EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED COVER BEARING THE MOODY'S PENNY DISPATCH STAMP AND ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE. WIDELY REGARDED AS ONE OF THE GREATEST LOCAL POST COVERS EXTANT.
What little is known about Moody's Penny Dispatch comes from original research by Dr. Clarence Hennan and Henry E. Abt, with additional information provided by Elliott Perry. Abt's series on Chicago locals was published in the American Philatelist (June 1957-January 1958), and the discovery of the "Henny Dispatch" error with a plating analysis was published by Scott R. Trepel in Chronicle 164 (November 1994). City directories point to Robert J. Moody as the proprietor. Gager's directory for 1856-57 lists Moody at 30 Dearborn, at the corner of Lake Street. Dated examples establish a brief period of operation from September through December 1856 and possibly into January 1857.
A total of 19 stamps are recorded, including a strip of 3 and 16 singles on and off cover. Our records contain seven Moody's Penny Dispatch covers with stamps: 1) 110L1 Ty. Ic with Comma, Pos. 4, repaired, Nov. 15, 1856 datestamp, tied with 3c 1851 on cover to Deerfield Mass., ex Hennan, Golden; 2) 110L1 Ty. Ic with Comma, Pos. 7, Nov. 14, 1856 Chicago datestamp, tied with three 1c 1851's on cover to Middletown R.I., the cover offered here, ex Caspary, Siegel Sale 773; 3) 110L1b Ty. III "Henny Dispatch" error, Pos. 8, Sep. 18, 1856 datestamp, tied with 3c 1851 on cover to Voluntown Conn., the cover offered in lot 1636, ex Rohloff, Siegel Sale 773; 4) 110L1 Ty. Ic with Comma, Pos. 4, Sep. 29, 1856 datestamp, tied with 3c 1851 on cover to Dover N.H., ex Brown, Knapp, Hall, (Siegel Sale 830, lot 724); 5) reported 110L1 uncancelled on Oct. 9, 1856 cover, ex J. W. Kline, Abt article, no further details; 6) 110L1 Ty. Ic with Comma, Pos. 4, blue Moody's datestamp, not tied, with 3c 1851 tied by Chicago Jan. 5 datestamp, 1856 receipt docketing, uncertain usage; and 7) 110L1 Ty. Ic, Pos. 7, Nov. 4, 1846 datestamp, tied with 3c 1851 on cover to Neillsburg Pa., Siegel Sale 888, lot 223. Reviewing the list, it is obvious that there are only five 110L1 covers with the stamps tied in combination with the 1851 Issue, including this combination with the 1c 1851 and the 110L1b "Henny" error, which is offered in the following lot.
Ex Caspary and Boker. With 1992 P.F. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS THE DISCOVERY COPY AND ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE MOODY'S "HENNY" DISPATCH ERROR. A MAGNIFICENT COVER, COMBINING A MAJOR PHILATELIC ERROR AND COLORFUL USAGE WITH THE 1851 ISSUE.
The "Henny" Dispatch cover was offered in our 1966 Rarities of the World sale, where it was acquired by the late Paul C. Rohloff and used to illustrate the Moody's section in the Karlen Chicago book (p. 118). In 1994 the "Henny" spelling error was discovered by us while closely examining the typeset design during an effort to reconstruct the original forme. The existence of the error was announced in an article published in The Chronicle (November 1994), and the stamp was listed for the first time in the 1996 Scott U.S. Specialized Catalogue as 110L1b.
Typeset stamps are by nature more prone to variation. Typesetters composing a sheet of stamps were sometimes forced to sacrifice uniformity to complete the setting. Fonts or border pieces were interchanged. Even individual characters were used incorrectly, if misread by the typesetter or deliberately substituted for used-up type. Stamps such as the Honour's "Conours" and "Bents", Davis's "Pennq" Post, Glen Haven Daily Mail "Gien", Hoyts "Lettcr" and the Moody's "Henny" Dispatch offered here are the prominent examples of typographical errors among the carrier and local issues. Nine different examples of typesetting errors were recently described by Larry Lyons in an article in The Penny Post (April 2005).
Observing the body of carrier and local material from past auctions and surveys, one finds very few examples of rare carrier and local post stamps (fewer than 20 known) used on covers in combination with United States stamps (generally for to-the-mails usage). The famous Beckman's City Post/3c 1851 and East River P.O./3c 1851 combination covers (both ex Caspary) immediately come to mind, followed by perhaps a dozen others. Only 19 examples of the Moody's stamp are recorded, including seven on covers (as listed in lot 1635). The "Henny Dispatch" stamp on the cover offered here remains a unique example of this error.