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Sale 988 — The Steven C. Walske Collection of Civil War Special Routes

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 May, 2010

Category — Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point Comfort

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
92
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 92, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortOld Point Comfort Va, Old Point Comfort VaOld Point Comfort Va. Civilian flag-of-truce inner folded letter, datelined January 1, 1862, from Middleburg Va. to Union occupied Alexandria Va., sent through Norfolk and forwarded to Fortress Monroe, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 10" double-circle datestamp which ties 3c Rose (65) and slightly overlaps manuscript "Exed T.P." examiner's marking, U.S. postage prepaid by gluing 3c Union silver coin to upper right of cover, 5c Confederate postage discarded along with outer envelope at Norfolk, contents give instructions on how to send flag-of-truce mail, splitting along edges of letter sensibly reinforced with archival tape, central file fold does not affect adhesive, 3c coin (replacement) accompanies letter

A BEAUTIFUL AND DESIRABLE CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER CARRIED ENTIRELY WITHIN THE DIVIDED STATE OF VIRGINIA, VIA NORFOLK AND OLD POINT COMFORT. CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVERS SENT BY THIS ROUTE ARE MUCH SCARCER THAN PRISONERS' MAIL.

Ex Birkinbine. Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 89) and in Collectors Club Philatelist (Vol 84, No. 6).

E. 1,500-2,000
1,000
93
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 93, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortOld Point Comfort Va, Old Point Comfort VaOld Point Comfort Va. Yellow civilian flag-of-truce cover from Richmond Va. to Stoughton Mass., with original contents, endorsed "Via Norfolk & Flag of Truce", 5c Green (1) pays postage to Norfolk, stamp tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 27, 1862" circular datestamp, 3c Rose (65) affixed directly over C.S.A. stamp and tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 10" double-circle datestamp, manuscript "X Paid", 3c stamp with corner tear, couple backflap tears and some light soiling

AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE MIXED-FRANKING NORTHBOUND CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER SENT VIA NORFOLK AND OLD POINT COMFORT. THE FEW MIXED-FRANKING COVERS KNOWN FROM THIS PERIOD REPRESENT THE EARLIEST POSSIBLE EXAMPLES OF MIXED UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STATES FRANKING, WHICH WERE ONLY POSSIBLE FOR A BRIEF PERIOD.

Mixed-franking U.S.-Confederate States covers are rare and highly sought after by collectors. As a mixed franking on a civilian flag-of-truce cover, during the short window that some were allowed to use the Norfolk-Old Point Comfort route, this is an extremely important artifact of postal history. Shortly after this cover was mailed, civilian flag-of-truce mail sent North was diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office, per U.S. General Order No. 7. This order followed an announcement in the January 1862 U.S. Mail & Post Office Assistant that stated, "The facilities afforded by sending letters to the rebel states under a flag-of-truce are not intended, and cannot be permitted, to cover general correspondence."

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 90). With 1993 A.P.S. certificate.

E. 5,000-7,500
3,000
Back to Top
94
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 94, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortNew Orleans La, New Orleans LaNew Orleans La. Small civilian flag-of-truce cover to Waterloo Iowa, entered C.S.A. mails with "New Orleans La. 31 Jan." (1862) circular datestamp which ties 10c Dark Blue, Hoyer & Ludwig (2b), endorsed at left "Norfolk, Virginia, via Flag of Truce", no Norfolk postmark as usual for northbound mail by this route, forwarded to Fortress Monroe, "Washington D.C. Mar. 6, 1862" circular datestamp and "Dead Letter Office Mar. 6, 1862" circular datestamp with "Due 6cts." straightline for total postage due to addressee in Iowa after release from Dead Letter Office, opened roughly at left with part of side flap torn away, markings intact, stamp with scissor cut in top margin

AN EXTREMELY RARE NORFOLK-FORTRESS MONROE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER ORIGINATING IN NEW ORLEANS AND DIVERTED TO THE DEAD LETTER OFFICE IN WASHINGTON DC.

Starting in mid-February 1862, civilian flag-of-truce mail sent North was diverted to the Dead Letter Office, per U.S. General Order No. 7. This order followed an announcement in the January 1862 U.S. Mail & Post Office Assistant that stated, "The facilities afforded by sending letters to the rebel states under a flag-of-truce are not intended, and cannot be permitted, to cover general correspondence." By the end of February, the C.S.A. mail system stopped forwarding almost all such letters. This is one of fewer than ten examples known (Special Routes p. 90).

