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Sale 918 — The Scarsdale Collection, Part 2: 1847-1869 Issues and Confederate States

Sale Date — Wednesday, 20 September, 2006

Category — 1857-60 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
14
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 14, 1857-60 Issue1c Blue, Ty. I (18), 1c Blue, Ty. I (18)1c Blue, Ty. I (18). Plate 12, original gum, lightly hinged, radiant color on bright paper, choice centering with the characteristics of the type clearly visible

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 ONE-CENT PERFORATED TYPE I.

Due to narrow spacing between subjects on Plate 12, it is especially difficult to find Type I stamps with margins showing the top and bottom parts of the design with the degree of completeness seen in this example.

With 1989 P.F. certificate as block of four. With 2003 P.F. certificate as a single.

2,250
1,900
15
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 15, 1857-60 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II (20), 1c Blue, Ty. II (20)1c Blue, Ty. II (20). Top row of Plate 11, original gum, lightly hinged, perfectly centered with wide margins all around, deep rich color and proof-like impression

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN EXTRAORDINARY 1857 PERFORATED ONE-CENT STAMP WITH IMMENSE MARGIN WIDTH. SUPERB IN EVERY RESPECT AND WITHOUT QUESTION ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES OF A TYPE II PLATE 11 STAMP IN EXISTENCE.

According to Neinken, Toppan Carpenter produced Plates 11 and 12 in November 1860 to replace plates that had become too worn for use. In laying down the new plates, Toppan Carpenter evidently abandoned the six-relief transfer roll and used two different three-relief rolls. With recent scholarship revising some of the old accepted concepts about 1851-57 plate production, we will go no further in explaining the mechanics of Plate 11, from which this stamp was printed.

Some of the unusual features of Type II stamps from the top row of Plate 11 are seen in this example. The strong horizontal and vertical guidelines and guide dots are visible at the upper right. The enormous margins show the complete Relief T (Type II) characteristics. This relief was used to enter only the top row (20 subjects), and the Neinken book (p. 467) notes, "The design of the T relief was a perfect example of Type II, and in this respect, none of the plates furnished finer examples of this type than those from the top row of Plate 11. They are quite scarce, as the plate was only in use slightly over six months. In addition, each sheet of 200 stamps only furnished 20 of these scarce top row Type II stamps."

With 2002 P.F. certificate. The Scott Catalogue premium for an unused Type II stamp from Plate 11 is too small, in our opinion.

1,750
8,000
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16
ng
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 16, 1857-60 Issue1c Blue, Ty. III (21), 1c Blue, Ty. III (21)1c Blue, Ty. III (21). Position 73L4, unused (no gum), almost perfectly centered with wide and balanced margins, design virtually clear of perforations all around, rich color on brilliant paper

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THIS IS EASILY ONE OF THE BEST-CENTERED EXAMPLES OF THE PERFORATED 1857 ONE-CENT TYPE III STAMP. A STAMP OF MARVELOUS VISUAL APPEAL.

This stamp was made from Plate 4, which had narrow spacing between stamps. It originally produced imperforate stamps and was used only briefly after the introduction of perforations in 1857 before being discontinued. The narrow spacing on the plate, combined with the difficulties experienced when perforations were first introduced, accounts for the rarity of well-centered stamps made from this plate.

A review of our records found only two original-gum examples with centering comparable to the example offered here. We did not find any other unused no-gum examples that compared favorably to this one. We feel confident in stating that this is one of the best-centered copies in existence.

With 1986 and 2003 P.F. certificates.

7,250
5,500
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17
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 17, 1857-60 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (22), 1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (22)1c Blue, Ty. IIIa (22). Plate 11, original gum, rich color on bright white paper, design clear on all sides, showing wide break at top and complete line at bottom

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THE TYPE IIIA RARELY SHOWS ALL OF THE DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TYPE -- THIS STAMP IS A TRUE CONDITION RARITY.

The layout of Plate 11 left little room for perforations. Most examples of Type IIIa are poorly centered, especially top-to-bottom. The example offered here, showing clear and unmistakable characteristics of the type, is a condition rarity.

