Sale 815 — The Kilbourne Collection of Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals

Sale Date — Tuesday, 28 September, 1999

Category — Memphis, Tenn.

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
68
c
Sale 815, Lot 68, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 2c Blue (56X1). Three full to large margins, clear at left, deep shade, tied by "Memphis Ten. Nov. 12, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow drop-rate cover locally addressed to James Pettit, designated "Box 664", backflap removed, mildew stains on back and small spot on front at left

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE AND DESIRABLE 2-CENT MEMPHIS PROVISIONAL USAGE -- AMONG THE FINER HALF OF THE FIFTEEN COVERS RECORDED BY CROWN.

The 1967 census by Billy Matz (Confederate Philatelist, Mar. 1967) identified twelve 2c Memphis provisional covers, and the Crown book reported an additional three covers.

Acquired by the Kilbournes directly from Warren H. Colson in 1958

6,500
9,500
69
ng
Sale 815, Lot 69, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 2c Blue, 5c Red (56X1, 56X2). Unused (no gum), 2c slight crease, 5c margins clear, Fine, accompanied by 5c Upham counterfeit

220
130
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70
c
Sale 815, Lot 70, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Large margins to clear at left, rich color, tied by "Memphis Ten. Oct. --" circular datestamp on cover to Oglethorpe University, Talmage Ga. "DUE 5" two-line handstamp applied at Memphis, couple soiled spots, Very Fine, ex Seybold and Caspary (where acquired by the Kilbournes)

1,500
0
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71
c
Sale 815, Lot 71, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Deep Red (56X2). Large margins, intense shade and impression, tied by "Memphis Ten. Oct. 4, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Athens Ga., neat docketing, "DUE 5" two-line handstamp applied at Memphis, slightly reduced at top, Extremely Fine stamp and colorful cover, ex Caspary (where acquired by the Kilbournes)

1,500
2,100
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72
c
Sale 815, Lot 72, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Pale Rose (56X2). Large margins to just in at bottom scalloped border, tied by bold "Memphis Ten. Nov. 21 (1861) circular datestamp on buff cover to Hollow Springs Miss., Very Fine, ex Knapp

1,500
1,050
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73
c
Sale 815, Lot 73, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Deep Red (56X2). Vivid shade, large side margins, barely in at top and bottom, slight creasing, tied by bold "Memphis Ten. Sep. 6, 1861" circular datestamp on cover to Monticello Ark., Fine, scarce shade

1,500
950
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74
c
Sale 815, Lot 74, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Two, each has large margins to just touched around scalloped border, paper wrinkles from gum, tied by "Memphis Ten." circular datestamp (date unreadable) on cover to Middleburg Va. with Gayoso House brown woodcut corner card, some faint scattered toned spots, part of back flap removed, Very Fine, ex Caspary and Muzzy (where acquired by the Kilbournes)

E. 3,000-4,000
4,500
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75
c
Sale 815, Lot 75, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Horizontal strip of four, large to huge margins except where a bit uneven at bottom, tied by "Memphis Ten. Nov. 9, 1861" circular datestamp on yellow cover to Petersburg Va., repaired at upper left and significantly reduced, still Fine and attractive, the largest recorded multiple of the Memphis 5c provisional

7,000
6,000
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76
c
Sale 815, Lot 76, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Partly cut to shape at upper right, other sides clear to slightly in, tied by "Memphis Ten. Jul. 15(?), 1861" circular datestamp on North-to-South thru-the-lines cover, addressed to Greenwood Tenn., clear strikes of "The Adams Express Co. Boston Jul. 6" circular datestamp and "Paid J.W.R." double-circle with ms. "25", the Paid marking applied at Boston to indicate prepayment of 25c express charge, vertical fold and slight wear at upper left corner

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF ANY CONFEDERATE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ON AN ADAMS EXPRESS COVER FROM BOSTON.

Very few covers are recorded with Confederate provisional stamps or markings used in conjunction with thru-the-lines express service. This group includes the provisionals of Atlanta (handstamp), Houston (handstamp), Lynchburg (press-printed entire), Memphis (adhesive), Mobile (adhesive), Montgomery (handstamp), Nashville (adhesive and handstamp) and New Orleans (adhesive). To the best of our knowledge, this is the only Memphis thru-the-lines express usage, and it is the only provisional/express usage from the Adams Boston office (whose markings are rare in their own right).

E. 7,500-10,000
37,500
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77
c
Sale 815, Lot 77, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red (56X2). Three full margins, just touching bottom scalloped frame, tied by red "Southern Express Co. Memphis Tenn. Dec. 18" (1861) double-circle datestamp on cover to Columbia Tenn., blue "Southern Express Co. Nashville Tenn. Dec. 19" double-circle datestamp applied in transit, ms. "2/- CP" (two bits, or 25c) express charge notation, faint toning, small edge tears at top

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF A POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL USED OUTSIDE OF THE REGULAR CONFEDERATE MAILS. AT LEAST ONE COVER (POSSIBLY TWO OR THREE) IS KNOWN WITH THE MEMPHIS PROVISIONAL, BUT THIS COMBINATION OF NASHVILLE AND MEMPHIS MARKINGS COULD WELL BE UNIQUE.

The cover was entrusted to the Southern Express Co.'s Memphis office for delivery to Columbia Tenn., which lies east of Memphis. It travelled northeast to Nashville, then south to Columbia, accompanied by a Southern Express Co. agent along connecting railroad lines. Independent expresses were often used to carry valuable mail. Express covers involving Confederate postage of any kind are scarce, and those with postmasters' provisionals are very rare.

With 1969 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
11,500
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78
c
Sale 815, Lot 78, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red entire (56XU1). Mostly clear "Memphis Ten. Jul. 4, 1861" circular datestamp, most of address scraped away and re-written in pencil, backflap partly removed, otherwise Fine

2,500
900
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79
c
Sale 815, Lot 79, Memphis, Tenn.Memphis Tenn., 5c Red on Orange entire (56XU3). Mostly clear "Memphis Ten. Oct. 15, 1861" circular datestamp, addressed to Lieut. P. G. Pettit, 8th Regt. Ark. Vol., Bowling Green Ky., sender's notation "Genl. Hardee's Division" and care of Capt. Gray and Col. Patterson, pressed vertical fold, Extremely Fine, superb condition and desirable military address in Confederate-occupied Kentucky, ex Emerson and Brooks

2,250
3,250
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