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Sale 925 — The Edgar Kuphal Collection of U.S. Carriers and Locals

Sale Date — Wednesday, 15 November, 2006

Category — American Letter Mail Company

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1004
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1004, American Letter Mail Company"American Mail 8c", "American Mail 8c""American Mail 8c". Ms. postmark on folded cover to Philadelphia with receipt docketing indicated Nov. 16, 1844 origin from New York City, Very Fine, unusual manuscript marking with 8c due (6c plus 2c local service)

E. 200-300
200
1005
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1005, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 16 State Street, Boston, American Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 16 State Street, BostonAmerican Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 16 State Street, Boston. Red oval handstamp and ms. "6" rate applied upon forwarding of folded letter from Philadelphia to Boston, blue "Plaquemine La. Sep. 18" (1844) originating circular datestamp and ms. "25" collect rate, street address at top provided by ALM office, Very Fine, covers showing a combination of government and Independent Mail services are scarce

E. 300-400
475
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1006
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1006, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 12 State Street, Boston, American Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 12 State Street, BostonAmerican Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 12 State Street, Boston. Red oval handstamp and two strikes of matching Collect box on August 1844 folded letter from Salem Mass. to Philadelphia, red Philadelphia office receiving handstamp, slight wear, Fine

E. 150-200
375
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1007
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1007, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 16 State Street, Boston, American Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 16 State Street, BostonAmerican Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 16 State Street, Boston. Red oval and "6" rate handstamps, also with "Forwarded by American Mail Co. from No. 101 Chesnut St. Philada." circular handstamp on light blue folded cover to Philadelphia street address, Very Fine, attractive

E. 150-200
325
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1008
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1008, American Letter Mail CompanyForwarded by the American Letter Mail Company, Office, 66 Wall St. N.Y, Forwarded by the American Letter Mail Company, Office, 66 Wall St. N.YForwarded by the American Letter Mail Company, Office, 66 Wall St. N.Y. Red oval handstamp and two strikes of matching Collect box on folded cover to New York City, Nov. 8, 1844 docketing (no origin indicated), file fold and light soiling, otherwise Very Fine

E. 150-200
130
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1009
TC
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1009, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., 5c Small Eagle, Trial Color Die Proofs on India (5L1TC), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Small Eagle, Trial Color Die Proofs on India (5L1TC)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Small Eagle, Trial Color Die Proofs on India (5L1TC). Five colors: Black, Brown, Dull Blue, Green and Dull Red, each with large margins, minor hinge soaks and thins, otherwise Very Fine, each of these rare proofs shows scratches on the die, indicating a later impression

E. 750-1,000
2,100
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1010
ngbl
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1010, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Complete sheet of 20, unused (no gum), large margins, fresh and Very Fine, this sheet comes from the remainder printing on thin paper

225
200
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1011
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1011, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Large even margins, cancelled by red "Paid", impression ties thru paper, red "American Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 12 State Street, Boston" oval handstamp on folded cover to Boston, Aug. 6, 1844 docketing on flap, Extremely Fine, the "Paid" cancel matches the "Paid" used on Overton & Co. covers (they frequently linked with ALM), with 1992 P.F. certificate

E. 400-500
600
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1012
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1012, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Large to huge margins, ms. "X" cancel, red "Forwarded by American Mail Co. Jan. 4 from No. 101 Chestnut St. Philada." circular datestamp on folded cover to New York City, fresh and Extremely Fine, the dated Philadelphia marking is scarce

E. 400-500
400
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1013
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1013, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1), American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1)American Letter Mail Co., 5c Black (5L1). Horizontal pair, full to large margins, tied by one of two strikes of large "PAID" handstamp of Pomeroy's Letter Express, repeated at right, both strikes in a dirty red ink, used in combination with Letter Express (Wells), 10c Black on Pink Glazed, Horizontal Bisect Used as 5c (96L3a), bottom half of stamp with part of design cut into, tied across the cut by ms. "\" on folded cover to Detroit Mich., of unknown origin (possibly Philadelphia) with pencil docketing "Sept 14th, 1844", the pair has minor gum toning and the bisect is slightly oxidized (as are most examples of this rare stamp), a few period-ink splatters at left

AN OUTSTANDING CONJUNCTIVE USE OF THE AMERICAN LETTER MAIL COMPANY SMALL EAGLE ISSUE, WELLS' LETTER EXPRESS 10-CENT BISECT AND POMEROY'S LETTER EXPRESS "PAID" MARKING. THE ONLY RECORDED CONJUNCTIVE FRANKING WITH A LETTER EXPRESS BISECT.

