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Sale 795 — Confederate States

Sale Date — Tuesday, 28 October, 1997

Category — Trans-Mississippi Express

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1403°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1403, Trans-Mississippi ExpressE. H. Cushing Express, E. H. Cushing ExpressE. H. Cushing Express. Black on white newsprint label, Dietz Type II, affixed to back of brown homemade cover originating west of the Mississippi River and addressed to Averysboro N.C., label tied together with 10c Blue, Die A (11) by "Mobile Ala. Mar. 12" (1864) double-circle datestamp where Cushing's eastern office was maintained, stamp has large margins, small shallow scuff and creasing from placement over edge of cover, the label has a small tear at right

VERY FINE. THE ONLY EXAMPLE OF THE RARE CUSHING TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS LABEL ACTUALLY TIED BY A POSTAL MARKING.

E. H. Cushing, publisher of the Houston Daily Telegraph, commenced his express service after New Orleans fell to the Federals in April 1862. In an effort to improve communications between Texan regiments in the East and their relations at home, as well as secure safe lines for news transmission, Cushing established routes with pony riders and other means of conveyance necessary to cross the Federal lines.

Cushing's agents affixed labels to the backs of envelopes carried by express. These were intended to inform patrons and advertise the service, thus were never meant to be cancelled. It is pure serendipity that the stamp was affixed and cancelled on the back of this cover, which resulted in the label being tied by the Mobile datestamp.

Ex Knapp, MacBride and Everett

E. 10,000-12,000
11,000
1404°
c
E. H. Cushing Express. Dietz Ty. II black on white newsprint label, affixed to back of cover with five-line military address "Cap. John R. Kennard, Co. A. 10th Regiment Tex. Vol. Infantry, Deshlers Brigade, Army of Tennessee, Chattanooga, Tennessee", without town marking, "Paid" straightline hs at upper left and space at right where a stamp has been removed, label party eaten away but most of text is intact, trimmed slightly on three sides and opened for display, soiled but presentable and very rare with a good military address

E. 1,000-1,500
950
Back to Top
1405°
c
Houston Tex. Dateless circular handstamp on folded The Tri-Weekly Telegraph newspaper, published by E. H. Cushing, operator of the private Trans-Mississippi express service, excellent news content with reports of battles, "By Pony Express" column, mention of Generals, etc., fresh and Very Fine, unusually choice condition for a Confederate newspaper, rare postmarked example

E. 750-1,000
500
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1406°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1406, Trans-Mississippi ExpressArthur H. Edey's Express, Arthur H. Edey's ExpressArthur H. Edey's Express. Black on white newsprint label "FORWARDED BY/ARTHUR H. EDEY, Agent Fifth Reg't Texas Volunteers" affixed to upper left corner, tied by small stain spot, on brown homemade cover originating east of the Mississippi River and carried by Edey's 5th Texas Regiment Trans-Mississippi express, regular Confederate postage paid by two different shades of 5c Light Blue, De La Rue (6), irregular margins, matching ms. "X" cancels and "New Salem Tx Oct 24" ms. postmark, addressed to Miss Jessie L. Bryan at Liberty Tex., in care of P. Bryan at Cedar Grove, flap partly missing and slight wear

ONE OF EIGHT RECORDED COVERS WITH THE EDEY LABEL, OF WHICH HALF ARE AFFIXED TO THE BACKS. EDEY'S EXPRESS OPERATED BRIEFLY FROM AUGUST UNTIL LATE OCTOBER 1862 - THIS IS THE LATEST OF THE RECORDED COVERS.

Arthur H. Edey provided mail service between members of the 5th Regiment, Texas Volunteers, serving east of the Mississippi and their correspondents back home. This cover was probably carried across the river near Shreveport. New Salem, Texas, is in Rusk County, west of Shreveport and north of Liberty. One other cover from the Jessie Bryan correspondence is known; it is identically addressed and bears a block of four 10c Die A for the 40c government Trans-Mississippi express rate, cancelled by the army field office target.

E. 5,000-7,500
3,750
Back to Top
1407°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1407, Trans-Mississippi Express, "Via Confederate Goverment Mail, Shrevesport, La." Manuscript route designation and "paid 40 cts" rate on blue folded cover addressed in another hand to "Doug. J. Carter, 19th La. Regt., Gibson's Brigade, Stewarts Division" with "Richmond Va." added as a fifth line in the same hand as Trans-Mississippi routing and rate, crossed out and, in a third hand, redirected to "Army of Tenn.", which routed the cover to Jonesborough Ga., reinforced with archival tape along top and bottom folds

VERY FINE AND THE ONLY RECORDED COVER WITH THIS "CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT MAIL" ROUTE DESIGNATION.

Douglas John Carter was enlisted with the 3rd Regiment Texas Cavalry in 1861 and transferred to the 19th Louisiana Infantry in June 1862. Carter served as its Chief Musician until the unit's surrender in May 1865. Carter's residence was in DeSoto Parish La., and this cover probably originated there in August 1864. Historical background is provided in "An Unusual Trans-Mississippi Express Mail Cover" by Brian and Patricia Green, Confederate Philatelist, May-June 1973. Listed in Krieger book as W40 (p. 28). Signed Brian Green

E. 3,000-4,000
4,000
Back to Top
1408°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1408, Trans-Mississippi Express5c Blue, Local (7), 5c Blue, Local (7)5c Blue, Local (7). Irregular block of eight, margins to in, tied and cancelled by pen strokes on small cover to Petersburg Va., neat "Alexandria La. Mar. 11" cds on back with date changed to "12" in ms., 1865 usage, some faults including tear across lower left stamp

FINE APPEARANCE AND AN EXTREMELY RARE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI USAGE. ONE OF TWO SUCH RECORDED FRANKINGS AND THE LATEST OF THE FIVE RECORDED 1865 TRANS-MISSISSIPPI USAGES.

