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Sale 869 — Fall 2003 U.S. Rarities: United States, Confederate States, Historic Flights and Hawaii

Sale Date — Saturday, 15 November, 2003

Category — 1851-56 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
3019°
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3019, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. Ib (5A), 1c Blue, Ty. Ib (5A)1c Blue, Ty. Ib (5A). Three different Type Ib positions -- 4R1E, 5R1E and 8R1E -- used with 1c Blue, Ty. II (7), Position 1R1E with double transfer, and two 3c Orange Brown (10), each 1c stamp has top sheet margin, large side margins and bottom margin that is clear to just touching, 3c stamps clear to touching, tied by multiple strikes of grid cancel, red "New-York Dec. 5" circular datestamp on blue 1851 folded letter to Lyons, France, sender's ship endorsement "Pr. Africa", smudged French transit, ms. "16" indicates weight in grams, ms. "24" decimes due marking, British and French backstamps

VERY FINE. AN EXTRAORDINARY ONE-CENT 1851 ISSUE FRANKING FOR THE DOUBLE 5-CENT SHORE-TO-SHIP RATE, COMPRISING THREE SCARCE TYPE IB POSITIONS, INCLUDING 8R1E, ONE OF THE TWO BEST EXAMPLES OF THE TYPE.

The top row of the right pane of Plate 1 Early furnished several of the most desirable 1c 1851 stamps sought by collectors. Position 7R1E, Type I (Scott 5), is the rarest and most desirable. Next in line are the adjoining Positions 6 and 8R, both Type Ib (Scott 5A). Three other positions (3, 4 and 5R) furnished Type Ib stamps that show slightly less of the design at bottom.

On this transatlantic cover to France, which required a double 5c shore-to-ship rate due to weight, the 10c postage was paid by two 3c and four 1c stamps, an unusual franking in any event. Remarkably, the 1c stamps were carefully cut from the top row of the right pane of Plate 1 Early, just five months after the 1851 Issue was first placed on sale. From left to right, top to bottom, the positions are 4R, 5R, 8R and 1R1E. The first three stamps are Type Ib, and Position 8R1E is one of the two best examples of the type. The fourth stamp at lower right is Position 1R1E, Type II, which has a clear double transfer.

The total Scott Retail value of the four Type Ib stamps off cover is $22,500.00. The Scott premium for a cover bearing any Type Ib is 10%. However, the collector premium for a transatlantic usage and combination of rare stamps on one cover should be far greater.

With 1963 and 1987 P.F. certificates

E. 15,000-20,000
24,000
3020°
 
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3020, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6), 1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6)1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6). Huge margins at top and bottom, ample at sides, deep rich Plate 4 color, bold blue grid cancel

EXTREMELY FINE. AN OUTSTANDING USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 ONE-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE Ia WITH A BLUE CANCEL.

Stamps printed from Plate 4 were issued in April, May and briefly in June 1857 before perforations were introduced. The relatively small number of imperforate Plate 4 stamps issued during this period explains the rarity and desirability of any of the imperforate stamp types produced from this plate (Ia, Ic, II, III and IIIa). The extremely rare Type Ia, showing the full design at bottom, was furnished only by 18 of the 200 subjects on Plate 4 (all bottom row positions except two are sub-type Ic).

With 1994 P.F. certificate

10,100
0
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3021
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3021, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6), 1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6)1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6). Position 96L4, two large margins, touched at right and slightly in at bottom, deep Plate 4 shade, tied by "Chicago Ill. Jul. 1, 1857" circular datestamp on buff cover to Exeter Ill., with original enclosure

FINE. AN ATTRACTIVE COVER WITH THE SCARCE 1851 ONE-CENT TYPE IA IMPERFORATE.

Please see Chronicle 199 (August 2003) for an article documenting the Armitage correspondence. With 2002 A.P.S. certificate.

14,000
3,500
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3022
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3022, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6), 1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6)1c Blue, Ty. Ia (6). Position 93R4, three large margins except tiny nick at top, cut into design at bottom, deep Plate 4 shade, tied by "Chicago Ill. Jul. 16, 1857" circular datestamp on buff cover to Exeter Ill., with original enclosure, Very Good example of the scarce imperforate Type Ia on cover, please see Chronicle 199 (August 2003) for an article documenting the Armitage correspondence, with 2002 A.P.S. certificate

14,000
2,050
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3023
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3023, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (7 var), 1c Blue, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (7 var)1c Blue, Ty. II, Chicago Perf 12-1/2 (7 var). Plate 2, deep shade, one pulled perf at bottom and few short perfs at top, tied by "Chicago Ill. May 29, 1856" circular datestamp on folded Chicago Market Review and Weekly Prices Current (No. 58, dated May 28, 1856, published by P. L. Wells) to Exeter Ill., the circular contains a report from R. K. Swift, promoter of the Chicago Perfs, small stain at bottom left corner

VERY FINE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE ONE-CENT CHICAGO PERFORATION, OF WHICH THIS IS THE ONLY ONE BEARING A POSTMARK DATED MAY 29, 1856, THE EARLIEST DOCUMENTED DATE OF USE. ONE OF THE GREAT RARITIES OF THE ONE-CENT 1851-57 ISSUE.

