THE UNIQUE GOLIAD 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ON DARK BLUE PAPER -- ONE OF FIVE RECORDED 5-CENT TYPE II GOLIAD PROVISIONALS AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE KNOWN ON COVER. ONE OF THE RAREST STAMPS IN THE WORLD.
The Goliad provisional stamps were printed by Rev. A. M. Cox and issued by the postmaster, J. A. Clarke, whose name is included in the Type II stamps. It is our theory that the Type I stamps with the postmaster's signature control mark were issued in 1861-62, and the Type II stamp were issued in 1863. The 5c Type II stamps were unnecessary after June 30, 1862, because the rate was increased to 10c. However, they were printed and used, as evidenced by surviving stamps and covers.
Our records contain four examples of 29X6 (5c Black on Gray) and one 29X8 (5c Black on Dark Blue). The 29X6 stamps are listed for the record: 1-2) pair with one stamp showing the "GOILAD" error, ex Caspary; 3) pen cancel, 1998 Rarities sale; and 4) pen cancel, small fault at lower left, ex Hessel. The 5c Black on Gray is not known on cover. Of 29X8, the 5c Black on Dark Blue paper, there is only this stamp on cover. The stamp removed from the cover has never been recorded and is probably destroyed. Only three 10c Black on Dark Blue (29X9) stamps are recorded, two off cover and one on piece. Therefore, the item offered here also represents the only on-cover example of either Dark Blue stamp.
Ex Ferrary, Hind and Freeland. Listed but unpriced in Scott. An unusual opportunity to own a stamp as rare as the British Guiana (for a lot less).
EXTREMELY FINE. A REMARKABLE TESTIMONIAL FROM G. W. F. HARPER, WHO CARVED THE WOODCUT DEVICE USED TO PRINT THE LENOIR PROVISIONAL STAMP. ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT LENOIR ITEMS EXTANT.
Based on sworn testimony from James Harper and his son, G. W. F. Harper, the Lenoir provisional was impressed from a pear-wood device carved by Postmaster Harper's son and used on September 19, 1861 (see Crown book, pp. 172-178, 651-652). Approximately 29 covers bearing the Lenoir adhesive stamp are known. The same woodcut device was applied directly to envelopes, as evidenced by an entire and cut square. We know of two notarized documents from James Harper, the postmaster, with stamps affixed, in addition to this document from his son, the actual creator of the stamp.
Illustrated in the Crown book (p. 171). Ex Caspary, Muzzy and Birkinbine.
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED COVERS BEARING THE LIMESTONE SPRINGS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAMP. A MAJOR CONFEDERATE STATES RARITY.
The Limestone Springs provisionals were reported by A. Earl Weatherly in 1954. The five known covers come from the Dean correspondence, although this cover is addressed to Lucy E. Simpson (in the handwriting of Lizzie Dean), rather than Corporal Edward J. Dean. Two of the covers bear single circular die-cut stamps. Two covers bear two rectangular-cut singles each, paying the 10c rate. The fifth cover is the single rectangular-cut franking offered here. No other examples of this stamp, on or off cover, have been reported.
Ex Weatherly. With 1963 C.S.A. certificate.
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE MADISON POSTMASTER'S 3-CENT PROVISIONAL STAMP USED ON COVER. AN EXTRAORDINARY 1861 PROVISIONAL WITH UNITED STATES RATE, USED FROM THE CONFEDERATE STATE OF FLORIDA TO THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. THIS IS THE EARLIEST DATE OF ANY PROVISIONAL USED IN THE CONFEDERACY.
Only five examples of Scott 3AX1 are recorded, in addition to the one "CNETS" error (3AX1a). This is the only known cover with the Madison 3c provisional, and its dated contents -- February 13, 1861 -- place it within nine days of the formation of the seven original Confederate States, which included Florida. It is the earliest of all postmasters' provisionals used in the Confederate States.
Ex Ferrary, Duveen, Hind and Caspary. Small "W.H.C." mark of Warren H. Colson at lower right. With 1996 C.S.A. certificate. Listed but unpriced in Scott.
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF THE MOST ATTRACTIVE OF THE FOUR 3AX1 STAMPS OFF COVER.
Ex Judge Philbrick, Sir William Avery, Ferrary, Lapham and Moody. With 1996 P.F. certificate. Listed but unpriced in Scott.
FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE MADISON "CNETS" ERROR -- ARGUABLY ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT PHILATELIC VARIETIES IN CONFEDERATE PHILATELY.
Ex Philbrick, Ferrary, Duveen, Lapham and Moody. Small "W.H.C." mark of Warren H. Colson on back. With 1996 C.S.A. certificate. Listed but unpriced in Scott.
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE MADISON POSTMASTER'S 5-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE. ONE OF THE GREATEST RARITIES IN CONFEDERATE PHILATELY.
There are seventeen unique Confederate postmasters' provisional adhesives (A) or press-printed entires (E): Austin Miss. (E), Beaumont Tex. (A--large 10c), Bridgeville Ala. (A--pair), Charleston S.C. (E--10c), Fincastle Va. (E), Franklin N.C. (E), Hallettsville Tex. (A), Hillsboro N.C. (A), Jetersville Va. (A--pair), Kingston Tenn. (E), Knoxville Tenn. (A--10c), Madison C.H. (E), Mt. Lebanon La. (A), New Smyrna Fla. (A), Port Lavaca Tex. (A), Rutherfordton N.C. (A) and Salisbury N.C. (E--damaged).
Ex Ferrary, Lapham and Moody. Small "W.H.C." mark of Warren H. Colson at lower right. With 1988 P.F. and 1999 C.S.A. certificates.