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Sale 925 — The Edgar Kuphal Collection of U.S. Carriers and Locals

Sale Date — Wednesday, 15 November, 2006

Category — City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1477
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1477, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Despatch/PM, City Despatch/PMCity Despatch/PM. Red handstamp with two bars across circle, bold blood-red strike ca. 1845 folded cover to Philadelphia street address, Extremely Fine, six recorded covers, including four listed by Steven M. Roth in his Penny Post article (Oct. 1993, p. 11), ex Jarrett

E. 400-500
425
1478
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1478, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Dispatch Paid, City Dispatch PaidCity Dispatch Paid. Perfect strike of circular handstamp on buff cover with original printed enclosure from a "Novelty Die Works" firm to local Philadelphia address, Very Fine, undated and presumably an addition to Hahn's four recorded examples dated in 1860 (2/13, 4/18, 7/19 and 7/25)

E. 500-750
425
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1479
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1479, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Dispatch, Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black (41L1), City Dispatch, Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black (41L1)City Dispatch, Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black (41L1). Large margins, slight creasing, tied by grid in circle cancel, "City Dispatch. Prompt Delivery. Jul. 16 5PM" circular datestamp on cover to local street address, Very Fine, remarkably clear strike of the scarce "Prompt Delivery" company datestamp

500
425
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1480
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1480, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Dispatch, Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black (41L1), City Dispatch, Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black (41L1)City Dispatch, Philadelphia Pa., 1c Black (41L1). Ample to large margins, tied by grid in circle, used with 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (26), tied by "Philadelphia Pa. Mar. 20, 1860" octagonal datestamp on cover to Mount Airey Pa., backflap removed and slightly reduced at top, Fine and scarce combination

500
425
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1481
ng
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1481, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Dispatch, New York N.Y., 2c Red (160L1), City Dispatch, New York N.Y., 2c Red (160L1)City Dispatch, New York N.Y., 2c Red (160L1). Unused (no gum), large margins to clear, rich color, few faults incl. horizontal crease

A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE "CITY DISPATCH POST" 2-CENT STAMP.

We estimate that 15-20 examples of 160L1 exist. Its connection to the various "City Despatch" operations has never been established.

3,000
0
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1482
 
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1482, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Express Post, Philadelphia Pa., (2c) Black on Pink (44L2), City Express Post, Philadelphia Pa., (2c) Black on Pink (44L2)City Express Post, Philadelphia Pa., (2c) Black on Pink (44L2). Uncancelled, margins all around, used on narrow piece with part of blue "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 30" circular datestamp

VERY FINE. ONE OF SIX RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE CITY EXPRESS POST STAMP ON PINK PAPER, OF WHICH FIVE ARE KNOWN ON COVERS. ONE OF THE RAREST AND MOST DISTINCTIVELY-DESIGNED LOCAL POST STAMPS EXTANT.

Robson Lowe attributed the City Express Post to Calvin Tyson and claimed that D. O. Blood bought the business on November 26, 1846. Subsequent research by Steven M. Roth has failed to find the source documentation to substantiate (or refute) Lowe's statements. In fact, little is known about this post, except that it existed from 1844 to 1846 and issued stamps in 1846; this much is known from the surviving covers with handstamped markings and adhesives.

Our records concur with Steven M. Roth's census of City Express Post stamps published in The Penny Post (Oct. 1993). There are six confirmed examples of 44L2 (Roth A-F numbered 1-6 as follows, with date corrections): 1) uncancelled on Jan. 5, 1846 printed circular to Burlington N.J., Jan. 8 datestamp and "2", ex Gibson, Ward, Middendorf, Golden (PFC "decline opinion" as to usage); 2) uncancelled, tied by filing crease on Apr. 27, 1846 folded letter to NYC (Estes correspondence), Apr. 28 datestamp, "Paid" and "5", ex Emerson, Knapp, Mason, Hollowbush, Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 972, realized $22,000 hammer); 3) uncancelled, tied by filing crease on May 4, 1846 folded letter to NYC (Estes correspondence), May 4 datestamp, "Paid" and "5", ex Chapman, Caspary, Boker, Lilly; 4) uncancelled, on undated cover to Miss E. L. Townsend, Philadelphia Pa., ex Ferrary, Caspary, Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 973); 5) uncancelled, used on folded cover/letter to Wm. H. Richards, NYC, blue Jul. 19 (1846?) datestamp and "Paid", ex Boker; and 6) uncancelled, on piece with part Jul. 30 datestamp, the item offered here, ex Lilly, Boker, realized $9,000 hammer in our 1997 Rarities sale. In addition to these six stamps, an uncancelled copy was listed in the Worthington sale, but has not been seen since.

