marshal), then sent by flag-of-truce boat to Richmond, where 10c Greenish Blue, Die B (12), large margins, was tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 18" (1864) circular datestamp.

Both covers are in Very Fine condition. Letters originating outside the continental United States and carried into the Confederacy under the flag of truce are extremely rare -- far rarer, in fact, than blockade-run covers into Confederate ports. Two similar covers from the Aichel correspondence -- one with a faulty stamp, the other stampless -- were offered in our sale of the Kohn collection (Sale 382).

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 93). Ex Murphy

E. 7,500-10,000
5,250
Back to Top
165
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 165, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Johnson, Charleston Harbor S.C, Fort Johnson, Charleston Harbor S.CFort Johnson, Charleston Harbor S.C. Civilian flag-of-truce folded letter datelined "Georgetown Aug 17th 1864" to Charleston S.C., 10c Blue, Die A (11) with large margins pays C.S.A. postage from Richmond to Charleston, cancelled by "Richmond Va. Sep. 5" circular datestamp, advertised in Charleston with "2" handstamp, forwarded to Fort Johnson on James Island (within the mouth of Charleston Harbor) with 2c Brown Red (8), three large margins, slightly in at upper left and tiny pinhole, affixed partly overlapping 10c stamp, tied by "Charleston S.C. Sep. 24, 1864" circular datestamp, some minor soiling and stained spots

A FINE AND EXTRAORDINARY FLAG-OF-TRUCE AND INTRA-CITY FORWARDED USAGE WITH A RARE COMBINATION OF CONFEDERATE GENERAL ISSUES.

The letter is discreetly addressed to "Mr." James C. Reynolds at Charleston. Reynolds was, in fact, a Lieutenant with the 1st S.C. Artillery stationed at Fort Johnson. The sender, who would have known his status, probably used a civilian salutation to evade Federal interception of correspondence with an active Confederate officer, and may have even known where he was stationed but used the less specific Charleston address for the same reason. The letter was mailed under flag-of-truce from Georgetown Washington D.C. to the Federal exchange point at Fortress Monroe inside another envelope with 3c U.S. postage, which was discarded. At Richmond the 10c C.S.A. stamp was tied by the Richmond circular datestamp and sent in the mails to Charleston. The Charleston post office did not recognize the addressee as a Confederate officer and advertised the letter, applying the "2" handstamp for the advertising fee. Lt. Reynolds likely sent the 2c fee, and, judging from a small pre-use pinhole in the 2c stamp, he probably pinned the stamp to his written directions to the Charleston post office. The "2" handstamp was obliterated with a grid and the 2c stamp was tied by the Charleston circular datestamp -- the charge for forwarding postage being only 2c because of the local forwarding. The combination of the 2c Jackson to pay the local forwarding charge with the flag-of-truce routing and the advertised "2" marking on a cover from the North to a C.S.A. officer, disguised as a purely civilian letter, makes this a most extraordinary artifact of Civil War postal history and probably unique.

Ex Grant and Bogg. Discussed by Stanley B. Ashbrook in his Special Service (p. 154) and in Weekly Philatelic Gossip (Feb and May 1953). Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 92)

E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
Back to Top
166
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 166, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortNorfolk Va, Norfolk VaNorfolk Va. Civilian flag-of-truce entire from Union-controlled Norfolk Va. to Shady Grove Va., endorsed "By Flag of Truce" and "Via Richmond & Danville Va", mixed franking with U.S. postage to Old Point Comfort paid by 3c Pink on Buff entire (U35), cancelled by "Norfolk Va. Dec. 21 '63" circular datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), large to clear margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 1" circular datestamp, some wear and nicks, missing backflap, otherwise Very Fine, attractive across-the-lines cover sent entirely within Virginia

E. 500-750
700
Back to Top
167
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 167, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortOld Point Comfort Va, Old Point Comfort VaOld Point Comfort Va. Small inner civilian flag-of-truce cover to Prince George C.H. Va. (Richmond), docketed "Mrs. M. M. Shoemaker? Dec 4th. 63" manuscript "Examined John Cassel" censor marking of Union Captain and Provost Marshal at Fortress Monroe, 5c Cobalt, Local (7a) overpays the 2c local rate, tied by "Richmond Va. Dec. 11, 1863" circular datestamp, mounting remnants on back, Very Fine, interesting overpaid usage, possibly from a female prisoner-of-war, ex Birkinbine

E. 750-1,000
850
Back to Top
168
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 168, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Prison, Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Prison, Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Prison, Ga. (Camp Sumter). Inner cover to prisoner-of-war Sgt. Oliver Williams at "Americus Ga." with original letter datelined "Perry (N.Y.) June 17, 1864", censored "Exd H.W." by Camp Commandant Capt. Henry H. Wirz, some soiling and tears

A FINE APPEARING AND RARE HENRY WIRZ CENSORED COVER TO A PRISONER-OF-WAR AT ANDERSONVILLE. COVERS TO ANDERSONVILLE ARE RARE ENOUGH, BUT THE SURVIVAL OF A COVER AND LETTER TO A PRISONER WHO DIED AT ANDERSONVILLE IS EXTRAORDINARY.

Sgt. Oliver Williams was a member of the 24th New York Battery and was captured at Plymouth N.C. on April 20, 1864. The enclosed letter is from his wife Laura and contains a poignant and pleading request for him to write, asking that he have a fellow prisoner write if he is too ill to do so. She closes by asking him not to get down-hearted, to trust in Providence and to look forward to their meeting. One month later, on July 25, 1864, Sgt. Williams died at Andersonville. He is buried at the National Cemetery at the site

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
Back to Top
169
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 169, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortAndersonville Prison, Ga. (Camp Sumter), Andersonville Prison, Ga. (Camp Sumter)Andersonville Prison, Ga. (Camp Sumter). Cover from New Philadelphia O. to prisoner-of-war at Andersonville, endorsed "Via Fortress Monroe, & flag of truce boat", U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by cork cancel, "New Philada. O. Sep. 9" circular datestamp, exchanged through Fortress Monroe and Richmond, forwarded to Georgia by military courier, no C.S.A. postage or markings as usual

FRESH AND VERY FINE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER TO A UNION PRISONER AT ANDERSONVILLE.

Mail from the North to Union prisoners in Confederate prisons was normally carried via Old Point Comfort to the C.S.A. War Department in Richmond, where it was examined and then sent outside the C.S.A. postal system to the prisons via military courier. No Confederate postage or postmarks appear on this type of mail.

