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Sale 811 — 1999 Rarities of the World

Sale Date — Saturday, 15 May, 1999

Category — 1847 Issue

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
22°
 
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 22, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Enormous margins all around incl. sheet margin at right, showing significant portion of adjacent stamp at top, neat red square grid cancel, deep color approaching the Brown shade, marvelous impression

EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A HUGE-MARGINED 5-CENT 1847 STAMP.

With 1994 P.F. certificate

600
2,200
23°
 
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 23, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Enormous margins all around incl. sheet margin at bottom, red town and black grid cancels, Extremely Fine Gem, with 1993 P.F. certificate

675
1,400
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24
 
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 24, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full margins all around, tied by greenish-blue "Baltimore Rail Road Aug. 28" route agent's circular datestamp on small piece, stamp also cancelled by faint pen, Very Fine, very scarce marking and choice piece, ex Moody

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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25
ng
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 25, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Unused (no gum), large to huge margins, faint corner creases at top right and bottom right

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A BEAUTIFUL AND RARE UNUSED 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE.

With 1988 P.S.E. certificate

15,000
0
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26°
 
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 26, 1847 Issue10c Black, Double Transfer Ty. D (2-D), 10c Black, Double Transfer Ty. D (2-D)10c Black, Double Transfer Ty. D (2-D). Position 41R1, Huge margins all around incl. almost 3 mm of sheet margin at left, two neat strikes of red grid cancels, prominently showing the double transfer at bottom and left framelines

EXTREMELY FINE GEM EXAMPLE OF THE RARE TYPE D DOUBLE TRANSFER.

With 1998 P.F. certificate

2,000
5,250
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27
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 27, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Full to large margins, incredibly sharp proof-like impression, tied by bold blue "Cambridge Ms. Sep. 9" circular datestamp on cover to Washington C.H. Pa., with original 1848-dated enclosure, cover with large toned spot from wax seal on backflap (restorable), the stamp is Extremely Fine and illustrated here as a piece

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
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28°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 28, 1847 Issue5c Orange Brown, 10c Black (1b, 2), 5c Orange Brown, 10c Black (1b, 2)5c Orange Brown, 10c Black (1b, 2). 10c large margins at sides, ample at bottom and just in at top, fine impression on deep bluish paper, used with 5c horizontal strip of five, large margins except close at bottom of center stamp, which also has a sharp pre-use crease ending in small tear, beautiful rich Orange Brown shade -- a late printing from the cleaned plate -- tied by red 9-bar open grid cancels, matching "Mic. Central R.R. Mic. Apr. 4" (1851) Michigan Central Railroad route agent's circular datestamp on white envelope to Heidelberg, Baden, Germany, red "New-York Apr. 8" backstamp and Heidelberg May 9 receiving backstamp indicate 1851 sailing of the Washington (departing New York Apr. 19, arriving at Bremerhaven on May 5), "PAID PART" straightline handstamp indicating prepayment of United States portion of postage -- 10c domestic rate and 24c Ocean Line rate (1c overpayment) -- red "AMERICA/UBER BREMEN" two-line handstamp applied at Bremen, red "1-1/3" (gutegroschen) debit handstamp applied by Hannover Post Office at Bremen for its transit fee due from the Thurn & Taxis Post, who carried the mail south to Baden, light red ms. "6/6" applied by Thurn & Taxis Post indicating 6 kreuzer (equivalent to 1-1/3 ggr.) plus 6 kreuzer (Thurn & Taxis transit fee) due in southern German currency, the total of 12 kreuzer debited to Baden, to which an additional 4 kreuzer internal postage was added, for a total of "16" kreuzer due from addressee (expressed in black manuscript), small piece of flap torn

THE CELEBRATED HEIDELBERG COVER, COMBINING THE TWO FIRST UNITED STATES GENERAL ISSUES, CANCELLED IN RED BY THE MICHIGAN CENTRAL RAILROAD MAIL-ROUTE AGENT, PREPAYING THE UNITED STATES SHARE OF POSTAGE FOR AMERICAN OCEAN LINE SERVICE VIA BREMEN. ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING COVERS IN ALL OF CLASSIC PHILATELY.

