VERY FINE. THE ONLY EXAMPLE OF THE RARE CUSHING TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS LABEL ACTUALLY TIED BY A POSTAL MARKING.
E. H. Cushing, publisher of the Houston Daily Telegraph, commenced his express service after New Orleans fell to the Federals in April 1862. In an effort to improve communications between Texan regiments in the East and their relations at home, as well as secure safe lines for news transmission, Cushing established routes with pony riders and other means of conveyance necessary to cross the Federal lines.
Cushing's agents affixed labels to the backs of envelopes carried by express. These were intended to inform patrons and advertise the service, thus were never meant to be cancelled. It is pure serendipity that the stamp was affixed and cancelled on the back of this cover, which resulted in the label being tied by the Mobile datestamp.
Ex Knapp, MacBride and Everett
ONE OF EIGHT RECORDED COVERS WITH THE EDEY LABEL, OF WHICH HALF ARE AFFIXED TO THE BACKS. EDEY'S EXPRESS OPERATED BRIEFLY FROM AUGUST UNTIL LATE OCTOBER 1862 - THIS IS THE LATEST OF THE RECORDED COVERS.
Arthur H. Edey provided mail service between members of the 5th Regiment, Texas Volunteers, serving east of the Mississippi and their correspondents back home. This cover was probably carried across the river near Shreveport. New Salem, Texas, is in Rusk County, west of Shreveport and north of Liberty. One other cover from the Jessie Bryan correspondence is known; it is identically addressed and bears a block of four 10c Die A for the 40c government Trans-Mississippi express rate, cancelled by the army field office target.
VERY FINE AND THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH THIS "CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT MAIL" ROUTE DESIGNATION.
Douglas John Carter was enlisted with the 3rd Regiment Texas Cavalry in 1861 and transferred to the 19th Louisiana Infantry in June 1862. Carter served as its Chief Musician until the unit's surrender in May 1865. Carter's residence was in DeSoto Parish La., and this cover probably originated there in August 1864. Historical background is provided in "An Unusual Trans-Mississippi Express Mail Cover" by Brian and Patricia Green, Confederate Philatelist, May-June 1973. Listed in Krieger book as W40 (p. 28). Signed Brian Green
FINE APPEARANCE AND AN EXTREMELY RARE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI USAGE. ONE OF TWO SUCH RECORDED FRANKINGS AND THE LATEST OF THE FIVE RECORDED 1865 TRANS-MISSISSIPPI USAGES.
This cover can be dated to 1865 because the 1st Co. Washington Artillery was in Petersburg in March 1865, not 1864. With 1989 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS COVERS WITH ARMY FIELD OFFICE CANCELLATIONS AND THE ONLY ONE OF THESE ORIGINATING WITH THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA.
Listed in Krieger as E53 (p. 53). Four of the five covers recorded by Krieger with army field cancellations come from the Army of Tennessee. Only this cover has the grids used by the Army of Northern Virginia in the field. Three other covers have targets or grids of uncertain origin.
Ex Haas. With 1983 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS COVER WITH "DUE 30" AND PART PREPAYMENT BY STAMP FOR 40-CENT RATE.
This cover is not listed in the Krieger book on Trans-Mississippi Express Mail, but a small number of covers to Capt. J. L. Kirby are recorded by Krieger, most of which are complete unpaid and presumably carried by courier. It cannot be said with certainty, but the words "Shreveport, La." and "Due 30" on this cover appear to be in a slightly different hand. Our analysis is that the cover was mailed from Richmond to Brandon with 10c regular postage and the expectation that a military courier would carry it by hand across the river for continued transmission to Capt. Kirby. Following this premise, the postal agent at Brandon added the Shreveport designation and "Due 30", treating the letter as a normal Trans-Mississippi Express cover (40c postage) but giving credit for the 10c stamp.
Signed Brian Green
FRESH AND VERY FINE COVER. EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 20-CENT GREEN BISECT ON OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE WESTERN OFFICE OF THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT AND TEXAS.
Ex Meroni and Kimmel. With 1997 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $2,250.00 for bisect on normal cover
A FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE ADVERSITY USAGE WITH THE 20-CENT BISECT. CARRIED BY MILITARY COURIER FROM THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT AT HOUSTON TO THE NATCHITOCHES POST OFFICE.
Alexandria and Natchitoches, Louisiana, are both located west of the Mississippi River. Assuming that Mrs. Aycock was writing from Opelousas, this cover was probably sent by courier north to Alexandria. On its return trip, Lieut. Aycock used a military courier to bring the letter to Natchitoches where it entered the mails with the 20c bisect.