E. 1,500-2,000
2,800
Back to Top
170
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 170, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortBelle Island Prison, Richmond Va, Belle Island Prison, Richmond VaBelle Island Prison, Richmond Va. Incoming cover from Hartford Conn. to Chester H. Riley, endorsed "By Flag of Truce Boat to Richmond", and "Care of Gen Merideth Fortress Monroe", 3c Rose (65) tied by target, pays U.S. postage to Old Point Comfort, "Hartford Con Nov. 14, 1863" circular datestamp, no C.S.A. postage or due handstamps, file fold through 3c stamp, otherwise fresh, Very Fine and scarce incoming cover to Belle Island (Harrison records only eight covers), mail from the North to prisoners in Richmond was normally carried by the War Department rather than the Post Office Department, such mail lacks C.S.A. postage and markings, Chester H. Riley enlisted in Co. A, Conn. 7th Infantry Regiment, on Sep. 5, 1861, he died as a prisoner on Feb. 29, 1864, at Richmond, three months after receiving this cover

E. 500-750
950
Back to Top
171
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 171, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga, Camp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon GaCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga. Buff cover to prisoner-of-war at Camp Oglethorpe, with original letter datelined "Beaver Pa. Sept. 6th 1864", 3c Rose (65) tied by cork, "Beaver C.H. Pa. Sep. 6" (1864) circular datestamp, endorsed "Via Hilton Head S.C." but routed through Old Point Comfort, no C.S.A. postage or markings as usual, contents refer to "Every thing now looks favorable for a general exchange at once. The papers announce it this morning as certain.", Very Fine, mail from the North to Union P.O.W.s in Confederate prisons was carried via Old Point Comfort to the C.S.A. War Department in Richmond, where it was examined and then sent outside the C.S.A. postal system to the prisons via military courier, Camp Oglethorpe for Officers was built in May 1864 and was the second Camp Oglethorpe Prison at Macon

E. 500-750
325
Back to Top
172
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 172, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Orange-buff prisoner-of-war cover to Bethania N.C., endorsed "Major Malford, Exchange Commishioner, Fortress Monroe" [sic] and "Via Old Point Comfort", bold strike of circular censor handstamp "Examined Camp Chase O" (Ty. Ic), mixed franking with 3c Rose (65) tied by target and "Columbus O. Oct. 23" (1864) double-circle datestamp and 10c Blue, Die A (11), tied by "Richmond Va. Nov. 12" circular datestamp

FRESH AND VERY FINE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER SENT VIA THE OLD POINT COMFORT AND RICHMOND FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE.

Camp Chase was first used from July 1861 to September 1862. It was reopened for prisoners in 1863 and remained in use until the end of the war. The prison population reached a peak of 9,000 in January 1865. Southbound mail entered the U.S. mails at nearby Columbus, and the C.S.A. mails at Norfolk, Petersburg or Richmond. One type of examined handstamp was used during the via Richmond period, with three sub-types. Lieutenant Colonel Poten assumed examination duty in November 1863 and initially used manuscript endorsements. The volume of mail, however, led to the creation of a handstamp in January 1864. When Poten was replaced in March 1864, the handstamp was modified by the removal of "Poten" from the device. It was further modified in August 1864 by the removal of additional letters, as in this example

Signed Dietz

E. 1,500-2,000
2,100
Back to Top
173
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 173, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Orange-buff prisoner-of-war cover to Bethania N.C., endorsed "Major Malford Exchangeing Commishioner, Fortress Monroe Va," [sic] and "Via Flag of Truce", circular censor handstamp "Examined Camp Chase O" (Ty. Ic), mixed franking with 3c Rose tied by target and "Richmond Va. Feb 22" (1864) circular datestamp, second strike ties 10c Blue, Die A (11), which is also tied by part strike of "Columbus O. Feb. 9" double-circle datestamp, some soiling and couple edge and backflap tears

VERY FINE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM CAMP CHASE, SENT VIA THE OLD POINT COMFORT AND RICHMOND FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE.

Ex Simon

E. 1,500-2,000
1,400
Back to Top
174
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 174, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Orange cover to Corinth Miss., endorsed "From a Prisoner of War", manuscript "Ex. & appd Kibbee" examiner's marking (known at Camp Chase April 1862, see Harrison p. 180), franked with 5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1), huge margins incl. sheet margin at top, small tear at bottom left, uncancelled and did not go through the mails, lower left corner of cover with endorsement "Urbanity of Mrs. Clark", small piece missing from backflap, Very Fine appearance, Mrs. Lottie Moon Clark was a C.S.A. sympathizer, mail runner, one-time love interest of Union General Ambrose Burnside and advocate for prisoners at Camp Chase, she was arrested carrying a group of P.O.W. letters from Camp Chase to Kentucky and the letters were confiscated, this is one of approximately 170 covers found in a storage room in Columbus O. in 1904, with 1985 C.S.A. certificate, accompanied by a short biography and a photocopy of a Mrs. Clark photograph

E. 1,000-1,500
850
Back to Top
175
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 175, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Chase, Columbus O, Camp Chase, Columbus OCamp Chase, Columbus O. Prisoner-of-war cover to Moundsville Va., endorsed "From a Prisoner of War", manuscript "Exd pete Zinn Major", examiner's mark by Camp Commander Major Peter Zinn of the 88th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 3c Rose (65) tied by so-called prisoner bar grid and "Columbus O. Nov. 6" (1862) double-circle datestamp, no C.S.A. postage as Moundsville was under Union control (area now part of West Virginia), original contents include "this marks 144 days since I was taken for prison", Fine and desirable with camp commander censor marking

E. 200-300
325
Back to Top
176
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 176, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortU.S. General Hospital, Chester Pa, U.S. General Hospital, Chester PaU.S. General Hospital, Chester Pa. Inner prisoner-of-war cover to Rapidan Station Va., soldier's endorsement at top, manuscript "Examined & Approved" with clear strike of blue "Ebn. Swift" handstamp, of Surgeon Ebenezer Swift (known August-September 1863), entered C.S.A. mails with unusually clear strike of "Richmond Va. Aug. 25, 1863" circular datestamp and "Due 10" straightline, cover with bit of water staining

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXCEPTIONALLY RARE PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM THE U.S. GENERAL HOSPITAL AT CHESTER (NEAR GETTYSBURG) WITH A COMBINATION OF MANUSCRIPT AND HANDSTAMP CENSOR MARKINGS.

In the aftermath of the Battle of Gettysburg, as many as 2,000 wounded Confederate soldiers were taken to Chester Pa. for treatment. When well enough to leave, enlisted men were sent to Fortress Monroe for exchange, while officers were sent to Johnson's Island for confinement (Harrison p. 195). Fewer than ten covers are known to or from this hospital, while approximately three of the Swift handstamps are known. This cover with the combination of the handstamp and manuscript censor markings is a great rarity of Civil War postal history.