The United States postal reforms of 1845 set in motion the post office's efforts to establish a subsidized American transatlantic mail line with regular routes to and from Europe. The creation of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company and successful negotiation of the U.S.-Bremen postal treaty of 1847 were consequences of this long and involved process, the history of which has been (and continues to be) documented by students here and abroad. An excellent series of articles on the subject, including research by Wolfgang Diesner and Richard F. Winter, has appeared in The Chronicle (Whole Nos. 126, 129, 149 and 159), which updates earlier published work by George E. Hargest (copies of these excerpts are provided with this lot). We are grateful to Richard F. Winter for his analysis of the Heidelberg cover's rates and sailing dates.

Covers carried by the Ocean Line are surprisingly scarce, and we are aware of only two such covers franked with 1847 stamps -- the other (ex Pope, illustrated in Ashbrook's Special Service, Photograph No. 125) has a single 10c for domestic postage and was carried on the same voyage of the Washington.

From a philatelic viewpoint, the 5c multiple is one of the largest recorded 5c 1847 frankings on cover (the largest is a strip of ten) and the Orange Brown shade (late printing) is very scarce in multiples of any size. Its use here -- in combination with the 10c on mail sent by the Michigan Central Railroad to New York City for carriage to an overseas destination -- is extraordinary.

Illustrated in Hargest book and "United States Classic Covers" color feature in The Chronicle (May 1986, No. 130). Ex Gibson, Meroni, J. David Baker and Kapiloff

E. 200,000-300,000
210,000
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29°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 29, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2), 5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2)5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2). 5c three large margins, touched at top, used with 10c horizontal strip of three, Positions 22-24R, full to large margins except where frameline just touched at top right, tied by red square grid of New York City on folded cover to Gand, Belgium, from the De Coster correspondence, docketing indicates letter originated at Charleston S.C. on October 28, 1848, sender's route instructions "pr Mail to Boston for Steamer 'Niagara'" were followed and the cover was conveyed outside the mails (probably by rail) to New York City, then posted to Boston, from which port it was carried by the Cunarder Niagara, departing November 1 and arriving at Liverpool on November 13, red Liverpool "OD 14 NO 14 1848" circular datestamp on back, corresponding British "1/8" ms. debit marking, Ostend Nov. 15 red backstamp, red rectangular accountancy handstamp (with rates in blue ink) "DEBOURS ETRANGERS 1/8 / TAXE REDUITE 20 / PORT BELGE 4" representing postage of 1sh8p British, re-stated 20 decimes in Belgian currency, plus 4 decimes internal rate, large blue "24" decimes ms. marking for total amount due from addressee, final marking is a red Gand receiving datestamp on back, horizontal file fold clear of stamps

EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 COMBINATION COVER TO BELGIUM. A MAGNIFICENT FRANKING, PAYING THE UNITED STATES DOMESTIC RATE AND TRANSATLANTIC PACKET POSTAGE DURING THE RETALIATORY-RATE PERIOD.

The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847, the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters delivered by American mail steamers. The order effectively treated prepaid American packet letters arriving in England as if they had been sent unpaid, and the British collected sea postage from the addressee when no service had been rendered.

The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the United States, but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848 (the Caledonia from Liverpool) through December 31, 1848 (the Europa arriving at New York), American packet postage was charged whether or not one of the American vessels was used. Beginning with the departure of the Europa from New York on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored, and soon after the new U.S.-British treaty rate was effected.

This cover to Belgium reflects the dispute between Great Britain and the United States, because it had to be carried to Liverpool for further transit to Ostend and Gand, Belgium. The well-informed sender designated the sailing of the Cunarder Niagara from Boston and prepaid 10c domestic postage plus the 24c British packet rate (1c overpayment). The letter originated in Charleston, but was not put into the mails until it reached New York City, probably on a northbound train. Although postage from New York to Boston was normally 5c, the sender was obliged to pay the full 10c over-300 miles rate from Charleston. On arrival at Liverpool, the American prepayment was ignored, and "1/8" (one shilling, eight pence) for British packet service was debited to Belgium. This amount, re-stated as 20 decimes Belgian currency plus 4 decimes internal postage, was collected from the addressee (approximately 48c).

