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Sale 950 — U.S. and C.S.A. Postal History

Sale Date — Wednesday, 19 December, 2007

Category — Colonial and 18th Century Mails

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
2053
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2053, Colonial and 18th Century Mails(Portsmouth N.H., 1718) "Portsmouth 29th July 1718", (Portsmouth N.H., 1718) "Portsmouth 29th July 1718"(Portsmouth N.H., 1718) "Portsmouth 29th July 1718". Dateline on folded letter to Alderman John Johnson in New York, no postal markings but letter refers to "Capt. Chase", also mentions delivery of coal to Boston, minor toning and splits along folds, Fine, a very early Colonial letter from New Hampshire

E. 400-500
400
2054
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2054, Colonial and 18th Century Mails(Charleston S.C., 1722) "Charles Town May ye 25th 1722", (Charleston S.C., 1722) "Charles Town May ye 25th 1722"(Charleston S.C., 1722) "Charles Town May ye 25th 1722". Dateline on folded letter to Jonathan Amory in Boston, carried outside the mails, Very Fine and early Colonial South Carolina cover

E. 200-300
250
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2055
 
Fort Kaskaskia to Fort Pitt, 1767. Half-page document datelined "Kaskaski June 13th 1767" from Samuel Young to Mr. Clarkson at Fort Pitt, inquiring about new Indian clothing, repaired at bottom right corner, scarce Colonial frontier document

E. 150-200
300
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2056
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2056, Colonial and 18th Century Mails(East Florida-South Carolina, 1770) "CHARLES/TOWN", (East Florida-South Carolina, 1770) "CHARLES/TOWN"(East Florida-South Carolina, 1770) "CHARLES/TOWN". Clear strike of brownish-black two-line handstamp on folded cover with three pages of original letter dated "November 7th" from London, England, to James Grant, British Colonial Governor of East Florida, at St. Augustine via Charleston S.C., brownish-black "18/NO" (Nov. 18) Bishop's mark applied in London, ms. "1N" Falmouth-Charleston packet rate, receipt docketing "Mrs. Anderson, 7th Novr. 1770", minor eroded spot along file fold

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE FALMOUTH-CHARLESTON COLONIAL PACKET COVER TO GOVERNOR GRANT OF EAST FLORIDA.

Beginning in 1768 a courier carried mail between Charleston and St. Augustine in East Florida (Horowicz-Lowe, pp. 18 and 36). In the same year (Sep. 7, 1768) a direct packet between Falmouth and Charleston was established.

James Grant was a British Colonial officer who fought with George Washington and other American military heroes in the French and Indian War, only to face them as adversaries in the American Revolution twenty years later. From 1764 until 1771, Grant was the British Colonial governor of East Florida. In this letter to Governor Grant, a Mrs. Anderson of London refers to "war-like preparations" and to "the submission of the Bostonites." Her indignation is reflected in her commentary: "You must observe their insolent attacks and how disrespectful they are to all government." Grant himself regarded the American Colonials he served with during the French and Indian War with contempt, and in early 1775, anticipating the military conflict with the rebellious colonists, he sneered "...[they] could not fight...", and declared that he could "....march from one end of the continent to the other with five thousand men."

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
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2057
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2057, Colonial and 18th Century Mails(East Florida-South Carolina, 1774) "CHARLES/TOWN", (East Florida-South Carolina, 1774) "CHARLES/TOWN"(East Florida-South Carolina, 1774) "CHARLES/TOWN". Clear strike of brownish-black two-line handstamp and "IV/14" (Jun. 14) Franklin mark on back, equally sharp strike of "INLAND AND/PACKET POSTAGE"%$ two-line handstamp on address side of folded letter from British Colonial East Florida to London England, datelined "Temoka Cowpen, April 12th 1774" from James Brown, the overseer of Mount Oswald Plantation in East Florida, to Michael Therries, a detailed 2-page report on plantation business, ms."to Pay 2N", ms. "3N" rate crossed out and re-rated "4N" due, "16/SE" Bishop's mark applied in London, receipt docketing "Recd 16 Sep. 1774", the letter mentions an enclosure, which presumably required double packet and inland postage, minor faults and hinge reinforcement along folds

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE "INLAND AND PACKET POSTAGE" HANDSTAMPED MARKING AND REMARKABLE USE ON A LETTER FROM THE OSWALD PLANTATION IN THE BRITISH COLONIAL SETTLEMENT IN EAST FLORIDA.

According to Citizens of the World: London Merchants and the Integration of the British Atlantic Community 1735-1785, by David Hancock, Richard Oswald established plantations in East Florida in 1769. There were a number of settlements, including Cowpens near the Timoka Creek, where this letter originated (based on the dateline). The plantations were not successful, due to Florida's soil and low-lying fields, a lack of infrastructure to support agricultural business, and problems with the labor force, which included a large slave population.

Beginning in 1768 a courier carried mail between Charleston and St. Augustine (Horowicz-Lowe, pp. 18 and 36). In the same year (Sep. 7, 1768) a direct packet between Falmouth and Charleston was established. The "INLAND AND/PACKET POSTAGE" handstamp on this cover is struck in the same ink as the "CHARLES/TOWN" handstamp; therefore, it seems likely that the marking was used at Charleston, but we have not seen it attributed to that office in any of the literature consulted. An identical or nearly-identical handstamp is found on packet covers leaving from New York.