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 235)

E. 1,500-2,000
1,200
Back to Top
177
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 177, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortDavid's Island, DeCamp General Hospital, Pelham N.Y, David's Island, DeCamp General Hospital, Pelham N.YDavid's Island, DeCamp General Hospital, Pelham N.Y. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Mrs. Martha Bennett in Little Yadkin, N.C., original letter datelined "David's Island NY Aug the 4th 1863", mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Milky Blue, Die A (11a), tied by "Richmond Va. Aug. 25, 1863" circular datestamp, and U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by target with matching "Pelham N.Y. Aug. 3" circular datestamp, cover with light soiling, 3c small perf faults

VERY FINE MIXED-FRANKING FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM DAVID'S ISLAND PRISON IN NEW YORK. A RARE COVER, AS THE PRISON WAS OPEN FOR ONLY FOUR MONTHS TO HOLD CONFEDERATE PRISONERS CAPTURED IN THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.

R. H. Bennett was captured on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. He writes to his wife in the enclosed letter, "I was wounded in the leg the 1st day of July at Gettysburg Penn. I reached this place the 25th. I am able to get about on crutches."

The May 8, 1862, New York Times contained a story about the new David's Island hospital: "A hospital for sick and wounded Union soldiers, will be established on David's Island, 25 miles up the East River. Suitable buildings are now in the course of erection under the superintendence of the United States Quartermaster's Department." From Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War by Lonnie Speer, "Until the Gettysburg battle, David's Island had served as a medical facility for only Union troops. Being a previously established and equipped facility surrounded by water, Union authorities saw it as an excellent place to hold extremely ill prisoners or those who were still suffering from battle wounds. Located in Long Island Sound just off the coast of what is today the New York suburb of New Rochelle, this eighty-acre site would eventually hold more than 2,500 Confederate prisoners at a time. The isle was a long, narrow stretch of land that contained twenty-two temporary structures extending nearly the entire length of the island. Each building was divided into four wards that contained up to twenty cots each. A doctor's office was located in the front of each building and a toilet was at the rear. Mess halls were located between every two buildings. Whenever the population increased to more than 1,800 prisoners, tents were used for the overflow."

Ex Antrim (illustrated in his book, p. 72) and Simon.

E. 3,000-4,000
5,250
Back to Top
178
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 178, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Yellow prisoner-of-war cover to Augusta Ga., mixed franking with C.S.A. postage paid by 20c Green (13), large margins except irregular at bottom, deep rich color, apparently overpaying 10c rate, tied by two strikes of "Richmond Va. Jan. 21" (1865) circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by target with matching "Delaware City Del. Nov. 5" (1864) circular datestamp, endorsed at bottom "Per Flag of Truce", 20c stamp with couple small tears

VERY FINE APPEARANCE AND AN EXCEPTIONALLY RARE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER WITH THE 20-CENT GENERAL ISSUE. ONLY THREE PRISONER-OF-WAR COVERS ARE RECORDED WITH THE 20-CENT STAMP. ONE OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE WALSKE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COLLECTION.

Fort Delaware was first used to hold Confederate prisoners from July 1861 to September 1862. It re-opened as a prison camp in 1863 and remained in use until the end of the war. More than 12,000 prisoners were confined in the barracks during the war. Conditions were notoriously poor, with a mortality rate that exceeded 12.5 percent in October 1863. Southbound mail entered the U.S. mails at Delaware City and the C.S.A. mails at Petersburg or Richmond. A number of manuscript examined markings were used on outgoing mail from mid-1863 until November 1864. A handstamp was used from April to October 1864, a period of only seven months. Beginning around November 1864, examiner markings were no longer used on mail from this prison (Harrison, P. 107).

Illustrated in Harrison (p. 111) and Special Routes (p.72). Ex Myerson. With 1983 C.S.A. certificate.

E. 10,000-15,000
23,000
Back to Top
179
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 179, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Orange-buff prisoner-of-war cover to St. John, New Brunswick, endorsed at left "T. J. Prichett", cover unsealed for censor, "Prisoner's Letter, Fort Delaware, Del. Examined" censor's oval handstamp (Ty. I, known Apr.-Oct. 1864), four singles of 3c Rose (65), one with natural s.e., overpay 10c rate to British North America by 2c, two stamps tied by target, three tied by strikes of "Delaware City Del. Oct. 10" (1864) circular datestamp, red "U States" cross-border handstamp and "St. John N.B. OC 14, 1864" receiving backstamp, with original letter from Capt. T. J. Prichett of the 64th Ga. Volunteers, regarding a request for money

FRESH AND EXTREMELY FINE. A SPECTACULAR PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER TO NEW BRUNSWICK, BRITISH NORTH AMERICA -- ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED.

Thomas J. Pritchett was commissioned as an officer in Company B, Georgia 64th Infantry Regiment, on April 8, 1863. His letter is addressed to R. R. Bearden, who was employed by the British firm of S. Isaac Campbell & Co., which supplied vast amounts of materials to the C.S.A. during the war. They also operated some of the most enterprising blockade-runners during the war, delivering loads of supplies to the C.S.A. and returning to Europe with cotton. Only a handful of prisoners' covers are known addressed beyond the United States -- this is certainly among the most spectacular.

Ex Shenfield, Antrim and Simon. Illustrated in Antrim (p. 53) and Shenfield (p. 36)

E. 7,500-10,000
5,250
Back to Top
180
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 180, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Baltimore Md. with original letter datelined "Fort Delaware 34 Division Oct. 26th/64", endorsed "Care Daniel Miller & Co", "Prisoner's Letter, Fort Delaware, Del. Examined" censor's oval handstamp (Ty. I, known Apr.-Oct. 1864), bearing pair of 2c Black (73), well-centered, tied by censor handstamp as well as "Delaware City Del. Oct. 29" (1864) circular datestamp, right stamp cut by heavy strike of obliterator

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE AND SPECTACULAR PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FRANKED WITH A PAIR OF 2-CENT BLACK JACK STAMPS.

Prisoner-of-war covers with U.S. stamps nearly always bear a 3c 1861 stamp. Further, as prisoners' letters were limited to one sheet, overweight covers requiring multiples or creative combinations of different denominations to make up the rate are virtually unknown. There are several prisoner's covers known with a single 2c 1863 Black Jack used to pay drop postage or in combination with a 1c 1861 or 1c entire to pay the 3c rate. There are also a few covers known with a strip of three 1c 1861's. The use of a pair of 2c Black Jacks, overpaying the postage by 1c is very unusual and most striking.

Ex Simon. With 1964 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
6,750
Back to Top
181
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 181, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Prisoner-of-war cover to Jonesville Va. with original letter dated Sep. 8, 1864, from Lt. Elbert Woodward, cover endorsed "By flag of truce Fortress Monroe", "Prisoner's Letter, Fort Delaware, Del. Examined" oval handstamp (Ty. I, known Apr.-Oct. 1864), "Delaware City Del. Sep. 24" (1864) circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied by circular grid, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), tiny pre-use tear, tied by "Richmond Va. Sep. 11" circular datestamp in error as it should have been "Oct. 11", small sealed tear on backflap

EXTREMELY FINE MIXED-FRANKING COVER FROM FORT DELAWARE VIA OLD POINT COMFORT AND RICHMOND. A BEAUTIFUL PRISONER'S FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER.