This remarkable cover, bearing both first issues of the United States -- including a strip of the 10c -- was discussed in detail in Ashbrook's Special Service (Photograph No. 60) and is signed by him on back. It has at various times been described as one of the most important and valuable covers in classic American philately.

Ex Waterhouse, Gibson, Brigham, Pope and Kapiloff. With 1998 P.F. certificate

E. 100,000-150,000
240,000
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30°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 30, 1847 Issue5c Deep Red Brown, 10c Black, Double Transfer Ty. B (1, 2 var), 5c Deep Red Brown, 10c Black, Double Transfer Ty. B (1, 2 var)5c Deep Red Brown, 10c Black, Double Transfer Ty. B (1, 2 var). 10c Position 31R major double transfer in "Post Office", mostly ample to full margins, intense shade, used with 5c horizontal strip of three, large margins except in one small spot at top right where frameline is touched, vivid color in intense Deep Red Brown shade with lots of orange -- a late printing from the cleaned plate -- insignificant small tear at top of center stamp just touches design, tied by neat single stroke of pen on fresh blue folded letter to Belfast, Ireland, datelined "Augusta 30 November 1850" with sender's route instructions "p[er] Mail Steam Packet to Liverpool, Mail Paid p[er] Stamp", the only U.S. postal marking (other than the cancel) is a red "3" for 3c credit to Great Britain, indicating Collins Line service (American packet), carried on the Atlantic, departing New York City on December 7, 1850, arriving at Liverpool on December 19, red "America Liverpool Paid De 19 A50" transit datestamp, blue "Belfast De 20 1850 M" receiving backstamp

EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH THE 1847 ISSUE PAYING THE 24-CENT UNITED STATES-BRITISH TREATY RATE TO IRELAND. A SPECTACULAR FRANKING -- THE 5-CENT STRIP OF THREE IN A DEEP RED BROWN AND THE 10-CENT STAMP SHOWING THE "POST OFFICE" SHIFT.

From our Sale 358 (Sep. 25-27, 1969) where the distinctive 5c color was described as Brown Orange. An existing P.F. certificate no longer accompanies cover. Ex Kapiloff

E. 40,000-50,000
115,000
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31
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 31, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2), 5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2)5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2). Ample to large margins all around showing part of adjacent stamp at top of 5c, tied (slightly overlapping) by neat red grids, matching "Rochester N.Y. Aug. 25 10" circular datestamp on large light green folded cover to Lockport N.Y., ms. "Paid" above stamps, few cover erosion spots far from stamps and markings

VERY FINE AND CHOICE. A VERY RARE COMBINATION 1847 ISSUE FRANKING, PAYING THE TRIPLE DOMESTIC RATE FOR DISTANCES OF UNDER 500 MILES.

Lockport N.Y. is approximately 80 miles from Rochester. With 1950 P.F. certificate

E. 15,000-20,000
12,000
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32°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 32, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2), 5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2)5c Red Brown, 10c Black (1, 2). 5c vertical pair with top left corner sheet margins and full margins all around, used with 10c horizontal pair, three large margins but cut deeply into design at top, tied by vivid red grids, matching "Charleston S.C. Oct. 12" circular datestamp, ms. "30" rate on restored folded cover to New York City from the Ludlow Beebee correspondence, file fold thru 5c, most of paper surrounding address panel is restored but the stamps themselves are intact

THE ONLY RECORDED DOMESTIC COVER BEARING PAIRS OF THE 5-CENT AND 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE.

The large Ludlow Beebee correspondence furnished most of the known 1847 covers with 30c postage paid by three 10c stamps. This example, combining pairs of both first issues, is extremely unusual and, to our knowledge, the only 1847 cover franked in this manner.

