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Sale 940 — The Buck Boshwit Collection of Confederate States

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 September, 2007

Category — Express Mails after June 1, 1861

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
218
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 218, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Express Co., Nashville, Jun. 15 (1861), Adams Express Co., Nashville, Jun. 15 (1861)Adams Express Co., Nashville, Jun. 15 (1861). Mostly clear strike of oval datestamp on U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U27) to Warner N.H., from the Hannah L. Warren correspondence, ms. "Paid 2/-" express charge (two bits, or 25c), blue "Nashville Ten. Jun. 15" (1861) circular datestamp with matching "Paid" and "5" handstamps for C.S.A. postage, large "Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept., No. July 16, 1861" oval datestamp and "Due 3cts" straightline handstamp, with original enclosure, trivial edgewear

VERY FINE. THIS IS ONE OF THE EARLIEST ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY SOUTH-TO-NORTH THRU-THE-LINES USAGES AFTER JUNE 1, 1861.

On June 15 the American Letter Express Co. was the first to advertise its thru-the-lines service. On June 22 the Adams Express Co. and M. D. Whiteside advertised their competing express services. Express covers carried across the lines by these companies prior to the first advertisements are evidence that service pre-dated the announced commencement dates.

This cover is such proof. It was mailed from Nashville on June 15 and datestamped by the Nashville post office and by Adams Nashville office on the same day. This is one full week before the June 22 commencement date advertised by Adams. Obviously, Adams was moving letters between Louisville and Nashville earlier than announced in their North-South express ads. We also have record of a cover addressed to Louisville with the Adams Vicksburgh Miss. office oval dated June 11.

On the cover offered here, the 5c C.S.A. postage was paid in Nashville, but the U.S. 3c entire was considered invalid by the Federal post office. At this early date, there must have been some confusion about how to prepay U.S. postage once the letter crossed the lines. In this case, it was determined to be unpaid and sent to the U.S. Dead Letter Office.

E. 3,000-4,000
17,000
219
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 219, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders, New-York, Adams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders, New-YorkAdams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders, New-York. Large blue oval handstamp on backflap of U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) to Lynchburg Va., blue "Adams Express Co. Nashville Jul. 11(?)" and black "Adams Express Company, Knoxville Tenn. Jul. 12" oval datestamps, ms. "2/-" (two bits, or 25c) express charge, ms. "15", bottom flap opened to show New York marking, some slight wear, vertical file fold affects embossed stamp

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COMBINATION OF ADAMS EXPRESS OFFICE MARKINGS -- NEW YORK TO NASHVILLE TO KNOXVILLE -- FOR THRU-THE-LINES EXPRESS SERVICE TO LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA.

Only a few covers are recorded with this combination of Adams office markings, which were applied in transit entirely outside the U.S. and Confederate postal systems. Adams also had the option of placing letters into the Nashville post office for delivery by regular Confederate mails.

The Adams Knoxville oval is extremely rare, and collectors should be aware that a number of clever fakes were handled by John A. Fox, some of which have never been properly identified (these fakes bear the David Cleage address, a known correspondence). Perhaps the rarity of the Knoxville oval is appreciated less because of the circulating fakes.

Ex Knapp, Solomon and Gallagher.

E. 3,000-4,000
0
Back to Top
220
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 220, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Jul. 25, 1861, Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Jul. 25, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Jul. 25, 1861. Bold circular datestamp cancels U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) addressed to Handsboro Miss., partly clear "Grand Junction Ten. Jul. 30" circular datestamp and bold "Paid 5" C.S.A. rate, Very Fine, Grand Junction is a short distance east of Memphis (southwest of Nashville and north of Handsboro) on the Mississippi Central Railroad -- it was a short-lived postal entry point for express mail, ex Green, with 1976 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
2,600
Back to Top
221
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 221, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 9, 1861, Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 9, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 9, 1861. Circular datestamp cancels U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) to Richmond Va., blue "Nashville Ten. Aug. 12, 1861" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" and "10" handstamps (over 500 miles), ms. "Pd. 2/- Ch" to indicate express charges, trivial edgewear, central stain spot from wax seal, missing top flap, still Very Fine, the addressee, Mann S. Valentine, was a prominent Richmond resident

E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
Back to Top
222
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 222, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 12, 1861, Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 12, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 12, 1861. Circular datestamp cancels U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U27) to Newtown Va., blue "Nashville Ten. Aug. 14, 1861" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" and ms. "20" rate (double 10c rate over 500 miles), small tear at right, trivial edgewear

VERY FINE. ONLY A FEW THRU-THE-LINES EXPRESS COVERS ARE KNOWN WITH THE 20-CENT DOUBLE CONFEDERATE RATE.