Elbert S. Woodward was an officer in Company F, Virginia 64th Infantry Regiment. He was described in Virginia Regimental records as 5 ft. 10 in., fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair. He survived the war and died in 1900.

Ex Birkinbine

E. 2,000-3,000
2,200
Back to Top
182
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 182, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Hill Gove Va. endorsed "Via Old Point Comfort", manuscript "Ex" censor marking, "Delaware City Del. Oct. 13" circular datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, "TEN" (9), cut to shape by sender but mostly clear all around, slight crease at top right from placement near edge of envelope, tied by "Richmond Va. Oct. 21, 1863" circular datestamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), long pre-use tear, cancelled by circular grid, cover with couple small scuffs and two small tears on back

FINE APPEARANCE AND EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 10-CENT "TEN" GENERAL ISSUE ON A PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER. ONE OF ONLY TWO SUCH "TEN" USAGES KNOWN AND THE ONLY ONE ON A FULL COVER.

The other "TEN" prisoner-of-war usage is a cover front. Considering the relative condition, this cover is the more desirable of the two known.

Ex DuPuy. With 1980 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
Back to Top
183
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 183, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Yellow cover with original letter to a Northern officer wounded and captured at Petersburg Va., forwarded twice, crossed the lines twice and with a remarkable array of markings, endorsed "Via Fortress Monroe", censored with oval handstamp "Prisoner's Letter, Fort Delaware Del. Examined", 3c Rose (65) cancelled with Delaware City grid with matching "Delaware City Del. Aug. 12" (1864) circular datestamp, tied by "Richmond Va. Aug. 24" circular datestamp upon arrival, "Due 10" handstamp for C.S.A. postage, officer had been exchanged so forwarded back through Fortress Monroe and Old Point Comfort to Seminary Hospital in Georgetown, "Old Point Comfort Va. Sep. 8" double-circle datestamp applied on return trip along with cork killer on the adhesive, postmarked on arrival with "Washington D.C. Sep. 9 '64" double-circle datestamp, docketed on back "Not in Seminary Hosp. Care of Med. director Washington D.C.", label with forwarding address to Providence R.I. affixed due to lack of any more space on the cover, left Washington with "Georgetown D.C. 10 Sep." double-circle datestamp and "Forwarded" handstamp, forwarding label partly peeled off to reveal addresses below, some light soiling

A REMARKABLY WELL-TRAVELED FLAG-OF-TRUCE PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER THAT CROSSED THE LINES TWICE.

This cover was originally addressed to Capt. F. A. Chase, 4th Reg R.I. V., 1st Brig., 2nd Div., 9th Army Corps, Bermuda Hundred. It is not clear to us whether the writer was a Confederate soldier in prison at Fort Delaware or a Union soldier confined for some infraction. The contents of the letter make reference to capture and whom Capt. Chase should seek for assistance in Petersburg.

Illustrated in Antrim (p. 99). Discussed in an article in the 1942 American Philatelist by Shenfield. Ex Birkinbine

E. 1,500-2,000
1,100
Back to Top
184
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 184, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Delaware, Delaware City, Fort Delaware, Delaware CityFort Delaware, Delaware City. Buff cover from civilian prisoner to Lunenburg C.H. Va., manuscript "Examined Jno. Wilson" censor marking, mixed franking with 3c Rose (65) and 10c Blue, Die B (12), large margins incl. left sheet margin, 3c tied by blue grid, matching "Delaware City Del. Sep. 4" (1863) circular datestamp, 10c tied by "Richmond Va. Sep. 14, 1863" circular datestamp, minor toning in margin of 10c stamp and bit of cover edgewear, otherwise Very Fine, ex Keeling

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
Back to Top
185
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 185, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Union patriotic cover depicting a turtle following a man in front of a palm tree headlined "A Copper-Head Butternut alias Peace Democrat." sent by a prisoner-of-war to Nicholasville Ky., oval censor handstamp "Camp Douglas, Prisoner's Letter, Examined" (Ty. II), 3c Rose (65), pre-use tear, tied by blue 8-point star with matching "Chicago Ill. Oct. 2 '64" double-circle datestamp, some edgewear and small stain on back

VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE PRISONER-OF-WAR USAGE OF AN ILLUSTRATED POLITICAL CARTOON COVER.

"Copperheads" was a derogatory term for a vocal group of northern Democrats who opposed the Civil War and pushed for a cessation of hostilities and a peace settlement with the Confederacy. This satirical design is rather scarce by itself. As a prisoner-of-war cover from a U.S. prison, it quite remarkable.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,800
Back to Top
186
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 186, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Homewood, Miss., endorsed "By flag of truce via New Orleans La and Mobile Ala", but sent through the normal route via Old Point Comfort and Richmond, "Camp Douglas, Prisoner's Letter, Examined" oval handstamp (Ty. I), U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by circle of wedges, "Chicago Ill. Dec. 15 '64" double-circle datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), large margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 17" (1865) circular datestamp, small sealed tear at top and into backflap

A BEAUTIFUL MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM CAMP DOUGLAS ENDORSED VIA NEW ORLEANS BUT ROUTED VIA OLD POINT COMFORT AND RICHMOND.

The flag-of-truce route via Union-occupied New Orleans and C.S.A.-controlled Mobile (across Lake Pontchartrain) was open from mid-1863 until August 1864. Its closure, due to the Federal naval occupation of Mobile Bay on August 23, 1864, was apparently unknown to the sender of this cover.

With 1992 C.S.A. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
Back to Top
187
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 187, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Cover from prisoner-of-war to the University of Virginia, "Camp Douglas, Prisoner's Letter, Examined" oval handstamp (Ty. I), U.S. postage to paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by blue grid and matching "Chicago Ill. Jan. 11 '64" double-circle datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), tied by "Richmond Va. Feb. 11" circular datestamp, 10c stamp with small repair at right, cover tear at top, Very Fine appearance, a desirable mixed-franking flag-of-truce cover sent via Old Point Comfort and Richmond

E. 750-1,000
1,200
Back to Top
188
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 188, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortCamp Douglas, Ill, Camp Douglas, IllCamp Douglas, Ill. Inner envelope to Daswon Ga., endorsed "Prisoners Letter", neat circular examiner's handstamp (Ty. II), C.S.A. postage from Richmond paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), large margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Mar. 5" (1864) circular datestamp, fresh and Very Fine, this circular examiner's marking is considerably scarcer than the usual oval marking, illustrated in Special Routes (p. 228), with 1991 C.S.A. certificate