With 1989 and 2003 P.F. certificates

2,500
4,250
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18
nh
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 18, 1857-60 Issue1c Blue, Ty. V (24). Mint N.H, 1c Blue, Ty. V (24). Mint N.H1c Blue, Ty. V (24). Mint N.H., deep rich color and proof-like impression, perfectly centered with well-balanced margins, Extremely Fine Gem, a beautiful stamp, with 1986 and 2000 P.F. certificates, Scott Retail as hinged

180
400
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19
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 19, 1857-60 Issue3c Rose, Ty. I (25), 3c Rose, Ty. I (25)3c Rose, Ty. I (25). Original gum, rich color, detailed impression showing the beautifully detailed lathework, well-balanced margins for this difficult issue, completely intact perforations at bottom incl. part of adjoining stamp

EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 3-CENT TYPE I 1857 ISSUE.

This stamp is especially desirable because the outer framelines, the defining element of Type I, are visible all around. It is also exceedingly fresh, which is a very rare attribute for this issue.

With 1998 P.F. certificate.

3,000
3,000
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20
nh
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 20, 1857-60 Issue3c Dull Red, Ty. II (26). Mint N.H, 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (26). Mint N.H3c Dull Red, Ty. II (26). Mint N.H., superb centering with perfs well clear of design at top and bottom as well as sides, bright shade, detailed impression, Extremely Fine Gem, with 2000 P.F. certificate, Scott Retail as hinged

75
550
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21
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 21, 1857-60 Issue5c Brown (29), 5c Brown (29)5c Brown (29). Original gum, lightly hinged, choice centering for this difficult issue with perfs clear of outer projections on all sides, rich color and detailed impression on bright paper, long and full perforations all around

VERY FINE AND CHOICE ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT BROWN 1857 ISSUE. AN EXTREMELY DIFFICULT STAMP TO FIND IN SUCH PRISTINE CONDITION. THIS IS ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES IN EXISTENCE.

Due to the narrow spacing between subjects on the first 5c 1856 plate, many of the stamps have the outer projections touched or cut into by the perforations. A review of our computerized records shows that we have only offered eight other original-gum examples of this stamp since 1994. Of these, perhaps two would rate the grade of Very Fine or Extremely Fine. The example offered here, with full original gum, deep rich color, full perforations and with balanced margins, is a true condition rarity.

With 1969 and 1997 P.F. certificates. The last well-centered original-gum example we offered was in Sale 902 and realized $24,000 hammer.

3,000
6,250
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22
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 22, 1857-60 Issue5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30), 5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30)5c Orange Brown, Ty. II (30). Original gum, lightly hinged, beautiful warm shade, unusually wide margins all around

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL WIDE-MARGINED ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT TYPE II ORANGE BROWN ISSUED IN 1861.

With 1998 and 2004 P.F. certificates

1,250
3,500
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23
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 23, 1857-60 Issue5c Brown, Ty. II (30A), 5c Brown, Ty. II (30A)5c Brown, Ty. II (30A). Original gum, barest trace of hinging, rich color, crisp impression, choice centering with design well clear of perforations on all sides, long and full perforations all around

EXTREMELY FINE GEM ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT TYPE II 1860 ISSUE.

Unlike its Orange Brown counterpart, the 5c Type II in Brown was not on hand in post offices when the 1861 demonetization order took effect. Therefore, original-gum examples of Scott 30A are far scarcer than Scott 30. The narrow spacing between subjects on the plate, as well as Toppan Carpenter's imprecise perforating, leaves collectors with very few well-centered original-gum examples.

Ex Drucker. With 1985 and 2002 P.F. certificates

2,250
5,750
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24
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 24, 1857-60 Issue10c Green, Ty. III (33), 10c Green, Ty. III (33)10c Green, Ty. III (33). Original gum, lightly hinged, wonderful centering with wide margins, rich color on bright fresh paper, intact perfs at bottom

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF THE FINEST KNOWN ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLES OF THE 1857 10-CENT GREEN FROM PLATE 1. A SPECTACULAR STAMP IN TERMS OF CENTERING, COLOR, IMPRESSION AND GUM.

The first perforated 10c stamps produced by Toppan Carpenter from sheets printed from Plate 1 are notorious among collectors for their poor centering. They are also very scarce in original-gum condition because, unlike 10c Plate 2 stamps (Scott 35), there were no supplies on hand in 1861 when the issue was demonetized due to the outbreak of the Civil War.

With 1992 and 2002 P.F. certificates.