E. 10,000-15,000
16,000
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33
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 33, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Horizontal strip of four, ample to large margins all around except just barely into frameline at bottom of right stamp, beautiful deep shade and fine impression, tied by red grids on light green legal-size folded letter to Mount Vernon O., matching "New-York Aug. 11" datestamp, 1848 dateline and docketing at right, slightly reduced at top right

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE AND BEAUTIFUL STRIP OF FOUR OF THE 5-CENT 1847 ON A COVER PAYING DOUBLE THE 10-CENT RATE FOR DISTANCE GREATER THAN 500 MILES.

Mount Vernon O. is approx. 533 miles from New York. Ex Knapp. With 1980 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
11,500
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34
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 34, 1847 Issue5c Dark Brown (1a), 5c Dark Brown (1a)5c Dark Brown (1a). Mostly large margins, touched at lower right, tied by blue "Philadelphia Pa. Feb. 22" circular datestamp, D. O. Blood & Co., (1c) Bronze on Black (15L17), acid tied, on embossed Valentine cover addressed in blue to Northumberland Pa., ms. on backflap "Paid 5, Unpaid 5" indicating overweight contents, trivial sealed edge tear at bottom left

EXTREMELY FINE. A MAGNIFICENT 1847 VALENTINE WITH BLOOD'S LOCAL POST STAMP.

With 1985 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
10,500
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35
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 35, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Three large margins, ample to close at bottom, tied by blue "Wilmington Del. Feb. 15" circular datestamp on bronze ornamental Valentine cover to Chester Pa., Very Fine, remarkably choice and attractive 1847 Valentine, with 1973 P.F. certificate

E. 4,000-5,000
11,000
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36
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 36, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Margins slightly in, pale shade, tied by red grid, matching "Elmira N.Y. Feb. 14" Valentine's Day circular datestamp on bronze ornamental Valentine cover to Dundee N.Y., horizontal fold, otherwise Very Fine, a magnificent 1847 Valentine, with 1975 and 1983 P.F. certificates

E. 4,000-5,000
3,750
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37
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 37, 1847 Issue5c Dark Brown (1a), 5c Dark Brown (1a)5c Dark Brown (1a). Intense early impression, large margins all around, tied by "PAID" with pointing hand fancy pre-stamp era handstamp on cover to New Bedford Mass., matching "Hartford Ct. Aug. 31" datestamp and "5" handstamp, missing part of backflap, slight edge wear, Extremely Fine, very rare with the pointing hand tying the stamp, with 1982 P.F. certificate

E. 1,000-1,500
9,000
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38
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 38, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Deep early shade, large margins to clear at top, tied by magenta "Hartford Conn. 10 Dec." circular datestamp on folded cover to New York, matching "PAID" with pointing hand pre-stamp era handstamp at left, Very Fine and choice, a beautiful cover with the magenta cancel, the pointing hand handstamp is scarce with the 1847 Issue

E. 1,000-1,500
1,900
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39
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 39, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Horizontal pair, large margins to just in at bottom right and showing part of adjacent stamp at left, tied by three strikes of blue "10" in oval handstamp, matching "Baltimore Md. May 11" circular datestamp on blue 1849 folded cover to Philadelphia, red "MISSENT" and "FORWARDED" handstamps, matching "New-York May 12" circular datestamp, fresh and Very Fine, an unusual and attractive usage, with 1985 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
4,000
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40
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 40, 1847 Issue5c Brown Orange (1b var), 5c Brown Orange (1b var)5c Brown Orange (1b var). Full margins all around, brilliant color in the distinctive late shade, tied by blue "Philada. Pa. May 7 5cts" circular datestamp, second strike at right, on blue 1851 folded letter to New York, Very Fine and choice -- this 5c color is on the threshold of a true Red Orange (more so than some certified Scott 1c stamps we have seen)