Ex Boker. Signed Robson Lowe

10,000
6,000
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1483
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1483, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Letter Express Mail, Newark N.J., 1c Red (45L1), City Letter Express Mail, Newark N.J., 1c Red (45L1)City Letter Express Mail, Newark N.J., 1c Red (45L1). Cut to heart shape, used with 3c Dull Red (11), full margins to cut in at top, both stamps tied by "Newark N.J. Aug. 22" (1856) circular datestamp on buff cover to Binghamton N.Y., opening tear at top center, some edge wear

FINE. ONLY FOUR EXAMPLES OF THE NEWARK CITY LETTER EXPRESS ONE-CENT STAMP ARE KNOWN TIED ON COVERS. ONE OF THE RAREST LOCALS, ALTHOUGH EASILY CONFUSED WITH THE NEW YORK METROPOLITAN EXPRESS STAMPS OF A SIMILAR DESIGN.

The Newark Daily Advertiser carried daily advertisements for Peck & Company's City Letter Express from June 12 through September 29, 1856. Augustus L. Peck's partner in the City News Office was R. Jaques, and their office was located at 324 Broad Street. The City Letter Express provided letter delivery to the mails (1c) and within the city (2c). Their competitor, Rogers' Penny Post, only carried letters to the post office. Peck's advertisements also solicited package-express business, which may have been on behalf of the New Jersey Express Company, which had its business in Newark during the same period (reference: Elliott Perry, Pat Paragraphs, reprint, pp. 405-408).

Our records contain just four examples of the 45L1 stamp tied on cover, all dated in 1856: 1) Aug. 22, the cover offered here, ex Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 975, realized $15,500 hammer); 2) Oct. 28, ex Caspary, Middendorf; 3) Dec. 1, ex Boker; and 4) Jul. 31, 1c stamp damaged, reported by William T. Crowe (PSE). Another three covers are recorded with uncancelled stamps, and four or five off-cover stamps are recorded.

Ex Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate.

17,000
12,000
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1484
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1484, City Dispatch thru City Mail Co.City Mail Co., New York N.Y., (2c) Black on Grayish (46L1), City Mail Co., New York N.Y., (2c) Black on Grayish (46L1)City Mail Co., New York N.Y., (2c) Black on Grayish (46L1). Ample margins to touching, appears sound but lifted, repaired and placed back in position, vivid red "Paid" cancel (slightly enhanced), matching partly clear strike of "City Mail Co. Office 6 Wall Street" framed handstamp on Oct. 15 (1845) folded letter to local street address, slight soiling and wear along edges

FINE APPEARANCE. ONLY THREE GENUINE COVERS BEARING THE CITY MAIL COMPANY STAMP ARE RECORDED -- ONLY SIX EXAMPLES OF 46L1 ARE KNOWN ON OR OFF COVER.

The City Mail Company was the successor to the New York office of Overton & Company, a letter-and-package express and foreign-mail forwarding agency founded by Richard Carleton Overton prior to July 3, 1844. The change in name was announced in the February 15, 1845, edition of the New York Daily Express and soon after the company's address changed from 3 Broad Street to 7 Broad Street. The handstamp on this cover shows the modified "3" appearing as a "7", reflecting the move.

Overton & Co. issued stamps in 1844 for use on inter-city letters (Scott 113L1); these are recorded on covers from Jul. 29, 1844 (see Hall sale, lot 370), through Jun. 30, 1845, the day before the independent mail firms were forced out of business by the July 1845 postal laws. The City Mail Co. issued its own stamps for use on city-delivery letters at 2c each. It is thought that these stamps were issued after the February 1845 announcement of the new City Mail Company. The ex-Caspary folded letter dated Jun. 18, 1844, is an improbable 46L1 usage, inasmuch as it predates both the issue date and documented formation of Overton & Company.

Three covers in the proper time period are recorded with 46L1: 1) uncancelled on May 15, 1845 folded letter to Robert H. Morris, red "Overton & Co. City Mail Office 7 [modified] Broad St." oval, ex Golden and Gordon N. John; 2) cancelled by red "Paid" (not tied, creased) on Sep. 15, 1845 folded letter to Cornelius W. Lawrence, red framed "City Mail Co. Office 6 Wall Street", ex Boker; and 3) repaired stamp cancelled by red "Paid" (not tied) on Oct. 15 (1845) folded letter to Mr. Mathews, red framed "City Mail Co. Office 6 Wall Street", the cover offered here, ex Hunter, Worthington, Mason, Richardson, Golden (Siegel Sale 817, lot 978, realized $7,500). Including the two stamps added to covers (ex-Caspary and ex-Hall), the ex-Ferrary stamp (defective, off cover) and the three genuine covers listed above, we count a total of six examples of 46L1.

Ex Hunter, Worthington, Mason, Richardson and Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate

8,000
6,000
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