E. 400-500
325
Back to Top
189
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 189, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortElmira Prison, N.Y, Elmira Prison, N.YElmira Prison, N.Y. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Houstonville N.C., endorsed "By Flag of Truce", light strike of "Prisoner's Letter Elmira, N.Y. Examined" oval handstamp, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied by "Elmira N.Y. Mar. 3, 1865" double-circle datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by with 10c Blue, Die B (12), tied by "Richmond Va. Mar. 15" (1865) circular datestamp, penmanship practice notations on back, slight reduction at left with top left corner clipped, still Fine and attractive mixed franking from Elmira

E. 1,000-1,500
1,700
Back to Top
190
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 190, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortJohnson's Island, Sandusky O, Johnson's Island, Sandusky OJohnson's Island, Sandusky O. Yellow cover with original letter datelined "Johnson's Island Sandusky City, June 23, 1864" from Lt. A. McFadyn, a prisoner-of-war, to the Pastor, 1st Presbyterian Church, Wilmington N.C., endorsed "For flag of truce mail via City Point and Richmond Virginia", mixed franking with U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), cancelled by target, "Sandusky O. Jun. 24" (1864) double-circle datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Paterson (2), tied by "Richmond Va. Jul. 27" (1864) circular datestamp, manuscript "Ex DSA" censor mark applied at Johnson's Island by DeAlva S. Alexander of the 128th Ohio Volunteers, forwarded to Chapel Hill, N.C. with "10" due handstamp, enclosed letter includes an unused sheet-margin 3c Rose (65) affixed to top of letter by its selvage, obviously for a return letter

EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY KNOWN USE OF A CONFEDERATE 10c BLUE LITHOGRAPH ON A MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER. ONE OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE WALSKE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COLLECTION AND ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING CONFEDERATE GENERAL ISSUE COVERS EXTANT.

The sender, Lt. A. McFadyn, was a member of Company A of the 5th North Carolina Cavalry, Gordon's Brigade, Hampton's Division, J.E.B. Stuart's Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. His unit was engaged in numerous battles in 1864, including Cold Harbor in early June.

The Union prison at Johnson's Island began to receive prisoners on April 10, 1862, most of whom were commissioned officers. By the end of the war more than 15,000 prisoners had been housed at the prison. With only 246 deaths, Johnson's Island had the lowest death rate among all prisons, North and South (Harrison p. 188).

Ex Birkinbine. Illustrated in Antrim (p. 82) and Special Routes (p. 70). Accompanied by copy of Ashbrook photo with note "A Unique Cover" (original in our files)

E. 10,000-15,000
19,500
Back to Top
191
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 191, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortJohnson's Island, Sandusky O, Johnson's Island, Sandusky OJohnson's Island, Sandusky O. Envelope with pink interior from prisoner-of-war to Mebanville, N.C., endorsed "Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe" at bottom, bold strike of "Prisoner's Letter, Johnsons Island O. Examined J.J." censor's oval handstamp (J. Jordan, known used from Mar. 20-22, 1865), U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65) tied by target, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), tied by "Richmond Va. Mar. 31" (1865) circular datestamp on the last day of of the Confederate Post Office at Richmond

EXTREMELY FINE. AN IMPORTANT FLAG-OF-TRUCE PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER THAT PASSED THROUGH THE RICHMOND POST OFFICE ON THE LAST DAY OF CONFEDERATE OPERATION.

As late as March 31, 1865 mail continued to pass through the Confederate Richmond post office, including this cover en route to North Carolina. On April 1 and 2, Union forces had not yet occupied the city, but the post office was inactive. On April 2, Gen. Robert E. Lee and his forces evacuated Petersburg and Richmond. The following day, soon after dawn, Richmond's mayor, Joseph C. Mayo, delivered the following message to the commander of the Union forces waiting to enter the Confederate capital, "The Army of the Confederate Government having abandoned the City of Richmond, I respectfully request that you will take possession of it with organized force, to preserve order and protect women and children and property." Lee surrendered the remainder of his army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House six days later, on April 9.

Ex Birkinbine. Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 234)

E. 2,000-3,000
2,600
Back to Top
192
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 192, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortJohnson's Island, Sandusky O, Johnson's Island, Sandusky OJohnson's Island, Sandusky O. Orange-buff cover from prisoner-of-war to Clarksville Va., prisoner's endorsement at top and "Via Fortress Monroe Flag of Truce Boat", manuscript "Examined R. Johnson" censor marking of Cpl. Rufus Johnson of the 128th Ohio Volunteers, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), ample to large margins, neatly tied together by "Richmond Va. Sep. 20, 1863" circular datestamp, 3c also tied by target, "Sandusky O. Sep. 10" double-circle datestamp, small ink spot at bottom left

FRESH AND EXTREMLEY FINE MIXED-FRANKING FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM SANDUSKY PRISON.

Ex Haas. With 1981 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
4,000
Back to Top
193
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 193, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortJohnson's Island, Sandusky O, Johnson's Island, Sandusky OJohnson's Island, Sandusky O. Yellow 1865 cover from prisoner-of-war to Harrisonburg Va., prisoner's docketing and "Politeness of Lt Newman", original letter contains reference to handling "Will Capt. Manor please approve & hand to Lieut Newman who leaves on exchange", as such no postmarks or postage paid, censored with "John J. Manor/Capt. 128 O.V.I.&./Supt. Pris. ROLI..&/Pris. Correspondence./Johnsons Island. O." five line handstamp (Ty. II), Fine and scarce example of the Ty. II handstamp on a P.O.W. cover delivered outside the mails, this handstamp was in use only in 1865 and fewer than 30 examples are known

E. 750-1,000
400
Back to Top
194
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 194, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortGettysburg Pa., Letterman General Hospital, Gettysburg Pa., Letterman General HospitalGettysburg Pa., Letterman General Hospital. Buff prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills N.C., endorsed "Flag of Truce from Prisoner of War" at lower left, manuscript "Examined, R. Bell Capt. & Prov. Mar." censor's mark, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by blue grid, matching "Gettysburg Pa. 1863 Sep. 17" double-circle datestamp also just ties the stamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), margins close, minor gum toning, tied by "Richmond Va. Sep. 25, 1863" circular datestamp

VERY FINE AND RARE MIXED-FRANKING COVER FROM THE PRISON HOSPITAL ESTABLISHED NEAR THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD AND SENT VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE TO RICHMOND.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg.

The Little correspondence is well known, and some of it is preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives. According to the archives' website: "Benjamin Franklin Little was a planter and in the late 1850s married the former Mary Jean 'Flax' Reid, daughter of influential planter and politician Rufus Reid of Iredell County, North Carolina. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Little was appointed captain in the North Carolina Troops in March 1862 and in August of that year received his commission, which placed the company he commanded in the 52nd Regiment. At the battle of Gettysburg, Little was severely wounded, then captured by Union forces and hospitalized. His wound would subsequently require the amputation of his left arm, after which he was sent to prison in Maryland. In March 1864 he was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and shortly thereafter exchanged at City Point, Virginia. A month later he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to the Field and Staff of the 52nd Regiment, but by July he submitted his resignation due to reasons associated with his disability. Upon his release from service, Little returned to the family home, called Carlisle, to farming and other business ventures. In the last year of the war he became active in state politics and later served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1876. He died at his residence in July 1879."

