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Sale 886 — The Dr. Robert LeBow Collection, Part 2: United States

Sale Date — Wednesday, 10 November, 2004

Category — 1869 Pictorial Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
3147
 
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3147, 1869 Pictorial Issue1c Buff (112), 1c Buff (112)1c Buff (112). Choice centering, tied by cork cancel on front page of The Medical and Surgical Reporter Weekly Journal with address in margin at top Dr. Weber 10th & Lombard", minor splitting along folds, Very Fine circular rate usage

E. 200-300
350
3148
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3148, 1869 Pictorial Issue2c Brown (113), 2c Brown (113)2c Brown (113). Vertical pair, tied by cork cancels on The Medical Gazette wrapper to Munich, Germany, well-struck "Paid All" handstamp, Oct. 3, 1869 boxed receiving backstamp, fresh and Fine

E. 300-400
1,500
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3149
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3149, 1869 Pictorial Issue2c Brown (113), 2c Brown (113)2c Brown (113). Used with 30c Orange, F. Grill (100) and tied by "Springfield Mass. Mar. 3" circular datestamp on 1870 cover to Calcutta, India and forwarded to Rwalapindi, Lahore, Futtehgunge, Jhelum and Shahpore, red "New York Paid All Mar. 12" circular datestamp, London and transit, unusual blue "Calcutta Redirected Apr. 19, 1870" datestamp, red "32" and "1d" credits, a veritable cornucopia of backstamps (we counted fifteen), with original enclosure, extensively docketed on front, 2c stamp with some faults, still Fine, a unique usage from the Lyman correspondence (discussed in the 1869 Pictorial Register), franked to pay the short-lived North German Union closed mail rate, which was only valid between July 1868 and July 1870, ex Wunsch and Paliafito

E. 2,000-3,000
4,000
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3150
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3150, 1869 Pictorial Issue2c Brown (113), 2c Brown (113)2c Brown (113). Two, slightly overlapping and used with three 10c Green, F. Grill (96), tied by "Newark N.J. May 28" circular datestamp and handstamp on orange cover to Lima, Peru, endorsed "Steamer 'Hey Chaucer'", 1869 Panama transit, blue crayon "Due 14c", Good Samaritan label on back reads "This letter was detained in the Post Office at Newark N.J. on account of the non-payment of postage. One who realizes how important it may be to have letters forwarded immediately, has placed the necessary stamps upon this letter. To repay him, please send stamps of equal value, addressed to Box 582, Newark N.J.", receiving backstamp, small piece out at bottom, stamps with some faults, still Fine, scarce and early usage of the 2c 1869 Pictorial issue

E. 750-1,000
950
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3151
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3151, 1869 Pictorial Issue2c Brown (113), 2c Brown (113)2c Brown (113). Two, used with 30c Orange, F. Grill (100) and tied by circle of V's cancels on blue 1870 folded letter to Callao, Peru, magenta "San Francisco Cal. Oct. 4 Paid" circular datestamp and matching "24" handstamp, red crayon "2", receiving backstamp, faint vertical file fold, few minor age spots, Very Fine, attractive and rare, the rate was 34c for single rate up until March 1870 when it was lowered to 22c, this cover apparently overpays the old rate and was credited at the old rate as well, with 1990 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
2,600
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3152
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3152, 1869 Pictorial Issue2c Brown (113), 2c Brown (113)2c Brown (113). Used with horizontal pair of 10c Brown, Grill (139), tied by crossroads cancel on blue folded cover to Lima, Peru, magenta "San Francisco Cal. Sep. 17 Paid" circular datestamp with matching "12" handstamp, trivial toning from gum around perf tips, horizontal file fold, Very Fine, scarce usage from California to Peru with a combination of the 1869 Pictorial and grilled Bank Note issues paying the 22c rate (effective March 1870), with 1985 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,500
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3153
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3153, 1869 Pictorial Issue3c Ultramarine (114), 3c Ultramarine (114)3c Ultramarine (114). Used with horizontal pair of 10c Yellow Green, F. Grill (96) and cancelled by corks, "Brooklyn N.Y. Jul. 7" circular datestamp on 1869 registered cover to Zurich, Switzerland, "Registered" straightline applied at Brooklyn, odd "PD" handstamp, red "New York Registered Jul. 8" circular datestamp, "Chargee" framed registry handstamp applied in Switzerland

EXTREMELY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE MIXED-ISSUE FRANKING FOR THE 15-CENT RATE TO SWITZERLAND PLUS 8-CENT REGISTRATION FEE.

The 15c rate for Closed Mail via England was in effect from April 1868 to May 1870 (reduced to 10c). The registry fee at this time was 8c.

E. 2,000-3,000
11,500
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3154
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3154, 1869 Pictorial Issue10c Yellow (116), 10c Yellow (116)10c Yellow (116). Bright color, tied by cork and "New-York Apr. 20 10:30 AM" circular datestamp on orange cover to Shanghai, China, endorsed at top "Via San Francisco pr Rail", slightly reduced at sides

VERY FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED USAGES OF THE 10-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ISSUE TO SHANGHAI, CHINA, AND THE ONLY ONE WITH RAILROAD-DESIGNATED ROUTING INSTRUCTIONS.

On May 10, 1869, the tracks of the Union Pacific joined those of the Central Pacific Railroad at Promontory, Utah. The connection bridged the 2,000 miles to the Missouri River, and the four to six months time taken by the overland pioneers was reduced to six days. Previously, mails were mostly sent via Panama, which was the shortest route.

It is rare to see a railroad designation on a cover with the 1869 Pictorial Issue. Of the other two recorded usages to Shanghai, one was sent via London at the 34c rate, and the other was sent at the 10c trans-pacific rate but does not have any routing instructions.

