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Sale 863 — 2003 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Saturday, 31 May, 2003

Category — Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy Cancellations

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
329
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 329, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsBats, Baseball and Diamonds, Bats, Baseball and DiamondsBats, Baseball and Diamonds. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff O-2), bold complete strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Bridgewater Conn., clear "Waterbury Con. Sep. 9, 1867" double-circle datestamp, trivial edgewear, faint toning around a few perf tips

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB STRIKE OF THE FAMOUS BATS, BASEBALL AND DIAMONDS FANCY CANCELLATION OF WATERBURY CONNECTICUT. A MAGNIFICENT COVER, AND ONE OF THE EARLIEST BASEBALL-RELATED DESIGNS. ONLY SIX COVERS ARE KNOWN.

The cancellation was created by postmaster John W. Hill to commemorate the Waterbury Excelsior's victory over the Naugatuck Valley Nine, on July 24, 1867. In his comprehensive census of Waterbury cancels, William T. Crowe records six covers, used between Sep. 2 and 10, 1867.

According to The Baseball Archive available at http://baseball1.com: "the exact origins of baseball are unknown. Most historians agree that it is based on the English game of rounders. It began to become quite popular in this country in the early 19th century, and many sources report the growing popularity of a game called 'townball', 'base', or 'baseball'. Throughout the early part of that century, small towns formed teams, and baseball clubs were formed in larger cities. In 1845, Alexander Cartwright wanted to formalize a list of rules by which all teams could play. Much of that original code is still in place today. Although popular legend says that the game was invented by Abner Doubleday, baseball's true father was Cartwright. The first recorded baseball contest took place a year later, in 1846. Cartwright's Knickerbockers lost to the New York Baseball Club in a game at the Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey. These amateur games became more frequent and more popular. In 1857, a convention of amateur teams was called to discuss rules and other issues. Twenty five teams from the northeast sent delegates. The following year, they formed the National Association of Base Ball Players, the first organized baseball league. In its first year of operation, the league supported itself by occasionally charging fans for admission. The future looked very bright."

"The early 1860s, however were a time of great turmoil in the United States. In those years of the Civil War, the number of baseball clubs dropped dramatically, but interest in baseball was carried to other parts of the country by Union soldiers, and when the war ended there were more people playing baseball than ever before. The league's annual convention in 1868 drew delegates from over 100 clubs. As the league grew, so did the expenses of playing. Charging admission to games started to become more common, and teams often had to seek out donations or sponsors to make trips. In order for teams to get the financial support they needed, winning became very important. Although the league was supposed to be comprised of amateurs, many players were secretly paid. Some were given jobs by sponsors, and some were secretly paid a salary just for playing. In 1869, the Cincinnati Red Stockings decided to become a completely professional team. Brothers Harry and George Wright recruited the best players from around the country, and beat all comers. The Cincinnati team won sixty-five games and lost none. The idea of paid players quickly caught on. Some wanted baseball to remain an amateur endeavor, but there was no way they could compete with the professional teams. The amateur teams began to fade away as the best players became professionals. In 1871, the National Association became the first professional baseball league."

E. 15,000-20,000
11,500
330
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 330, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsMan Wearing Hat, Man Wearing HatMan Wearing Hat. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff E-4), bold strike ties 3c Rose (65) on orange cover to Livingstonville N.Y., clear strike of "Waterbury Con. Apr. 30, 1866" double-circle datestamp also ties stamp, stamp centered to top, barely reduced at left and minor edgewear

EXTREMELY FINE STRIKE OF THE MAN WEARING HAT FANCY CANCELLATION OF WATERBURY CONNECTICUT. ONLY TWO COVERS ARE RECORDED.

William T. Crowe records only two covers. Both were used on Apr. 30, 1866. The other is in a private collection in Europe and is not likely to be offered to the market for some time.

Ex Eno.

E. 5,000-7,500
8,500
Back to Top
331
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 331, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsSoldier's Head, Soldier's HeadSoldier's Head. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff E-3), bold complete strike ties 3c Rose (65), s.e. at left, on cover to Brooklyn N.Y., neat "Waterbury Con. Feb. 13, 1866" double-circle datestamp, endorsed "By Williamsburgh P.O." at bottom left, trivial cover edge tear at top

EXTREMELY FINE. A SUPERB STRIKE OF THE WATERBURY SOLDIER'S HEAD FANCY CANCEL. ONLY THREE COVERS ARE RECORDED.

William T. Crowe records three covers used between Feb. 2 and Feb. 13, 1866. The cover offered here was used on the latest known date. Another of the three is in a private collection in Europe and is unlikely to be offered to the market for some time.

Ex Matthies, Grunin and Sheriff. With 1980 P.F. certificate.