In the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, approximately 22,000 soldiers of both armies required medical treatment, including thousands of wounded Confederate soldiers left behind as Lee began his retreat. Treatment of the wounded at Gettysburg was the responsibility of the Army of the Potomac. Dr. Jonathan Letterman, Medical Director for George G. Meade's Army issued orders on July 5, 1863, to establish a general hospital in the Gettysburg area and provide transportation and supplies to the site for treatment of the wounded. In his honor, the temporary hospital was named after him. The site chosen for the vast hospital camp was on the George Wolf Farm, roughly one and one-half miles east of Gettysburg on the York Pike. The hospital was ready by mid-July and staffed with a small army of surgeons, nurses, cooks, quartermaster and supply clerks while a detachment of infantry was detailed as camp guards to look after stores and hospitalized Confederate prisoners. Treated with equal care by the Union surgeons and nurses, the Confederate soldiers were later transported to northern prison camps before parole. Less than 100 patients remained at Camp Letterman by November 10 and it was officially closed a few weeks later. (from the National Park Service Gettysburg website at http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/letterman.htm).

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 235)

E. 5,000-7,500
3,750
Back to Top
195
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 195, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortWest's Building Hospital, Baltimore Md, West's Building Hospital, Baltimore MdWest's Building Hospital, Baltimore Md. Buff prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills N.C., endorsed "Flag of Truce -- Prisoner of War.", with prisoner's endorsement on back, U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), C.S.A. postage paid by pair of 5c Blue, Local (7), all stamps tied by blue targets, matching "Baltimore Md. Sep. 30 '63" double-circle datestamp (second strike at left edge) and clear "Richmond Va. Oct. 5, 1863" circular datestamp also ties 5c pair, minor wrinkling, 5c pair with soiling and edge nicks

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A GORGEOUS AND RARE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM WEST'S BUILDING HOSPITAL IN BALTIMORE IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg.

The Little correspondence is well known, and some of it is preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives. According to the archives' website: "Benjamin Franklin Little was a planter and in the late 1850s married the former Mary Jean 'Flax' Reid, daughter of influential planter and politician Rufus Reid of Iredell County, North Carolina. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Little was appointed captain in the North Carolina Troops in March 1862 and in August of that year received his commission, which placed the company he commanded in the 52nd Regiment. At the battle of Gettysburg, Little was severely wounded, then captured by Union forces and hospitalized. His wound would subsequently require the amputation of his left arm, after which he was sent to prison in Maryland. In March 1864 he was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and shortly thereafter exchanged at City Point, Virginia. A month later he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to the Field and Staff of the 52nd Regiment, but by July he submitted his resignation due to reasons associated with his disability. Upon his release from service, Little returned to the family home, called Carlisle, to farming and other business ventures. In the last year of the war he became active in state politics and later served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1876. He died at his residence in July 1879."

West's Building Hospital and Fort McHenry were used sparingly after the July 1863 Gettysburg campaign. Fort McHenry was principally used for prisoners in transit to other prisons, and West's Hospital cared for up to 250 wounded prisoners. Covers from either are scarce, with West's slightly rarer than Ft. McHenry. Only manuscript examined markings are known from these prisons, and they appear on only some of the mail. The principal identifying characteristic of southbound mail is a Baltimore, Maryland postmark and entry into the C.S.A. mails at Richmond. Distinguishing between the Fort McHenry and West's Hospital can sometimes be done by examined markings, or in the case of this cover, by prisoners' service records.

E. 4,000-5,000
2,700
Back to Top
196
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 196, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortWest's Building Hospital, Baltimore Md, West's Building Hospital, Baltimore MdWest's Building Hospital, Baltimore Md. Buff prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills, N.C., endorsed "Through Comd'g Officer at Fortress Monroe Flag of Truce.", with prisoner's endorsement below, mixed franking with U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by blue grid with matching "Baltimore Md. Oct. 5" (1863) circular datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), tied by "Richmond Va. Oct. 20, 1863" circular datestamp

VERY FINE AND RARE MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM WEST'S BUILDING HOSPITAL IN BALTIMORE. SENT BY A CONFEDERATE OFFICER WOUNDED IN PICKETT'S CHARGE DURING THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg.

The Little correspondence is well known, and some of it is preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives. According to the archives' website: "Benjamin Franklin Little was a planter and in the late 1850s married the former Mary Jean 'Flax' Reid, daughter of influential planter and politician Rufus Reid of Iredell County, North Carolina. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Little was appointed captain in the North Carolina Troops in March 1862 and in August of that year received his commission, which placed the company he commanded in the 52nd Regiment. At the battle of Gettysburg, Little was severely wounded, then captured by Union forces and hospitalized. His wound would subsequently require the amputation of his left arm, after which he was sent to prison in Maryland. In March 1864 he was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and shortly thereafter exchanged at City Point, Virginia. A month later he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to the Field and Staff of the 52nd Regiment, but by July he submitted his resignation due to reasons associated with his disability. Upon his release from service, Little returned to the family home, called Carlisle, to farming and other business ventures. In the last year of the war he became active in state politics and later served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1876. He died at his residence in July 1879."

West's Building Hospital and Fort McHenry were used sparingly after the July 1863 Gettysburg campaign. Fort McHenry was principally used for prisoners in transit to other prisons, and West's Hospital cared for up to 250 wounded prisoners. Covers from either are scarce, with West's slightly rarer than Ft. McHenry. Only manuscript examined markings are known from these prisons, and they appear on only some of the mail. The principal identifying characteristic of southbound mail is a Baltimore, Maryland postmark and entry into the C.S.A. mails at Richmond. Distinguishing between the Fort McHenry and West's Hospital can sometimes be done by examined markings, or in the case of this cover, by prisoners' service records.

E. 3,000-4,000
3,250
Back to Top
197
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 197, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort McHenry Prison, Baltimore Md, Fort McHenry Prison, Baltimore MdFort McHenry Prison, Baltimore Md. Buff prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills N.C., originated at Ft. McHenry Prison, endorsed "Through bond's officer at Fortress Monroe, Va.", censored in transit at Old Capitol Prison in Washington D.C. by Lt. Charles W. Thompson with red "Approved by C.W.T. Lt.&A Provost Marshal, Washington D.C." examiner's handstamp (Ty. V) with the name in manuscript, endorsed on back "from B. F. Little, Capt. Co. E. 52nd Regt. N.C. Infty", mixed franking with U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), cancelled by quartered cork, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), three large margins to touched at top, pre-use crease, tied by "Richmond Va. Nov. 19, 1863" circular datestamp

VERY FINE AND RARE EXAMPLE OF A MIXED-FRANKING PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM FT. MCHENRY AND CENSORED AT OLD CAPITOL PRISON IN WASHINGTON. SENT BY A CONFEDERATE OFFICER WHO WAS WOUNDED IN PICKETT'S CHARGE DURING THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg.