E. 2,000-3,000
1,500
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3155
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3155, 1869 Pictorial Issue10c Yellow (116), 10c Yellow (116)10c Yellow (116). Block of three, one stamp affixed partly over top edge and tied by bold strikes of quartered corks on United States Consulate imprint cover from Yedo, Japan, to Buffalo N.Y., location of consulate completed in manuscript, "Yokohama Japan Nov. 24" circular datestamp, red "San Francisco Cal. Paid All Dec. 20" backstamp, slightly reduced at right, few small repaired edge tears, stamps with few short perfs

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A REMARKABLY RARE MULTIPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL ON COVER FROM THE U.S. CONSULATE AT YEDO, JAPAN, AND SENT VIA THE U.S. POST OFFICE IN YOKOHAMA.

With 1985 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
4,750
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3156
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3156, 1869 Pictorial Issue12c Green (117), 12c Green (117)12c Green (117). Cancelled by blue quartered cork and tied by matching "Savannah Ga. Oct. 9" circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Liverpool, England, red New York transit datestamp, 1869 receiving datestamp, vertical file fold, Very Fine

E. 300-400
280
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3157
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3157, 1869 Pictorial Issue15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119), 15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119)15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119). Rich colors, used with 3c Ultramarine (114), tied by blue negative Star fancy cancels, matching "Emmitsville Md. Jan. 18" circular datestamp on registered orange cover to Baltimore, 1870 docketing at left, fresh and Very Fine, a beautiful 1869 Pictorial cover

E. 400-500
1,500
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3158
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3158, 1869 Pictorial Issue15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119), 15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119)15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119). Rich colors, tied by segmented cork on blue 1870 folded cover to Switzerland, red "New York Paid All Br. Transit Apr. 13" circular datestamp, Basel backstamp, faint horizontal file fold does not affect stamp, Very Fine, ex Mason

E. 400-500
525
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3159
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3159, 1869 Pictorial Issue15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119), 15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119)15c Brown & Blue, Ty. II (119). Tied by cork cancel on light yellow cover to Berlin, Prussia, red "New York Paid All Br. Transit Dec. 2?" circular datestamp, red German transit, receiving backstamp, fresh and Fine

E. 500-750
750
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3160
 
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3160, 1869 Pictorial Issue24c Green & Violet (120), 24c Green & Violet (120)24c Green & Violet (120). Unusually choice centering, tied by "Dansville N.Y." circular datestamp on front of package wrapper to Stonersville Md., with Austin, Jackson & Cos. medical publishing house address label at top right, pencil "Md." at bottom right, faint horizontal file fold well away from stamp, small filing holes

EXTREMELY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE 24-CENT 1869 PICTORIAL USED FOR DOMESTIC POSTAGE ON A PACKAGE WRAPPER ORIGINALLY CONTAINING A MEDICAL PUBLICATION. A UNIQUE USE OF THIS 1869 HIGH VALUE.

With 1980 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail on cover $20,000.00

E. 7,500-10,000
15,500
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3161
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3161, 1869 Pictorial Issue30c Ultramarine & Carmine (121), 30c Ultramarine & Carmine (121)30c Ultramarine & Carmine (121). Vertical pair, bright colors, couple short perfs, used with 10c Yellow (116), vivid shade, tied by three strikes of Shanghai circle of wedges cancel, full strike of "P.O.D. U.S. Con. Genl. Shanghai Jan. 14" (1871) circular datestamp on linen-lined cover with printed address to Mrs. E. W. (changed to Mr. A. B.) Bradford, Enon Valley Pa., endorsed "via San Francisco", "U.S. Consulate General/Shanghai" two-line handstamp at lower left, U.S. Consulate Shanghai red wax seal on back, repaired edge tears and clipped corner at lower left

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE CELEBRATED 30-CENT 1869 "BRADFORD" COVER FROM SHANGHAI, WIDELY REGARDED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT 1869 PICTORIAL COVERS IN EXISTENCE. THE HIGHLIGHT OF THE LEBOW COLLECTION AND ONE OF THE GREATEST CLASSIC UNITED STATES COVERS.

Although there is neither a year date nor source notation on this cover, it was probably sent in January 1871 (not 1870) by Oliver B. Bradford, who was in Shanghai in 1871 and was appointed Vice Consul two months later. Several years later, Bradford was convicted of tampering with the U.S. mail and subjected to a congressional impeachment review (he was not impeached). Bradford went on to help build China's first railroad (source: Michael Laurence, Chronicle 80, p. 219).

The cover was postmarked at the U.S. Consulate Post Office in Shanghai on January 14 (1871) and sent by a Pacific Mail Steamship Company branch steamer to Yokohama, where it made the January 24 sailing of the PMSS Great Republic, arriving in San Francisco on February 16, 1871. There was a nearly identical set of sailing dates in 1870 for the Japan, but for the historical reasons cited above, the correct year date is probably 1871. From San Francisco it would have been carried by the relatively new transcontinental railroad to Pennsylvania.

Of the approximately 50 covers known with the 30c 1869, only three originated in the Far East: 1) the "Bradford" cover offered here; 2) another seven-times rate cover from the U.S. Consulate in Shanghai, with a pair of 30c 1869 and 10c 1869, in restored condition; and 3) the "Miro" cover with pairs of 10c and 30c 1869's, "China and Japan Steam Service" oval, no origin indicated.

Michael Laurence described this cover in his Chronicle series as "one of the great gems of 1869 philately." In the 1981 Sotheby Parke Bernet sale catalogue of the Ishikawa USPO in China and Japan collection, the late Calvet M. Hahn (who described the material) made a rare use of the superlatives "magnificent and unique" to describe this cover.

Signed Ashbrook. Ex Ishikawa.

E. 150,000-200,000
200,000
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