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Sale 996 — The Wagshal Collection, Part 3:
3c 1851-57 Issues

Sale Date — Thursday, 21 October, 2010

Category — Chicago Perforation

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
3177
ngbl
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3177, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 11 (11A var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 11 (11A var)3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 11 (11A var). Positions 54-56/64-66R2L, unused block of six (no gum), bright color, light staining mostly removed, some h.r. reinforced perf separations between two stamps, tiny tear in bottom right stamp

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE SECOND LARGEST OF FOUR RECORDED BLOCKS FROM THE 3-CENT "SAMPLE A" SHEET WITH THE HADLEY 11-GAUGE CHICAGO PERFORATIONS.

Jerome S. Wagshal established a connection between the "Sample A" Chicago Perf 11 stamps and the effort by R. K. Swift to sell the Hadley perforator to the U.S. Post Office Department in June 1855. W. Wilson Hulme II went into greater detail (Chronicle 174, May 1997), identifying the various known examples by their respective positions in the sheet and establishing that the ex-Chase block of 21 (since divided into smaller units) and the two known blocks of six originated from the same "Sample A" sheet, which Swift submitted to the Third Assistant Postmaster with his solicitation letter. The other pane submitted by Swift had different perforations, was marked "Sample B" and its whereabouts are unknown.

From the "Sample A" sheet, Hulme recorded the ex-Chase block of 21, which came from the estate of Mr. Madison Davis, formerly chief clerk to the Third Assistant Postmaster General. Dr. Chase obtained the block from J. M. Bartels, who purchased it from the Davis estate in 1910. This block of 21 has been broken up into a block of nine, a block of four (both sold in our Hulme Sale 964 in 2008), four singles (one of which is offered in this sale) and four contiguous stamps which have not been accounted for and may or may not still exist as a block. Adding the block of six offered here and one other block of six (ex Lakeshore, realized $37,500 hammer in our Sale 888), a total of 33 "Sample A" Chicago Perf stamps are recorded. This block comes from the positions directly above the ex-Piller block of nine last sold in the Hulme sale. The examples from the Sample "A" sheet are the only known unused 3c stamps with Chicago perforations. There are no known unused examples with the gauge 12.5 perforations.

With 1975 and 1976 P.F. certificates

36,000
15,000
3178
ng
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3178, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 11 (11A var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 11 (11A var)3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 11 (11A var). Position 98R2L with wide imperforate bottom sheet margin, unused (no gum), remarkably precise centering

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE BEST-CENTERED OF THE 33 RECORDED EXAMPLES FROM THE "SAMPLE A" SHEET WITH THE HADLEY 11-GAUGE CHICAGO PERFORATIONS.

This stamp was originally part of the Chase block of 21 and subsequently part of a pair. The other stamp in the pair (Position 97R2L) realized $7,500 in our sale of the Lake Shore collection (Sale 888). A total of 33 "Sample A" Chicago Perf stamps are recorded, including a block of nine, two blocks of six (see lot 3177) and a block of four. There are four contiguous stamps from the Chase piece that have not been accounted for and may or may not still exist as a block. The examples from the Sample "A" sheet are the only known unused 3c stamps with Chicago perforations. There are no known unused examples with the gauge 12.5 perforations.

With 1979 P.F. certificate as a pair, stating genuine but declining opinion as to its origin from the Chase block. The pair is clearly from the bottom row of the Chase Sample "A" block.

6,000
3,250
Back to Top
3179
 
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3179, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var)3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var). Position 67R7, better centering than typically seen and with full perfs all around, neat strike of Chicago circular datestamp

VERY FINE. A CHOICE SOUND EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION.

The 3c Chicago Perfs are rarely encountered in sound condition with acceptable centering. With 1983 P.F. certificate

6,000
2,500
Back to Top
3180
 
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3180, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var)3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var). Position 58L3, well-centered, scissors separated at bottom but with intact perfs, full perfs on other sides, rich color, "Chicago Ill. Jan. 12, 1857" circular datestamp

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A BEAUTIFUL SOUND EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION.

The 3c Chicago Perfs are rarely encountered in sound condition with centering as nice as this example. An identifiable datestamp adds to the desirability of this example. With 1991 P.F. certificate

6,000
2,600
Back to Top
3181
 
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3181, Chicago Perforation3c Red Brown, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var), 3c Red Brown, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var)3c Red Brown, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var). Position 74L3, deep rich color and nicely centered, perforations all around but slightly blunted at bottom left and lower right, tied by bold strike of "Chicago Ill. Jan. 23, 1857" circular datestamp on small yellow piece

VERY FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION IN A DISTINCTIVE DEEP SHADE.

