Sale 815 — The Kilbourne Collection of Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals

Sale Date — Tuesday, 28 September, 1999

Category — Goliad, Texas

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
43
c
Sale 815, Lot 43, Goliad, TexasGoliad Tex., 5c Black on Rose (29X3). Signed "Clarke PM" in bright magenta ink, neatly cancelled by "Paid" straightline, matching "Goliad Tex." rimless circular town handstamp (without date) on blue cover front to Clement R. Johns, Comptroller, Austin City, Texas, part of the letter is on back and there is a pencil June 21, 1862, date notation, the stamp has margins all around including three huge margins, slight creasing at top

EXTREMELY FINE. ONLY SEVEN GOLIAD 5-CENT TYPE I PROVISIONAL STAMPS ARE KNOWN, INCLUDING ONE ON COVER IN THE BRITISH LIBRARY COLLECTION. THIS COVER-FRONT IS THE ONLY TYPE I USAGE AVAILABLE TO COLLECTORS AND THE FINEST OF THE SIX KNOWN STAMPS IN PRIVATE HANDS. ONE OF THE GREATEST OF ALL CONFEDERATE PROVISIONAL RARITIES AND A HIGHLIGHT OF THE KILBOURNE COLLECTION.

Our records of Goliad provisionals contain seven 5c Type I stamps and four 10c Type I stamps. The Type I setting, without the postmaster's name, was used prior to the Type II setting, to which Postmaster J. A. Clarke's was added. All but one of the eleven recorded 5c and 10c Type I provisionals bear the postmaster's manuscript signature in either black or red ink. The stamps were printed on a variety of papers, classified as White, Gray and Rose, and some stamps have a blue ink wash that appears to have been applied to the sheets. The Gray paper is very thin and pelure-like. The Rose paper is thicker than the Gray.

The variable paper and signature color create even greater rarities -- only two or three of any 5c variety is recorded, with some allowance for inaccurate classification in previous sale catalogues. More significant than the paper or signature differences is the current census showing only three Type I provisional usages: the 5c cover-front offered here, a 5c cover in the British Library's Tapling collection, and the 10c patriotic cover from the Caspary and Lilly collections. This cover-front is the only one of the three with a Goliad postmark -- the other two are uncancelled and have no town marking -- and it is the only 5c Type I usage available to collectors. Equally significant is the stamp's standing as the finest known example of this provisional rarity.

Illustrated in the color plate of the H. R. Harmer Caspary Sale 3 catalogue and in Ter Braake's Texas: The Drama of Its Postal Past (p. 142). Ex Ferrary, Caspary (realized $1,300 in 1956) and Lilly (where acquired by the Kilbournes in 1967, realized $3,600). Scott Retail of $8,000.00 for a cover is based on no sale event since 1967 -- the more common Goliad 10c Type II cover realized $67,500 hammer in our Sale 810

E. 20,000-30,000
45,000
44
c
Sale 815, Lot 44, Goliad, TexasGoliad Tex., 10c Black on Gray (29X7). Three large margins, very slightly in along tips of right ornaments, printed on Blue-Gray paper with ornamental printing on back, obviously an adversity use of paper and a heretofore unrecognized variety of the Goliad provisional, affixed with brown mucilage and very slightly toned as a result, ms. cancel (not tied), used on blue-lined folded letter to Capt. William Headen, Corpus Christi Tex., endorsed "O.B." (Official Business) with letter datelined "Goliad August 16th 1864" from a conscription officer regarding a conscriptee who is to report to Capt. Headen

EXTREMELY FINE. ONLY FOUR 10-CENT TYPE II GOLIAD COVERS ARE AVAILABLE TO COLLECTORS. THIS IS THE FIRST GOLIAD PROVISIONAL REPORTED WITH PRINTING ON REVERSE -- A FASCINATING DISCOVERY AND IMPORTANT CONFEDERATE RARITY.

Of the eight Goliad 10c Type II (29X7) stamps in our records, five are used on covers, including an uncancelled stamp on a cover in the Tapling collection at the British Library, which leaves four covers available to collectors. In addition to the normal 10c Type II, there are two other covers with the Type II "GOILAD" spelling error. This is the first Goliad stamp examined by us that shows the printing on back. There is a photograph at the Philatelic Foundation of the front and back of a 5c Helena Tex. provisional, which was also printed by Rev. A. M. Cox, and it, too, shows the same printing on back.

It is our theory that the Type I provisionals were issued in 1861, followed in 1863 by a new provisional-stamp printing from the Type II settings, which contain the postmaster's name and title.

Illustrated in Ter Braake's Texas: The Drama of Its Postal Past (p. 228). Ex Avery (with his cost notation on back), Caspary and Weatherly (acquired privately by the Kilbournes). Scott Retail $7,500.00 -- a comparable Goliad cover realized $67,500 hammer in our Sale 810

E. 20,000-30,000
30,000
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