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Sale 863 — 2003 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Saturday, 31 May, 2003

Category — Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to Postmasters

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
636
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 636, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to Postmasters"From U.S.S. Shenandoah", "From U.S.S. Shenandoah""From U.S.S. Shenandoah". Ms. endorsement at bottom left of cover from Funchal, Madeira, to New York City, with Portugal 5r, 10r and 25r stamps, large margins, cancelled or tied by "51" grid cancels, 5r tied by blue "Funchal 1866" double-circle datestamp, red "London Paid 30 JA 1866" and New York 5c debit datestamp, Lisbon backstamp, missing right flap, small edge tears

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE COVER MAILED FROM THE FORMER CONFEDERATE RAIDER SHENANDOAH AFTER THE WAR.

The Shenandoah was a much-feared Confederate Navy raiding vessel, which during the war operated mostly in the Northern Pacific, attacking Union commercial merchant vessels, particularly those engaged in the whaling industry. Operating so far from home and receiving news well after the Confederate armies' surrender, the Shenandoah's captain, Jas. I. Wadell, continued attacking vessels as late as June 28, 1865. After hearing of the war's end from a passing British vessel, Waddell steered the ship to London, where she made port on or about Nov. 7, 1865. After confirming the news heard at sea, he surrendered the vessel to authorities, where it became property of the U.S. government. In January 1866 an attempt was made to sail the vessel to the U.S., but it failed due to poor weather. Accordingly, the vessel was sold in Europe. The cover offered here was sent during the Shenandoah's failed attempt to return to the U.S.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,500
637
 
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 637, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersAugusta Ga. Mar. 24, 1861, Augusta Ga. Mar. 24, 1861Augusta Ga. Mar. 24, 1861. Neat double-circle datestamp on red and blue 7-Star Confederate Patriotic cover front only to Liverpool, England, pencil "Due 24", New York 5c debit datestamp, "Liverpool 16 AP 61" receiving datestamp and "1/-" due handstamp, carried on the Cunarder Canada, faint horizontal file fold

VERY FINE AS A FRONT. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF A CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC USED TO A FOREIGN COUNTRY. SENT FROM GEORGIA IN MARCH 1861 DURING CONFEDERATE STATEHOOD, WITH 24-CENT (ONE SHILLING) BRITISH TREATY RATE COLLECTED FROM THE ADDRESSEE.

With 2003 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
1,250
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638
 
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 638, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersMarion Va., 5c Black on Bluish Laid (55X3), Marion Va., 5c Black on Bluish Laid (55X3)Marion Va., 5c Black on Bluish Laid (55X3). Three huge margins, just barely in along right border, paper with blue printed lines on back, bold "Paid" cancel, a few pinholes and faint stain, accompanying certificates states "repair" but we disagree (there is a paper hinge on the back but no evidence of repair)

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE MARION 5-CENT PROVISIONAL STAMP ON BLUISH LAID PAPER (SCOTT 55X3).

The Marion Va. 5c and 10c provisional stamps, with their distinctive "Check" label at top, were issued by Postmaster J. H. Francis in 1861. The stamps were printed in two steps: first, the typeset form containing the border and words "P. Office, Marion, Va., Check. Paid" were impressed; then the values, "5" or "10" were handstamped on the blank center. Postmaster Francis described his stamps in a January 1880 letter to August Dietz, and he offered to make more from the "die" which he still possessed. Various "reprints" made from the typeset form were made by John W. Scott, including 2c, 15c and 20c values that have never been seen genuinely used.

Genuine Marion provisional stamps are extremely rare. Our records contain a total of 11 examples of the 5c, including 9 on White paper (Scott 55X1) and 2 on Bluish Laid paper (Scott 55X3). Of the Bluish Laid stamps, one is the unused example offered in the 1956 Caspary sale, which was certified by the Philatelic Foundation with the statement "it is genuine, but whether issued for use on this paper is uncertain". Evidently, the used example offered here was not known to the P.F. at the time. It is genuinely cancelled by the "Paid", which leaves no doubt that the Bluish Laid paper was used for stamps issued to the public.