The pair of American Letter Mail Co. 5c Small Eagle stamps pays the 10c rate to Detroit. ALM's agent in Buffalo turned the letter over to Pomeroy's Buffalo office, which linked with Letter Express for routes to Ohio, Illinois and Michigan. The Letter Express bisect (10c Black on Pink) represents half of the original postage paid to ALM, and it was probably applied by the Pomeroy agent as an accounting device to credit Letter Express for money received from ALM (what, if any, compensation Pomeroy received is not known). The two red "Paid" handstamps were applied by Pomeroy's agent in Buffalo.

With a copy of letter from Richard Schwartz (Feb. 9, 1996), describing this as one of three known combinations of American Letter Mail Co. and Letter Express stamps. Signed Costales. With 1996 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
8,000
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1014
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1014, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Large margins, blue ms. "EHB" cancel, red "American Letter Mail Company, Office, No. 12 State Street, Boston" oval handstamp on folded cover to Boston, Mar. 3, 1845 docketing, file folds, one thru stamp, still attractive and Very Fine, the "EHB" cancel is scarce

E. 200-300
275
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1015
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1015, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Ample margins to slightly in, ms. "Am Mail Co" cancel, filing crease ties stamp on blue folded cover to Boston, red "Forwarded by American Mail Co. from No. 101 Chesnut Street, Philada." circle and red Boston receiving oval, address crossed out by sender and re-written, note on back indicates Mar. 22, 1845 origin date, Fine, the "Am Mail Co" cancel is unusual

E. 300-400
350
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1016
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1016, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Black on Gray (5L2). Horizontal pair, huge margins to just touching outer frameline at top, tied by ms. cancel on folded cover to Philadelphia, red "Forwarded by American Mail Co. Nov. 15 from No. 101 Chestnut St. Philada." circular datestamp, docketing indicates Nov. 14, 1844 origin from New York City, file folds not affecting pair, Very Fine, rare use of Large Eagle multiple

E. 1,000-1,500
1,000
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1017
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1017, American Letter Mail CompanyAmerican Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3), American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3)American Letter Mail Co., (5c) Blue on Gray (5L3). Margins mostly clear of inner framelines, tied by ms. "J. Gray" cancel applied by agent John Gray on June 13, 1845 folded letter from Philadelphia to New York, red "Forwarded By American Mail Co. No. 101 Chestnut St. Philada." in circle with matching "Paid" straightline handstamp, one panel of lettersheet removed and refolded slightly at bottom

VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO TIED EXAMPLES AMONG THE TWELVE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RARE BLUE EAGLE STAMP OF AMERICAN LETTER MAIL COMPANY.

This use of the rare Blue Eagle stamp probably occurred soon before the independent mail firms were effectively abolished by the government. On July 1, 1845, the postage rate for distances under 300 miles was reduced to 5c per half-ounce. By the same Act of Congress, Federal law prohibited the carrying of letters by private companies between cities where the Post Office Department offered inter-city mail service. American Letter Mail Company, which had aroused popular support for cheaper domestic postage, was a catalyst for the 1845 legislation. However, it could no longer sustain its fight with the government over mail routes and closed on June 30, 1845.

The Large Eagle stamp in Blue is recorded on covers dated from August 1844 through June 1845, with about half of the reported covers addressed to Hopkins & Weston in New York. The Blue and Black color scheme for the American Letter Mail Co. Large Eagle stamps, which lack a denomination (unlike their predecessor issue, the Small Eagle), may have been modeled upon Great Britain's 1840 Penny Black and Two-Pence Blue. The Blue stamp was used for the single rate, but its original purpose might have been to pay a double rate.

Ex Gibson, Middendorf and Roth.

12,500
8,500
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