The origin of the Chicago perforation was revealed in an article published by Jerome S. Wagshal in the Chronicle 130 (May 1986). To briefly summarize Mr. Wagshal's revelations, the inventor of the machine used to create the Chicago Perf stamps was Dr. Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist. He probably constructed the machine in 1854. Over a two-year period, beginning in November 1854, Dr. Hadley's device was offered for sale to the Post Office Department thru R. K. Swift, a prominent Chicago banker and businessman. The distinctive 12-1/2 gauge Chicago Perf was applied to sheets of the 1c (Plates 1 Late and 2) and 3c 1851 Issue, the former being considerably rarer.

According to the updated census of Chicago Perf items compiled by W. Wilson Hulme II (Chronicle 175, Aug. 1997), approximately 18 examples of the 1c Chicago Perf have been recorded, including four used on covers. These are: 1) Type II, Plate 2 (not plated), tied by Chicago May 29, 1856 datestamp on P. L. Wells May 28, 1856 circular to Armitage, the cover offered here; 2) Type II, Plate 2 (not plated), "Paid" cancel (no dated postmark), on P. L. Wells May 28, 1856 circular to Edmonstone & Co., Montreal, Canada, PFC, ex Ishikawa, Siegel 1983 Rarities sale, lot 32 (realized $6,250 hammer); 3) Type II, Position 95L2, tied by grid cancel on P. L. Wells circular to Sheppard & Morgan, NYC, ex Jefferys, currently in the Franklin Institute; and 4) Type II, Position 48R2, "Paid" cancel on Lake View Water Cure circular (no date), Ashbrook Vol. II, p. 26, the current whereabouts or state of this cover are unknown. Summarizing the census data, there are currently four 1c Chicago Perf covers known, all Type II from Plate 2, one of which is part of the Franklin Institute's collection. Of the three in private hands, one has not been seen and is known only from Ashbrook's description. Therefore, only two confirmed covers are in private hands, both of which are May 28, 1856 printed circulars. The Armitage cover offered here is the only 1c Chicago Perf with a dated postmark (May 29, 1856).

Please see Chronicle 199 (August 2003) for an article documenting the Armitage correspondence. With 2000 A.P.S. certificate. Listed but unpriced on cover in Scott.

E. 20,000-30,000
26,000
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3024
Pbl
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3024, 1851-56 Issue3c Red, Ty. I, Plate Proof on India, Brush Stroke Obliteration (11P3), 3c Red, Ty. I, Plate Proof on India, Brush Stroke Obliteration (11P3)3c Red, Ty. I, Plate Proof on India, Brush Stroke Obliteration (11P3). Right full imprint and plate no. 4 block of eight, large margins to clear, two bold vertical brush strokes, heavy horizontal creases, faint toning in margin, fresh and bright color

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THIS IS ONE OF TWO KNOWN IMPRINT AND PLATE NUMBER BLOCKS OF THE PLATE PROOF ON INDIA.

Page 9 of the Brazer book illustrates the block of 60 from which this plate block was cut. The left pane of 100 was located in the estate of Walter Keightley and sold thru Christie's in 1991. The original sheet of 200 from Plate 4 was sent to Derby, England, for a perforating experiment and was cancelled to prevent use as postage.

Listed but unpriced in Scott.

E. 7,500-10,000
18,500
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3025
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3025, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red (11), 3c Dull Red (11)3c Dull Red (11). Position 10R5L with enormous top right corner margin -- 15mm at top and 23mm at right -- touching at bottom and just in at left, tied by bold "Woburn Mass. Oct. 7" circular datestamp on cover to Chatfield M(inn).T(err)., cover with couple faint waterstains at bottom and stamp with tiny tear in top selvage that do not detract, still an Extremely Fine Gem, the 23mm margin at right is the widest reported right margin for the 3c 1851

E. 1,000-1,500
900
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3026
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3026, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red (11), 3c Dull Red (11)3c Dull Red (11). Full to huge margins with trace of adjoining stamp at bottom, deep rich color, tied by bold green "Waterford N.H. Jul. 1" balloon circular datestamp on lady's beautiful embossed pink cover to North Monroe N.H., Extremely Fine, a pretty cover with a deep green cancel