With 2002 C.S.A. certificate. Listed but unpriced in Scott.

E. 10,000-15,000
9,500
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639
 
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 639, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersNashville Tenn., 10c Green (61X6), Nashville Tenn., 10c Green (61X6)Nashville Tenn., 10c Green (61X6). Two large margins incl. part of adjoining stamp at right, other framelines just barely touched, cancelled by part of blue Adams Express Co. Nashville oval datestamp on piece with Nashville postal markings (the Jun. 24 date is too early for the provisional stamp--probably did not originate)

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY OVAL ON A 10-CENT NASHVILLE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAMP. ONLY 25 COPIES OF THIS STAMP ARE RECORDED.

This stamp originated on a North-to-South express cover carried by Adams Express Company, probably in August 1861. Adams was required to pay Confederate postage, but letters never actually entered the mails at Nashville. Judging from the few recorded covers, it appears that the Adams Nashville office rarely used the provisional stamps to indicate prepayment. We record just three covers and six off-cover stamps with Adams Express markings.

With 2002 C.S.A. certificate stating that the stamp is genuine, but declining opinion as to it originating on the piece. Our Kilbourne sale (Sale 815, lot 104) offered one of the three Nashville 10c covers carried by Adams Express, which realized $90,000

3,000
0
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640
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 640, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersNew Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2), New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2)New Orleans La., 2c Red (62X2). Full to large margins except where frameline just shaved at upper right, tied by "New Orleans La. 25 Jan." (1862) circular datestamp on manila wrapper to Memphis Tenn. with original printed circular

VERY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING CIRCULAR-RATE USE OF THE RARE NEW ORLEANS 2-CENT RED PROVISIONAL. ONLY EIGHT COVERS RECORDED.

The New Orleans postmaster, J. L. Riddell, prepared provisional stamps in June 1861 and advertised them for sale on June 12th. The 2c Red stamps were printed without the marginal inscription "Usable exclusively in the New Orleans Post Office". The 5c and subsequent 2c Blue printings all have the imprint. It is the accepted theory that the 2c Red stamps were printed first, before Riddell added the imprint, and were withheld from use until January 1862 when the supply of 2c Blue stamps was exhausted. The Crown book lists six 2c Red covers, while Dr. Hubert C. Skinner (The Congress Book, 1978) recorded eight covers.

Ex Kilbourne.

25,000
0
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641
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 641, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersNew Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4), New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4)New Orleans La., 5c Red Brown on Bluish (62X4). Horizontal strip of three and single, mostly ample margins, tied by "Paid" cancels, "New Orleans La. 21 Sep." (1861) circular datestamp on folded letter to Chapel Hill N.C., light file fold thru one stamp in strip

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A REMARKABLE MULTIPLE-RATE FRANKING. PROBABLY FEWER THAN FIFTEEN COVERS EXIST WITH FOUR OR MORE NEW ORLEANS PROVISIONAL STAMPS.

Ex Moody, Grant and Kilbourne.

E. 3,000-4,000
3,000
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642
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 642, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersNew Orleans La., 5c Yellow Brown on Off-White (62X5), New Orleans La., 5c Yellow Brown on Off-White (62X5)New Orleans La., 5c Yellow Brown on Off-White (62X5). Vertical pair, Positions 27/35 with bottom sheet margin showing part imprint, other sides ample to large except just touching at top right, tied by bold "New Orleans La. 8 Dec." (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to Nashville Tenn., reduced at right, Very Fine pair and rare cover, ex Grant and Kilbourne

E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
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643
c
Sale Number 863, Lot Number 643, Civil War and Confederate States (Shenandoah to PostmastersPetersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1), Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1)Petersburg Va., 5c Red (65X1). Margins to slightly in, tied by blue "Petersburg Va. 5 cts. Oct. 19" integral-rate circular datestamp on light buff cover with merchant's indigo cameo corner card, to Tabbs Creek N.C., trivial opening tear at top right, Very Fine and attractive

2,000
1,200
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