Illustrated in Collector's Club Philatelist (Vol. 84, No.6) and in Special Routes (p. 90)

E. 2,000-3,000
2,300
Back to Top
95
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 95, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortLeesburg Va, Leesburg VaLeesburg Va. Inner cover to Washington City datelined "Leesburg Nov. 9th 1861", with nine page enclosure, docketed "Paid inside", manuscript "Exd J.F.a" examiner's mark (Major John B. Frothingham at Fortress Monroe) crossed out and in same hand "Rejected on Acct. of length.", bold "DUE 3cts." handstamp and "Dead Letter Office P.O. Dpt." oval, docketing indicates this was finally received in Jan. 1862 and answered, cover with corner wear from thick contents, tear at top and part of backflap missing, still a Fine example of civilian flag-of-truce letter through Norfolk-Old Point Comfort

E. 200-300
800
Back to Top
96
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 96, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortEatonton Ga, Eatonton GaEatonton Ga. Small 1862 mourning civilian flag-of-truce cover to Milford Conn., endorsed "By Norfolk and flag of truce", light pencil "Ex" censor marking, entered C.S.A. mails with "Eatonton Ga. May 24" (1862) circular datestamp, "Paid" straightline and "10" in circle handstamp, U.S. postage paid with 3c Rose (65), affixed over sender's endorsement, tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 26" double-circle datestamp, stamp lifted and hinged back into place, a war-torn cover but still a rare late civilian flag-of-truce usage through Norfolk and Old Point Comfort, the U.S. began sending this type of mail to the Dead Letter Office in mid-February 1862 and the C.S.A. stopped forwarding this type of mail by the end of February 1862

E. 200-300
190
Back to Top
97
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 97, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortFort Warren, Boston Mass, Fort Warren, Boston MassFort Warren, Boston Mass. December 1861 inner envelope from Virginia to Fort Warren Prison, Boston Harbor, to prisoner-of-war Commodore Samuel Barron, "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 3" double-circle datestamp ties 3c Rose (65), C.S.A. postage paid by discarded outer envelope, manuscript "X" exchange point examiner's mark, reverse with "Boston Mass Jan. 6" circular datestamp, piece of backflap missing and couple small backflap tears, otherwise Very Fine and attractive, Samuel Barron was a captain in the U.S. Navy before resigning and joining the C.S.A. Navy as a captain and Chief of the Office of Naval Detail and Equipment, he was subsequently assigned commander of coastal defenses of Virginia and North Carolina and was captured at Fort Hatteras during the Battle of Hatteras Inlet on August 29, 1861, he was paroled on July 28, 1862 and went on to serve as flag officer commanding C.S.A. naval forces in Europe, he was among those who required a special presidential pardon after the war due to his activity in Europe buying and outfitting Confederate commerce raiders, such as the Alabama and the Florida; his pardon was granted in October 1867, illustrated in Special Routes (p. 62)

E. 750-1,000
750
Back to Top
98
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 98, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortLigon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va, Ligon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond VaLigon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va. Inner green envelope with enclosure datelined December 4, 1861, from Lt. Barnard B. Vassal, prisoner-of-war at Ligon's Warehouse Prison, to North Oxford Mass., free franked by fellow prisoner "Alfred Ely M.C.", manuscript "From a prisoner of war Richmond VA", entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Dec 13" double circle datestamp, couple inconsequential edge and corner nicks

AN OUTSTANDING AND RARE DECEMBER 1861 FREE-FRANKED COVER FROM LIGON'S PRISON SENT THROUGH NORFOLK AND OLD POINT COMFORT.

Ligon's Tobacco Warehouse in Richmond, also referred to as "Rockett's No. 1", was among the first Confederate prisons used and held almost 1,000 prisoners from the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas). Alfred Ely was a Representative from New York, serving in Congress from 1859-1863. While witnessing the Battle of Bull Run, he was taken prisoner and sent to Ligon's until being exchanged on December 25, 1861. According to Wikipedia he was exchanged for future U.S. Senator Charles J. Faulkner. 2nd Lt. Barnard B. Vassal (1835-1894) was commissioned an officer in Company E, 15th Massachusetts Volunteers on July 30, 1861 and was captured at Ball's Bluff (Leesburg) on October 21, 1861, a Union defeat that resulted in the death of another member of Congress, Col. and Oregon Senator Edward D. Baker. Vassal was a nephew of American Red Cross founder Clara Barton.

