FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED CALIFORNIA LETTER EXPRESS STAMP WITH A HANDSTAMPED CANCELLATION. THE DISTINCTIVE SAN FRANCISCO GRID AND DUPLEX DATESTAMP WERE USED IN THE MID-1860'S AND ON THIS STAMP THEY PROVIDE DEFINITIVE PROOF OF THE LEGITIMACY OF THE HOAG'S & MADISON'S POST.
This stamp is one of three confirmed examples of 33L3, including one in the British Library's Tapling collection. The other confirmed 33L3 available to collectors is the cover offered our Golden sale (Sale 817, lot 861). Of all used examples of the Hoag & Madison stamps, including covers and stamps cancelled by pen, only this stamp is cancelled by the San Francisco post office's distinctive grid. As such, it provides irrefutable evidence establishing the post's period of operation (mid-1860's) and the use of California City Letter Express stamps on mail sent through the mails.
Ex Ferrary, Mason and Golden. With 1956 and 1999 P.F. certificates and 1972 Friedl certificate co-signed by Bloch and Boker.
VERY FINE. ONE OF FOURTEEN RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THIS RARITY -- ONLY SIX ARE CANCELLED BY THE RED COMPANY HANDSTAMP.
Ex Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate
FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTREMELY RARE USE OF DUPUY & SCHENCK STAMP AFTER THE POST WAS BOUGHT BY BOUTON IN SEPTEMBER 1847.
Accompanied by a well-researched article by Eric Karell (The Penny Post, July 2005), identifying the three recorded examples of Dupuy & Schenck stamps used with the altered "City Despatch Post" oval and correlating the dates (9/8, 9/17 and 9/25 in 1847) with other evidence that Dupuy & Schenck sold out to Bouton during the first week of September 1847.
Ex "German" Sale and Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED MULTIPLES OF THE EAST RIVER POST OFFICE "18 AVE. D" STAMP. AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF THIS SCARCE AND DISTINCTIVE STAMP, WITH ITS ILLUSTRATION OF A SIDEWHEEL SAILING VESSEL.
This pair was not listed in any of the auctions or photo records we consulted when preparing the Golden sale catalogue. In that sale, the ex-Caspary/Boker pair was described (as it always has been) as the only recorded multiple and realized $4,000 hammer. The pair offered here was acquired by the Halls from Charles J. Phillips in the 1920's.
Ex Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. NO MORE THAN A DOZEN EXAMPLES OF FLOYD'S GREEN STAMP ARE KNOWN TO US, AND OF THESE ONLY TWO ARE IN SOUND UNUSED CONDITION.
John R. Floyd advertised the start of his Penny Post in July 1860. In June 1861, after the outbreak of the Civil War, Floyd sold the firm to Charles W. Mappa, but continued to assist in managing the post for several months before leaving for war in January 1862. Mappa in turn sold out to Kimball & Waterman in May 1862, and the post continued at least until November 1862 and then closed.
The Brown and Blue stamps were the first issued, and the Blue continued to be issued from 1860 through 1862. The Green stamps are known used only in October and November 1862, thus they appear to be the last printing, probably by Kimball & Waterman before the post was closed. The Blue is the most common, and the Brown is extremely scarce. The Green is by far the rarest, with only two recorded covers, six or seven used stamps off cover, and three unused stamps (two with original gum) known to us.
Ex Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. ONLY SEVEN COVERS BEARING THE FRAZER & COMPANY EAGLE STAMP ON GREEN ARE REPORTED. THIS EXAMPLE ON A LOVE LETTER IS RATHER EXTRAORDINARY.
Robert B. Meyersburg reported six covers with Frazer & Co.'s Green stamp (Penny Post, Aug. 1992), including three local usages and three covers delivered to the post office (postage unpaid). This recently-discovered cover becomes the seventh known.
With 2005 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. THE ONLY TIED EXAMPLE AMONG THE SEVEN RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE HAMPTON 77L1 STAMP. ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING OF THE PHILADELPHIA LOCALS.
Very little information about the T. A. Hampton post is known. Different students have located the same 1852-53 city directory listing for Thomas A. Hampton, a printer located at Marshall and 5th, but nothing earlier. In his CCP article on Philadelphia locals (Nov.-Dec. 1994), Calvet M. Hahn attached special significance to the fact that tobacconists named Gilbert Harris and Benjamin Hampton occupied the same address at 11 North 10th Street during the relevant years. Although the first names do not match the local-post proprietors' names, Hahn believed that a family connection might exist that would link the two local posts. Steven M. Roth also noted the possibility of an association, based on the sequence of dated covers (Penny Post, Oct. 1993). Given the similarity of the stamps and the association of names and addresses, another possibility is that the Despatch Post was neither Harris's nor Hampton's individually, but that they were partners -- the stamps with each partner's name could have been a convenient accounting method. Nothing is impossible, given the paucity of documentation.
