Sale 862 — The D.K. Collection of U.S. Carriers & Locals

Sale Date — Saturday, 31 May, 2003

Category — Spence & Brown

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
99
c
Sale 862, Lot 99, Spence & BrownSpence & Brown Express Post, Philadelphia Pa., (2c) Black (159L2). Large margins to just touched at left, slight creases, ms. "X" and tied by "SB" ms. postmark on blue folded cover to Baltimore, Jan. 28, 1848 receipt docketing on back

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF ANY SPENCE & BROWN STAMP ON COVER.

Elliott Perry located two likely candidates for ownership of the mysterious Spence & Brown's Express Post of Philadelphia (see Pat Paragraphs reprint, p. 463; see also Steven M. Roth, Penny Post, Oct. 1993). City directories cited by Perry show James K. Spence as a "collector" (e.g. bill collector) at 48 South 6th Street from 1846-48 and Emmanuel D. Brown, also a "collector" at 21 South 7th Street in 1846 and at different addresses each year through 1850. One of the two recorded stampless covers with the stencil marking is dated July 21, 1848, and this 159L2 cover is dated Jan. 28, 1848. The cover appears to have been taken by the post to Baltimore and delivered to the addressee. Although a second cover was reported, it now appears that the report was based on the same cover.

Ex Keyser and Middendorf. With 1991 P.F. certificate. Unlisted on cover in Scott.

E. 15,000-20,000
30,000
100
c
Sale 862, Lot 100, Spence & BrownSquier & Co. City Letter Dispatch, St. Louis Mo., 1c Green, Imperforate (132L1). Three ample margins, cut in at bottom, used with 3c Dull Red (26), both stamps tied by blue "Louisville Ky. Jun. 29, 1859" circular datestamp on yellow cover to St. Louis Mo., "Advertised Jul. 1" circular datestamp applied at St. Louis, stains at bottom, backflap partly removed and bottom edge nicked from opening

FINE. ONE OF THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF A SQUIER & CO. STAMP USED FROM ANOTHER CITY TO PREPAY DELIVERY TO THE ADDRESSEE IN ST. LOUIS.

A large portion of surviving Squier & Co. covers are addressed to Mrs. M. T. Lucas in Louisville. This is a cover from Louisville to St. Louis that was presumably written by Mrs. Lucas to S. F. Lucas. A similar cover in the Hall collection realized $3,750 hammer.

Ex Brown and Knapp. With 2002 P.F. certificate.

E. 1,500-2,000
2,600
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101
c
Sale 862, Lot 101, Spence & BrownSquier & Co. City Letter Dispatch, St. Louis Mo., 1c Rose Brown, Rouletted (132L2). Roulettes on all four sides and remarkably choice centering, tied by "Jordan's Penny Post, Saint Louis, Sep. 24" circular datestamp, used with 3c Dull Red (26), slightly oxidized, tied by bold "Saint Louis Mo. Sep, 25, 1860" circular datestamp on blue-lined folded letter addressed in blue to Tell City Ind.

EXTREMELY FINE. THIS IS BY FAR THE FINEST OF THE THREE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RARE SQUIER'S ROSE BROWN ROULETTED STAMP. IT IS THE ONLY ROSE BROWN COVER WITH ADDITIONAL UNITED STATES POSTAGE.

Squier & Co. first advertised its local post in the July 6, 1859, edition of the St. Louis Missouri Republican. The ads ran consistently through March 10, 1860, but soon after ownership was turned over to Jordan & Co. Penny Post Package Express. The Squier stamps continued to be accepted by Jordan's Penny Post, which applied its own circular datestamp to mail. The operation appears to have ended in the fall of 1860. (Source: "The History of Saint Louis Local Posts -- Squier-Jordan Penny Post, Part 1" by S. M. Arnold, American Philatelist, July 1956).

Our records contain three examples of the Rose Brown 132L2 stamp on cover: 1) Jul. 14 (1860) datestamp ties 132L2 on railroad corner card cover to Gay & Co., 115 South 4th St., ex Boker; 2) Aug. 4 (1860) datestamp, not tied, ms. "X" on 132L2, on cover to N. S. Gay, 103 N. 4th St., ex Caspary; and 3) Sep. 24 (1860) datestamp ties 132L2, used with 3c 1857 tied St. Louis Sep. 25, 1860, on folded letter to Louis Frey, Tell City Ind., ex C. Corwith Wagner, the cover offered here. There is also a May 9, 1860, cover with the 132L3 tied in combination with a 3c 1857. It is significant that the Middendorf, Golden and Hall collections all lacked a 132L2 or 132L3 cover.

Ex C. Corwith Wagner. With 2002 P.F. certificate.

