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Sale 878 — 2004 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Saturday, 12 June, 2004

Category — Foreign Countries

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
639
 
Fournier Forgery Album. No. 250, containing approximately 3,000 items comprising unused and used singles, multiples and many surcharges and cancels, complete except for only five empty spaces, exceptionally fresh pages in blue binder with "Album De Fac-Similes Edite Par L'Union Philatelique de Geneve" embossed in gold on front cover, some wear where inside of front cover attaches to pages

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF THE FOURNIER FORGERY ALBUM. ONLY 480 ALBUMS WERE MADE.

According to Varro Tyler's Philatelic Forgers, Their Lives and Works, Fournier, unlike many of his contemporary forgers, did not seek to defraud the public. He described his material as facsimiles and promoted it to collectors who could not afford to purchase genuine items and to uneducated collectors as a preventive measure against being deceived by dishonest stamp dealers.

When Fournier died in 1917, one of his employees, Charles Hirschburger, unsuccessfully tried to continue the business. When Hirschburger died in 1927, l'Union Philatelique de Geneve purchased the Fournier stock, which weighed over 800 pounds, from Hirschburger widow. The Union then marked the forgeries with "FAUX" handstamps on the front and/or "Facsimile" on the reverse, and employed students from the Geneva School of Arts and Crafts to mount representative selections of the forgeries in 480 albums. Whatever was not placed into one of the books was burned to ashes.

Because Fournier made forgeries from such a wide variety of countries, many of the 480 books have been either been divided into country references or have had many items removed. Very few remain intact and have the degree of completeness as does this book. We believe that because of its condition and completeness, this is one of the better examples of the few remaining Fournier Forgery books

E. 5,000-7,500
3,250
640
c
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 640, Foreign Countries1851, 6p Grayish Purple, Laid (2; SG 2), 1851, 6p Grayish Purple, Laid (2; SG 2)1851, 6p Grayish Purple, Laid (2; SG 2). Clear to large margins showing sheet margin at left, cancelled by target on 1852 folded letter to New York, red "Montreal L.C. Oc. 7, 1852" datestamp, matching "Canada" in arc and "Paid", faint file folds not affecting stamp

VERY FINE. A CHOICE COVER BEARING A SHEET-MARGIN SINGLE OF THE 6-PENCE SLATE VIOLET ON LAID PAPER

From the Kennedy correspondence

E. 2,000-3,000
0
Back to Top
641
c
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 641, Foreign CountriesU.S. Sanitary Commission, Cincinnati Branch, U.S. Sanitary Commission, Cincinnati BranchU.S. Sanitary Commission, Cincinnati Branch. Large colorless embossed circle over U.S. Sanitary Commission Shield Emblem in black on yellow cover used in England, G.B. 1p Red (33) tied by "London-N JY 19 65" circular datestamp and numeral grid, addressed to Liverpool and redirected to Leicester with "Liverpool JY 21 65" circular datestamp and "1d" ms. rate, magenta ms. "Not called for" and corresponding Leicester backstamp, Very Fine, a remarkable usage of Sanitary Commission stationery in England where support for the organization was very strong, ex Kantor

E. 1,500-2,000
0
Back to Top
642
ogbl
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 642, Foreign CountriesGREAT BRITAIN, 1847, 1sh Pale Green, Die I (5, Gibbons Specialized H1), GREAT BRITAIN, 1847, 1sh Pale Green, Die I (5, Gibbons Specialized H1)GREAT BRITAIN, 1847, 1sh Pale Green, Die I (5, Gibbons Specialized H1). Block of four, 14mm horizontal band at center without gum, otherwise original gum, h.r., huge sheet margin at right, just touching to full other sides, horizontal crease between stamps and thru bottom pair, top right stamp tiny pinhole, staining noted on certificate but we do not agree

FINE APPEARING AND RARE UNUSED MULTIPLE OF THE 1847 ONE-SHILLING PALE GREEN VICTORIA HEAD FROM PLATE ONE.

With 2004 R.P.S.L. certificate. Gibbons Retail

15,000
5,750
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643
og
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 643, Foreign CountriesNEWFOUNDLAND, 1930, 50c on 36c Olive Green, Columbia Air Post (C5; SG 191), NEWFOUNDLAND, 1930, 50c on 36c Olive Green, Columbia Air Post (C5; SG 191)NEWFOUNDLAND, 1930, 50c on 36c Olive Green, Columbia Air Post (C5; SG 191). Position 3, rich color, barest faint trace of hinge

FRESH AND VERY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THIS AIR POST RARITY.

