VERY FINE. ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC COVERS KNOWN FROM KENTUCKY - A RARE DESIGN AND ONE OF THE FEW COVERS FROM BOWLING GREEN WITH GENERAL ISSUE STAMPS.
VERY FINE. MAILED JUST DAYS AFTER THE CONFEDERATE INVASION OF KENTUCKY, THIS JEFFERSON DAVIS PATRIOTIC COVER HAS A CLEAR STRIKE OF THE RARE HICKMAN DATESTAMP AND AN EXPLICIT ENDORSEMENT FROM ONE OF THE OFFICERS IN GENERAL PILLOW'S INVASION FORCE. ONE OF THE MOST OUTSTANDING CONFEDERATE KENTUCKY COVERS KNOWN.
General Pillow moved on Hickman and Columbus on September 3, 1861. This early occupation usage bears the official endorsement of Lieut. John dee Mitchell of the Quartermaster's Department with Gen. Pillow's army. The combination of elements - a patriotic, a rare Confederate postmark at an early date, and an official endorsement from one of the invading officers - makes this a most desirable cover.
Illustrated in Dietz (p. 60). Ex Roser
THE EARLIEST RECORDED COVER FROM CONFEDERATE KENTUCKY, POSTMARKED JUST TWO DAYS AFTER THE SEPTEMBER 3, 1861, INVASION OF KENTUCKY BY THE CONFEDERATE ARMY.
Kentucky proclaimed its policy of neutrality on May 20, 1861, but the pro-Confederate and pro-Union citizens within the state were wary of an invasion force throughout the summer months, with each side accusing the other of breaching neutrality. Finally, to preempt a Federal occupation of Columbus, General Leonidas Polk ordered General Gideon Pillow to move on Hickman and Columbus; Pillow's troops entered Hickman on the morning of September 3. In response, General Ulysses S. Grant seized Paducah on September 6, and the Unionist movement in Kentucky gained momentum, resulting in the end of neutrality.
This cover, postmarked at Hickman on September 5, is an extremely early Confederate occupation date. There is no record of an earlier postmark from any Confederate post office in Kentucky.
VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE COVER, SENT FROM BARDSTOWN, KENTUCKY, DURING THE BRIEF OCCUPATION BY CONFEDERATE FORCES UNDER GENERAL BRAGG - SEPTEMBER 23 THROUGH OCTOBER 3, 1862.
Generals Bragg and Kirby-Smith led the 1862 Confederate invasion of Kentucky that began in August. Bragg's forces withrew to Bardstown, Kentucky, and occupied the city from September 23 through October 3. It appears that this cover originated at a field post office and was carried to Morristown, Tennessee, where it was placed into the regular mails. The use of a 10c Rose Lithograph on a cover originating in Kentucky is extremely rare.