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Sale 940 — The Buck Boshwit Collection of Confederate States

Sale Date — Thursday, 27 September, 2007

Category — Express Mails Before June 1, 1861

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
215
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 215, Express Mails Before June 1, 1861Adams Express Company N.Y., Aprl. 30 (1861), Adams Express Company N.Y., Aprl. 30 (1861)Adams Express Company N.Y., Aprl. 30 (1861). Clear strike of blue double-circle datestamp cancels U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) addressed to David Cleage at the Bank of Tennessee in Athens Tenn., matching "Paid" oval handstamp, clear strike of "Adams Express Co. Chattanooga, May 5" oval handstamp, negligible soiling

EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE USAGE SENT BY ADAMS EXPRESS FROM NEW YORK TO TENNESSEE, WHICH ARRIVED IN CHATTANOOGA ON THE DAY BEFORE THE SECESSION REFERENDUM.

Although the express companies that carried mails thru the lines after June 1, 1861, did not begin advertising this service until June 15 (American Letter Express) and June 22 (Adams and Whitesides), Adams had been carrying mail for months prior to June 1 and definitely transported mail across the lines soon after the May 27 suspension order took effect. Curiously, there is no documentation or advertisements of the express mails during this period from January to May 1861.

This is the only cover in our Levi records with the Adams Chattanooga office oval. The other Adams cover which passed thru Chattanooga has a New York office oval and entered the regular mails with a Chattanooga post office datestamp.

Ex Kimmel. With 1976 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
5,250
216
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 216, Express Mails Before June 1, 1861Adams Express Memphis, Feb. 18 (1861), Adams Express Memphis, Feb. 18 (1861)Adams Express Memphis, Feb. 18 (1861). Large red oval datestamp on U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire (U26) to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, ms. "Express" at bottom left, usual small filing holes as always found on this correspondence, small repair at top left corner, trivial wrinkling

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY MEMPHIS OFFICE DATESTAMP ON A VERY EARLY EXPRESS COVER TO NEW ORLEANS.

Shortly after the Confederacy was formed on February 4, 1861, the private freight express companies began carrying mail (the earliest recorded express cover is dated Feb. 7). Soon after June 1, 1861, newspapers published the first advertisements for thru-the-lines express service after the Federal government suspended the mails to seceded states. However, we have never seen an ad or bulletin from the January-May 1861 period that advertises express service for letters. The existence of express covers carried outside the mails (for at least part of their journey) is the only evidence of this business. This is one of the earliest Civil War express covers, and it was carried by Adams from Memphis to New Orleans on February 18, 1861. Louisiana joined the Confederacy on Feb. 4, but Tennessee did not secede from the Union until June. We presume this cover originated in Memphis and was handed directly to the Adams office in that city.

Ex Knapp, Richey, Emerson, Shenfield and Antrim. With 1974 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
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217
c
Sale Number 940, Lot Number 217, Express Mails Before June 1, 1861Adams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders. New-York, Adams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders. New-YorkAdams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders. New-York. Large blue oval handstamp on U.S. 3c Red Star Die entire to Athens Tenn., cancelled by "Sweetwater Ten. May 27" (1861) circular datestamp, small sealed tear at top, otherwise Very Fine, postmarked in Tennessee on the day U.S. Postmaster General Blair issued the Suspension Order stopping mail from the North to seceded states (service in Tennessee was not suspended until June 12)

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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