Roth records five genuine 77L1 covers. Hahn recorded seven, but he cast doubt on three of them (as well as all 77L2's) because they are used in August 1848 and September-November 1849, which he considered to be too late for this post. Other researchers are less inclined to dismiss such a significant group of artifacts without additional information. The eight reported examples of 77L1, all cut to shape, including seven covers and one stamp added to a cover, are listed here in chronological order: 1) Aug. 7, 1847 (content), to P. H. Purviance, Auditor General, Harrisburg Pa., John A. Fox sale, Sep. 8, 1978; 2) Aug. 23, 1847, tied by Philadelphia datestamp on folded letter from unidentified origin to Friendsville Pa., ex Ackerman, Gibson, Boker, Golden, the cover offered here; 3) Oct. 5, 1847, to Daniel Blade, Easton Pa., ex Gibson, Golden; 4) Mar. 21, 1848, stamp cut in at bottom, no other details known, ex Worthington; 5) Aug. 22, 1849, stamp repaired at bottom, to Tho. Woolman, Burlington N.J., Siegel Sale Apr. 1, 1965; 6) Sep. 25, 1849 (content), embossed cover to Benjaline French "Present", Sloane's records; and 7) Nov. 22, 1849 (content), embossed cover to Miss Benjaline French, 390 N. 7th St., ex Boker, Golden; and 8) no date, stamp added to cover with Philadelphia "Ship" and "12" handstamps, ex Caspary, Middendorf.
This cover is of the greatest significance as it is the only known tied example of any of the Hampton stamps. It is also the only stamp known with the small colorless "X" impressed below "Paid", which has never been previously noted.
Signed Robson Lowe. Ex Ackerman, Gibson, Boker and Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate
FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE JEFFERSON MARKET POST OFFICE STAMP ON BLUE PAPER -- EACH USED ON COVER, OF WHICH TWO ARE TIED.
The Jefferson Market P.O. was not officially connected to the New York Post Office, but used the "Post Office" designation in its name, much like Swarts and other contemporaries. The post is believed to have been operated by Godfrey Schmidt, who was listed in the 1850-51 city directory as Godfrey Smith at 6 Greenwich Avenue (source: Elliott Perry). In addition to the stamps issued by the Jefferson Market P.O., a stampless cover was reported by Thomas C. Mazza in The Penny Post (Jan. 1995). The stampless folded letter is addressed to Sing Sing N.Y. and bears a clear strike of a large Eagle-type frame containing "Jefferson Market Post Office/BY G. SCHMIDT & CO." in two lines. It also has a red New York Jun. 30 datestamp, and the letter is year-dated 1850. This 88L2 cover is clearly postmarked Apr. 15 (1851), which establishes at least a ten-month existence for the post, corresponding to the city directory listing for Godfrey Schmidt (Smith).
Our records contain four examples of 88L1 (Pink paper), all uncancelled off cover, and five of 88L2 (Blue paper) used on separate covers. The stamps were not cancelled by the post, but in two cases they are coincidentally tied by a postal marking. The five 88L2 examples are listed here: 1) tied on Mar. 8, 1851 folded letter to Germany, ex Caspary, Boker; 2) uncancelled (scissors cut), New York Jan. 4 (1851) datestamp on cover to Baltimore, ex Caspary, Hall (realized $6,500) 3) tied by New York datestamp on cover to Julia Lampher, no other details, John A. Fox sale, Oct. 27, 1950, Sloane's notes; 4) uncancelled, used on back of 1851 folded letter to Louis Kremp Mercer, Reading Pa., "New-York 5cts. Apr. 15" datestamp, letter in German gives 208 Grand St. address for writer, ex Schwartz, D.K. Collection, the cover offered here; and 5) uncancelled on cover to Adrian Mich., New York Dec. 6 (ca. 1850) datestamp, ex Needham, Harmer Rooke sale Jul. 11, 1963, lot 358 (appreciation to Stephen Gronowski for this citation).