Ex Birkinbine. Illustrated in Harrison (p. 96) and Special Routes (p. 66). See also "Alfred Ely P.O.W. Covers", Francis J. Crown Jr., Confederate Philatelist (Jul.-Aug. 1975, No. 166)

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
Back to Top
99
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 99, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortLigon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va, Ligon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond VaLigon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va. Inner green envelope with enclosure datelined "Richmond Va. Dec. 21st '61" from Lt. Barnard B. Vassal, prisoner-of-war, to North Oxford Massachusetts, prisoner's endorsement as well as "Sold. letter Mg. Herrman U.S.A." (Gen. Wool's staff) applied at Fortress Monroe despite Vassal's rank as an officer, "Due 3" handstamp for unpaid soldier's letter, no Old Point Comfort datestamp, fresh and Very Fine, a nice companion to the prior lot, Lt. Vassal was a nephew of American Red Cross founder Clara Barton and was captured at Ball's Bluff (Leesburg) on October 21, 1861, ex Birkinbine

E. 400-500
500
Back to Top
100
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 100, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortSalisbury Prison, N.C, Salisbury Prison, N.CSalisbury Prison, N.C. Flag-of-truce cover from Charles Kliffmuller at Salisbury Prison to his wife Matilda in Fritzlar, Germany, docketed "Via Norfolk & Flag of Truce", manuscript "Examined" (C.S.A.) and "Exd. Ft. Monroe." (U.S.) censor marks, Confederate 5c Blue (4) stamp missing (removed at Old Point Comfort), was tied by "Salisbury N.C. Apr? 1862" circular datestamp, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Apr. 28" circular datestamp, "30" circular handstamp most likely for unpaid letter by Prussian Closed Mail (ignored in New York and sent by Hamburg mail), blue "15" Hamburg mail handstamp, sent from New York by HAPAG Teutonia on May 3 with "N. York Hamb. Pkt. 5 May 3" debit datestamp, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Cassel and Fritzlar backstamps, "4-1/2 / 6Xr" rate handstamp applied in Hamburg representing 4.5sgr (10c) international rate plus 6kr transit postage, postage due restated at Cassel with "6-1/2" sgr due handstamp (scarce marking with the diagonal fraction bar), finally restated again with manuscript "6-1/2" sgr plus "-1/4" due for local delivery at Fritzlar, cover with some tears, part of backflap missing and corner restoration

AN EXTREMELY RARE FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM SALISBURY PRISON TO GERMANY VIA NORFOLK, OLD POINT COMFORT, NEW YORK AND HAMBURG MAILS. FEW FOREIGN BOUND FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVERS ARE KNOWN.

Charles Kliffmuller was a private in the Alabama Eufaula Light Artillery. When he mailed this cover, he was either a guard at Salisbury Prison or perhaps in detention for an infraction. He married Miss Matilda Lange on Sep. 3, 1858, and was killed in the Chunky Creek train accident in Mississippi in February 1863. His train was on its way to provide reinforcements at Vicksburg when it derailed over the damaged Chunky Creek trestle, killing more than 40 people.

Ex Grant and Meroni. Illustrated in Chronicle (No. 213)

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
Back to Top
101
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 101, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortNorfolk Va, Norfolk VaNorfolk Va. Civilian flag-of-truce inner envelope from New York to Camden, S.C., "Protestant Episcopal Mission Rooms New York" sender's red oval handstamp, discarded outer envelope paid the U.S. postage to Fortress Monroe, C.S.A. postage paid by a U.S. half-dime affixed with wax to upper left corner (the coin is a replacement), entered C.S.A. mails at Norfolk with blue "Norfolk Va. Dec. 28, 1861" circular datestamp, matching "Paid 5c" in circle, receipt docketing at left "Recd Dec 31st 1861"

A GORGEOUS AND PRISTINE SOUTHBOUND CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER TO SOUTH CAROLINA VIA OLD POINT COMFORT AND NORFOLK.