E. 750-1,000
900
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3027°
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3027, 1851-56 Issue1c Blue, Ty. IV, 3c Dull Red (9, 11), 1c Blue, Ty. IV, 3c Dull Red (9, 11)1c Blue, Ty. IV, 3c Dull Red (9, 11). 1c large margins to cut in at right, 3c vertical pair with large margins to just in at lower left, used on 3c Red Nesbitt entire to Cincinnati O. with Wells, Fargo & Co. printed frank, red "Wells, Fargo & Co. Express, Sacramento" and blue "State [?]/Paid/Office" oval handstamps applied to entire before stamps were affixed, carried by steamship via Panama or Nicaragua, cancelled on arrival with "N. York Steamship" dateless circle, entered regular mails in New York City, some edgewear and faint stain at center, Fine -- this cover originated in Sacramento and was carried by Wells Fargo to San Francisco, the blue "Paid" oval indicates that the express charges and postage were prepaid in Sacramento, but the stamps were affixed in San Francisco (by the Wells Fargo office), on arrival in New York City it was treated as a fully prepaid ocean-mail letter -- illustrated in Ashbrook's One-Cent book (Vol. II, p. 267), ex Kramer

E. 1,500-2,000
3,250
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3028
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3028, 1851-56 Issue3c Dull Red (11), 3c Dull Red (11)3c Dull Red (11). Horizontal pair, full margins to barely in, tied by bold "New-York Ship Oct. 9" circular datestamp, mostly clear blue "Stmr. Sierra Nevada/Via Nicaragua/Ahead of the Mails" oval handstamp on cover to Troy N.Y., dated "Sep. 15, 1854", minor cover wear, otherwise Very Fine, scarce ocean-mail usage via Nicaragua Line, ex Emerson

E. 750-1,000
1,400
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3029°
 
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3029, 1851-56 Issue5c Red Brown (12), 5c Red Brown (12)5c Red Brown (12). Enormous margins incl. full guideline sheet margin at right, rich color, bold grid cancels

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT 1856 ISSUE WITH FULL GUIDELINE. VERY FEW EXIST.

Our ongoing census of off-cover sheet margin examples of Scott 12 contains twelve singles with imprint and an additional thirteen with sheet margin, including three with corner margins.

Ex Mayer. With 2002 P.F. certificate

950
2,300
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3030°
 
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3030, 1851-56 Issue5c Red Brown (12), 5c Red Brown (12)5c Red Brown (12). Full to large margins all around including part of adjoining stamp at left, rich color and detailed impression on bright white paper, neat virtually face-free strike of grid cancel

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL USED 5-CENT 1856 STAMP.

With 2002 P.F. certificate

950
1,400
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3031
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3031, 1851-56 Issue5c Red Brown (12), 5c Red Brown (12)5c Red Brown (12). Full to large margins, tied by perfectly struck "New Orleans La. Dec. 16, 1857" circular datestamp, second strike at top right, on registered mourning cover to France, red "New York Paid 24 Dec. 26" and French transit datestamps, red boxed "PD", Extremely Fine, a rare usage of the 5c Red Brown imperforate ostensibly paying the registry fee on a mourning cover to France, with 1984 and 2003 P.F. and 2003 P.S.E. certificates

E. 5,000-7,500
0
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3032
c
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3032, 1851-56 Issue5c Red Brown (12), 5c Red Brown (12)5c Red Brown (12). Full to large margins, rich color, tied by grid cancel on folded cover to Toulouse, France, merchant's blue oval handstamp, red "New York Br. Pkt. Mar. 18" circular datestamp, "GB/1F60C" accountancy and "8" decimes due handstamps, British and French transit backstamps, horizontal file fold clear of stamp, Very Fine example of the "Three-Months" period of U.S.-French mails, rarely seen from a city other than New Orleans

E. 1,000-1,500
1,050
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3033°
 
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3033, 1851-56 Issue10c Green, Ty. I (13), 10c Green, Ty. I (13)10c Green, Ty. I (13). Position 100R1, full to enormous margins all around incl. sheet margin at right, neat circular datestamp, rich color, Extremely Fine Gem, a beautiful stamp, ex Mayer, with 1987 P.F. certificate

800
0
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3034
 
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3034, 1851-56 Issue12c Black (17), 12c Black (17)12c Black (17). Enormous margins incl. small part of adjoining stamps at top and bottom, uncharacteristically wide margins at sides, bright and fresh, light strike of town datestamp leaves design clearly visible

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A GORGEOUS USED EXAMPLE OF THIS POPULAR ISSUE FEATURING HUGE MARGINS ALL AROUND AND EXTRAORDINARY FRESHNESS.

With 2002 P.F. certificate

325
950
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3035°
 
Sale Number 869, Lot Number 3035, 1851-56 Issue12c Black (17), 12c Black (17)12c Black (17). Horizontal pair, huge margins with portions of eight adjoining stamps incl. large parts at sides, grid cancels

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. AN EXTRAORDINARY PAIR OF THE 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE IN SUPERB CONDITION.

Ex Mayer. With 1981 P.F. certificate

700
1,700
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