EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A HUGE-MARGINED 5-CENT 1847 STAMP.
With 1994 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE UNUSED 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE.
With 1988 P.S.E. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE GEM EXAMPLE OF THE RARE TYPE D DOUBLE TRANSFER.
With 1998 P.F. certificate
THE CELEBRATED HEIDELBERG COVER, COMBINING THE TWO FIRST UNITED STATES GENERAL ISSUES, CANCELLED IN RED BY THE MICHIGAN CENTRAL RAILROAD MAIL-ROUTE AGENT, PREPAYING THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF POSTAGE FOR AMERICAN OCEAN LINE SERVICE VIA BREMEN. ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING COVERS IN ALL OF CLASSIC PHILATELY.
The United States postal reforms of 1845 set in motion the post office's efforts to establish a subsidized American transatlantic mail line with regular routes to and from Europe. The creation of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company and successful negotiation of the U.S.-Bremen postal treaty of 1847 were consequences of this long and involved process, the history of which has been (and continues to be) documented by students here and abroad. An excellent series of articles on the subject, including research by Wolfgang Diesner and Richard F. Winter, has appeared in The Chronicle (Whole Nos. 126, 129, 149 and 159), which updates earlier published work by George E. Hargest (copies of these excerpts are provided with this lot). We are grateful to Richard F. Winter for his analysis of the Heidelberg cover's rates and sailing dates.
Covers carried by the Ocean Line are surprisingly scarce, and we are aware of only two such covers franked with 1847 stamps -- the other (ex Pope, illustrated in Ashbrook's Special Service, Photograph No. 125) has a single 10c for domestic postage and was carried on the same voyage of the Washington.
From a philatelic viewpoint, the 5c multiple is one of the largest recorded 5c 1847 frankings on cover (the largest is a strip of ten) and the Orange Brown shade (late printing) is very scarce in multiples of any size. Its use here -- in combination with the 10c on mail sent by the Michigan Central Railroad to New York City for carriage to an overseas destination -- is extraordinary.
Illustrated in Hargest book and "United States Classic Covers" color feature in The Chronicle (May 1986, No. 130). Ex Gibson, Meroni, J. David Baker and Kapiloff
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 COMBINATION COVER TO BELGIUM. A MAGNIFICENT FRANKING, PAYING THE UNITED STATES DOMESTIC RATE AND TRANSATLANTIC PACKET POSTAGE DURING THE RETALIATORY-RATE PERIOD.
The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847, the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters delivered by American mail steamers. The order effectively treated prepaid American packet letters arriving in England as if they had been sent unpaid, and the British collected sea postage from the addressee when no service had been rendered.
The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the United States, but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848 (the Caledonia from Liverpool) through December 31, 1848 (the Europa arriving at New York), American packet postage was charged whether or not one of the American vessels was used. Beginning with the departure of the Europa from New York on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored, and soon after the new U.S.-British treaty rate was effected.
This cover to Belgium reflects the dispute between Great Britain and the United States, because it had to be carried to Liverpool for further transit to Ostend and Gand, Belgium. The well-informed sender designated the sailing of the Cunarder Niagara from Boston and prepaid 10c domestic postage plus the 24c British packet rate (1c overpayment). The letter originated in Charleston, but was not put into the mails until it reached New York City, probably on a northbound train. Although postage from New York to Boston was normally 5c, the sender was obliged to pay the full 10c over-300 miles rate from Charleston. On arrival at Liverpool, the American prepayment was ignored, and "1/8" (one shilling, eight pence) for British packet service was debited to Belgium. This amount, re-stated as 20 decimes Belgian currency plus 4 decimes internal postage, was collected from the addressee (approximately 48c).
This remarkable cover, bearing both first issues of the United States -- including a strip of the 10c -- was discussed in detail in Ashbrook's Special Service (Photograph No. 60) and is signed by him on back. It has at various times been described as one of the most important and valuable covers in classic American philately.
Ex Waterhouse, Gibson, Brigham, Pope and Kapiloff. With 1998 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH THE 1847 ISSUE PAYING THE 24-CENT UNITED STATES-BRITISH TREATY RATE TO IRELAND. A SPECTACULAR FRANKING -- THE 5-CENT STRIP OF THREE IN A DEEP RED BROWN AND THE 10-CENT STAMP SHOWING THE "POST OFFICE" SHIFT.
From our Sale 358 (Sep. 25-27, 1969) where the distinctive 5c color was described as Brown Orange. An existing P.F. certificate no longer accompanies cover. Ex Kapiloff
VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A VERY RARE COMBINATION 1847 ISSUE FRANKING, PAYING THE TRIPLE DOMESTIC RATE FOR DISTANCES OF UNDER 500 MILES.
Lockport N.Y. is approximately 80 miles from Rochester. With 1950 P.F. certificate
THE ONLY RECORDED DOMESTIC COVER BEARING PAIRS OF THE 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE.
The large Ludlow Beebee correspondence furnished most of the known 1847 covers with 30c postage paid by three 10c stamps. This example, combining pairs of both first issues, is extremely unusual and, to our knowledge, the only 1847 cover franked in this manner.
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE AND BEAUTIFUL STRIP OF FOUR OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ON A COVER PAYING DOUBLE THE 10-CENT RATE FOR DISTANCE GREATER THAN 500 MILES.
Mount Vernon O. is approx. 533 miles from New York. Ex Knapp. With 1980 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A MAGNIFICENT 1847 VALENTINE WITH BLOOD'S LOCAL POST STAMP.
With 1985 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE GEM STAMP ON A FRESH AND ATTRACTIVE CROSS-BORDER COVER. POSSIBLY THE FINEST COVER EXTANT WITH A 10-CENT 1847 SHOWING THIS DISTINCTIVE PLATE FLAW.
The "Harelip" variety is listed in Scott and priced at $1,900.00 off cover
A FINE AND VERY ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 BISECT CANCELLED IN RED.