With 1990 B.P.A. certificate. SG £5,000

7,000
3,250
Back to Top
644
og
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 644, Foreign CountriesNEW BRITAIN, 1914, 5p on 50pf Yacht, First Setting, Inverted Overprint (10 var), NEW BRITAIN, 1914, 5p on 50pf Yacht, First Setting, Inverted Overprint (10 var)NEW BRITAIN, 1914, 5p on 50pf Yacht, First Setting, Inverted Overprint (10 var). Original gum, lightly hinged, choice centering, rich colors, clear overprint, couple tiny faults do not detract at all not noted on certificate

EXTREMELY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE 5 PENCE ON 50 PFENNIG WITH G.R.I. SURCHARGE. POSSIBLY UNIQUE.

Despite a 1959 certificate signed by Robson Lowe and Bill Lea, this item is not listed in either Scott, Gibbons or Michel. Robert Gibbs in his work "G.R.I." notes that an example was part of the Marquess of Bute collection, but it has yet to be authenticated (p. 68). Whether this is the Marquess' copy is unknown.

With 1959 B.P.A. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
0
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645
c
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 645, Foreign CountriesZURICH, 1843, 6r Black, Vertical Red Lines (1L2; Zumstein 2S), ZURICH, 1843, 6r Black, Vertical Red Lines (1L2; Zumstein 2S)ZURICH, 1843, 6r Black, Vertical Red Lines (1L2; Zumstein 2S). Type III, large margins incl. part of adjoining stamp at right, tied by perfect strike of red Cross cancel, matching "Zurich 6/5 1845" double-circle datestamp on folded part-printed form, fresh and Very Fine, a beautiful cover, with 2002 Rellstab certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
1,800
Back to Top
646
 
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 646, Foreign CountriesOfficial Handwritten Communication, Official Handwritten CommunicationOfficial Handwritten Communication. From Director of Telegraphs and Posts F.F. Steenackers to Engineering Director of Telegraphic Service Mercadier, on 69 x 45mm blue flimsy with usual small handwriting, tiny adherence on back at top right, usual folds and tiny paper breaks associated with rolling into a tube and strapping onto a pigeon

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE OFFICIAL HANDWRITTEN COMMUNICATION BETWEEN TWO MEMBERS OF THE FRENCH POSTAL SERVICE.

The letter is written in a combination of letters and code.

For the first month after the siege of Paris began, small handwritten messages carried by pigeons were the only means of communicating with Paris. It was very inefficient because the messages had to be transcribed in very small handwriting so the pigeons could carry them. The Germans often shot down the pigeons so that the message failed to reach Paris. To compensate, the French first began sending multiple copies of the same message with different pigeons. But the problems of having to produce multiple copies by hand in such small writing with one message per flimsy, coupled with the public's demand to communicate with the Parisians forced the French to find ways to increase the quantity of messages sent to Paris. Subsequent lots illustrate the more efficient means of transmitting news and messages by pigeons.

Illustrated in "Memoir of the Photographic & Administrative Section of the Service of Dispatching by Carrier Pigeons During the Siege of Paris 1870-71", as translated by George W. Angers. The caption below reads "There were very few of these manuscripted messages and they are extremely rare."

Signed Bolaffi. With 1990 Bolaffi certificate.

E. 2,000-3,000
4,750
Back to Top
647
 
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 647, Foreign CountriesPhotographic Reproduction, Photographic ReproductionPhotographic Reproduction. Two pages of Official Dispatch with letter dated Feb. 1, 1871, the last day of the pigeon post, written by Jules Simon with exceptional content referring to battles in Bordeaux and regret over the surrender of Paris on Jan. 28,on 64 x 86mm poster board frame, large break in reproduction at bottom clear of text, otherwise Extremely Fine, a rare last day usage with great content

E. 2,000-3,000
0
Back to Top
648
 
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 648, Foreign CountriesPhoto-Micrography Carried by Pigeon into Paris, Photo-Micrography Carried by Pigeon into ParisPhoto-Micrography Carried by Pigeon into Paris. Six pages of typed text on one 21 x 23mm piece of ultra-thin paper, each page with Dagron & Co. handstamp and "Depeches per Pigeons", faults incl. large pieces out of two pages (to be expected from this extremely fragile paper)

FINE. A WONDERFUL POSTAL ARTIFACT OF THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR.