Ex Schwartz and D.K. Collection. With 2003 P.F. certificate
A VERY FINE EXAMPLE OF JENKINS' CAMDEN DISPATCH 89L1 ON COVER. THIS IS THE SCARCER TYPE 3 PRINTING.
An overview of the post and different stamp printings is provided in the description of lot 1273 in our Golden sale (www.siegelauctions.com/1999/817/yf817209.htm#222). Our records and information kindly provided by John P. Halstead contain eleven complete covers bearing 89L1 (either Halstead Type 3 or 4). The lithographed stamp was printed by Wagner and McGuigan, a Philadelphia firm, in June 1854 and January 1857. The eleven covers are as follows: 1) Ty. 4, two diagonal pen lines, not tied, with 3c 1851 on cover to James Shaw, Philadelphia, Sloane file, pictured in an article by Eugene Klein, Siegel Sale 853; 2) Ty. 3, tied by two red diagonal crayon lines on cover to Hudson Sheeve, Engineer at W. Jersey Ferry, ex Ferrary, Hall (Siegel Sale 830); 3) Ty. 4, tied by two diagonal red crayon lines on cover to P. L. Vorhees, N. Camden, ex Caspary, Middendorf; 4) Ty. 4, tied by wavy pen line on cover to Judge Carpenter, Trenton N.J., with Camden Jan. 18 datestamp and "5" rate (1855 or 1857, year?), ex Abt, Golden (Siegel Sale 817); 5) Ty. 3 on Mar. 24, 1856 folded invitation to Joshua J. Benson, ex Arch (Siegel Sale 825); 6) Ty. 4, tied by red crayon on cover to John Gardiner, ex Arch (Siegel Sale 825); 7) Ty. 4, tied by ms. lines on large Valentine cover to Miss Amy W. Brooks, ex Arch (Siegel Sale 825); 8) Ty. 4, ms. cancel, on cover to Eleanore H. Davis, Schwartz collection; 9) Ty. 3, uncancelled on Girard House (Phila.) corner cover to "Proprietor of Jenkin's Despatch", ex J. W. Brown collection; 10) Ty. 3, tied by ms. on cover to Joseph Frain, reported to Halstead by Gordon Stimmell; and 11) Ty. 3 tied by wavy pencil line on small folded Jan. 1, 1855 letter to Hudson Sheeve, ex Caspary, Hall (Siegel Sale 830), the cover offered here. The Type 4 lithographs are attributed by Halstead (Penny Post, Jan. 1991) to the January 1857 printing.
Ex Caspary and Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. ONE OF ELEVEN RECORDED COVERS WITH JENKINS' CAMDEN DISPATCH LITHOGRAPHED STAMP (89L1), OF WHICH THIS IS THE ONLY TO-THE-MAILS USAGE WITH REGULAR POSTAGE.
With 2003 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY VALENTINE AMONG THE ELEVEN RECORDED COVERS WITH JENKINS' CAMDEN DISPATCH LITHOGRAPHED STAMP (89L1).
VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL TIED EXAMPLE OF THE RARE "W. H. LAW" METROPOLITAN POST OFFICE STAMP, OF WHICH ONLY SEVEN COVERS ARE RECORDED.
The Metropolitan Post Office (a private post despite the name) is believed to have been established just prior to January 1854 by Lemuel Williams, whose abbreviated name "L. Williams" and 162 Ninth Street address appear on the first octagonal stamp (108L1). Curiously, Williams is never identified with the Metropolitan Post Office nor any mail operation in the city directories. The 1854-55 and 1855-56 directories list William H. Laws as proprietor of the "Post Office" at 13 Bible House, which was located across from Williams' address. The 1856-59 directories list Laws at the same address, but the name "Metropolitan Post Office" is used. In 1859 Laws is listed with the business "Books", which suggests the end of his involvement with the post. A trade directory links Williams and Laws in a partnership at 162 Ninth Street. (Reference: Patton book, p. 228, and Perry correspondence).
Although undated, it is our opinion that this cover could not have been mailed any earlier than 1856, based on the use of the "Metropolitan P.O." and "Paid/W. H. Laws" markings, as well as the worn impression of the 108L3 stamp. We record a total of seven covers with 108L3 (updated from our Golden sale), including six local usages with identical markings.
Ex Schenck and Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY SEVEN EXAMPLES OF PRICE'S EIGHTH AVENUE POST OFFICE STAMP ARE KNOWN TO US -- ALL BUT ONE ARE UNCANCELLED ON COVERS.