E. 5,000-7,500
6,500
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2058
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2058, Colonial and 18th Century Mails(British Occupation of Long Island, 1776) "Long Island, Sept. 24th 1776", (British Occupation of Long Island, 1776) "Long Island, Sept. 24th 1776"(British Occupation of Long Island, 1776) "Long Island, Sept. 24th 1776". Dateline on 3pp folded letter from British soldier Alexander Campbell to his brother near Inverary, Scotland, ms. "1N" packet rate and "Inall 1N6" combined packet and inland rates, "6/NO" Bishop's mark, Very Fine, letter starts "I returned from the Souther'd with Genl. Clynton to this Place... our Expedition was not successful but there was little loss on our side, & we arrived here time enough to join in the Success as under Genl. Howe. We are now in Possession of New York Town & this Island.", continues with similar detail and comments "I hope this Dam'd Rebellion will soon be subdued and the cursed authors of it suffer the merits of their Disloyalty and Villainy. They have ruined a fine Country & mislaid thousands of Innocent People to their Ruin", an important piece of Long Island history, both postal and military

E. 1,500-2,000
750
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2059
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2059, Colonial and 18th Century Mails(Revolutionary War--Military Express, 1775) "By fav. of Mr. Lennox", (Revolutionary War--Military Express, 1775) "By fav. of Mr. Lennox"(Revolutionary War--Military Express, 1775) "By fav. of Mr. Lennox". Folded letter from James Riddle to Major Jonathan Potts at Reading Pa., dated July 7, 1775, interesting military content including statement "The Congress have this day signed and sent a Petition to the King -- the Contents I am unacquainted with. Enclosed is their Declaration published this day.", which refers to the Olive Branch Petition sent to King George III (which he refused to read, declaring the colonists in open rebellion), and to the "Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms", Very Fine, a fascinating war-period letter

E. 500-750
500
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2060
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2060, Colonial and 18th Century MailsJoseph Trumbull, Joseph TrumbullJoseph Trumbull. Delegate to the Continental Congress (1774), Washington's Commissary General of the Continental Army (1775-77), member of Revolutionary Board of War (1777-78), autograph letter signed "Jos: Trumbull" datelined "Windham Jany. 12th 1778", to Elbridge Gerry, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence and then-delegate to the Continental Congress at Yorktown Pa., 3pp letter complaining of poor health (he died soon after in 1778) and of Congress ordering the Commissary General not to purchase any provisions in New England on false claim that they were cheaper in Southern states, minor faint stains, otherwise Very Fine

E. 750-1,000
950
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2061
 
(Revolutionary War, 1778) "Camp White Plains, August 10, 1778". Dateline on letter from Colonel J. Baldwin to Colonel Grey, Commissary General, reporting "complaints of the Artificers...turned off with bad provisions & at different times, which has been condemned, there allowance of Rum is refused them...", Very Fine

E. 400-500
200
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2062
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2062, Colonial and 18th Century MailsGeneral Lachlan McIntosh, General Lachlan McIntoshGeneral Lachlan McIntosh. Folded cover with "Private, L. McIntosh" autograph endorsement and addressed in his hand to "Mr. John Mackintosh Junr. At the Head of Sapelo River, To Pass -- By Mulatoe Billy & four New Negroes In a Cannoe", no contents but docketed "Father's Letter 2d Novr. 1784", file fold, Very Fine, unusual reference to slaves used as couriers, at this time McIntosh was a Georgia delegate to the Continental Congress (the Sapelo River is in Georgia)

E. 750-1,000
2,700
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2063
c
Sale Number 950, Lot Number 2063, Colonial and 18th Century MailsColonial Folded Letters, Colonial Folded LettersColonial Folded Letters. Five, incl. 1752 Boston to Newport R.I. with "Bo 6/" ms. pmk., two privately-carried with favor endorsements, one ship letter from London to New York with QDC endorsement, last is 1785 from Philadelphia to New York with "1-1/2oz" weight, "12.8" and "6/-" rate marks in ms., Very Fine group

E. 200-300
350
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2064
c
18th Century Folded Covers -- Original Correspondences. 66 folded covers, many from the James Hunter correspondence, wide variety of markings, rates and usages from 1771 to 1796 incl. a significant number of Colonial and Revolutionary War period, among the more unusual items noticed are: 1771 "Free" to Richard Henry Lee at Philadelphia; two 1772 from St. Kitts and Dominica to Baltimore outside mails; two with 1772 "PHILA/DELPHIA" straightline (one silked); 1774 with Boston and New York straightlines combined; 1776 (June 25) to Fredericksburg with "P. Post" endorsement; 1776 "Phila Aug. 27" straightline (silked); two 1777 Boston to Fredericksburg Va. with ms. "Way 6" (both silked); 1779 ms. "Petersbrg 9.8"; 1783 France to Richmond with ms. "Sh 8.16" rate; 1784 ms. "Suffo. 9.8" (Suffolk Va.); 1786 Ireland to Fredericksburg Va. with ms. "1.8" plus "ford 2.16" rates; 1789 to Col. Garrett Minor with "Going West" and forwarder's notation (stained); 1796 forwarded with Baltimore and Richmond straightlines (silked); others with Virginia straightlines from Fredericksburg, Portsmouth, Richmond and Smithfield, other inbound ship letters from Cadiz, Bordeaux and Amsterdam, other than usual file folds the condition is generally excellent, this is not a run-of-the-mill 18th Century group, there are many very scarce and exhibit-worthy covers in the $400-500 value range

E. 5,000-7,500
5,250
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