Sale 862 — The D.K. Collection of U.S. Carriers & Locals

Sale Date — Saturday, 31 May, 2003

Category — Clark & Hall

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
70
c
Sale 862, Lot 70, Clark & HallClark & Hall's Penny Post, St. Louis Mo., 1c Black on Pink (49L1). Three large margins, cut in about halfway along top frameline, three "X" cancels in pencil, used on small embossed Valentine cover to "Miss Eliza Pettus, Care of Wm. G. Pettus, St. Louis", with street address at top "St. Charles between 4 & 5th Streets", with original Valentine enclosure -- a love poem on decorative stationery dated "Feby. 14/50=1", cover very slightly waterstained at top

THE EARLIEST AND ONLY RECORDED VALENTINE COVER WITH THE RARE CLARK & HALL PENNY POST STAMP. ONLY FIVE EXAMPLES OF THIS STAMP ARE RECORDED, EACH USED ON COVER. ONE OF THE GREATEST RARITIES OF AMERICAN LOCAL POSTS.

William J. Clark and Charles F. Hall advertised the opening of their "City Express and Penny Post" in the Feb. 13, 1851, edition of The Missouri Republican. Clark and Hall timed their opening to capture a share of the lucrative Valentine market. The first announcement noted that stamps were available for one cent each. This cover has special significance as the earliest known usage (possibly a first day of the post) and the only Valentine cover among the five recorded examples.

Covers with 49L1 are recorded as follows (all 1851 dates): 1) uncancelled, red Feb. 27 datestamp, to Emily Smith, Long Island N.Y., ex Ferrary, Lilly, Hall (realized $17,500); 2) uncancelled, red Apr. 23 datestamp, to Emily Smith (as above), ex Boker; 3) uncancelled, red May 29 datestamp, to Emily Smith (as above), ex Boker, Golden (realized $15,000); 4) uncancelled, red Jul. 20 datestamp, to Emily Smith (as above), ex Boker; and 5) cancelled by three ms. X's on Valentine cover to Eliza Pettus, local street address, Feb. 14, 1851 enclosure, discovered in 1924 by Morris Pettus, the cover offered here. No stamps off cover are known.

This cover was discovered in 1924 among family papers belonging to Morrison Pettus, whose grandfather was William G. Pettus, Secretary of State of Missouri in 1822 when the Grizzly Bears seal of the State was adopted (the basis of the St. Louis "Bears" provisional design). The cover is addressed to Eliza Pettus in care of William G. Pettus. Articles regarding the discovery, including a feature in the New York Times, are included in this lot.

With 2002 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $19,000.00.

E. 12,000-15,000
0
71
c
Sale 862, Lot 71, Clark & HallDavis's Penny Post, Baltimore Md., (1c) Black on Lilac (57L1). Type F (Position 6), ample margins just touching corner ornaments, tied by red "Davis' One Cent Dispatch" circular handstamp on ca. 1856 brown cover to Capt. Wm. W. Virdin at the Western Hotel in Baltimore, blue embossed woodcut corner card of Fountain Hotel, cover has two small sealed edge tears, stamp lightly creased

VERY FINE. THE FINEST AND MOST OUTSTANDING OF THE FOUR RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE RARE DAVIS'S PENNY POST STAMP.

Our records of 14 Davis's Penny Post stamps contain four genuine covers: 1) Ty. F, tied by red handstamp on Fountain Hotel corner card cover to Western Hotel, Baltimore, ex Hollowbush, Malcolm, Golden (realized $10,000), the cover offered here; 2) Ty. F, with bottom right corner sheet margins, tied by red handstamp on back of cover to Miss Louise Senss (?), Baltimore, ex Caspary, Boker; 3) Ty. A, with top left sheet corner margins, uncancelled on small Valentine cover to Miss Caroline Lamden, ex Hollowbush, Golden; and 4) Type unknown, tied by red handstamp, ex Brown (5c 1847 stamp added to cover at the time -- possibly removed now). In addition to the genuine covers, there are other covers to which genuine Davis stamps have been added (all predate the post's existence). The cover census by Steven M. Roth (Chronicle 173) agrees with our data.

Ex Hollowbush (his partly erased cost code on back), Malcolm and Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $11,000.00.

E. 10,000-15,000
11,000
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72
og
Sale 862, Lot 72, Clark & HallDavis's Penny Post, Baltimore Md., (1c) Black on Lilac, "Pennq" for "Penny" (57L1a). Type B (Position 2), original gum, huge bottom margin showing tips of ornaments from stamp below, other sides large except just barely into corner ornaments, crease in bottom margin outside design, faint horizontal crease in stamp

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. THE "PENNQ" SPELLING ERROR WAS RECOGNIZED BY ELLIOTT PERRY IN 1959 AND LISTED IN SCOTT FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 2000. THIS IS THE ONLY ORIGINAL-GUM EXAMPLE AMONG THE FOUR RECORDED ERRORS.

Typeset stamps are by nature more prone to variation. Typesetters composing a sheet of stamps were sometimes forced to sacrifice uniformity to complete the setting. Fonts or border pieces were interchanged. Even individual characters were used incorrectly, if misread by the typesetter or deliberately substituted for used-up type. Stamps such as the Honour's "Conours" and "Bents" (4LB8c), Glen Haven "Gien" (71L1a), Moody's "Henny Dispatch" (110L1b) and Hoyts "Lettcr" (85L1) are a few prominent examples of typographical errors among the carrier and local issues.

The Davis's "Pennq Post" error was not noted by Denwood Kelly, and it remained unlisted in Scott for 40 years since Elliott Perry wrote to the U.S. Specialized editor, Eugene Costales, in April 1959, reporting the "Pennq" variety. Of the fourteen recorded 57L1 stamps, four come from Position 2, which we classify as Type B, in which the "q" character is used instead of "y". This is the only original-gum example among the four, details of which follow: 1) original gum, ex Lilly, Kelly, Golden (realized $7,500), the stamp offered here; 2) pencil-cancelled corner copy, ex Golden; 3) red handstamp cancel, ex Schwartz, offered in lot 73; and 4) cut to shape.

Ex Lilly, Kelly and Golden. With 1999 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $8,250.00.

E. 7,500-10,000
7,000
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73
 
Sale 862, Lot 73, Clark & HallDavis's Penny Post, Baltimore Md., (1c) Black on Lilac, "Pennq" for "Penny" (57L1a). Type B (Position 2), large margins except touched at right, Davis's red circular handstamp

VERY FINE USED EXAMPLE OF THE "PENNQ" SPELLING ERROR, OF WHICH FOUR ARE RECORDED.

Ex Schwartz. Scott Retail $8,250.00.

E. 5,000-7,500
4,750
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