Although little documentation has been produced, the accepted history of the Eighth Avenue Post Office is that it was operated by James Price in 1854 and sold that year to David Russell. Price may have issued the unique Eighth Avenue Post Office stamp (Scott 63L1), which is reported to have been used in 1852; however, we do not know the basis of the 63L1 year date, because the one recorded example is on a cover without a letter, postmark or other indication of date. The portrait on the 120L1 stamp issued by Price is thought to be his own. Price's successor, David Russell, is listed at 387 Eighth Avenue in 1854 and then at 410 Eighth Avenue until 1857-58. The 1855-56 directory lists his occupation as "express" and in 1856-58 it is given as "subpost." Russell issued a stamp very similar in design to Price's.
We have located seven examples of Price's 120L1 stamp, all uncancelled, six of which are on covers (at least three did not originate). We cannot be certain this stamp originated, although the "Paid 3 cents" -- applied to the cover before the 3c 1851 was affixed -- is positive evidence that a local post was involved in bringing it to the post office for mailing. Such notations were usually made when a coin was given to the post.
Ex Caspary and Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate as a genuine stamp but declining opinion as to usage.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY SIX PRIEST'S 121L6 COVERS ARE RECORDED IN ROTH CENSUS.
The Roth census (Penny Post, January 1994) lists six 121L6 covers, including four in combination with the 3c 1851. With 2001 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE STAMP AND ONE OF NINE RECORDED PRIEST'S DESPATCH BLACK-ON-PINK USAGES.
Steven M. Roth's census lists eight covers with 121L4, and we have added one additional cover (see Golden sale, lot 1445). Not all of the recorded covers have stamps that necessarily originated.
Pencil note on back "Found in Phila. 1919." Ex Needham, Boker, Lilly and Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. ONE OF OF THE FINEST OF THE SEVEN REPORTED OFF-COVER EXAMPLES OF ROBISON & CO.'S LOCAL-POST STAMP.
Robison & Co. was a relatively small local post in Brooklyn, New York. Elliott Perry located three Robisons in the city directory listings who were in the express business: Cornelius D. Robison at 140 Chambers, 1857-58; Francis Robison at 707 Greenwich, 1857-58; and William Robison at 64 Cedar, 1852-53. It is not known which, if any, of these men was the proprietor.
The most famous example of the Robison & Co. local-post stamp is the one tied on cover to Jas. H. Watson, 231 Henry Street in Brooklyn. The cover was discovered circa 1895 by F. E. Kneeland Jr., a Brooklyn teen-aged boy who found it while searching through a relative's papers. It passed to Ferrary, then to Caspary, and was later to become one of the cornerstones of the Boker collection. Other examples of Robison & Co.'s stamp must have been discovered in the 1860's, because catalogues published in 1864 and 1865 contain listings for a Robison & Co. post.
Our records contain eight examples of 128L1, including seven off cover and the one on cover. Five of the off-cover stamps are known to have small faults. The stamp offered here and possibly one other (shown in Sloane's records) are the two finest of the group.
Ex Lilly, Perry and Schwartz. With 2000 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL TEESE & CO. COVERS KNOWN. ONLY SIX RECORDED WITH THE STAMP TIED BY A CANCELLATION.
Steven M. Roth records twelve covers, including six tied examples, in his Oct. 1993 Penny Post article. We have located an additional cover to Baltimore with the 137L1 and 3c 1851 tied by a Philadelphia Jul. 21 datestamp. However, Roth's list includes a Fox-fake tied cover (ex Malcolm, Siegel Sale 417, lot 1903), which must be removed from the record, leaving six genuinely tied covers.
Ex Schwartz. With 1982 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COVER BEARING THE BLACK-ON-GREEN THIRD AVENUE POST STAMP.
Most of the genuine Third Avenue Post covers are to-the-mails usages. This is a rare intra-city usage within the area where the post operated.
Ex Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A HANDSOME EXAMPLE OF THE VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS 25-CENT BLUE ON COVER.
With 1980, 1982 and 2003 P.F. certificates.
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE TIED EXAMPLE OF THE WELLS, FARGO & COMPANY'S "DROPPED IN NEW YORK POST OFFICE" STAMP IN COMBINATION WITH THE 1857 ISSUE.
The purpose of 143LP1 was not to prepay the newspaper rate, but to prepay the express fee on letters carried by Wells, Fargo & Co. from California to New York. In this case, the letter entered the New York Post Office and was marked 4c due (plus the 6c postage) to make up 10c rate.
Ex Caspary and Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate. Unpriced as used off cover in Scott.