The Little correspondence is well known, and some of it is preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives. According to the archives' website: "Benjamin Franklin Little was a planter and in the late 1850s married the former Mary Jean 'Flax' Reid, daughter of influential planter and politician Rufus Reid of Iredell County, North Carolina. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Little was appointed captain in the North Carolina Troops in March 1862 and in August of that year received his commission, which placed the company he commanded in the 52nd Regiment. At the battle of Gettysburg, Little was severely wounded, then captured by Union forces and hospitalized. His wound would subsequently require the amputation of his left arm, after which he was sent to prison in Maryland. In March 1864 he was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and shortly thereafter exchanged at City Point, Virginia. A month later he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to the Field and Staff of the 52nd Regiment, but by July he submitted his resignation due to reasons associated with his disability. Upon his release from service, Little returned to the family home, called Carlisle, to farming and other business ventures. In the last year of the war he became active in state politics and later served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1876. He died at his residence in July 1879."

West's Building Hospital and Fort McHenry were used sparingly after the July 1863 Gettysburg campaign. Fort McHenry was principally used for prisoners in transit to other prisons, and West's Hospital cared for up to 250 wounded prisoners. Covers from either are scarce, with West's slightly rarer than Ft. McHenry. Only manuscript examined markings are known from these prisons, and they appear on only some of the mail. The red Provost Marshal markings are usually found on covers with either U.S. or Confederate postage, but normally not both.

Illustrated in Antrim (p. 175)

E. 3,000-4,000
2,200
Back to Top
198
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 198, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort McHenry, Baltimore Md, Fort McHenry, Baltimore MdFort McHenry, Baltimore Md. Prisoner-of-war cover from Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Little to his wife in Little's Mills N.C., endorsed "Via Flag of Truce" and "Through Comd'g Officer at Fortress Monroe", with prisoner's endorsement below, manuscript "Ex Geo haul Ast Pa?" examiner's marking, mixed franking with U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by blue target with matching "Baltimore Md. Dec. 21 '63" double-circle datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die A (11), slightly cut in from placement at top of cover, tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 1" (1864) circular datestamp, cover with small edge tears

VERY FINE. A CHOICE MIXED-FRANKING PRIONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM FORT McHENRY PRISON IN BALTIMORE.

Benjamin Franklin Little was appointed captain in Company E, North Carolina 52nd Infantry Regiment, on April 28, 1862, and promoted to full lieutenant-colonel on July 3, 1863, the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg. During Pickett's Charge, Lt. Col. Little was severely wounded while leading his men and captured on the battlefield. After spending time at the Letterman Hospital at Gettysburg, he was transported on September 28 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, then to Ft. McHenry Prison on October 22, 1863. Records show he was mustered out on August 30, 1864, at Gettysburg.

The Little correspondence is well known, and some of it is preserved at the Greensboro Historical Archives. According to the archives' website: "Benjamin Franklin Little was a planter and in the late 1850s married the former Mary Jean 'Flax' Reid, daughter of influential planter and politician Rufus Reid of Iredell County, North Carolina. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Little was appointed captain in the North Carolina Troops in March 1862 and in August of that year received his commission, which placed the company he commanded in the 52nd Regiment. At the battle of Gettysburg, Little was severely wounded, then captured by Union forces and hospitalized. His wound would subsequently require the amputation of his left arm, after which he was sent to prison in Maryland. In March 1864 he was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and shortly thereafter exchanged at City Point, Virginia. A month later he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel to the Field and Staff of the 52nd Regiment, but by July he submitted his resignation due to reasons associated with his disability. Upon his release from service, Little returned to the family home, called Carlisle, to farming and other business ventures. In the last year of the war he became active in state politics and later served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1876. He died at his residence in July 1879."

West's Building Hospital and Fort McHenry were used sparingly after the July 1863 Gettysburg campaign. Fort McHenry was principally used for prisoners in transit to other prisons, and West's Hospital cared for up to 250 wounded prisoners. Covers from either are scarce, with West's slightly rarer than Ft. McHenry. Only manuscript examined markings are known from these prisons, and they appear on only some of the mail. The principal identifying characteristic of southbound mail is a Baltimore, Maryland postmark and entry into the C.S.A. mails at Richmond. Distinguishing between the Fort McHenry and West's Hospital can sometimes be done by examined markings, or in the case of this cover, by prisoners' service records.

E. 3,000-4,000
2,200
Back to Top
199
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 199, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort McHenry, Baltimore Md, Fort McHenry, Baltimore MdFort McHenry, Baltimore Md. Prisoner-of-war cover to a sergeant with 48th Ga. Regt., Wright's Brigade, at Richmond Va., prisoner's endorsement and manuscript examiner's mark "Ex" (with illegible initials), mixed franking with 3c Rose (65) and 10c Blue, Die A (11), large margins, tied by blue "Baltimore Md. Aug. 8 '64" double-circle datestamp and "Richmond Va. Aug. 26" circular datestamp, reduced at left just barely into endorsements, 3c has small piece torn and mended at top, Very Fine appearance, scarce prisoner-of-war cover from Fort McHenry

E. 750-1,000
850
Back to Top
200
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 200, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortOld Capitol Prison, Washington D.C, Old Capitol Prison, Washington D.COld Capitol Prison, Washington D.C. Orange-buff inner prisoner-of-war cover to Mobile Ala., endorsed "per flag of truce", clear strike of red "Approved by Henry B. Todd Capt & Provost Marshal, Washington D.C." censor handstamp (Ty. V) with the name in manuscript, 10c Blue, Die B (12), large margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Feb. 1" (1864) circular datestamp, Very Fine and choice, Old Capitol Prison and the adjacent Carroll Prison were first used in July 1861 and continued to hold prisoners from 1863 until August 1865, mail was processed through Washington although most surviving covers are inner envelopes with only C.S.A. frankings and postal markings, during the via Richmond period mail was examined at the prison or the provost marshal's office, and five types of handstamped censor markings are known, the Ty. V seen here is known on fewer than 30 covers, ex MacBride

E. 1,000-1,500
3,750
Back to Top
201
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 201, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Homemade cover from prisoner-of-war to Laurel Branch, N.C., endorsed "By Flag of Truce", partly clear large oval "Approved J. N. Patterson Capt. & Provost Marshal Point Lookout, Md." handstamp (Ty. 1), U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), cancelled by open grid, "Point Lookout Md. Mar. 29" (1864) circular datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by two 5c Blue, Local (7), ample margins, both tied by "Richmond Va. Apr. 9" circular datestamp, cover slightly worn and nicked at bottom edge

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. UNUSUAL MIXED FRANKING ON A PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM POINT LOOKOUT THROUGH OLD POINT COMFORT AND RICKMOND.