6,000
16,000
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25
ng
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 25, 1857-60 Issue10c Green, Ty. IV (34), 10c Green, Ty. IV (34)10c Green, Ty. IV (34). Position 86L1, recut at top, unused (no gum), deep rich color and proof-like impression on brilliant paper, almost perfectly centered with wide and balanced margins and with design completely clear of perforations all around

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A RARE SOUND AND CENTERED UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 10-CENT TYPE IV ISSUE. A GREAT RARITY OF THE ISSUE.

The 1857 10c Type IV stamps come from eight positions scattered throughout Plate 1 that have the top, bottom or both lines recut. Only 4% of all 10c Plate 1 stamps produced were Type IV's, and an even smaller percentage was issued with perforations. A review of our computerized auction records for Scott 34 in unused condition found only three other sound unused examples with decent centering.

With 1956 note from Stanley Ashbrook. With 2000 P.S.E. and 2002 P.F. certificates.

20,000
32,500
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26
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 26, 1857-60 Issue10c Green, Ty. V (35), 10c Green, Ty. V (35)10c Green, Ty. V (35). Original gum, lightly hinged, enormous margins all around, deep rich color and proof-like impression on crisp paper, Extremely Fine, with 2001 P.F. certificate as block of four and 2003 P.F. certificate as single

275
1,100
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27
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 27, 1857-60 Issue12c Black, Plate 3 (36b), 12c Black, Plate 3 (36b)12c Black, Plate 3 (36b). Original gum, lightly hinged, almost perfectly centered with wide margins for this difficult issue, intense shade and proof-like impression on bright paper

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 12-CENT 1857 ISSUE FROM PLATE 3.

The most recent scholarship regarding the Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. plates used to print the 12c 1851-57 Issue is clearly articulated by James A. Allen in "The 1851 Imperforate (Scott U.S. #17): Plating Updated and Additional New Findings" (The 1851 Issue of United States Stamps: a Sesquicentennial Retrospective, U.S. Philatelic Classics Society). Traditionally, the 12c plates are identified as Plate 1 (from which all imperforate and some perforated stamps were printed), Plate 2 (evidently never used) and Plate 3 (which produced stamps that were only regularly issued with perforations). It is highly probable that Plate "3" was the first one made in 1851, but it was put aside and not used until 1859.

Plate 3 stamps (Scott 36b) are characterized primarily by uneven or broken outer framelines of the design. The subjects on Plate 1, which produced Scott Nos. 17 and 36, have even framelines that were extensively recut. Original-gum Plate 3 stamps with the centering and wide margins evident in this example are very scarce.

With 1999 P.F. certificate.

800
1,700
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28
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 28, 1857-60 Issue24c Gray Lilac (37), 24c Gray Lilac (37)24c Gray Lilac (37). Original gum, beautifully centered with wide and balanced margins, wonderfully rich color and detailed impression

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 1857 24-CENT GRAY LILAC.

Collectors looking for Gem quality stamps (unused and used) from the 1857 perforated issue know that one of the most difficult denominations to obtain is the 24c value. The margins are often narrow, with the design almost always touched (if not in) at top or bottom. This is one of the finest original-gum examples we have ever offered.

With 1998 P.F. certificate

1,700
3,250
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29
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 29, 1857-60 Issue30c Orange (38), 30c Orange (38)30c Orange (38). Original gum, barest trace of hinging, beautifully centered, radiant color and proof-like impression

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE OF THE 30-CENT 1857 ISSUE.

Although some sheets of the 24c, 30c and 90c 1857-60 Issue were left in the public's hands after the Civil War demonetization took effect, original-gum examples of the 30c in Extremely Fine grade are extremely rare, owing to the narrow space between subjects on the plate and the difficulty experienced by Toppan Carpenter with the first perforated issue.

With 1998 P.F. certificate

2,250
2,400
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30
og
Sale Number 918, Lot Number 30, 1857-60 Issue90c Blue (39), 90c Blue (39)90c Blue (39). Original gum, very lightly hinged, deep rich color on bright paper, almost perfectly centered with wide and balanced margins all around

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB LIGHTLY-HINGED EXAMPLE OF THE 90-CENT 1860 ISSUE. THIS IS ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES WE HAVE EVER HAD THE PRIVILEGE OF HANDLING.

Ex Dr. Morris. With 1989 P.F. certificate.

3,500
9,500
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