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Sale 925 — The Edgar Kuphal Collection of U.S. Carriers and Locals

Sale Date — Wednesday, 15 November, 2006

Category — Freeman thru Gahagan & Howe

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1542
ng
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1542, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweFreeman & Co.'s Express, (unstated value) Blue, "To be dropped in New-York Post-Office" (164L1), Freeman & Co.'s Express, (unstated value) Blue, "To be dropped in New-York Post-Office" (164L1)Freeman & Co.'s Express, (unstated value) Blue, "To be dropped in New-York Post-Office" (164L1). Margins clear to slightly in, faint toning, minor faults

ONE OF THREE OR FOUR KNOWN EXAMPLES OF THE FREEMAN & CO. EXPRESS STAMP. A MAJOR RARITY OF THE TRANSCONTINENTAL EXPRESSES.

John H. Freeman was a prominent California expressman. In 1851 he sold his business to Adams & Co. and became their agent in Sacramento and Panama. Soon after the collapse of Adams in 1855, Freeman established Freeman & Co.'s Express, and his business grew until November 1859, when he stopped service after selling out to Wells, Fargo & Co.

The Freeman & Co. "To be dropped in New-York Post-Office" Blue stamp is identical -- except for the company name -- to Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Black stamp, listed as Scott 143LP1. It is likely that Freeman & Co. started the service not long before selling out in 1859. Freeman would carry letters outside the mails from California to New York and deposit them (with or without U.S. postage) into the post office. Wells, Fargo & Co. adapted the same stamp design in 1860. The "Dropped" stamps of Freeman or Wells Fargo are extremely rare, and it seems that they were not used extensively. Of the Freeman & Co. stamp, there are two confirmed off-cover examples (and a possible third) and one genuine cover.

Ex Perry (illustrated in his Pat Paragraphs series) and Schwartz (Siegel Sale 824, lot 408, realized $3,000 hammer)

3,500
2,300
1543
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1543, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweFriends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1), Friends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1)Friends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1). Type I, huge margins, used next to 2c Red Brown (210), both stamps tied by "Barnesville O. Jan. 24" (1884) circular datestamp and quartered cork cancel on Friends' Boarding School corner card cover addressed by the superintendent Barclay W. Stratton to Joseph C. Stratton in Winona O., receiving backstamp, very fresh, slightly reduced at left

EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE FRIENDS' BOARDING SCHOOL COVER WITH THE STAMP TIED, SENT FROM THE SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT.

The 2c rate and Scott 210 stamp did not exist before October 1, 1883, and the Friends' stamps went out of use after June 1884, so this January 24th cover must be an 1884 usage, which is a much later Type I usage than the December 1879 date given by Ullom (Penny Post, Apr. 1993). Ex Malcolm and Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 1078, realized $2,500 hammer).

2,750
1,900
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1544
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1544, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweFriends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1), Friends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1)Friends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1). Type I, huge margins, used next to 3c Green (158), both stamps tied by "Barnesville O. Feb. 13" (ca. 1883) circular datestamp and quartered cork cancel on Friends' Boarding School corner card cover addressed by the superintendent Barclay W. Stratton to Joseph C. Stratton in Winona O., receiving backstamp, very fresh, slightly reduced at right

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE FEW KNOWN FRIENDS' BOARDING SCHOOL COVERS WITH THE STAMP TIED BY THE POSTMARK.

The survey of Friends' Boarding School covers by William Ullom (Penny Post, Apr. 1993) provides a count of covers with stamps, which includes six affixed to the front (including uncancelled stamps). Ullom defines the period of use for Type I from January 1878 through December 1879, but two known covers suggest a wider time frame for Type I usage. Ex Malcolm and Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 1077, realized $2,200 hammer)

2,400
1,800
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1545
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1545, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweFriends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1), Friends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1)Friends' Boarding School, Barnesville O., (1c) Black (151L1). Type III, large to huge margins, affixed to back of cover with 2c Red Brown (210) cancelled by Maltese Cross, "Barnesville O. Oct. 31 11 AM" circular datestamp, addressed to Kansas, faint toning around edges, otherwise Very Fine, only fourteen Friend's Boarding School covers recorded by Ullom, of which four are Type III adhesives -- as a further indication of rarity, not one cover was contained in the massive Middendorf collection, ex Meyersburg

400
400
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1546
ng
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1546, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweGahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, 5c Light Blue (70L1), Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, 5c Light Blue (70L1)Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, 5c Light Blue (70L1). Unused (no gum), clear to ample margins, Fine, undercatalogued in Scott at $400.00 (this stamp realized $1,600 hammer in our Sale 806)

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
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1547
ogbl
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1547, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweGahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, (5c) Blue, Tete-Beche (70L2a), Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, (5c) Blue, Tete-Beche (70L2a)Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, (5c) Blue, Tete-Beche (70L2a). Four tete-beche pairs contained in large unused block of sixteen, small part of bottom right corner detached and rejoined with hinge, creases affecting almost all stamps, faint toning and bleached spots at bottom, nonetheless an exceedingly rare multiple and possibly as fine as it exists, unpriced in Scott

E. 3,000-4,000
2,400
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1548
 
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1548, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweGahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, (5c) Black (70L3), Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, (5c) Black (70L3)Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, (5c) Black (70L3). Vertical strip of three and single, former cancelled by blue "San Francisco Letter Express" oval handstamp, latter cancelled by blue boxed "Paid" handstamp, minor creasing, Very Fine and attractive

220
200
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1549
og
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1549, Freeman thru Gahagan & HoweGahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, 10c Black (70L4), Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, 10c Black (70L4)Gahagan & Howe City Express, San Francisco, 10c Black (70L4). Original brownish gum tones paper slightly, large margins, small thin under an old hinge, otherwise Very Fine, ex Hall

750
1,300
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