E. 1,500-2,000
0
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41
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 41, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown (1), 5c Red Brown (1)5c Red Brown (1). Full margins all around, tied by vivid red New York square grid on brown cover to Providence R.I. originating in Philadelphia, red "PHILADA. RAIL ROAD"%$ straightline, red "New-York Jan. 12" circular datestamp ties D.O. Blood & Co., Philadelphia, 1c Bronze on Black (15L13), also acid tied, Extremely Fine, a very unusual cover carried to the route agent by Blood's Despatch, carried by Philadelphia Railroad to New York, and on arrival cancelled and postmarked at New York City office, with 1985 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
3,000
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42
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 42, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Full to large margins,tied by smudged red New York square grid on brown cover to Norwich Vt., originating in Philadelphia, red "PHILADA. RAIL ROAD"%$ straightline, red "New-York Jan. 22" circular datestamp, D.O. Blood & Co., Philadelphia, 1c Bronze on Black (15L13), acid tied, 10c has small margin crease, some overall toning, Fine, another unusual cover routed as last except 10c rate, ex Gibson, with 1985 P.F. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
0
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43°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 43, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Position 57L "Harelip" plate flaw, huge margins all around, tied by red square grids, matching "New-York Dec. 7" circular datestamp on 1848 folded letter to Toronto, Canada, sender's routing via Lewiston N.Y., red Queenston Dec. 9 circular datestamp, ms. "4-1/2" rate

EXTREMELY FINE GEM STAMP ON A FRESH AND ATTRACTIVE CROSS-BORDER COVER. POSSIBLY THE FINEST COVER EXTANT WITH A 10-CENT 1847 SHOWING THIS DISTINCTIVE PLATE FLAW.

The "Harelip" variety is listed in Scott and priced at $1,900.00 off cover

E. 3,000-4,000
5,250
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44
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 44, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Large margins all around showing trace of frameline of adjacent stamp at bottom, sharp proof-like impression, tied by red square grid, matching "New-York Dec. 22" datestamp on 1849 folded letter to London, Canada, ms. "9" pence due marking, Queenston Dec. 23 (?) circular datestamp, receiving backstamp of Dec. 27, light vertical file fold well clear of stamp, Extremely Fine Gem stamp and cover

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
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45°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 45, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Position 1L from upper left corner with large part of corner sheet margin, huge margins all around, fine early impression, red grid cancel, tied by bright red "Cincinnati O. 10 Aug. 31" circular datestamp on bluish 1847 folded letter to Philadelphia, file folds, Extremely Fine Gem, corner-margin examples of the 10c 1847 are extremely rare on or off cover -- this superb stamp and very early usage leave nothing to be desired

1,400
3,000
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46°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 46, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Ample to full margins, tied by red criss-crossed grids with blue "Buffalo N.Y. Jan. 5" fancy double-oval datestamp on light blue 1848 folded letter to New York City, file fold, Extremely Fine, a lovely combination of colored markings

1,400
7,000
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47
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 47, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Ample to large margins, tied by light strike of orange-red "Milwaukee Wis. Jul. 1" datestamp on 1850 folded letter to New York, business contents, light vertical file folds clear of stamp, Extremely Fine and choice, rare usage, less than 20 examples of the 10c 1847 Issue are known used from Milwaukee, with 1974 P.F. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
5,250
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48
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 48, 1847 Issue10c Black (2), 10c Black (2)10c Black (2). Full to large margins all around, tied by bold red grid, matching "Charleston S.C. Aug. 9 10" integral rate datestamp on buff cover to Richmond Va., with "CHARLESTON HOTEL" handstamp on backflap, very trivial overall wear, still Extremely Fine, very rare with the hotel handstamp, with 1989 P.S.E. certificate

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
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49°
c
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 49, 1847 Issue10c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 5c (2a), 10c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 5c (2a)10c Black, Diagonal Half Used as 5c (2a). Top right diagonal half, rough margin at right just into design, ms. "X" cancel, tied by multiple strikes of red "Gardiner Me. Apr. 26" circular datestamp on neat white envelope to Brattleboro Vt., from the Evans correspondence

A FINE AND VERY ATTRACTIVE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 BISECT CANCELLED IN RED.

Ex Matthies

13,000
11,500
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50
ogbl
Sale Number 811, Lot Number 50, 1847 Issue5c Red Brown, Reproduction (3), 5c Red Brown, Reproduction (3)5c Red Brown, Reproduction (3). Full top left corner sheet margin block of four, large margins and rich color, faint diagonal crease in bottom pair, otherwise Extremely Fine, with 1997 P.F. certificate

5,500
4,000
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