Ex Wiseman. With 1982 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
1,600
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223
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 223, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 6, 1861, Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 6, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville Ky. * Aug. 6, 1861. Readable strike ties U.S. 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (26) on 3c Red Star Die entire (U27) to Hotel N.C. (also known as Woodville), blue "Nashville Ten. Aug. 8, 1861" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" handstamp, ms. "4/-" double express rate (4 bits, or 50c), ms. "20" at right for double 10c over-500 miles C.S.A. rate, stamp faulty, cover with some wear

FINE APPEARANCE. A VERY RARE DOUBLE-RATE THRU-THE-LINES EXPRESS USAGE.

Ex Knapp

E. 1,000-1,500
750
Back to Top
224
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 224, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Am. Letter Exp. Co., Louisville Ky., Am. Letter Exp. Co., Louisville Ky.Am. Letter Exp. Co., Louisville Ky.. Blue dateless circular handstamp cancels U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U27) to Augusta Ga., bold "Nashville Ten. Jun. 28, 1861" circular datestamp with matching "Paid" and "5" handstamps for C.S.A. rate, small stain at top, otherwise Very Fine, a very scarce North-to-South thru-the-lines express usage handled by American Letter Express

E. 1,000-1,500
800
Back to Top
225
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 225, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Nashville Ten. Jun. 20?, 1861, Nashville Ten. Jun. 20?, 1861Nashville Ten. Jun. 20?, 1861. Blue circular datestamp with matching "Paid" and large "5" handstamps on U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U27) to Nashville, some slight wear, otherwise Fine, this cover from the Knowles correspondence was carried thru the lines by express and delivered in Nashville (5c C.S.A. postage was required), ex Gallagher

E. 400-500
425
Back to Top
226
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 226, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2), Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2)Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Large margins to in at top right where separated unevenly, tied by "Memphis Ten. Jul. 2? " circular datestamp on U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U27) to Oakland Grove Ark., manuscript "Pd 2/-" (Paid 2 bits, or 25c) express rate marking, some slight edgewear, slightly reduced at right

FINE. A RARE CIVIL WAR EXPRESS USAGE WITH A CONFEDERATE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ADHESIVE.

There is no indication of this cover's origin, but it is probably a thru-the-lines express usage via Adams Express Company's office in Memphis.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,600
Back to Top
227
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 227, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2), Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2)Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Huge margins to barely touched incl. sheet margin at bottom, tied by red "Southern Express Co., Memphis, Oct. 23" double-circle datestamp on "Adams Southern Express" imprint cover to Columbia Tenn., ms. "Paid 2/- OB" (Official Business) express rate, opened bit roughly at top where restored in places, stamp with light creases

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF A CONFEDERATE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL USED OUTSIDE OF THE REGULAR CONFEDERATE MAILS. ONLY A FEW 5-CENT MEMPHIS EXPRESS COVERS ARE KNOWN.

The cover was entrusted to the Southern Express Co.'s Memphis office for delivery to Columbia Tenn., which lies east of Memphis. It travelled northeast to Nashville, then south to Columbia, accompanied by a Southern Express Co. agent along connecting railroad lines. Independent expresses were often used to carry valuable mail. Express covers involving Confederate postage of any kind are scarce, and those with Postmasters' Provisionals are very rare.

Ex Pope

E. 4,000-5,000
3,000
Back to Top
228
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 228, Express Mails after June 1, 1861Adams Express Company, Knoxville Tenn. Aug. 7 (1861), Adams Express Company, Knoxville Tenn. Aug. 7 (1861)Adams Express Company, Knoxville Tenn. Aug. 7 (1861). Perfectly clear oval datestamp with "Paid 10" Confederate rate handstamp at upper right on Exchange & Deposit Bank corner card cover to Abingdon Va., sender's ms. routing "pr. Southern Express" with notation "50$" enclosed, ms. "Paid RE" express notation, docketed at right, with original letter enclosure

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING CONFEDERATE EXPRESS MONEY-LETTER USAGE CARRIED OUTSIDE THE MAILS.

The threat of war forced Adams Express Company's directors to protect their assets by selling all offices in seceded states to Henry B. Plant on April 8, 1861, who reorganized them as the Southern Express Company. Several Adams offices continued to use the Adams-named markings until Southern Express Co. markings were produced. This cover shows the scarce Adams Knoxville office datestamp in conjunction with the "Paid 10" to indicate that Confederate postage had been paid, as required on all express mail. The sender used the correct "Southern Express" title in the route instruction.

There was no registered mail in the Confederate postal system, and valuable letters were entrusted to private express companies. Examples are scarce, and those with the early oval markings are extremely rare.

Ex Simon.

E. 4,000-5,000
4,750
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