Ex Birkinbine. Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 91) and Collectors Club Philatelist (Vol. 84, No. 6)

E. 2,000-3,000
5,250
Back to Top
102
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 102, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortNorfolk Va, Norfolk VaNorfolk Va. Small southbound civilian flag-of-truce inner cover to Charleston S.C. from New York, Carson correspondence, outer cover paying U.S. postage discarded, manuscript "Exd E.B.C." censor mark, blue circular "Paid 5C" handstamp for C.S.A. postage, "Norfolk Va. Dec. 10, 1861" double-circle datestamp, forwarded to Sandover, light soiling, otherwise Very Fine example of Fortress Monroe-Norfolk flag-of-truce mail, see lots 342-344 for blockade-run covers from the Carson correspondence

E. 500-750
750
Back to Top
103
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 103, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortGeneral Hospital No. 1, Richmond Va, General Hospital No. 1, Richmond VaGeneral Hospital No. 1, Richmond Va. September 24, 1861 cover from New York to "Sgt. James Reid, Regiment N.Y.S.M., Prisoner of War, Prison Hospital, Richmond Va., Care of the Secretary of War, Washington, to be forwarded at the first opportunity", manuscript "Exd J." examiners mark applied at Fortress Monroe and "Postage Inside" in same hand, "New York Sep 24" (1861) circular datestamp ties 1c Blue Ty. I, Pos. 56L12 (18) paying carrier fee and 3c Dull Red Ty. III (26), blue "Norfolk Va. Oct. 9, 1861" double-circle datestamp, manuscript "Flag Truce due 5c" for Confederate postage (despite the "Postage Inside" notation), 3c stamp lifted and replaced, some expert edge and backflap restoration

VERY FINE APPEARANCE AND RARE. THIS OUTSTANDING COVER IS THE EARLIEST KNOWN SOUTHBOUND FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER VIA THE FORTRESS MONROE-NORFOLK ROUTE.

Informal flag-of-truce exchanges of mail between Fortress Monroe and Norfolk began in September 1861 and continued until U.S. forces occupied Norfolk on May 9, 1862, which forced a change in route on the Confederate side.

James Reid enlisted in the U.S. Army on May 27, 1861, and joined Company B of the 79th New York State Infantry. He was captured at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) on July 21, 1861, and was sent to Richmond as a prisoner of war. General Hospital No. 1, also known as the Alms House Hospital, held and treated large numbers of Federal prisoners from Bull Run. In 1864 the building became the temporary location of the Virginia Military Institute (Harrison, p. 88).

Illustrated in Special Routes (p. 65). Described in the Confederate Philatelist (No. 188, p. 46)

E. 2,000-3,000
1,600
Back to Top
104
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 104, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortTaylor's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va, Taylor's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond VaTaylor's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va. Incoming cover to Sgt. George G. Noyes "Prisoner of War Richmond, Va", reverse with pencil notation "Gen Williams Washington D.C.", 3c Rose (65) cancelled by grid of squares, "Worcester Mass. Feb. 3" (1862) circular datestamp, entered C.S.A. mails with "Norfolk Va. Feb. 14, 1862" double-circle datestamp and "5" due handstamp, some soiling mostly confined to back, stamp with small fault from placement near edge and small backflap tear

VERY FINE AND RARE INCOMING COVER TO TAYLOR'S TOBACCO WAREHOUSE PRISON IN RICHMOND, SENT VIA THE OLD POINT COMFORT-NORFOLK FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE.

George Gustavus Adams Noyes enlisted in Company D, Massachusetts 15th Infantry Regiment on July 12, 1861, and served alongside his brother Francis H. Noyes (who died at Antietam in September 1862). On October 21, 1861, George was taken prisoner at the Battle of Ball's Bluff, in Leesburg Va. After exchange in late February 1862, he was mustered out on disability in April 1863. He died in 1905.

Taylor's Tobacco warehouse opened as a prison following the Battle of Ball's Bluff on October 28, 1861. Regimental histories report that all the men from the 15th Massachusetts were confined at Taylor's following the battle. Residents of Massachusetts were the first to form a relief effort for their imprisoned soldiers and raised several hundred dollars to purchase necessities to send to the men (Harrison, p. 101). Only three covers are recorded to or from Taylor's Tobacco Warehouse -- including two from the Sgt. Noyes correspondence.

Illustrated in Harrison (p. 102)

E. 2,000-3,000
1,500
Back to Top
105
c
Sale Number 988, Lot Number 105, Flag-of-Truce Mail: Norfolk-Old Point ComfortRichmond Va, Richmond VaRichmond Va. Incoming inner cover to prisoner-of-war in Richmond, outer cover with origin discarded, endorsed "Care General Winder", manuscript "Exd. D.W.C." censor mark, blue "Norfolk Va. Dec. 28, 1861" circular datestamp and matching "Paid 5c" circular handstamp, very slightly reduced at right where opened, fresh and Very Fine flag-of-truce cover to P.O.W. at Richmond via Old Point Comfort, given the early date of this cover it is quite possible that it was sent to a prisoner at Ligon's Warehouse

E. 500-750
650
Back to Top
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