Dagron, a Parisian resident, found a means of reducing the size of the dispatches further to enable the pigeons to carry more information per trip. He left Paris on Nov. 12 in the Balloon "Niepce" that was shot at by the Prussians. When his balloon finally landed, he and his fellow passengers evaded pursuing Prussian soldiers on foot. Dagron arrived at Tours on Nov. 21 and began work immediately.

With 1990 Bolaffi certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
0
Back to Top
649
c
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 649, Foreign CountriesPigeon Dispatch Reply Card, Pigeon Dispatch Reply CardPigeon Dispatch Reply Card. Front with usual 5c Green (23, Yvert No. 20) tied by "Cloyes S. Le Loir Dec. 15 1870" double circle datestamp, reverse with 20c Blue and 80c Carmine (33 and 36, Yvert Nos. 29 and 32) with blue ms. and tied by blue 30 Aut. 1873 double-circle datestamps, card with printed text instructing recipient to complete eight columns with the first four relating to the sender and the recipient and the last four yes or no

EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE "DEPECHE-REPONSE" PRE-PRINTED CARD FROM THE SIEGE OF PARIS.

By order of Nov. 10, 1870, dispatch-reply cards were distributed by Parisian post offices for citizens to include with their letters that were carried by balloon. The senders had to affix 5c in postage to the front and 1fr in postage to the reverse, and fully complete the eight columns -- addressee, sender, and yes or no answers to four questions. The recipient was then supposed to write their response to the sender on the reverse and deliver it to a post-office. The cards were then supposed to be sent for processing at Clermont-Ferrand, but were probably processed elsewhere. Their messages were transcribed and microphotographed and sent to Paris by carrier pigeon, and the cards allegedly destroyed. This card, however, was not deliverable, and remained in the French "dead letter office" until August 30, 1873 when it was returned to the sender in Paris. It may be unique.

Illustrated in Bofarull (p.38). Signed Bolaffi. With 1990 Bolaffi certificate

E. 15,000-20,000
27,000
Back to Top
650
 
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 650, Foreign CountriesPigeon Dispatch Reply Card, Pigeon Dispatch Reply CardPigeon Dispatch Reply Card. Used in place of the blue receipt form, without stamps but with bold "14" in six-pointed star of dots cancel

EXTREMELY FINE PIGEON DISPATCH REPLY CARD. INCREDIBLY RARE AS MOST WERE DESTROYED.

The card is accompaned by a Ballon Monte cover with 20c Blue (33), tied by six-pointed star of dots cancel, "Jan. 7, 1871" double circle datestamp to Carmaux (carried on the "Duquesne")

E. 4,000-5,000
4,000
Back to Top
651
c
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 651, Foreign CountriesPigeon Dispatch Reply Card, Pigeon Dispatch Reply CardPigeon Dispatch Reply Card. Used in place of blue receipt, without stamps but with trace of circular datestamp, with original stampless cover with two-line hs and "Feb. 11, 1871" circular datestamp in which it was delivered to the recipient,

EXTREMELY FINE PIGEON DISPATCH REPLY CARD. INCREDIBLY RARE AS MOST WERE DESTROYED.

The pigeon service officially ended on Feb. 1, 1871; this was delivered on Feb. 11, probably due to the huge backlog of untranscribed mail.

E. 4,000-5,000
4,000
Back to Top
652
c
Sale Number 878, Lot Number 652, Foreign CountriesPigeon Post from England to Paris, Pigeon Post from England to ParisPigeon Post from England to Paris. Stampless folded letter written in French, datelined "London, November 11, 1870" on thin tissue paper, British Post Office label with well-struck "Notting Hill Catebo De. 21, 1870" circular datestamp and ms. "Per Pigeon Post" in pencil, faults incl. cover with large splits along folds

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXCEPTIONALY RARE FOLDED LETTER FROM ENGLAND TO PARIS CARRIED BY PIGEON POST.

Signed Bolaffi. With photocopy of 1990 Bolaffi certificate

E. 2,500-3,500
6,000
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