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Sale 875 — United States and Confederate States Postal History

Sale Date — Tuesday, 27 April, 2004

Category — Confederate Postmasters Provisionals

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
246
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 246, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsBaton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2), Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2)Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2). Position 5, large margins incl. top right corner sheet margins, tied by "Baton Rouge La. Oct. 10, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow cover to New Orleans La., stamp has faint toning at left and tiny tear at bottom right in sheet margin only, cover expertly cleaned with minor cosmetic repairs in flap and edges

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE CORNER MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT BATON ROUGE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL WITH MALTESE CROSS BORDER.

This corner margin copy is significant, as it shows the wide dimensions of the printed background border in the sheet margin.

Ex Caspary, Freeland and Hill.

2,750
4,000
247
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 247, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsLivingston Ala., 5c Blue (51X1), Livingston Ala., 5c Blue (51X1)Livingston Ala., 5c Blue (51X1). Large margins, beautiful rich color and fine impression, neatly tied by "Livingston Ala. Dec. 10" (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to Mrs. Ann E. Taylor, Enterprise Miss., stamp has tiny tear at bottom right, stain removed from top center of cover and a few other minor cosmetic improvements

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF ONLY SEVEN RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE LIVINGSTON PROVISIONAL, A STRIKING PICTORIAL STAMP THAT DEPICTS THE SOUTHERN SHIELD AND ALLEGORICAL FIGURES.

Livingston is the county seat of Sumter County, Alabama, lying on the Selma and Meriden Railroad line about 130 miles north of Mobile, near the state's western border. Official records name Stephen W. Murley as the Livingston postmaster in 1861, while other sources attribute the provisional stamp to another postmaster, Robert F. Houston. The Livingston provisional is known used in November-December 1861 and again in March 1862.

Our records contain a total of 11 stamps, including the famous and unique pair on cover (Nov. 12, 1861), 6 singles on separate covers (1861--Nov. 15, Nov. 15, Nov. 25, Dec. 10; 1862--Mar. 17 and Mar. 21), and 3 off-cover stamps. One of the single frankings, a corner-margin stamp (Nov. 25 date, ex Caspary, Antrim and Cole), was severely damaged through negligent restoration.

Only two Confederate post offices, Livingston and Mobile, issued stamps with a pictorial design. It is almost certain that the same printer was responsible for both, whose imprint "W. R. Robertson Mobile" appears on the Mobile lithographic stones. The composition of the Livingston plate is not known.

This cover was first offered at auction in 1892 as part of the Kleine collection, where it realized $780.00. Also ex Sellers, Duveen, Emerson, Brooks, Weatherly, "Isleham" and Hill.

60,000
30,000
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248
ngbl
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 248, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsMemphis Tenn., 2c Blue (56X1), Memphis Tenn., 2c Blue (56X1)Memphis Tenn., 2c Blue (56X1). Block of four, Pos. 32-33/37-38, unused (no gum), full margins to close, top pair two faint horizontal creases only visible in fluid, otherwise Fine

525
260
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249
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 249, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsMemphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2), Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2)Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Large margins to just touched, tied by well-struck "Memphis Ten. Oct. 27, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Facility Tenn., fresh and Fine

1,750
700
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250
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 250, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsNew Orleans La., 5c Ochre (62X3b), New Orleans La., 5c Ochre (62X3b)New Orleans La., 5c Ochre (62X3b). Large margins, tied by bold "New Orleans La. Jun. 2?" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Trenton Miss., expertly repaired, stamp with gum soak at one corner, Very Fine appearance, early usage, the earliest known use of this shade is June 18

2,250
325
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251
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 251, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsNew Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Position 29, huge and balanced margins, rich color on deeply blued paper, tied by perfectly struck "New Orleans La. 31 Aug." (1861) circular datestamp on cover to Washington Miss., expertly mended backflap, Extremely Fine Gem, ex Hardy and Hill

400
400
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252
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 252, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsNew Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Large margins, cancelled by "Paid" handstamp and tied by "New Orleans La. 13 Sep." circular datestamp on yellow cover to Brandon Miss., expertly reattached top flap, Very Fine, ex Hill

400
375
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253
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 253, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsNew Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Large margins to huge incl. sheet margin at left, tied by "New Orleans La. Oct. 23, 1861" circular datestamp on orange cover to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans La., neat strike of blue oval "Steamer Genl. Quitman" handstamp, usual small filing holes

EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE NEW ORLEANS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON A COVER WITH A CONFEDERATE PACKET BOAT MARKING.