A description of Point Lookout Prison can be found at the William L. Clements Library website (http://www.clements.umich.edu/Webguides/Schoff/NP/Point.html): "The Point Lookout Prison was built on the tip of the peninsula where the Potomac River joins Chesapeake Bay. In the two years during which the camp was in operation, August 1863 to June 1865, Point Lookout overflowed with inmates, surpassing its intended capacity of 10,000 to a population numbering between 12,500 and 20,000. In all, over 50,000 men, both military and civilian, were held prisoner there. G. W. Jones, a private of Co. H, 24th Virginia Cavalry, described his ominous entrance into the prison amidst 'a pile of coffins for dead rebels,' hearing the lid close shut on his own soon thereafter when he learned that the system of prisoner exchanges had been suspended. Prisoners, who lived sixteen or more to a tent, were subjected to habitually short rations and limited fire wood in winter, and when the coffee ration was suspended for federal prisoners at Andersonville, the Point Lookout prisoners lost theirs as well. The flat topography, sandy soil, and an elevation barely above high tide led to poor drainage, and the area was subjected to every imaginable extreme of weather, from blazing heat to bone-chilling cold. Polluted water exacerbated the problems of inadequate food, clothing, fuel, housing, and medical care, and as a result, approximately 4,000 prisoners died there over 22 months."

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
Back to Top
202
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 202, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Homemade cover from prisoner-of-war to his wife in Union-occupied New Bern N.C., with original letter datelined "Point Lookout. M.D. July the 29, 1864", "Prisoner's Letter Examined" octagonal censor's handstamp (Ty. IIa), 3c Rose (65) tied by target, "Point Lookout Md. Aug. 2 '64" double-circle datestamp, "Richmond Va. Aug. 17" circular datestamp and "Due 10" handstamp for C.S.A. postage, manuscript "Examined S.G.S." of 1st Lt. Samuel G. Schenck, 67th N.C. Infantry and sent by flag-of-truce from Goldsboro N.C. to New Bern, undeliverable, "Approved/T. T. Lawson/Chief Prov. Marshal/Dist. of N.C." circular handstamp applied at New Bern, additional "ADVERTISED" straightline in oval, "Sep. 9" datestamp and manuscript "Due 4" (3c plus 1c advertised fee), slight wear

A REMARKABLE COMBINATION OF MARKINGS ON A "DOUBLE" FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER SENT THROUGH THE LINES TO RICHMOND AND THEN AGAIN THROUGH THE LINES TO UNION OCCUPIED NEW BERN.

This cover is noteworthy in several respects. It crossed the lines twice via flag-of-truce in order to reach Union-occupied New Bern. In addition, the Lawson Provost Marshal handstamp is extremely rare and the advertising for an undeliverable prisoner's letter is quite unusual.

Point Lookout (Camp Hoffman) was established shortly after the July 1863 Gettysburg campaign and was designed to hold 10,000 prisoners. From August to December 1863, outgoing P.O.W. mail was examined at the camp and then forwarded to Washington D.C. for entry into the U.S. mails. Starting in January 1864, outgoing P.O.W. mail was posted at Point Lookout. All of its mail entered the C.S.A. mails at Richmond. More than 250 surviving covers and 2,000 fronts are known. A number of manuscript examined markings were used, as well as two types of handstamped manuscript markings.

E. 1,500-2,000
1,900
Back to Top
203
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 203, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Milboro Springs Va., endorsed "Via Fortress Monroe Flag of Truce Boat", "Prisoner's Letter Examined." octagonal censor's handstamp (Ty. IIa), mixed franking with U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), cancelled by target and matching "Point Lookout Md. Aug. 5 '64" circular datestamp which ties pair 5c Blue, Local (7), also tied by overlapping "Richmond Va. Aug. 12" circular datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE. A FRESH POINT LOOKOUT MIXED-FRANKING FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER SENT THROUGH OLD POINT COMFORT AND RICHMOND.

Illustrated in Antrim (p. 77)

E. 1,500-2,000
3,750
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204
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 204, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Buff prisoner-of-war cover to Middlebrook Va., original letter datelined "Prisoners Camp, Point Lookout Md, Sept 5th/64", endorsed "Via flag of truce", "Prisoner's Letter Examined Sept. 6, 1864" octagonal censor's handstamp (Ty. IIb), mixed franking with U.S. postage paid by 3c Rose (65), tied by target and matching "Point Lookout Md. Sep. 7 '64" circular datestamp, C.S.A. postage paid by 10c Blue, Die B (12), large margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Sep. 29" circular datestamp

EXTREMELY FINE. A GORGEOUS POINT LOOKOUT MIXED-FRANKING FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER AND LETTER WITH THE RARE DATED CENSOR MARKING

The Ty. IIb censor marking is the rarest of the Point Lookout markings (used for approximately one month, Aug-Sep. 1864). In the enclosed letter, Ezra Thomas Crist instructs his mother on how to send letters: "Direct to me prisoner of war Company E. 7th Division Point Lookout Maryland via flag of truce. You can pay the postage with a bit of silver by sending it to Richmond..."

Ex Birkinbine. With 1996 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,800
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205
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 205, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortPoint Lookout, Md, Point Lookout, MdPoint Lookout, Md. Buff cover to Richmond Va., endorsed "Via Fort. Monroe & Flag Truce Boat" and "R.W. Steger 1st Va. Cav", examiner's large oval handstamp "Approved Point Lookout, Md. J. N. Patterson Capt & Provost Marshal" (Ty. 1), 3c Rose (65) tied by target and "Point Lookout Md. Apr. 11 '64" double-circle datestamp, also tied by "Richmond Va. May 9" circular datestamp, with "DUE 2" drop letter rate handstamp, ink stain on stamp, otherwise Very Fine, illustrated in Special Routes (p. 231)

E. 500-750
900
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206
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 206, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortRock Island Barracks, Ill, Rock Island Barracks, IllRock Island Barracks, Ill. Buff cover to Edgefield S.C., clear strike of large circular examiner's handstamp (Ty. Ib), 3c Rose (65) cancelled by target and tied by "Rock Island Ill. Feb. 29 '64" double-circle datestamp and "Richmond Va. Mar. 18" circular datestamp, "Due 10" handstamp for C.S.A. postage, Very Fine, with 1983 P.F. certificate

E. 200-300
650
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207
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 207, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Richmond-Old Point ComfortFort Warren, Boston Mass, Fort Warren, Boston MassFort Warren, Boston Mass. Prisoner cover to a "Miss Wallis" in Baltimore, 3c Rose (65) tied by "Paid" in frame, red "Boston Mass. May 27" circular datestamp, Fine, Fort Warren was first used in November 1861 for the incarceration of political prisoners and also held some C.S.A. prisoners

E. 200-300
275
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