VERY FINE. A SPECTACULAR VALENTINE COVER WITH GREIG'S CITY DESPATCH POST STAMP TIED. THIS IS THE FIRST ADHESIVE STAMP ISSUED IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE.
Ex Caspary and Middendorf. Scott Retail $2,500.00 without premium for Valentine usage
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY THREE GENUINE COVERS BEARING THE CITY MAIL COMPANY STAMP ARE RECORDED -- ONLY SIX EXAMPLES OF 46L1 ARE KNOWN ON OR OFF COVER.
The City Mail Company was the successor to the New York office of Overton & Company, a letter-and-package express and foreign-mail forwarding agency founded by Richard Carleton Overton prior to July 3, 1844. The change in name was announced in the February 15, 1845, edition of the New York Daily Express and soon after the company's address changed from 3 Broad Street to 7 Broad Street. The handstamp on this cover shows the modified "3" appearing as a "7", reflecting the move.
Overton & Co. issued stamps in 1844 for use on inter-city letters (Scott 113L1); these are recorded on covers from Jul. 29, 1844 (see Hall sale, lot 370), through Jun. 30, 1845, the day before the independent mail firms were forced out of business by the July 1845 postal laws. The City Mail Co. issued its own stamps for use on city-delivery letters at 2c each. It is thought that these stamps were issued after the February 1845 announcement of the new City Mail Company. The ex-Caspary folded letter dated Jun. 18, 1844, is an improbable 46L1 usage, inasmuch as it predates both the issue date and documented formation of Overton & Company.
Three covers in the proper time period are recorded with 46L1: 1) uncancelled on May 15, 1845 folded letter to Robert H. Morris, red "Overton & Co. City Mail Office 7 [modified] Broad St." oval, ex Golden and Gordon N. John, the cover offered here; 2) cancelled by red "Paid" (not tied, creased) on Sep. 15, 1845 folded letter to Cornelius W. Lawrence, red framed "City Mail Co. Office 6 Wall Street", ex Boker; and 3) repaired stamp cancelled by red "Paid" (not tied) on Oct. 15 (1845) folded letter to Mr. Mathews, red framed "City Mail Co. Office 6 Wall Street", ex Hunter, Worthington, Mason, Richardson, Golden (realized $7,500). Including the two stamps added to covers (ex-Caspary and ex-Hall), the ex-Ferrary stamp (defective, off cover) and the three genuine covers listed above, we count a total of six examples of 46L1.
Signed Sloane. Ex Golden and Gordon N. John. With 1999 P.F. certificate.
A VERY FINE CLARK & HALL PENNY POST STAMP GENUINELY USED ON COVER. ONLY FIVE EXAMPLES OF THIS STAMP ARE RECORDED, EACH USED ON COVER. ONE OF THE GREATEST RARITIES OF AMERICAN LOCAL POSTS.
William J. Clark and Charles F. Hall advertised the opening of their "City Express and Penny Post" in the Feb. 13, 1851, edition of The Missouri Republican. Clark and Hall timed their opening to capture a share of the lucrative Valentine market. The first announcement noted that stamps were available for one cent each.
The five covers with 49L1 are recorded as follows (all 1851 dates): 1) uncancelled, red Feb. 27 datestamp, to Emily Smith, Long Island N.Y., the cover offered here, ex Ferrary, Lilly, Hall and Kuphal; 2) uncancelled, red Apr. 23 datestamp, to Emily Smith (as above), ex Boker; 3) uncancelled, red May 29 datestamp, to Emily Smith (as above), ex Boker, Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 980, realized $15,000 hammer); 4) uncancelled, red Jul. 20 datestamp, to Emily Smith (as above), ex Boker; and 5) cancelled by three ms. X's on Valentine cover to Eliza Pettus, local street address, Feb. 14, 1851 enclosure, discovered in 1924 by Morris Pettus (last sold Siegel Sale 878, lot 564, realized $10,000 hammer). No stamps off cover are known.
This cover was discovered by the family of T. H. Sanford and sold to C. H. Mekeel in September 1904. A copy of the original affidavit (in our files) accompanies the lot. In 1966 at a presentation before the Royal Philatelic Society of London, John R. Boker Jr. referred to this cover (ex Ferrary), stating that it had been "institutionalized" and "lost to collectors." He was evidently unaware that Lilly owned the cover. The Halls acquired it in the 1967 Lilly sale held by this firm.
Ex Ferrary, Lilly, Hall and Kuphal. Scott Retail $19,000.00
FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED COVERS WITH THE SCARCE CORNWELL'S STAMP TIED. ONLY THIS COVER SHOWS THE OVAL MARKING WITH "CORNWALL'S" (SPELLING ERROR) DELETED, USED UNDER BENTLEY'S OWNERSHIP.
Daniel H. Cornwell established his Madison Square Post Office at 945 Broadway as early as May 1856 (May 28 use of Cornwell's oval is recorded), but sold out to Henry H. Bentley in August of the same year (as advertised). Covers showing Cornwell's markings or stamps are extremely rare, and the presence of Swarts markings on several of them indicates an arrangement between the two posts. The stamps come on white (52L2) or bluish paper (52L1), and it appears that this paper is bluish, but to be consistent with the Scott Catalogue, we list it as the white 52L2. This example is unusual not only for the tied stamp (two such tied examples are recorded), but the oval handstamp shows removal of Cornwell's name (mis-spelled "Cornwall's" in the device). The other tied usage, ex Caspary and Boker, has the name in the oval.
Ex Abt, Golden and Kuphal. Scott Retail $10,000.00