VERY FINE. FEWER THAN A DOZEN PATRIOTIC COVERS KNOWN WITH THE ATLANTA PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP, OF WHICH ONLY FOUR ARE THIS SCARCE HAND-HELD FLAG DESIGN.
From our 337th Sale, which offered one of the most outstanding Confederate patriotic cover collections ever formed.
VERY FINE AND CHOICE COVER. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE DISTINCTIVE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL STAR-IN-CIRCLE HANDSTAMP OF AUTAUGAVILLE, ALABAMA. ONE OF THE GREAT RARITIES OF CONFEDERATE PROVISIONALS.
Autaugaville, situated on the Alabama River about 25 miles west of Montgomery, had a Civil War population of less than 1,500. Its postmaster, Albert William McNeel, seized all U.S. Post Office Dept. property and turned it over to the Confederacy. During the provisional period, Postmaster McNeel used a brass handstamp with negative design, of which four examples are recorded in the Crown survey. Only one example of the Star in Circle handstamped provisonal marking has been found.
Ex Walcott, Caspary and Lilly
VERY FINE. ONE OF FOUR RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE CHAPEL HILL PROVISIONAL, THREE OF WHICH ARE ON PATRIOTIC COVERS. THIS IS BELIEVED TO BE THE ONLY TURNED USAGE AMONG THEM.
VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE EMORY, VIRGINIA, 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE. A REMARKABLE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CONFEDERATE BROTHERS - ONE A PRISONER OF WAR AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND AND THE OTHER ATTEMPTING TO SEND A LETTER IN THE MIDST OF POST-WAR TURMOIL.
Blue Spring Grove, Kentucky, where this cover entered the mails, is located in Barren County northwest of Knoxville and south of Louisville, near the turnpike and Louisville & Nashville Railroad line.
The Davis correspondence yielded this cover as well as four covers with the Emory adhesive provisional (used in 1861). This provisional envelope did not pay any postage, but it is definite proof that the markings were applied by the post office prior to sale. No other example is known.
Ex Ferrary. Illustrated in Crown book
VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE GAINESVILLE 10-CENT PROVISIONAL.
The Crown survey records one example of the Gainesville 10c entire, dated March 5 (1862).
VERY FINE. ONE OF A HANDFUL OF COVERS FROM ALLSTON CORRESPONDENCE SHOWING LATE USE OF GEORGETOWN PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.
The Georgetown S.C. provisional entires were issued in 1861. All dated examples used in the provisional period show the "1861" year date in the town marking. A handful of covers, all from the Allston correspondence, show later usage in 1863. These covers have 5c or 10c stamps affixed over the provisional handstamp, except in two cases, in which the sender attempted to prepay the 10c rate with a combination of stamp and provisional. The franking was rejected and marked "Due 5". This is the finer of two such covers.
EXTREMELY FINE. THE LATEST RECORDED USE OF THE JONESBORO PROVISIONAL AND THE ONLY EXAMPLE CANCELLED BY A BLUE GRID.
The Crown survey records a total of fifteen Jonesboro provisional entires, five in black and ten in dark blue. Very few of these were cancelled, and, with the exception of this cover, the town circular datestamp was used alone. By February 1862, when this cover was mailed, Jonesboro was using a blue grid to cancel General Issues.
EXTREMELY FINE. ARGUABLY THE FINEST OF THE TEN RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE JONESBORO PROVISIONAL IN BLUE.
The Crown survey counts fifteen examples of the Jonesboro provisional entire, including five struck in Black and ten in Dark Blue. Some of these do not have any town datestamp. Of the clearly dated examples, this October 7, 1861, date is the earliest. It is also an unusually clear strike with the town marking neatly struck at left away from the provisional handstamp. Its condition is remarkably choice.
Ex Emerson, Caspary and Lilly
VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE COMPLETE SHEET OF THE 2-CENT MEMPHIS PROVISIONAL.
Ex Caspary, Matz. Three stamps with Matz handstamp showing through on front.