Last offered by us in our 1987 Rarities sale. Ex Caspary and Hill. With 1986 C.S.A. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
2,500
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254
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 254, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsNew Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Vertical and horizontal pairs, huge margins to just in on one incl. part imprint at top of horizontal pair, tied by "New Orleans La. 23 Oct." circular datestamp on yellow cover to Manchester S.C., 1861 docketing at left, minor expert repairs mostly in backflap and edges, Very Fine appearance, a beautiful double-rate usage, ex Caspary and Hill

E. 1,500-2,000
2,500
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255
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 255, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsPetersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Large margins to clear, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. Oct. ?" circular datestamp on blue Grocers and Commission Merchant's overall advertising cover to Marion Va., stamp with lightened gum soaks, Very Fine, beautiful advertising usage with the Petersburg provisional

E. 2,000-3,000
2,300
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256
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 256, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsRaleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1), Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1)Raleigh N.C., 5c Red entire (68XU1). Clear strike on buff cover to Hillsboro N.C., blue "Raleigh N.C. Nov. 2" double-circle datestamp, fresh and Very Fine, beautiful cover

500
550
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257
c
Sale Number 875, Lot Number 257, Confederate Postmasters ProvisionalsUniontown Ala., 10c Red on Gray Blue (86X5), Uniontown Ala., 10c Red on Gray Blue (86X5)Uniontown Ala., 10c Red on Gray Blue (86X5). Position 1, large margins incl. sheet margin at top, intense shade on deeply blued paper, well-tied by unusually clear strike of "Uniontown Ala. 9 Jan." (1862) circular datestamp on brown cover to "John D. Pitts, Co. D4 Regiment Ala. Vol., Near Richmond Virginia", faint vertical file fold well clear of provisional and markings

EXTREMELY FINE STAMP AND A FRESH ATTRACTIVE COVER. ONLY EIGHT EXAMPLES OF THE UNIONTOWN POSTMASTER'S 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH FIVE ARE SOUND STAMPS ON COVER. THIS IS ONE OF THE FINEST IN EXISTENCE.

Postmaster P. N. Booker was responsible for issuing the 2c, 5c and 10c provisional stamps at Uniontown, Alabama. One typeset form of four subjects was used for the three denominations. The numeral in parentheses between the "PA" and "ID" of "PAID" was changed for each value, and different color ink was used - Dark Blue (2c), Green (5c) and Red (10c). All three values were printed on gray blue paper - probably used for the first printing -- and the 2c and 5c are also known on white paper, which was probably used for subsequent printings. The 10c has not been found on white paper.

Eight examples of the 10c Red are known to us. These are (in order of plate position): 1) Pos. 1 on Sep. 22 (1861) cover to Maria L. Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Kimmel, Haas, Birkinbine (our Sale 795, realized $35,000 hammer); 2) Pos. 1 on Jun. 9 (1862) cover to John D. Pitts, Richmond Va., ex Ferrary, Caspary and Isleham (our Sale 662, realized $37,500 hammer), the cover offered here; 3) Pos. 2 on Apr. 21 (1862) cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., illustrated in 1986 Dietz, p. 16,; 4) Pos. 2 on undated cover to Maria Louisa Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Brooks, Meroni and Kilbourne (our Sale 815, realized $35,000 hammer); 5) Pos. 2 repaired stamp on undated repaired cover to Mrs. John B. Carey; 6) Pos. 3, corner crease, small tear, on Sep. 27 (1861) lady's embossed cover to Mr. Richmond Christian, Richmond Va., ex Hind; 7) Pos. 4 on Jul. 5 (1862) cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Sweet, Muzzy; and 8) Pos. 4 uncancelled on large piece dated Sep. 27 (1861) with part of addressee's name "S. Price", Virginia destination, ex Caspary. The Scott Catalogue prices the 10c as an off-cover stamp, both unused and used, but we have not been successful in locating any off-cover examples other than the ex-Caspary piece.

Very few post offices east of the Mississippi River issued and used 10c adhesive (A) or press-printed (E) provisionals. This small group is as follows: Baton Rouge La. (A - three known); Charleston S.C. (E - unique); Danville Va. (E - probably not used); Fincastle Va. (E - unique); Fredericksburg Va. (A - never used); Greenville Ala. (A - two known); Greenwood Depot Va. (A - six known); Knoxville Tenn. (A - unique; and E - rare used); Marion Va. (A - six known on cover); Nashville Tenn. (A - seven known on cover); Tellico Plains Tenn. (A - never used); and Uniontown Ala. (A - eight known). All other 10c provisionals were used in Texas or were issued as handstamped entires.

Ex Ferrary, Caspary and Isleham. Caspary's note on back reads "Cost $3,500 1929". "W.H.C." Colson and Ferrary trefoil handstamps at lower right (Ferrary sale notation in pencil at left).

37,500
32,500
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