E. 7,500-10,000
10,500
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102
c
Sale 862, Lot 102, Spence & BrownStaten Island Express Post, Staten Island N.Y., 3c Vermilion (133L1). Full top and bottom margins, clear at left and slightly in at right, diagonal creases, faint pencil cancel, used on folded letter from Francis L. Hagadorn, proprietor of the Staten Island Express Post, to Wm. Hagadorn, his father, at 29 Spruce St., New York City, datelined "Stapleton, May 22, 1850, (thirty three years old today)", delivered by Boyd's with their "Boyd's City Express Post May 22 12" oval datestamp, very minor toning along folds

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF SEVEN RECORDED COVERS WITH THE STATEN ISLAND EXPRESS POST 3-CENT STAMP, OF WHICH FIVE ARE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH BOYD'S. THE CONTENT OF THIS LETTER IS SIGNIFICANT IN THE HISTORY OF THE POST.

The Staten Island Express Post was a combination local post, inter-city mail route and package express operated from 1849 to 1851 by the publisher of the Staten Islander newspaper, Francis L. Hagadorn (whose name is frequently misspelled). Hagadorn & Co. maintained offices at Stapleton on Staten Island and on the Manhattan side of the ferry at the foot of Whitehall Street. Relations between Hagadorn and the principals of Cornelius Vanderbilt's ferry line were evidently very good, and it is reported that the Manhattan office was provided free of charge by Vanderbilt (Konwiser, Stamps, Oct. 5, 1946). By using express wagons, the ferry and through links with Boyd's, Adams & Co. and Wells & Co., Hagadorn's express advertised a full range of transportation services, including mail delivery. However, in 1851 ten post offices were established on Staten Island, and the express seems to have closed. Hagadorn became postmaster of Stapleton from 1854 through 1856. (Source: Elliott R. Burgher, "The Staten Island Express Post", Proceedings of the Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences, Jan. 1949).

Two denominations of stamps were issued, 3c and 6c, both printed in bright Vermilion, presumably at the offices of the Staten Islander. Our records contain seven 3c covers: 1) Tied by ms. line, ms. "Stapleton N.Y. Mch 6" postmark and "5" rate on 1850 folded cover to Stockbridge Mass., ex Golden (realized $4,250); 2) Uncancelled, used on May 22, 1850 folded letter from Francis L. Hagadorn to his father, Wm. Hagadorn, 28 Spruce St., Boyd's oval datestamp, ex Hall (realized $2,400), the cover offered here; 3) Uncancelled, used on cover to Edward H. Seeley, 28 Fulton St., addressed in the hand of F. L. Hagadorn (proprietor), Boyds Apr. 7 (ca. 1850) oval datestamp, ex Chapman, Caspary, Lilly, Golden (realized $3,000); 4) Tied by grid on folded cover with addressee's name crossed out, appears to be in the hand of F. L. Hagadorn, Boyd's Oct. 10 (ca. 1850) oval datestamp and "Paid" straightline, P.F. records; 5) Uncancelled, used on cover to Jos. Johnson, corner Pearl and Chatham, handwriting similar to Hagadorn's, Boyd's Dec. 28 (ca. 1850) oval datestamp, John A. Fox sale, Mar. 31, 1961; 6) Tied by ms. "X" and red New York datestamp on 1849 folded letter to Capt. Henry Prince, Bellevilleport Mass., Boyd's oval datestamp (blurry date), Siegel Sale 723; and 7) Uncancelled on cover to Dr. Geo. Cooke, Albany N.Y., with New York Jul. 23(?) 5c datestamp, stamp and corner torn off and replaced, illustrated in Burgher article. Four of the seven 3c covers (and one 6c cover) are or appear to be addressed by the proprietor, Francis L. Hagadorn. The comparison can be made between these covers and the "Free F.L.H." cover addressed in his hand to James Gordon Bennett (lot 758 in the Hall sale). The distinctive "New York" is a key to recognizing Hagadorn's handwriting.

The content of this letter is significant and quoted here in full: "D'r Pa -- When you are called upon by persons in regard to my advertisement in the Sun, please explain that my reasons for disposing of a joint interest is that I have other business to attend to here which prevents my giving personal attention to both ends of the route. I shall require my partner to put on a stylish Express wagon and horse, and to give me satisfactory references as to his pecuniary ability to do this, as well as his general character for activity, application and integrity. My object is to be relieved of all care of the New York end of the route, and to have a man there who will be perfectly reliable. To such a person I can secure the monopoly of all the cartage which comes up in the boats, besides that which comes through our Express. The business is a baggage and package Express connected with the Staten Island Ferry. All well. Affectionately yours, F. L. Hagadorn." [Emphasis as written]

Ex Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $3,250.00.

E. 3,000-4,000
3,250
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