VERY FINE. THE BETTER STRIKE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE MONTGOMERY 2-CENT RED HANDSTAMP AND THE FINEST OF THE THREE KNOWN ENTIRES IN BLUE OR RED.
The Crown survey records three 2c provisional entires: two in Red and one in Blue (the cover offered here is illustrated in Crown). In this case the sender evidently handed his letter to "Mr. Dillard" to be delivered by hand to the post office.
Ex Brooks, MacBride and Judd. Scott Retail $2,500.00 based on realization for the other cover, which is not as clear as this strike
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. VERY RARE USAGE PAYING THE 2c CIRCULAR FEE RATE.
The stamp was mostly used to pay the 2c drop letter rate, and circular rate usages are rare. Ex Meroni, Moody, Clapp. With 1992 C.S.A. and 1998 P.F. certificates
VERY FINE AND FRESH. A REMARKABLE ADVERSITY COVER SHOWING RIVER-MAIL USAGE IN TWO DIRECTIONS, THE RETURN TRIP WITH A NEW ORLEANS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL CANCELLED ON ARRIVAL AT THE WHARF OFFICE.
Signed Ashbrook. Ex Weatherly, "Old Oak"
EXTREMELY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE NEW ORLEANS PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP USED TO CANCEL ADHESIVE PROVISIONAL. ONE OF THE FINEST KNOWN EXAMPLES OF THIS USAGE.
Ex Mason, Shenfield and Weatherly
VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE USE OF PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP ON PROVISIONAL ADHESIVE.
These markings indicate river-mail usage
VERY FINE. ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE FIVE OR SIX KNOWN EXAMPLES OF THE RINGGOLD PROVISIONAL.
The Crown survey and our own records of the Ringgold provisional contain five full entires, one of which is repaired and another is a late usage with 5c Local Prints paying postage. A piece is also recorded and there may be a sixth entire.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE SPARTANBURG 5-CENTS PROVISIONAL ENTIRE, ISSUED IN OCTOBER 1861 BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF THE FIRST CONFEDERATE GENERAL ISSUE.
This cover comes from the Dean correspondence, which is known for provisional stamp usage in the fall of 1861 (Limestone Springs and Spartanburg S.C.). The control mark and up-rating from 5c to 10c are irrefutable evidence that the envelope was sold with 5c postage prepaid, then used on October 30, at which point the distance required an additional 5c. On arrival at Tudor Hall it was found to be over the weight limit and charged another 10c.
Ex Ferrary and Birkinbine
VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED SPARTANBURG 10-CENT ENTIRE, ISSUED IN 1864 DURING A SHORTAGE OF REGULAR STAMPS.
The provisional entire in the preceding lot was used in October 1861 when Spartanburg is known to have used provisional adhesive stamps. This 1864 provisional entire with the 10c rate was probably necessary at a time when stamps were unavailable. The back of the envelope has an offset impression of the "10" rate handstamp, but not of the "Paid" straightline or cds - evidence that it was prepared and sold in advance of the mailing date. The control mark is not found on any ordinary handstamped Paid covers from Spartanburg.
EXTREMELY FINE. THE FINEST OF FIVE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE WALTERBOROUGH HANDSTAMP AND A UNIQUE EXHIBITION-WORTHY EXAMPLE WITH ORIGINAL ENCLOSURES.
Although the Scott Catalogue lists the 10c handstamp in both Black and Carmine, neither Crown nor our own records confirm the existence of a Black entire. Of the Carmine we record five entires, all 1864 dates as follows: Jan. 15, Mar. 18, Apr. 15, Aug. 31 and Nov. 9 (turned usage, possibly 1863). A cut square on a 3c Star Die is also known.
The Scott Catalogue also describes this provisional marking as "Typeset", implying that it was press-printed, which is not the case. It was handstamped from an ornately framed marker. The turned usages, box charge notation on this cover and absence of control marks on any of the examples indicate that this was a handstamped "Paid" marking, not a true provisional. However, it is the Scott-listed 108XU2 and, whatever its status, the marking is extremely rare.