With 1968 P.F. certificate

6,000
1,200
Back to Top
3182
c
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3182, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var)3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var). Position 64L7, scissors-separated with intact perfs at top and bottom, blunted at lower right, tied by "Chicago Ill. Jul. 25, 1856" circular datestamp on cover to Norwich N.Y. with "Sherman House Chicago, J. A. Patmor & Co." cameo corner card, couple mended backflap tears

VERY FINE. A FRESH AND BEATIFUL EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF USED ON A HOTEL CORNER CARD.

Wilson Hulme speculates in his article in Chronicle 175 that R. K. Swift distributed Chicago perf stamps to various businesses as a trial or to strengthen the possibility of selling the perforating machine to the post office. Many of the businesses, including the local Sherman House hotel, were in a straight path between Swift's bank and Elijah Hadley's (inventor of the machine) office (p. 167).

With 1983 P.F. certificate. Illustrated in Chronicle 175, p. 169

E. 4,000-5,000
3,500
Back to Top
3183
c
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3183, Chicago Perforation3c Brownish Carmine, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var), 3c Brownish Carmine, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var)3c Brownish Carmine, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var). Choice centering with complete perfs all around, rich color, tied by neat strike of "Chicago Ill. Jul. 16, 1856" circular datestamp on cover to Poughkeepsie N.Y., originated from R. K. Swift & Co. based on handwriting match with other Swift covers, most of backflap missing, repaired corner tear at top right of cover

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF ONLY TEN COVERS WITH THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF ORIGINATING FROM R. K. SWIFT, THE PROMOTER OF THE HADLEY PERFORATING MACHINE.

Wilson Hulme recorded five covers that do not bear the name of R. K. Swift, but can be tied to the company. One is the Tremont House corner card written by Swift himself. Four others, including the cover offered here, have handwriting which has been matched to writing on one of the two known Swift corner cards (offered as lot 179 in the Hulme sale). Hulme also had two additional non-Chicago perf covers in his collection from Swift & Co. with matching handwriting.

With 1980 P.F. certificate. Signed Ashbrook

E. 2,000-3,000
3,250
Back to Top
3184
c
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3184, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var)3c Dull Red, Ty. I, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11 var). Centered to right with portion of adjoining stamp at left, but perfs all around, tied by overlapping strikes of "Chicago Ill. Sep. ?" (1856) circular datestamp on cover to Evansville Ill., manuscript "Care Mr. Ferguson" at bottom

A FRESH AND FINE COVER WITH THE 3-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION.

Wilson Hulme recorded 40 examples used on cover and 30 used off-cover in his 1997 census in Chronicle 175. Since that time a small number of additional examples have been discovered.

With 1970 P.F. certificate

9,000
1,000
Back to Top
3185
c
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3185, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var)3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var). Sheet margin at right, scissor separated at bottom but perfs intact other sides, tied by "Rosedale Wis. Jan. 31" (1857) circular datestamp on cover to West Killingly Conn., small piece of backflap missing

VERY FINE. THIS COVER IS ONE OF ONLY TWO KNOWN 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF COVERS ORIGINATING FROM OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO.

Rosedale is approximately 175 miles from Chicago. Dr. Chase discusses this cover in his book (p. 175) and hypothesizes that the stamp or cover was carried to Rosedale from Chicago by a traveler.

Ex Chase and Beals. Discussed in Wilson Hulme's article in Chronicle 175, p. 162.

E. 3,000-4,000
0
Back to Top
3186
c
Sale Number 996, Lot Number 3186, Chicago Perforation3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var), 3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var)3c Dull Red, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (11A var). Centered to left but perfs intact on all sides, tied by "New-York May 23" circular datestamp on cover to Milton Mass., docketing at left "May 22/56" and original contents datelined "New York, May 22, 56.", some minor cover edgewear

VERY FINE. THIS COVER IS ONE OF ONLY TWO KNOWN 3-CENT CHICAGO PERF COVERS ORIGINATING FROM OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO.

This cover was originally described in a May 20, 1940, article by Hollis Webster, the son of the writer, in Mekeel's Weekly Stamp News. It was discussed at length by Wilson Hulme in his second article on the Chicago Perfs in Chronicle 175, pp. 161-162. The writer was C. C. Langdell of the firm of Pierrepont, Stanley & Langdell in New York. Apparently, R.K. Swift sent samples of the Chicago Perf stamps to New York, where he had an office one street away from Langdell's office.

With 1989 P.F. certificate. Accompanied by the Mekeel's article and correspondence from Mr. Wagshal related to expertizing the cover

E. 3,000-4,000
1,600
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