E. 7,500-10,000
13,500
Back to Top
332
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 332, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsMan Smoking Pipe, Man Smoking PipeMan Smoking Pipe. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff E-1), mostly complete strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Waukegan Ill., clear "Waterbury Con. Dec. 25, 1867" double-circle datestamp, with original enclosure, stamp with small tear at top left and cover with small tear from opening at top, otherwise Fine, William T. Crowe records ten covers, used between Aug. 23 and Dec. 25, 1867

E. 1,000-1,500
800
Back to Top
333
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 333, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy Cancellations"AJ" Skull & Crossbones on Tombstone, "AJ" Skull & Crossbones on Tombstone"AJ" Skull & Crossbones on Tombstone. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff R-5), bold virtually complete strike ties 3c Red, F. Grill (94) on buff cover to Wolcott Conn. stamp also tied by bold "Waterbury Ct. Apr. 3" circular datestamp, reduced at left and barely reduced at right, slight edgewear at top

VERY FINE AND VERY RARE. ONLY NINE COVERS WITH THE WATERBURY "AJ" SKULL & CROSSBONES ON TOMBSTONE FANCY CANCEL ARE RECORDED. A GREAT RARITY.

The design refers to the end of Andrew Johnson's term as president, on March 4, 1869. William T. Crowe records nine covers, used between Mar. 26 and Apr. 3, 1869.

Ex Matthies and Houser. With 1990 P.F. certificate.

E. 4,000-5,000
8,000
Back to Top
334
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 334, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsSkull & Crossbones, Skull & CrossbonesSkull & Crossbones. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff R-1), sharp complete strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Saugatuck Conn., bold "Waterbury Con. Apr. 14, 1866" double-circle datestamp also ties stamp

EXTREMELY FINE STRIKE OF THE WATERBURY SKULL & CROSSBONES FANCY CANCEL. ONE OF ONLY ELEVEN COVERS RECORDED.

William T. Crowe records eleven covers with this cancel, used between Apr. 13 and Apr. 18, 1866. Ex Sampson.

E. 5,000-7,500
10,000
Back to Top
335
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 335, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsDog's Head, Dog's HeadDog's Head. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff A-4), bold strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Shelburne Mass., neat "Waterbury Con. Jan. 22, 1866" double-circle datestamp, minor cover toned spot

EXTREMELY FINE STRIKE OF THE RARE DOG'S HEAD WATERBURY FANCY CANCELLATION. ONLY SEVEN COVERS ARE KNOWN.

William T. Crowe records seven covers, used between Jan. 9 and Jan. 23, 1866. Ex Jackson. Signed Sloane. With 1986 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
15,000
Back to Top
336
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 336, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsElephant, ElephantElephant. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff A-2), perfect strike with 3c Rose (65) on cover to New Haven Conn., full clear "Waterbury Con. Apr. 18, 1866" double-circle datestamp, stamp does not originate and is a replacement, Extremely Fine strike, carved to commemorate the circus passing thru town, ex Knapp, Mathies and Houser, with Knapp's notation on back "Olin H. Clark found this with other letters in a trunk - he looked carefully but never found the stamp. I call it "The Olin H. Clark Bisected Elephant" (E.S. Knapp 1938)", only two other covers are known, with 1990 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
11,500
Back to Top
337
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 337, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsMortar & Pestle, Mortar & PestleMortar & Pestle. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff O-7), bold complete strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Waukegan Ill., neat "Waterbury Con. Oct. 10, 1867" double-circle datestamp, with enclosure, small cover tear at top from opening, Extremely Fine strike, William T. Crowe records only three covers with this cancel, used between Sept. 16 and Oct. 10, 1867.

E. 1,500-2,000
1,100
Back to Top
338
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 338, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsLeft-Handed Mug, Left-Handed MugLeft-Handed Mug. Waterbury Conn. (Type O-8), bold strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Bridgewater Conn., neat "Waterbury Con. Sep. 16, 1867" double-circle datestamp, single short perf at bottom right

EXTREMELY FINE STRIKE. ONLY FIVE EXAMPLES OF THIS LEFT-HANDED MUG ON COVER ARE RECORDED.

William T. Crowe records five covers, each with Sept. 16, 1867 datestamp.

E. 4,000-5,000
1,900
Back to Top
339
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 339, Waterbury, Connecticut Fancy CancellationsCircle of Hearts Enclosing Six-Pointed Rosette, Circle of Hearts Enclosing Six-Pointed RosetteCircle of Hearts Enclosing Six-Pointed Rosette. Waterbury Conn. (Rohloff J-11), bold and complete strike ties 3c Rose (65) on cover to Shelburne Mass., "Waterbury Con. Sep. 14, 1867" double-circle datestamp, Extremely Fine, William T. Crowe records five covers, used between Aug. 20 and Sept. 14, 1867, illustrated in Rohloff, ex Matthies and Houser, with 1990 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
1,300
Back to Top
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