This cover can be dated to 1865 because the 1st Co. Washington Artillery was in Petersburg in March 1865, not 1864. With 1989 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
5,000
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1409°
c
10c Blue, Die A (11). Horizontal strip of four, mostly large margins except at bottom left where touching, tied by four clear strikes of Army of Northern Virginia 10-Bar Grid cancel on cover to Sumpter Tex., minor edgewear and light soiling

VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS COVERS WITH ARMY FIELD OFFICE CANCELLATIONS AND THE ONLY ONE OF THESE ORIGINATING WITH THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA.

Listed in Krieger as E53 (p. 53). Four of the five covers recorded by Krieger with army field cancellations come from the Army of Tennessee. Only this cover has the grids used by the Army of Northern Virginia in the field. Three other covers have targets or grids of uncertain origin.

Ex Haas. With 1983 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
10,500
Back to Top
1410°
c
10c Blue, Die A (11). Three huge margins, full at right, tied by "Richmond Va. Jul(?) 3" (1864) circular datestamp on homemade cover to "Capt. J. L. Kirby, Trans Miss Dept, Care Genl. J. B. Magruder, Shreveport La., Via Brandon Miss.", ms. "Due 30" making up 40c Trans-Mississippi Express rate

EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS COVER WITH "DUE 30" AND PART PREPAYMENT BY STAMP FOR 40-CENT RATE.

This cover is not listed in the Krieger book on Trans-Mississippi Express Mail, but a small number of covers to Capt. J. L. Kirby are recorded by Krieger, most of which are complete unpaid and presumably carried by courier. It cannot be said with certainty, but the words "Shreveport, La." and "Due 30" on this cover appear to be in a slightly different hand. Our analysis is that the cover was mailed from Richmond to Brandon with 10c regular postage and the expectation that a military courier would carry it by hand across the river for continued transmission to Capt. Kirby. Following this premise, the postal agent at Brandon added the Shreveport designation and "Due 30", treating the letter as a normal Trans-Mississippi Express cover (40c postage) but giving credit for the 10c stamp.

Signed Brian Green

E. 3,000-4,000
3,500
Back to Top
1411°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1411, Trans-Mississippi Express20c Green (13), 20c Green (13)20c Green (13). Horizontal pair, three large margins, in at top and scissors cut at top left, tied by "Georgetown S.C. Nov. 3" cds and "Meridian Mi." dateless circle on 40c Trans-Mississippi express rate cover to Col. Ben Allston at Shreveport La., routed "Via Meridian Miss." and endorsed "Ppd 40 cents", stains causing some paper erosion in letters of addressee's name, most of backflap removed - in need of a professional paper conservator's attention, but potentially a Fine-appearing cover - a rare use of the 20c Engraved for the Trans-Mississippi express rate and a desirable example of the Meridian transit marking, ex Shenfield

E. 1,000-1,500
1,600
Back to Top
1412°
c
Agency Post Office Dept. Trans-Miss., Official Business. Dietz Ty. II signed Jas. H. Starr on 3c Red Star Die entire to Opelousas La., small part of backflap missing, accompanied by 1p ALS signed by Jas. H. Starr on "Agency Post Office Department, Trans-Mississippi" letterhead, to C. S. Depository re receipts from postmasters, Very Fine, rare imprint and letter from the Trans-Mississippi Department, which was responsible for expediting mail between the east and west

E. 1,500-2,000
1,600
Back to Top
1413°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1413, Trans-Mississippi Express20c Green, Diagonal Half Used as 10c (13c), 20c Green, Diagonal Half Used as 10c (13c)20c Green, Diagonal Half Used as 10c (13c). Left diagonal half, ample margins, small unnoticeable tear at top, tied by "Shreveport La. Mar. 23" (1864) double-circle ds on brown patterned cover endorsed in ms. "Office Chief of TMD, Official Business" Trans-Mississippi Department, to San Antonio Tex.

FRESH AND VERY FINE COVER. EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 20-CENT GREEN BISECT ON OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE WESTERN OFFICE OF THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT AND TEXAS.

Ex Meroni and Kimmel. With 1997 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $2,250.00 for bisect on normal cover

E. 2,000-3,000
2,200
Back to Top
1414°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1414, Trans-Mississippi Express20c Green, Horizontal Half Used as 10c (13d), 20c Green, Horizontal Half Used as 10c (13d)20c Green, Horizontal Half Used as 10c (13d). Bottom half with large margins and deep shade, well-tied by "Natchitoches La." double-circle ds on yellow turned cover (front and one flap) from Lieut. Joseph Aycock to his wife at Opelousas La., the sender was the Military Court Clerk for Trans-Mississippi Dept., his routing instructions "per Courier", other side used first, from Mrs. Aycock to her husband at Houston Tex. with full military title, vertical pair of 5c Blue, Local (7), large margins to slightly in, tied by "Alexandria La. May. 6" (1864) cds, three flaps removed and slightly trimmed around edges, few small scuffs

A FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE ADVERSITY USAGE WITH THE 20-CENT BISECT. CARRIED BY MILITARY COURIER FROM THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT AT HOUSTON TO THE NATCHITOCHES POST OFFICE.

Alexandria and Natchitoches, Louisiana, are both located west of the Mississippi River. Assuming that Mrs. Aycock was writing from Opelousas, this cover was probably sent by courier north to Alexandria. On its return trip, Lieut. Aycock used a military courier to bring the letter to Natchitoches where it entered the mails with the 20c bisect.

E. 2,500-3,500
1,500
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